[English Travels in Portugal; Print/Publishing history] Substantial MS Archive containing corrected MS; Correspondence of ALL parties in printing/publishing Including linen draper; unpublished journals; source documents.

William Morgan Kinsey [Portugal]
Publication details: 
SKU: 20193

W. M. Kinsey's 'Portugal Illustrated' (1828):Anatomy of the Publishing Process in Late-Georgian EnglandA range of factors combine to render the present collection of around 170 items (concerning the printing and publication of a significant travel book) a resource providing one of the fullest surviving accounts of the publishing process in early nineteenth-century Britain. Publishers' archives contain information regarding a limited aspect of publication, but one would be hard-pressed to find another collection giving a more rounded picture of the actual business of producing a book in the late-Georgian period. The material present here - including correspondence from 64 individuals (even including the linen draper who provided the cloth for the trade binding) - casts a fascinating light on the production of luxury illustrated volumes then in fashion, and provides a rare opportunity to trace the whole process of high-end book publishing at the time, involving an interplay between a number of different worlds. Printed by Valpy, with illustrations by Gibbs and Pugin engraved by Cooke and Skelton, 'Portugal Illustrated' is a product of an interesting period of English exploration of the Iberian Peninsular, at a time of warm relations between Britain and Portugal in the period following the Peninsular War. (Among Kinsey's contemporaries Robert Southey and William Beckford provided accounts of their time in the country.)In 1827 William Morgan Kinsey, a well-connected Oxford cleric, returned from a voyage to Portugal with an ambitious scheme for publishing the first general overview in English of the country and its culture, touching on elements ranging from history and politics to costume and music, including illustrations. In the face of advice, Kinsey chose to produce a sumptuous volume, employing some of the finest figures within the world of English book production, and to oversee the whole process himself, calling on friends at Oxford and elsewhere and even on his own sister for assistance, while entering into a distribution agreement with the 'foreign booksellers to the King', the London branch of the French publishing firm of Treuttel & Würtz.The effects of Kinsey's complete lack of experience were predictable. Constant tinkering and revision drove up the costs from an estimate of £504 (perhaps £40,000 in today's money) to an actual figure of £912 (£73,000), leaving Kinsey out of pocket by £87 (£7,000). As the extensive correspondence present here indicates, Kinsey's dealings with his printer, the classical scholar and Kinsey's contemporary at Oxford Abraham John Valpy, and with others involved in the production of the book (in particular the engraver Joseph Skelton, who in modern terminology might be described as the project's art editor) were placed under increasing strain in the nine or so months between composition and publication. On the other hand, Kinsey had chosen the right moment to publish. In February 1828 English interest in Portugal increased with the start of the 'Liberal Wars' and the usurpation of the throne by Miguel I. A mixed critical response on the book's publication five months later (22 July 1828, 'handsomely printed in Imperial 8vo, embellished with a Map and numerous Engravings, dedicated to Lord Auckland, price 30s., in boards') added to Kinsey's disillusionment, although the book was sufficiently popular for a second edition to appear seven months later (26 February 1829, 'handsomely printed in 1 vol. imperial 8vo, price 2 guineas boards, a second edition, with large additional matter'). A lengthy review of the second edition in the Gentleman's Magazine, May 1829, pp.436-438, noted that the book was written 'in the epistolary form', and that the 'substance of these Letters was supplied in part from the author's journal, and partly from communications addressed to Mr. Bayly and other friends; […] The line engravings are beautifully executed by Mr. Joseph Skelton and Mr. W. B. Cooke. Thirty-six costumes are taken from models made for the author in Portugal. An excellent map of Portugal, engraved by Arrowsmith, is also given: and the vignette engravings on wood, by Messrs. Willis, Brooke, and Hervey, add much to the interest of this luminous and entertaining work.' (See also the balanced review in The Times, 21 July 1828. There are positive extracts from reviews in an advertisement placed in the Athenaeum and Literary Gazette in September 1828.)The material present here includes Kinsey's formal proposal to the publishers, various financial accounts by him, the fair copy of 'Portugal Illustrated', marked up by the printers, with two of the journals Kinsey composed while in Portugal - used as source material in the writing of the book - as well as receipts from the trip and even Kinsey's Portuguese passport, together with various autograph drafts, proofs and other material from the process of composition, and a number of reviews. The core of the collection comprises correspondence on the subject of the book from 64 individuals. The substantial part of the correspondence (described in Section Two below) is from the following 32 individuals:1. Aaron Arrowsmith (1802-1854; ODNB) of Soho Square, London, Hydrographer to the King.2. Thomas Haynes Bayly (1797-1839; ODNB), poet and playwright. 3. Thomas Boosey junior (1795-1871), London music publisher.4. William Henry Brooke (1770-1860; ODNB), artist and illustrator. 5. John George Cochrane (1780-1852; ODNB), manager of the London branch of booksellers Treuttel & Würtz.6. S. Cock of London [Samuel Cock, Store Office, Excise Office?]. 7. William Bernard Cooke (1778-1855; ODNB). 8. George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland [Lord Auckland] (1784-1849; ODNB), Whig politician9. 'Mrs. Hughes' (landlady to Joseph Skelton?). 10. W. Hughes ('for Mr. Valpy'), master printer. 11. James Ingram (1774-1850; ODNB), President of Trinity College, Oxford. 12. William Kopke, explorer of Brazil with the Cocaes Gold Mining Company.13. James Lahee (c.1782-1869), celebrated London copperplate printer and publisher. 14. Marlow of St. John's College, Oxford, relation of Rev. Dr Michael Marlow.15. A. F. Nellen of Messrs W. and H. B. Ward, New Bond Street, London, merchants. 16. Alexander Nicoll (1793-1828; ODNB) of Christ Church, Oxford, Scottish orientalist. 17. 'S. P.', i.e. Rev. William Spencer Phillips, of 7 Berkeley Place, Cheltenham.18. Joseph Parker (c.1774-1850), Oxford bookseller. 19. Auguste Charles Pugin (1769-1832; ODNB) of Bath, artist and architectural draughtsman.20. A. Schuyler, Captain of HMP Sandwich. 21. Thomas Short (1789-1879), tutor of Trinity College, Oxford.22. Bruno Silva junior, Port wine merchant, with his father, in London.23. L. J. Simoens, Secretary, Imperial Brazilian Mining Association.24. Joseph Skelton (1783-1871; ODNB), engraver.25. Rev. Thomas Speidell (c.1776-1836) of St John's College, Oxford.26. Treuttel & Würtz, London, foreign booksellers to the King.27. Abraham John Valpy (1786-1854; ODNB), classical scholar and printer. 28. Col. John Vandeleur (b.1793) of the 12th Lancers. 29. Thomas Cooper VanderHorst (1770-1849), Bristol merchant, son of U.S. Consul. 