[Allardyce Nicoll, Shakespeare scholar.] Nine Autograph items from his papers, seven of them relating to Macbeth, including lecture notes, commentary and memoranda; one comprising two drafts of a discussion of 'The Winter's Tale'.

Allardyce Nicoll [John Ramsay Allardyce Nicoll] (1894-1976), Shakespearian scholar and historian of drama, founding director of Shakespeare Institute, Birmingham, Professor at Birmingham University
Publication details: 
All undated, but one from the 1950s. One item on University of Birmingham letterhead; the others without place.
SKU: 22835

Nine autograph documents from the Allardyce Nicoll papers, which taken as a whole provide an insight into the working and thought processes of one of the foremost British Shakespeare scholars and Theatre Historian of the twentieth century. Seven of the items - presumably University of Birmingham lecture notes (see Item Seven below) - relate to 'Macbeth', a play which Nicoll had discussed in a celebrated lecture ('The Tragedie of Macbeth') published in 1927 by Leonard and Virginia Woolf's Hogarth Press. Of these seven items the most significant (Item One below) is a seventeen-page commentary on the play's early scenes, composed more than two decades after the 1927 lecture, with an introductory discussion setting out his mature opinion that they are among the 'most important' scenes in the play. Items Two to Six are memoranda and commentary on the early scenes of the play, each presumably made on a different reading through of the play, as the material within each is not duplicated. Item Eight comprises two drafts of a discussion of 'The Winter's Tale', comparison of the nine numbered sections in both showing how Nicoll developed his ideas. The material is in good condition, with light signs of age, in the remains of a folder on which Nicoll has written in ink 'Lectures MACBETH', and later, in pencil, 'S[hakespeare]. S[urvey]. Possibles | MACBETH'. ONE: Autograph textual commentary on the first three scenes of the first act of 'Macbeth', preceded by a discussion of their peculiar significance. 17pp, folio, on separate leaves of ruled paper. Paginated by Nicoll, and seemingly complete. Unsigned and undated, but apparently from the 1950s. (Citations are given in the margin, and the latest is from Kenneth Muir in 1951. Others authors cited include: J. C. Adams, L. C. Knights, J. Dover Wilson, Wilson Knight.) Neatly written out in ink, with occasional emendations (a four-line passage on 'Are ye fantastical' has been deleted) in the same ink, and marginal comments and additions in pencil. Headed 'Act I, Scene i'. A textual commentary on the first three scenes, preceded by a discussion covering the first page and a half. Nicoll considers these scenes among the play's 'most important', and begins his introduction (after the stage direction ''Thunder and Lightning. Enter three Witches'): 'For Macbeth more than for any other of Shakespeare's plays, it is essential that we should endeavour to see its lines not only against the background of the Elizabethan stage but also, as it were, in the light of its first performances. Only so can we come to appreciate the dramatic skill aright, and only so are we likely to avoid those abberations [sic] of Shakespearian scholarship whereby some of its most important scenes have been declared spurious.' Nicoll proceeds to state the negative position regarding these scenes held by 'Seymour', 'Henry Cunningham [sic]' and 'the usually astute and theatre-wise Harley Granville Barker'. Nicoll continues: 'True, these three critics appear to stand alone, and recently we have had some notable defences of the scene's place in the structure of the tragedy - the commonest description of its quality being conveyed by the term keynote scene. | Keynote scene undoubtedly it is, but without a doubt that epithet fails to do full justice to the effect it creates, and which it clearly was intended to create.' He continues with reference to 'The Tempest', before turning to the initial stage directions, after which he works through a succession of passages. As an example of his method, here is his treatment of the lines from Scene Three, 'With such prophetic greeting? - Speak I charge you .... Would they had stay'd!': 'Already, in earlier passages, the Folio lineation will be found to differ somewhat from that in modern editions. A comment on the variations in these lines may serve to indicate how, in general, this