[ Goldwin Smith, Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford. ] Autograph Letter Signed to 'Mr. Patterson' (his butler?), describing - following an incident involving his slippers - the dismissal of several of his servants.

Goldwin Smith (1823-1910), Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford, opponent of American slavery
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Parks End, Oxford. 6 February [ no year ].
SKU: 18667

1p., 12mo. In good condition, on lightly aged paper, laid down on part of a leaf from an album. A bracing insight into the realities of Victorian domestic service. The letter reads: 'Dear Mr. Patterson, | Having found my slippers where they ought not to have been, I have dismissed the housemaid on the spot and seriously reprimanded the Cook. Tomorrow I shall turn off the Baker. That is what I call a well regulated household. | Yours sincerely | Goldwin Smith.' (Note that the literal meaning of 'turning off' was the pushing of a condemned person off the scaffold during execution by hanging.)