30. Emily Ward (d.1848), wife of MP and Bank of England Director William Ward. 31. Thomas H. J. Weston ('for John Norton').32. Joseph Wintle, Bristol linen draper who provided the cloth for the binding of Kinsey's book.The correspondence comprises substantial letters, many filled with valuable information on printing and publishing practices of the period, others reflecting Kinsey's place within his middle-class milieu. It reveals a fascinating interplay between various groups - middle-class/artisan; academic Oxford/book trade; English/Portuguese; London/provincial (Bristol, Bath and Cheltenham).At the start of the correspondence is a long letter to Kinsey from J. G. Cochrane of Treuttel & Würtz, written in December 1827, providing a number of observations on Kinsey's projected publication. In his formal proposition to the firm, 12 January 1828, Kinsey sets a pattern by showing a disregarding for sensible advice from a knowledgeable individual within the trade. Most of those involved in the book's production are represented in the correspondence, and the letters from the Valpy and his master printer Hughes are not unusual in indicating an exasperation with a client whose general dissatisfaction was seldom accompanied by a clear understanding of what it was that he actually wanted. In an extensive correspondence ending with the inevitable disputed account, Joseph Skelton tempers an equal exasperation with more tact, indicating that the relationship between the two men was friendly as well as professional. On the personal side the correspondence ranges from the book's dedicatee Lord Auckland (to whom Kinsey was domestic chaplain) to a number of Portuguese contacts (Kopke, Nellen, Schuyler, Silva, Simoens). Oxford contemporaries providing assistance and encouragement include the President of Trinity James Ingram and the orientalist Alexander Nicoll. Others at Oxford and elsewhere assist in the canvassing for subscriptions to the book, with particular support provided by Emily Ward, wife of the MP and Bank of England Director William Ward. A rueful summing up of the sorry tale of the first edition is provided by a long letter from Kinsey to his sister, 7 August 1828, which includes a detailed financial account of the debit which had resulted from Kinsey's decision to oversee the production of the book, in contrast with the 'reasonable remuneration' Cochrane had promised if he had followed his advice.Biographical information on the Rev. William Morgan Kinsey (1788-1851), a Welshman and the grandson of Sir James Harington (1726-1793), 7th Baronet of Ridlington, is to be found in his entry in the Oxford DNB and his obituary in the Gentleman's Magazine, July 1851. He was educated at Trinity College, Oxford (BA, 1809; MA, 1813; Fellow, 1815; BD and Dean, 1822; Vice-President, 1823; Bursar, 1824), and in later life gained a good reputation as a preacher.The material, which forms part of the Harington papers, is in good overall condition, with almost all items only lightly aged and worn. The following description is divided into twelve sections:ONE: Four Autograph Documents by Kinsey, 1828 and 1831.TWO: Letters to Kinsey from 32 individuals, 1827-1828.THREE: Further items of miscellaneous correspondence, 1828.FOUR: Autograph Manuscript of 'Portugal Illustrated'.FIVE: Two autograph journals composed by Kinsey while in Portugal, used as source material.SIX: Documents from Kinsey's trip to Portugal, 1827.SEVEN: Receipts.EIGHT: Makeshift notebook containing early autograph drafts.NINE: Miscellaneous later autograph drafts.TEN: Various proofs of the prelims, corrected by Kinsey.ELEVEN: Twenty newspaper cuttings, 1827-1829, including eight reviews.TWELVE: Twenty miscellaneous manuscript items.ONE: Four Autograph Documents by Kinsey, 1828 and 1831.Comprising:1. Proposition to Treuttel & Würtz, 12 January 1828, suggesting that they act as publishers.2. Initial financial 'Memoranda' on the projected publication of the book, early 1828. 3. Letter to his sister, 7 August 1828, giving a full account of expenditure and receipts, with other information and complaints about a subscription agent and the book's reception.4. Letter to the engraver Joseph Skelton, 13 January 1831, disputing his accounts and providing his own, and accompanied by other accounts by Kinsey.1. Autograph 'Copy of Letter to Messrs. T & Wurtz' - i.e. the London arm (Treuttel & Würtz, Treuttel Junr. & Richter, 30 Soho Square) of the French publishers Treuttel & Würtz. A formal proposal by Kinsey that they publish his book on Portugal. Written from Trinity College, Oxford; 12 January 1828. 1p., 8vo. The letter reads: 'Gentlemen | You are already aware, that I am about to publish a work illustrative of the manners & Scenery &c. of Portugal, & I have already expressed in your house my wish, considering our long connection, that you should be my Publishers. [note here: 'but I earnestly wish you to stand in this point in connection with Messrs. Longman & Co of Paternoster row, whom it is quite essential, that I shd engage in my interests -'] It is also material for me to understand, as soon as possible, what may be the terms of your house for publishing my work, which you intend offering me? I believe, that the usual terms between publisher & author, are £35 per cent discount, that is for the commission. To this I most readily agree; but there is one point, which I should wish to have clearly understood between us, & that is, that we should have a settlement every six months for copies sold, and this arrangement should commence from the day of publication? Requesting to receive your answer at Wm. Ward Eqre M:P. 40 Bloomsbury Square | I remain | Gentn | Your obt Servt | Wm Kinsey'.2: Autograph initial financial 'Memoranda' on the projected publication of the book. Undated, but from early 1828. Including a page headed 'General Estimates of Costs of Publication of work on Portugal', carrying an itemised list of sixteen projected payments, totalling £504 3s 0d, beginning with '1. Mr Valpy's estimate for printing & paper £150 0s 0d' and ending with '16. To Mr Boosey for Modinha, Waltz & Constitutional hymn plates £2 0s 0d'. Note at foot of page: 'N.B. Valpy's arrangement is very favorable & before I am called upon to pay the whole cost of publishing the 750 copies (viz: £504 3s, which is the extreme extent of cost) it is reasonable to presume, that some return upon the sale of copies may come in. | WK.' Also including a 'Proposed list of Publishers' (ten, all from London). One page of 'Memoranda' begins: 'Terms of payment to Valpy - one half at Xmas 1828 - & in March & in June following 1829 - the remaining two quarters'. There is also a half-page description of 'Mr Skelton's charges "in total"'.3: ALS from Kinsey to his sister. 4pp., 4to. Bifolium. Addressed, with red wax seal, to 'Miss Kinsey, | 1, Richmond Terrace | Clifton. | Bristol.' Trinity College, Oxford, 7 August 1828. Closely written. Preceding the text of the letter, on the first page, is a final itemised breakdown by Kinsey of the 'Cost' and 'Produce' of the first edition, reading as follows.Left-hand column, headed 'Cost of First Edition': 'Valpy's bill for printing - £282 | Cook [sic] for Engraving &c £60 | Pugin for drawing £27 | Moses for engraving £22 | Gibbs for drawings £10 | Parcels &c - £15 | Lahee for printing Cookes plates £47 | Pyall for coloring costumes £67 | Wintle & others for blue linen £2 | Skelton for Engravings, drawings, paper, board; 350 copies, & other items £350 | [total ] £882 | Add for the Woodcuts £30 | Total expenditure £912'.Right-hand column, headed 'Produce of 1st edition': 'By sale of 350 copies on India paper to Subscribers £525 | By sale of 400 copies at the publishers exclusive of all allowances, calculated at £300 Total rec by Author for his work £825'. Kinsey's final tally is: 'Expenses £912 | Receipts £825 | Balance of Expenditure beyond Receipt £87'.Kinsey thus claims - little more than two weeks after publication - that the enterprise has left him £87 out of pocket. Beneath these calculations Kinsey writes ruefully: 'Such, my dear Sister, is the result of all my hard labours. You see that I am positively out of pocket £87, which loss will be increased should Norton persevere in his claims. Taking him still as a friend this account might be shewn him & to my subscribers generally. I have written to Norton to tell him to supply his exclusive subscribers with copies procured in Town at my publishers, & that plan should settle the difference between us. I took his offer as that of a friend, & certainly never contemplated the delivery of my book to subscribers via a bookseller. […] If we are driven to it we must desire Norton to make out his list of bona fide subscribers for whom he claims his profit & that list shall be most rigidly examined & to every one of the individuals, he cites as subscribing for