original lineation may not only be justified but shown to possess a virtue lost when the lines are rearranged. In the Folio the text runs: [...] Now, this arrangement undoubtedly has an emotional significance. First, it will be observed that the break after greeting indicates a weighty pause, so that Speake, I charge you comes like a frantic cry. Secondly, the similar break at Winde produces a significant silence and once more gives stress to the four lines which follow. And thirdly, the fact that Banquo's two regular blank-verse lines contrast with Macbeth's broken rhythm harmonises with a contrast between the ways in which the two men receive the prophecies - Banquo interested and puzzled by the phenomenon, Macbeth concentrate [sic] on the words they have uttered.' Items Two to Five below are miscellaneous autograph commentaries and memoranda on passages in the earlier part of 'Macbeth'. All on one side only of leaves of the same ruled 4to paper. TWO: Commentary on passages between I, iii ('So foul and fair') and II, ii. 6pp, 4to, of which the first five are paginated 3-7, the earlier part in ink and the latter part in pencil. A few marginal annotations. Nowhere near as finished as Item One, but still of great interest. See for example the entry for the stage direction 'Witches vanish': 'So sd. in F. But how we do not know. Very doubtful about smoke-mist. The vanishing however is important, for this is rather properly of devils than witches: what seem'd corporal melted as breath into the wind. | Contrast speeches of M. & B. B has already wondered whether they are fantastical and again wonders if he has not eaten on the insane root that takes the reason prisoner. M. does not doubt: Would they had stay'd!, Your children shall be kings.' THREE: Commentary on passages between I, i and I, vi. 4pp, 4to, of which the last three are paginated 2-4. In blue ink, with one addition in black ink, and extensive marginal reworking to p.2 in pencil, after deletion of the text on three-quarters of the page. Significant marginal addition in ink on first page. Rougher in treatment than Items One and Two. For example, on the very first page: '[...] Hence key scene. What do we get? | 1) Three witches: divine or diabolic number. | 2) Thunder: darkness. Associated with evil spirits. | 3) When the ... i.e. foreknowledge of events. They know fate ie battle, time, place & meeting. | 4) Graymalkin - wiches' minions. | 5) Fair is foul - diabolic morals: what is fair is considered foul. | Doubt in mind: witch attributes yet only demons in shape of witches can surely know future. We await issue: yet pause to note Holinshed's words: [...] What will remain in our mind, besides battle, Macbeth, heath, is lost and won and fair is foul.' FOUR: Commentary on I, ii. 1p, 4to. Begins: 'I. ii. Immediate movement to second scene: contrast of supernatural & natural. Two things to note at start: - | 1) What witches know has to be enquired into and conveyed by messengers | 2) As I i starts with question. So I. iii (and entry of McD.) I. iv etc. [...]'. FIVE: Commentary on I, iv. 1p, 4to. Headed 'develops human - political'. SIX: Rough notes beginning with five-point discussion in ink of 'Macbeth I. i'. 1p, 4to. Deleted in pencil, and followed by section in pencil headed '2. [?] Introductory Scenes.', discussing Othello. On reverse of leaf of seven lines of incomplete typescript, paginated 11, and beginning: '[...] changed - and that indeed is what it is, not a structural part of the building but rather the foremost piece of scenery, masking what lies beyond it and separating the platform off from the scene.' The passage is printed in the second chapter of Nicoll's posthumous 'The Garrick Stage' (1981). SEVEN: Pre-war letterhead of 'The University, | Edmund Street, | Birmingham, 3.' With rough pencil lists relating to Macbeth on recto, and recto carrying pencil notes on 'Mrs [Youhans?] Stage.', with reference to James Shirley. EIGHT: Two drafts of discussion of 'The Winter's Tale'. 