his sake & not mine, I will write a note explain [sic] the circumstances & ask the question? At all events too he shall wait too for the payment of the amount, which he may demand, for strict debts, such as the heavy account with Mr. Skelton, ought in justice to be discharged first before Impositions are got rid of. Pray keep the money for me until you hear from me. It will be a salvation to me if you could contrive to get all the copies paid for?' References to 'Myers' and 'Wintle' follow, with news of 'Kopke', who has been staying with Kinsey, and who is 'going to put another answer into the M[orning]: P[ost]. against the Monthly Magazine, as from a native of Portugal. You will have seen one already written by my kind friend Henry Bishop! You shall see the review, which pronounces my work unworthy of consideration & yet writes 18 close pages in its criticism upon it! It is the last attack, which I shall notice. Numerous letters from all parts of England give me other assurances & a gentleman living at Newcastle, connected with Portugal, who only purchased the book, immediately sent me an order upon Longman & Co for a large & small paper copy of the memoirs of Camoens, as "a mark of respect for the author of Portugal Illustrated", & moreover offered me any book out of his Library connected with Portuguese literature. Wm. Cave also, who announces the accouchement of his wife, tells me that his circle of friends are highly delighted with the book. Mr. Cave of Brintry is to be the next Mayor of Bristol & Oliver is his Chaplain.' He continues with reference to 'the errors & malignancy of Reviewers'. He hopes for a new edition of 500 copies, the expense of which 'would be £467 17s & upon the total sale, I should gain £319!' He notes that Skelton has 'incurred a vast outlay for me & ought to be reimbursed […] Phillips will go closely ov book with me & Kopke has corrected all my Portuguese errors. He came in up most fortunate moment. All this for the second edition. […] Believe me I am deeply sensible of the trouble you have taken in my behalf & am only sorry it should have proceeded to such a length. […] We are going to have a set of the Portuguese Modinhas arranged for publication, & sold to Power the musical publisher! We take no risk. I may get about £10. as my share. - I hope that Gutch may be persuaded to give my work a favorable notice! […] As you may suppose I have been much harassed & am myself very nervous. […] Mr Houghton is doing his best to deliver my London copies. A London subscriber, a Mr Cavan has refused his copy on account of there being no subscriber list published in the book!!!! […] my friend Mr Cochrane in the house of Treuttel & Co. has written me a most kind letter about the criticisms on my work praying me not to notice them! Etwall's letter on my work is among the kindest which I have received. The article in the Monthly Magazine is of a most malignant character. I shall have still some troublesome work in preparing for a second edition!' (The Times, 26 February 1829, states that the 'additional matter' in the second edition, 'extending to 100 pages, comprises a brief Historical Review of the State of Literature, Arts and Sciences, in Portugal, from the earliest period to the present time'.)4: ALS from Kinsey, disputing the account of the engraver Joseph Skelton. Abingdon, 13 January 1831. 3pp., 4to. Bifolium. (For the letter which provoked this response, written on 12 January 1831, see Skelton's correspondence in Item Two below, which also contains Skelton's reply of 14 January 1831.) A small rectangular panel at the foot of the second leaf is lacking, having been removed (see text of letter) because it carried a banker's draft by Kinsey. Addressed, with Abingdon postmark, on reverse of second leaf to 'Joseph Skelton Esqre | Magdalene Bridge | Oxford'. The letter describes, in great detail, 'from my private Memoranda, & from your own account in pencil, on the back of the last account, which you presented me with, how matters stood between us, on the afternoon of June 15th. 1829. That same account included all your charges for the illustrations & Costumes complete, for 400 Copies of my work, one hundred of which I had out in India Paper proof & two hundred, on Common Paper, for my publishers, their leaving me a credit upon you for the illustrations of one hundred Common paper Copies, to complete the 400, & which is still, I believe, due to me, Messrs Treuttel not being required that number of plates from you?' Two pages of calculations follow, beginning with an itemised account of four payments, including ones made 'At Clifton', 'In my rooms, on Trinity Monday', 'By dft on Walker from Mr Phillips, from the Bursar of Trinity College'. At the end of the two pages of accounts Kinsey writes: 'Under the certain impression, that this detailed statement will be found by you correct, I add a draft below, on Walker, for £9. 3s 5d, which will be my final payment for 425 copies' illustrations. You owe me still 100 common paper copies illustrations, & I have to pay for 75 copies illustrations, when required by publishers.' He ends in wishing Skelton 'a pleasant & prosperous Journey to Bristol & with kind regards for Mrs S'. Following Kinsey's two pages of calculations Skelton has written: 'Settled. J. Skelton'. The letter is accompanied by two sets of accounts written out by Kinsey; the first signed and dated 15 June 1829, the second on leaf headed 'MEMORANDA', signed and dated from Cheltenham, 16 June 1829. The first of these (15 June 1829) is an itemised account by Kinsey of his financial dealings with Skelton over the plates of the book, between 18 October 1828 and 1 June 1829. 3pp., 4to. Bifolium. Comprising on the first two pages, 44 entries, totalling £245 17s 9d. First entry, for £2 5s 9d: 'Paper & printing 336 various plates to complete over sets, &c'; last entry, for £6 17s 0d: 'Carriage, postage & letters from 1st. Septr. 1828 to 1st June 1829'. The third page, signed and dated at bottom right 'June 15 1829 | WMK', contains a number of calculations, in pencil and ink, and is headed '1829 - | June 7th. - This account includes 400 copies & all the addl. Illustrations -'. The second set of autograph accounts (16 June 1829) is headed 'Second Edition Portugal Illustrated'. 2pp., 12mo. On leaf with word 'MEMORANDA' printed at head of both sides. First entry on one side dated from 'Cheltenham - June 15th. 1829'; memorandum at foot of page signed and dated 'W M Kinsey | June 16. 1829.' First entry on second page dated 19 June 1829. Second page also carries a list of books sent from 'Oxford - T. C. O. July 21st by van. 1829.'TWO: Letters to Kinsey from 32 individuals, 1827-1828.Around 130 letters, comprising approximately three hundred pages.1. Aaron Arrowsmith (1802-1854; ODNB) of Soho Square, London, Hydrographer to the King. Three letters. On 1 January 1828: 'I undertake to engrave the map of Portugal as described by you to me this morning for the sum of fourteen guineas prompt payment.' On 3 March 1828: 'As to using Portuguese names instead of French ones in the map, you may remember that this was what I suggested and you opposed: I was, however, so convinced that you were acting u nder a misconception that I (luckily for your purse!) gave orders to the draughtsman employed in copying Fry's map to use Portuguese terminations &c. throughout […] There may perhaps be a few Frenchified small names but these will be of too little importance for notice.'2. Thomas Haynes Bayly (1797-1839; ODNB), poet and playwright. Referred to in the preface as one of the 'friends' with whom 'he maintained a correspondence during his travels in Portugal'. Two letters. Undated: 'Now about the Book, I rejoice to hear it is getting forward. Pray in addition to Mrs. Mount Beacon Bayly - set down Mrs. Thomas Haynes Bayly as a Subscriber. I shall admire the engraved title & hope the shield will defend you from critical shafts - indeed I feel sure the merit of the work will be it's [sic] best safe guard.' One of the letters is on the same bifolium as a letter to Bayly from the Bath bookseller (and proprietor of 'the public library on the Walks') John Upham ('I shall feel particular pleasure in giving every publicity in my power to the work in question, from the interest you feel towards its Author').3. Thomas Boosey junior (1795-1871), London music publisher. One letter. Regarding 'the remaining plates, forming the Portuguese Constitutional Hymn'.4. William Henry Brooke (1770-1860; ODNB), artist and illustrator. Nine letters from 43 Warren Street, Fitzroy Square, London, one with loss to first page (from the cutting away of an engraved letterhead?). On 20 March 1828: 'I have received your letter of yesterday & with you, most sincerely regret that such a misunderstanding should have taken place & that I had not the very first communication from yourself - it would have saved Mr Cook much time trouble & distress of mind as he has been really most anxious to accomplish your wishes - it might also have enabled me to see the subjects already engraved by Mr Willis & would certainly have more clearly & immediately put me in possession of your decided disapprobation of the cuts'. On 25 March 1828: 'Having unexpectedly had an interview with Mr Cook on Saturday evening I learnt from him that Mr Willis has some little time declined engraving the remainder, pointing out at the same time the distressing dilemma in which you would be thus placed; I have expressed myself willing to finish "Cabo da Roca" & should it give satisfaction, to re-engrave the subjects already disapproved of'.5. John George Cochrane (1780-1852; ODNB), manager of the foreign bookselling house of Messrs Treuttel, Würtz, Treuttel jun. and Richter, of 30 Soho Square, London [q.v.], and later first Secretary and Librarian of the London Library. Four ALsS from the firm's Soho Square address, with one ANS to 'Mr. Cooke | 9 Soho Square'.The first letter, dated from Soho Square on 29 December [1827], indicates that Cochrane had already discussed Kinsey's plans for publication with him: 'On the subject of your proposed work on Portugal I shd. Very much recommend to you to pause before you adopted a size so unusual as royal 8vo. If you could reduce the size of your map, I shd. Advise you to adopt the fashionable size, and make two Vol: in pot octavo. | In giving your work to Valpy, you might fairly say that you are willing to give him the preference, but hope that he will charge you as low as other printers, and ask him to give you an estimate of the expence of printing per Sheet of such size as you decide on adopting'. He gives more advice about printing and continues: 'An edition of 500 as I have already told you, will barely defray expenses; one of 750 will, if sold off, afford you a reasonable remuneration. - But if your MS. is entirely ready, I should most certainly advise you to offer it to Murray or Colburn for sale; if they approve of it, they can afford to give you a much higher remuneration than you could ever expect to derive from publishing the work at your own risk. Their means of giving circulation to such publications are much beyond what we possess, and the fame & profit you wd. derive would be proportionably greater. This is the best advice which frankly & disinterestedly I can offer you. If however you determine on your original plan, I can only say, we will use our best endeavours to promote your interests.' In a letter of 22 May 1828 Cochrane refers to the Poet Laureate Robert Southey, a noted authority on Iberia: 'With respect to Dr Southey, there are reasons why we should not feel desirous of making any application to him on any subject at present, as we have the feelings that in the proceedings connected with the establishment of the rival Foreign Review, his conduct was such as to give us just ground of dissatisfaction, although it is but fair to admit that he may have been misled. That however does not prevent me from saying that I have not the least doubt, if you will apply directly to him he will give you the fullest permission to use the passage from his book which you mention. His address is Robt Southey Esq, Keswick, Cumberland. I believe he is expected in town almost daily, but in the uncertainty when that may be, you had better not delay, as his letters if absent will no doubt be forwarded to him - He is a most punctual correspondent & you may rely on having an answer from him by return of post.' On 5 June 1828 Cochrane comments: 'it does not seem to me at all necessary that you should print the list of your Subscribers', and points out 'a great mistake about the time of your appearance': 'I had given one copy of the first 10 sheets to a weekly journalist for a notice anticipatory, & he had intended giving one next Saturday, but under the circumstances of doubt attached to yr. Appearance, I shall deem it prudent to have it suspended.' In undated letter ('3 o'clock Monday'), written on the eve of publication, Cochrane expresses concern over the state of the book: 'We have had the two copies from Mr Valpy this morning, and the hundred and fifty sets of plates from Mr Skelton arrived about two hours since. But I observe one thing about the book - that there is no printed general title page - and that on the engraved one there is neither the place of printing (London) nor the publishers' names but simply the date of 1828 - Surely you did not mean your book to be published without a publishers' address upon it? I conclude that there has been some oversight or forgetfulness in the matter, which it is yet time to remedy - We want also labels for the back of the book - you must tell Valpy to have a couple sent up to us to morrow morning.' He continues with an observation on the list of plates, and concludes with the postscript: 'There should have been some sort of Finis on the last page as at present the book looks as if it was incomplete'. In the ANS to 'Mr Cooke | 9 Soho Square', 19 January [1828], he sends 'Mr. Brooke's address (the wood-cutter)', commenting: 'He is certainly a very clever artist in his line'. 6. S. Cock of London [Samuel Cock, Store Office, Excise Office?]. Two letters. Making 'additions' to subscribers. On 19 May 1828: 'Mr. Warre who knows more of Portugal than any man in the City, authorizes me to say that if you should want any information in his power to give, it is very much at your service.' On 22 May 1828: 'There is a work of the same kind as yours sold by Dulau & Co Soho Square, which, if you have not seen it, you will do well to procure [Adriano Balbi's 'Essai Statistique sur le Royaume de Portugal' (1822)] | Mr: Warre thinks very highly of this work.'7. William Bernard Cooke (1778-1855; ODNB). Sixteen letters, the last two in the third person, indicating a cooling in relations. He begins the first letter (28 January 1828): 'I received your kind note on Saturday and in reply can only assure that I will do my best to comply with your wishes, the many engagements I have on my own works which are finishing in regular succession in order to promote the necessary returns of property long laying dormant, and which above all things I must complete, will I fear prevent my engaging too far in your work by my own personal labours, I will however see the drawings you are having made and if I cannot do them myself I will recommend or assist in procuring them to be well done, and at as easy a price as possible, I really wish to do all I can to save your purse, being well aware of the heavy expenses of any illustrated work.' On 19 March 1828 he informs him: 'I have just returned to Town and shall leave it again tomorrow for Cambridge, where I have been received in the most handsome manner. - I took five copies with me of Pompeii, but these were soon dispersed amongst the heads of Colleges &c who have promised me to look them over. The Librarian of the University Library told me they would not only waive their right of demanding the work, but would purchase it of me […] Your idea of disposing of the Copy by Lottery is doubly kind, and having now upwards of a dozen Bricklayers and Carpenters about me in taking down the front of the Print rooms (in order to introduce something of a more public nature) I have promised to pay the builder by instalments, the first of which is on Monday next.' On 24 March 1828 he writes of Brooke's illustrations: 'In respect to prices I can assure you from what I have heard of Wood-engraving that the estimates given to you have surprised me greatly on account of their cheapness. The drawing in pen and Ink containing a great number of Instruments and Utensils in fact All kinds of things suspended, required certainly some explanation to a Man who could not conceive what it meant, and consequently who could not tell what some of the things were'.On 30 March 1828: 'Brookes I trust will now go on well. I gave him a tolerable admonition about his hot-headed conduct (I believe he is an Irishman) I really cannot help smiling to myself at your beginning to discover some of the delectable comforts of publishing, however I must say you have plunged more deeply into it than many other could have had the courage to do, by giving so much variety of matter in all kinds of ways to afford interest […] As to the Engravers copying their originals I may enlighten your mind by a declaration of Fuseli: - "Those dommed [sic] Engravers, if I were to blow my noshe [sic] on the picture they would copy it, they will never do more than copy, I will never wote [sic] for any one of them being a member of the Royal Academy" - Alas poor Willis, and Alas poor Mule who must be always ridden by a one legged Subject. […] Mrs Ward is very kind and attentive to your commissions and evinces great friendship by such punctuality.'On 14 May 1828: 'The kind interest your friends take in becoming my remembrancers I shall never forget, they are very deeply engraven on my mind and heart, I thank you very sincerely for any communication through Mrs Ward for shaking my brains torights, [sic] but when I have eight applications in one day reminding me of your certain ruin if all the plates are not done to any hour, my hand begins to shake with apprehension and terror, and it totally disables me to proceed for that day - a good night rest and four composing drafts (draughts) are quite necessary to strengthen the nerves against eight such formidable attacks. - Rely upon it my plates will be done and I trust to your perfect satisfaction. […] Treuttells have behaved uncommonly handsome in allowing you 250 without their commission (I am surprised a] t your success in getting Subscribers could you but tack on one subscriber to "Pompeii" with each of Portugal, how happy it would make me)In one of the last two letters (both 9 July 1828) he writes: 'W B Cooke begs to tell Mr Kinsey he is extremely sorry that any thing should have occurred to have produced an unpleasant feeling towards him, having conscientiously done his best in Friendship to Mr Kinsey, and the Plates have been forwarded and finished under the greatest anxiety of Mind while Mrs Cooke has been suffering an agony of Pain for a fortnight past which has prevented him taking any rest excepting at very short intervals.'8. George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland [Lord Auckland] (1784-1849), Whig politician, three times First Lord of the Admiralty, and Governor-General of India. One letter of two pages, 28 January 1828, from Grosvenor Street, London, consenting to be the book's dedicatee: 'My dear Sir | I have been absent from London and have in consequence too long delayed my answer to your obliging note - I can only say that I am flattered by your wish to put my name at the head of your book - I wish I thought it could be of the slightest use to you but should it please you you are welcome to place it there & your work will make its way by its own merits'.9. 'Mrs. Hughes' (landlady to Joseph Skelton?). One letter, 18 February [1828], from 115 Piccadilly, London (see the 1843 Post Office London Directory 'Hughes Robert, upholsterer & cabinetmaker to H.R.H. The Duke of Cambridge, 115 Piccadilly'). 'Mrs. Hughes presents her compts. to Mr. Kinsey and begs to acquaint him that a parcel has arrived from Bristol containing drawings of Portugal &c &c - which Mr Skelton has received, also the letter, Mr S. is staying in Piccadilly, tho' not to day in town but Mrs. Hughes expects seeing him to morrow, when she will communicate the contents of Mr. Kinsey's letter'.10. W. Hughes ('for Mr. Valpy'), master printer. Ten letters, two of them written on the backs of specimen proofs. Reporting on the progress of the printing of the work, raising and answering queries, giving instructions, forwarding proofs, specimens and samples. On 21 February 1828, from Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, London: 'Mr. Valpy has desired me to acknowledge the receipt of your MS., & to request that you will in future send through the Home Secretary's Office, - first directing the packet to Mr. Valpy, and adding his name also below the seal, and then inclosing it in a cover addressed to the Secretary of State for the Home Department.' On 25 March 1828 he forwards duplicate proofs to 'the Rev. Dr. Ingrams'. On 2 June 1828: 'I send herewith 2 proof sheets - the first without the copy, which was sent to Mr. Nellen, with a proof, in the early part of last week. - I have sent twice to Mr. N., who is out of Town; and therefore, to save time, forward the proofs to you. […] I cannot possibly undertake to finish the work by any given day, unless the proofs are returned by Mr N. without loss of time. - I have hitherto sent him the sheets before they were forwarded to Clifton.' On 10 June 1828, regarding a submission by Kinsey to Valpy's magazine: 'Mr. Valpy has requested me to return the Account of Prince Edward's Island, which he does not quite approve for the Pamphleteer. - He is much obliged by the offer, but fears it would not be interesting to the general reader.' There are two letters (29 February and 3 March 1828) written on the backs of specimens, and the second letter indicates the difficulties faced by the printer in the face of Kinsey's inexperience: 'There is no type between the two sizes you allude to. | I have referred to the spacing and find that in some instances a short word might be added to the line; but in general closer spacing would greatly injure the appearance of the page, and cause the division of many of the words, which a good compositor will endeavour to avoid as much as possible. | If I reduce the page one-fifth, it will stand exactly as it did before it was widened the last time; and as a Printer, I should say that a royal 8vo. page ought not to be longer.'11. James Ingram (1774-1850; ODNB), President of Trinity College, Oxford. Five letters, one unsigned. Together with a letter in the third person to 'Mr. W. Hughes, for Mr. Valpy'. Amidst University news and personal remarks, Ingrams gives advice on the book and canvasses for subscribers. On 20 January 1828 he agrees to 'undertake the critical task which you wish me to do - but as you publish in the shape of letters - the severity of ill-natured censure will be disarmed, perhaps, by the indulgence usually granted to Compositions of that description. Corrections of the press, I know from experience, add very much to the expense; and, unless the work were printed near, I fear my labours would not be worth the cost of carriage & the vexation of delay.' He begins a letter of 27 February 1828 with a discussion of 'a convocation […] holden for passing a Petition against the Tithe Commutation Bill, one of the most serious measures, in its probable consequences to the clergy, which we have witnessed in our times', before passing to a long discussion of 'your friends, the Saracens'. An unsigned letter of 24 March 1828 consists of a list of works on Portugal, with comment: 'The sanguine expectations of the elegant and well informed author of this volume have been egregiously disappointed by the recent conduct of Don Miguel and the Queen! Pray have your book out as soon as you can - Five Copies of course for me & Mrs. Ingram.' On 18 April 1828, after discussing the news from Portugal (beginning 'Don Miguel is to be proclaimed Absolute Monarch at Lisbon on the 25th.') he discusses the 'ingenious contrivance of the compositor of the Morning Herald in printing Portuguese words', which 'may be useful to your learned printer'. The letter to Hughes, for Valpy, contains, on returning proofs, criticism 'of consistency & uniformity in the names of places and persons'.12. William Kopke, explorer of Brazil with the Cocaes Gold Mining Company. Four letters written from Porto, two incomplete (last leaf only). Kopke appears to be a merchant in Portugal of German extraction, and seems to have acted on Kinsey's behalf, as well as providing information and assistance. The earliest letter, from Porto on 3 September 1827, apologises for the 'keeping of your valuable Journal of the Route through the Douro'.13. James Lahee (c.1782-1869), celebrated London copperplate printer and publisher. One letter, on 10 May, beginning: 'Herewith I beg to hand you a proof of each of your plates engraved for the colored portion of your work at the Instance of Mr Clarke, under whose Instructions and advice I have purchased paper to print 400 of each plate, agreeable to the size of a sheet of text obtained at Mr Valpy's warehouse'.14. Marlow of St. John's College, Oxford, relation of Rev. Dr Michael Marlow (1758-1828), President of that College. Two letters. 7 January 1828. '[…] wishing success to your work I have only to say from Dr. Marlow that any critique in the way of grammatical expressions, is at your service from him - & for myself, if I can get any copies of Costumes or Donkies &c taken for you, I shall be happy - but, as to the "incognito" or the "name" - it is in yourself alone to settle that important point - with the advice of your Bookseller'. He has 'asked Dr. Bliss' whether 'Murphy' is 'in the Bodleian Library'. On 15 January: 'I return the Portuguese National air &c &c by the Coach - […] I called yesterday on Mr. Parker & told him you felt obliged by his attentions - at which he expressed himself much gratified'.15. A. F. Nellen of Messrs W. and H. B. Ward, New Bond Street, London, merchants. Four letters, indicating that he read the manuscript and proofs of Kinsey's work. A letter of 26 March 1828 discusses points in part of the manuscript, in the light of a knowledge of Portugal. On 10 May 1828 he writes: 'I have now to express to you my satisfaction & acknowledgement for my name having been placed amongst the distinguished Patrons of the Work, which has required so much of your attention & labor - and which will add to the Information the Public never possessed regarding so interesting as Country.' On 13 June 1828 he writes: 'I have been waiting some time for the 12th.letter, and received the first part of it only yesterday morning from Hughes, which I returned in the evening as he required; and have desired him to suspend sending me any more proof sheets, as I am about embarking in the <?> for Hamburg this evening, intending to spend several weeks with my friends at Lubec.' 16. Alexander Nicoll (1793-1828; ODNB) of Christ Church, Oxford, Scottish orientalist. One letter, 19 May 1828 (four months before his death): 'I feel very great interest in the work, and think it cannot be otherwise than well received from the novelty of the subject, especially in respect to the literary state of Coimbra, which to us Oxonians might as well be in the Cimmerian regions, and, I need not add, from the manner in which it will be written. I do not think you have reason to fear the severity of Criticism, although the Reviewers are a strange set of Gentlemen, praising or abusing just as it happens, or for particular purposes. I fear, however, you overrate my influence with Lockhart [John Gibson Lockhart of Blackwood's Magazine], which, you may be assured I should be most willing to make use of, if it could be of any service. Indeed I hoped to have been lately in London and should have spoken to him on the subject, endeavouring to make his Mightiness favourably inclined to it before its appearance, if such a thing could be done, but I have been prevented in consequence of an illness which has confined me to the house for some time. […] I think it will be in your favour, that you have such publishers as Treuttel & Würtz, who will most probably send your work to the Continent and get it translated into German or French.'17. 'S. P.', i.e. Rev. William Spencer Phillips, of 7 Berkeley Place, Cheltenham. Five letters. Phillips was a Fellow of Kinsey's Oxford College Trinity, and drummed up subscribers for his friend in Cheltenham. He begins the earliest letter, 14 January 1828: 'Nothing, believe me, will be a source of greater pleasure than to forward your views to the utmost of my power. You may put me down for two Copies, & I will endeavour to dispose of more here.' In a letter postmarked 5 February 1828 he writes: 'Your best way to disarm the Quarterly would be to write the Critique yourself for such is the estimation in which I hold these public arbiters of literary merit.' On 9 March he sends a list of 'eighteen of my old Pupils in College [who] have already sent me in their names as Subscribers to your book […] This makes up 36'. A letter of 9 May 1828 lists sixteen names of new subscribers, with the comment: 'Do you mean to print the Subscribers Names? Would not it be more respectable authorship otherwise?' Ten days later he writes: 'I cannot give an opinion as to the policy of publishing Subscribers - because I do not understand the System - but if it will bring more grist to the Mill, print them by all means "Pecunia primum"'.18. Joseph Parker (c.1774-1850), Oxford bookseller. One letter. 'It is so unusual for Booksellers to subscribe to Works in the course of publication, that I never thought of it and though I shall certainly place your volume in my parlour, I would rather not have my name appear as a Subscriber, and I am sure you will see the propriety of it, when you recollect the number of publications to which, if this were my practice, it ought to be affixed.'19. Auguste Charles Pugin (1769-1832; ODNB) of Bath, artist and architectural draughtsman. (Preface: 'The costumes are drawn by Mr. Pugin, from models which were made in Portugal for the author.') Two letters and a signed receipt. On 7 January 1828: 'In consequence of my having forty figures to draw, my charge for each of them will be 10s., […] On Sunday next I shall expect the visite [sic] of your friend Mr Simoens, whom you inform me is to put the names to the figures'. On 1 April 1828: 'I send you herewith the drawing which I have endeavoured to make according to your description, & as you may suppose is not an easy matter - In fact that art of the description which relates to the five colums [sic] & Capitals I do not comprehend, therefore I have not attempted to represent them, but as the drawing must be sent to Town to be engraved, it could be done from further explanation'.20. A. Schuyler, Captain of HMP Sandwich. Two letters from Falmouth. On 3 April 1828 he writes: 'I was much pleased on my return to find the View of Cintra had answered your purpose, which has prevented my sending the one I have by me at present & which my friend Mr. F. Williams instantly did for me on my arrival at Lisbon. The view from the Same Spot and beautifully done up in pencil. Your Illustrations I made copies of on my passage out and distributed them amongst my friends, and according to your wishes.'21. Thomas Short (1789-1879), tutor of Trinity College, Oxford. One letter, 21 May 1828 ('T. C. O.'), in which he provides a long list of names of potential Oxford subscribers: ' Besides these - I have spoken to Sandys Wall (who demurs but I think will eventually purchase) Lushington of Ch Ch who hangs fire but I told him he positively must - Dr Macbride was returned to you by Mr Marlow - Longley - I presume was sent to you by the same Channel. Upon my application to him (which by the bye was only obiter) he said "of course" but I hardly feel authorized upon that casual assurance to return his name formally. C Drury also gave me hopes of having your work in the Shrewsbury reading Club - | Item - the Magd Coll reading Society have evinced a disposition to purchase - & a hint was given me to apply to the Bookseller Vincent for his "Ladies reading Club": but as he would probably expect the profit to flow all into one channel I have deferred so doing'.22. Bruno Silva junior, Port wine merchant, with his father, in London. 3 letters. On 9 February 1828, from London: 'By the Anne Captn. Watson arrived from Porto the day before yesterday, I received a Letter fm. our Mutual Friend Mr. Wm. Kopke with the 2 enclosed Letters for you, & a Parcel containing 6 Drawings, which go by Coach to morrow morning, directed as you desired. An unavoidable delay has taken place in the remittance of the above to you, in consequence of the stupidity of the Captain in putting the Parcel in the Post, which caused me (wishing to lessen the expence) to lay the case before the Secretary of the Post Office, but I am sorry to say my exertions were proved fruitless […] Mr. Kopke advises me of the arrival of 200 Copies of his Drawing of Porto at Lisbon, & as soon as he receives them he will send one for you by first Vessel fm. thence.' On 9 April 1828: 'An unavoidable delay took place in the delivery of Mr. Kopke's Picture of Oporto, in consequence of its not being entered in the Ship's Manifest, I endeavoured to smuggle it out, but could not, in consequence of it being so very large, & the strict regulations of the Dock, it was then taken from the Vessel, and opened by the Officers, luckily however I had a Friend who undertook to get it out, & fortunately succeeded: it goes by the Coach to night addressed as you desired & carefully packed on a Roller. […] Such a Work as you described in your last Letter I should think would be very likely to interest both Portuguese & my Countrymen (for I am English,) as there are so few, if any Publications, concerning such particulars of that unfortunate Country. On your arrival here I shall be most happy to see you at my Father's House in Hunter Str., No 28, not as a Debtor (for you seem to think yourself wonderfully indebted to me,) but as Mr. Kopke's Friend.' Undated: 'From the different accts. received from Portugal it certainly does appear that the Constitutionalists are losing ground […] it also appears that there was a battle fought, & that the aforesaid suffered a defeat: my Father has spoken to several Gentn. who have recd. Letters from Portugal & they all refer him to the City article in the Times of this day […] my Father seems still to think that the good cause will yet succeed […] Poor Kopke, I hope they will not kill him, he may pass for an Englishman as he speaks the language so well & seek protection on board one of our Men of War, for Earl Aberdeen has promised to send protection to British Subjects at Oporto. […] I suppose your Work is almost ready & have no doubt will be much in request, you could not have written it at a better time.' Accompanied by a slip of paper giving Silva's business address as '17 New City Chambers | Bishopsgate Street', and his 'private residence | No. 28 Hunter Street | Brunswick Square'. The writer of the slip has written: 'Where Wm. Kopke's View of Oporto may be had but I shall request Mr Bruno to forward a Copy to Oxford for Mr. Kinsey.'23. L. J. Simoens, Secretary, Imperial Brazilian Mining Association. Three letters from London. In the first (7 January 1828) he states that he is enclosing 'the song Book, and the translation of the two first songs in it […] The original is so truly practical, that the translation by a man, not himself a Poet, can never convey the spirit of the Author'. The second (10 March 1828) discusses Portuguese passages, and offers 'any further Services in translating or correcting any Papers for your Publication'. The third (22 May 1828) explains that he is sending 'the Hymn of the Cortes copied as legibly as I can, and translated as well as I can; the Original you sent me […] was evidently copied by a person totally unacquainted with the Portuguese Language […] It reads very flat in the translation, as all sort of Poetry translated by a no-poet always does.'24. Joseph Skelton (1783-1871; ODNB), engraver. Twenty-seven letters, all from Oxford (including one from 'Magd[ale]n. Bridge'), excepting for one from London. Sixty-eight pages. All but two of the letters between 30 December 1827 and 16 July 1828; the other two from 12 and 14 January 1831. Well written letters written in a warm tone, with Skelton not only commenting on the progress of his own work, but also organising the work of others, giving advice and providing other services. As the correspondence proceeds it becomes strained, culminating in the two 1831 letters, which deal with Skelton's disputed account. In the first letter, on 30 December 1827, he writes, regarding Kinsey's replacement at St Nicholas church: 'Hewlett continues to be sanguine. He has however a more formidable opponent it now appears than Williams of Pembroke: so that he stands in even more need of aid in his canvas than he did before. The vacancy of the Mastership is this day announced in the Reading paper, & the election is fixed for the 5. Feb.' On 13 May 1828: 'The whole of your plates are now in hand, & I have every reason to think they will be done by the first week in June. As soon as I have got the titles engraved to the six plates already finished I will send them to you for your final approval.' On 19 March 1828: 'I will do what I can in procuring you a purchaser for the Dead Christ by Schiavonetti, but be assured I shall not meet with that purchaser in Oxford. If I understand you rightly it is the proof hanging up in your rooms at Trinity Coll. which I sold you that you wish to part with.' On 20 May 1828: 'I wish I had time to reply to Mr. Rankins Letter addressed to the Editor of the Bristol Journal respecting the old register of Clifton Ch: I have not the pleasure of his acquaintance, but presume he is an idle man who pretends to have some antiquarian knowledge, which, for his own sake, & for the benefit of his fellow parishioners, he had better to keep to himself. I trust however the parish will never be led into the idea of the register being "an useless document" or think less of my poor old register because it does not contain the age of individuals whose names stand upon that record, or furnish materials for making a book to amuse the bright & gay of Clifton.' On 26 May 1828: 'As the period for the completion of your work approaches my anxieties & hopes increase: & if you suppose I feel less upon the occasion than you do yourself, you do not estimate the interest I take in the success of your Portugal according to its true magnitude. […] Be assured I have not been unmindful of your wishes with respect to Hewlett taking your duty at St. Nicholas. […] Hewlett has just paid me a visit & desires me to say, with his kindest regards, that he is now doing your duty at St. Nicholas for Mr. Bishop, who is gone to town.' On 30 May 1828: 'I have not the least doubt of having every thing belonging to my plates finished before the close of next week. I have not however a single sheet of letter press yet arrived, nor has Arrowsmith sent me his Map. Pray fire a shot at him. It will be in vain for me to drive on unless Cooke, Arrowsmith & Valpy &c. keep pace with me. If their parts of the work were here the binder could now be preparing. He has begun to cut the cambric off & the boards will be cut on Monday. So that I think he will be able to get up 20 copies pr. day as soon as every thing is ready to his hand.' On 9 July 1828: 'I am now working under the persuasion that next Monday is the day fixed for publication: & am expediting matters accordingly. […] I hope to see you here on Saturday: but I will not ask you to dine with me on that day, as every moment of my time is most fully occupied with your work, for which every thing is laid aside.' On the same day he writes: 'I have been waiting in considerable anxiety in the expectation of a letter from you stating how you have succeeded with the invisible Cooke. If his plates are at press it will be necessary for me to send up to the printer 1000 more pieces of plate paper.' A letter of 11 July 1828 begins: 'Really, My dear Sir, your letter which I received this Morng. Has hurt me exceedingly, for I consider it not only unfriendly but unjust. I have not asked for the extension of a single day, & if you take the trouble to read my last letter you will find that although I said that if you found it impracticable to publish on Monday the additional day might prove advantageous to the work […] if I had a month more to complete the plates in I should not find it necessary to give them an hours more time. My part is finished, & Treittell [sic] & Cos. will have 150 copies on Monday Morng. by 9 OClock. […] From the tenour of your last letters I am apprehensive that you are predetermined to correct some of my plates: that matter of course rests with yourself; but in the event of your carrying that idea into effect it may be as well that I should be apprised of your intentions as soon as possible in order that your loss may be as little as it can be beyond the expense of the Engravings &c. I should certainly have sent you proofs for your examination before, but it was perfectly understood between us that you should rest satisfied with my own judgements'. Postscript: 'There is no Van to Oxford. Valpy must send me some copies by Coach, or nothing can be published here till late in the ensuing week if sent by Waggon.' On 14 July 1828: 'Your kind letters duly arrived & have left me nothing but regret that I should have written to you as I did, for I see clearly that you have been so harrassed that I ought to have made every allowance for your writing in anger. […] In spite of Cooke & Lahee I defy them to provide finer plate paper than I have sent for your plates: it is of Whatmans Manufacture, & of the very best quality. With respect to the indian paper I immediately on receipt of your letter this Morng. examined upwards of a thousand sheets & have selected the very best I have which I know to be excellent. […] I need not say how delighted we shall all be to see you on Saturday at dinner at ½ past 4 OClock, when we will, in a bottle of cool port, drink most heartily, success to "Portugal Illustrated" with new editions.' After a break of a year and a half, an ALS from Skelton, dated from Oxford, 12 January 1831, begins: 'My dear Sir | From the many instances I have received of your friendship I am led to hope you will [forgive] my troubling you with this. The fact is I am so short of cash just at this moment & being on the point of taking my journey to Bristol I am led to subjoin a statement of the small balance due to me. If you could send me over by post your cheque on Walker & Cos. it I [sic] shall esteem it a particular favour'. He had previously called at Trinity 'in hopes of inducing' Kinsey to come and dine with him at home. A brief account of his work on the 'Portugal Plates' follows, ending in a credit to him of £9 13s 8d. In a postscript he writes: 'I am ashamed to write to [you] upon such a trifling affair, but ever nine or ten pounds is an object to me just at this moment | Adieu! God bless you!' Kinsey's reply to this letter, 13 January 1831, is in Section Two above. Skelton responds to Kinsey's reply on 14 January 1831. He begins by thanking him for sending £9 3s 5d, 'the balance for Papers & print 125 Proofs & 305 plain prints Portugal'. It has taken him 'some time to find out how the difference of 10s/3 between our statements could exist, & at last I discovered I had made the mistake in entering the amount of monies you had paid me from the small book to my large one. It is however gratifying to find that our accounts tally to a farthing.' After explaining how the mistake occurred, he turns to 'the number of copies of prints which I have yet to deliver to Messrs. Treuttel & Co', regarding which Kinsey is 'quite mistaken, [Skelton] having only 50 more to send them. Of the 305 they have received 255. That is, 200 in the first instance, 25 more in Octr. 1829, & 30 in May 1830. This is the exact state of the case. And I hope for your sake that they will immediately call upon me for the remaining 50.' He suggests that those left remain with him 'until they are actually wanted. Don't you think an Advertisement or two judiciously thrown out would keep the work alive & be the means of getting off a few copies?' He ends warmly, suggesting that he may soon 'call on Richmond Terrace' (the Kinsey family home in Bristol).25. Rev. Thomas Speidell (c.1776-1836) of St John's College, Oxford. One letter, from Handborough, 15 January 1828, giving his own 'calculation […] which no one has seen', of the various expenses which he anticipates for the printing, 'On the supposition the book contains 384 pages, 9 plates Costumes, Vignettes, Maps &c &c. Can you publish it at more than £1..0..0 pr copy: (Bullocks Mexico was 18s:) can you get off more than 350 copies at each one pound, the others, to the trade must be 15s: - your publishers will expect a greater discount for their trouble but let this calculation stand:' - a costing follows leaving Kinsey with a £97 profit, 'Supposing every copy sold'.26. Treuttel & Würtz (Treuttel & Würtz, Treuttel Junr. & Richter, 30 Soho Square, London), foreign booksellers to the King. Seventeen items, fifteen of them bundled together by Kinsey, comprising correspondence from the book's publishers, relating to the firm's account with Kinsey, including itemised bills, and letters on matters including disputed accounts, from between 1831 and 1834, also including material relating to the firm. All but two of the items are crudely sewn together and rolled into a packet. Aged and worn, with damage to the earliest (outer) item. Six of the fifteen are itemised bills, on the firm's ornate engraved letterhead, which, with two royal crests, describes the firm as 'Foreign Booksellers | To His Majesty, | & His Royal Highness | Prince Leopold of Saxe Coburg, | Publishers and Importers of | Greek, Latin, Italian, French & German, Spanish & Portuguese works.' There is also a double-entry account (2pp., 8vo) for August 1832. On 15 August 1831 they write to inform Kinsey that they 'waited on Major Webster on Saturday last - who stated that the present was not a fit time to present "Portugal Illustrated" to Don Pedro - as he & Portugal are not on the best terms. It was stated to Major W. that the book was of a character that could not fail to be gratifying to the Emperor - but the Major persisted, and the applicant politely withdrew, not a little surprized at the reason advanced for withholding the book!' On 19 November 1831 they writes again: 'Messrs Treuttel & Co. present compliments to Mr Kinsey, and beg to know if he would allow them to present a copy of his Portugal to a Gentleman who has applied to them for it - on the ground of his anxious desire to possess so beautiful a work and his inability to purchase it. The request may seem an odd one - but as the person in question has extensive opportunities of diffusing a favorable report of the book among literary men and in particular among the Trade - perhaps Mr. K. on this account may comply with his wishes.' The letter continues with political news. Other items give clear evidence of confused accounting on the part of the firm. On 3 March 1832 they apologise 'for the error in charging the Paris book already settled for' ('It was an oversight of the moment') and there are a number of items relating to a dispute over the price of 'Rossini's Views', including an ALS to Kinsey from J. H. Howard of Essex Place, 30 August 1832: 'I am just returned from Modern Babylon, & while there saw my Correspondent your bookseller, & by dint of a little explanation & trouble I succeeded in obtaining one general account, which was also erroneous! But I have corrected it and now sent it to you and trust you will understand it'. Accompanying Howard's letter is a note from the firm to Kinsey, reading: 'Revd Sir/ | We hope the preceding Statement will clearly shew the state of our accounts and explain every particular that was formerly obscure [postscript] The acct. is presently the same as before except that the acct for Rossini was left blank for you to fill in - as we did not recollect the exact amt. Agreed on for it.'27. Abraham John Valpy (1786-1854; ODNB), classical scholar and printer. Seven letters, with two signed copies of the same signed estimate of 2 January 1828 (only one in Valpy's autograph), a letter from his brother 'R. Valpy', and a draft lett?>?>