2pp, 32mo. Each page on separate leaf of matching paper. Both pages headed 'The Winter's Tale'. Both pages divided into nine numbered sections. The earlier draft begins: '1. V. difficult & puzzling play. a) S. bored. b) Religious allegory. Wise not to go to extremes. What is he aiming at? In this earlier draft the eighth section reads: 'Apart from this emphasis on wonder. Wonder assoc. with old tale. In all last plays. Connected with constant refs to gods - Jove, Apollo - You gods, look down.' In the later draft this same eighth section reads: 'Apart from this, bold start permits development of atmosphere. Wonder, assoc. with old tale. Death hovers in the wings & even comes on stage, here and in all last plays - but stress on this wonder. Pericles: Tpt. with its cloud-capped tower, & spirits. So here the oracle and the constant refs to gods: Jove, divine Apollo: You gods, look down. NINE: Filing card on one side of which Nicoll has written out passage from 5 viii ('What's more to do. [...]').~1250~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH JOHN RAMSAY ALLARDYCE NICOLL SHAKESPEARE SCHOLAR SHAKESPEARIAN UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM TWENTIETH CENTURY ENGLISH LITERATURE DRAMA DRAMATIC THEATRE THEATRICAL HISTORIAN STUDIES~~0~Behind TV JM (flat pile)~~~0~~ 22839~20/02/2020~False~Angus Wilson [Sir Angus Frank Johnstone-Wilson] (1913-1991), novelist [British Museum, Department of Printed Books]~[Angus Wilson, novelist, as British Museum librarian.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Angus Wilson.') to 'Rylands', regarding his letter to 'Noel', which he has asked 'Mr Greene' to show him.~12 October 1950; on letterhead of the Reading Room, British Museum, London, W.C.1.~1p, 12mo. In good condition, on lightly aged paper. Folded twice, resulting in offset ink smudging. Reads: 'Dear Rylands, | I am writing to you in case Noel is away. I have asked Mr Greene to show you my letter to Noel, if this is should [sic] be so. Anything you could do to help, would be kind and good, I think. | Yrs sincerely | Angus Wilson.' It would be tempting to assume that 'Mr Greene' is the novelist (although it might just as well be his brother), and that 'Noel' is Noel Coward, but the idea of any connection between Wilson and the two men is not supported by Conradi's biography, which contains no reference to a 'Rylands'.~30~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH SIR ANGUS WILSON JOHSTONE-WILSON FRANK NOVELIST AUTHOR TWENTIETH CENTURY ENGLISH LITERATURE NOEL COWARD GRAHAM GREENE RYLANDS BRITISH MUSEUM DEPARTMENT OF PRINTED BOOKS LIBRARY~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22840~20/02/2020~False~Beverley Nichols [John Beverley Nichols] (1898-1983), prolific author, playwright, journalist, composer and public speaker [Maurice Ernest (1872-1955), biologist]~[Beverley Nichols, author and playwright.] Typed Letter Signed ('Beverley Nichols') to Dr Maurice Ernest, expressing puzzlement at the suggestion that he is writing 'a biography on Conan Doyle'.~28 September 1948. On letterhead of Merry Hall, Ashtead, Surrey.~1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged and ruckled, with wear to one corner. Small photograph of Nichols cut from newspaper laid down at top left. The letter begins: 'Dear Dr. Ernest, | Thank you so much for your kind offer of assistance. I do appreciate it as such, but I have to confess that this is the first I have heard about my forthcoming biography on Conan Doyle!' The subject would certainly prove to be an interesting one, but he cannot imagine how the idea originated. 'It is all most mysterious.' A collection of the papers of the Austrian-born biologist (with an interest in homeopathy and longevity) Maurice Ernest is in the University of Chicago Library.~35~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH JOHN BEVERLEY NICHOLS ENGLISH BRITISH AUTHOR WRITER PLAYWRIGHT THE THEATRE TWENTIETH CENTURY SIEGFRIED SASSON GAY STUDIES HOMOSEXUAL MAURICE ERNEST CONAN DOYLE~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22841~20/02/2020~False~Charles James Mathews (1803-1878), actor, manager of the Olympic, Lyceum and Covent Garden theatres in London [Benjamin Nottingham Webster (1797-1882), actor-manager who built the Adelphi]~[Charles James Mathews, London actor-manager.] Autograph Letter Signed ('C J Mathews.'), declining to 'risk' an association with Ben Webster, who 'never reads the pieces at all' and whom he is 'unable to controul'.~25 Pelham Crescent [London], 23 July 1869.~1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. The recipient is not named. An interesting letter, indicating the relationship between two major theatrical figures in Victorian London. The main body of the letter reads: 'Dear Sir, | You really must excuse my incurring any such responsibility as that you would impose upon me. I am unable to controul Mr. Webster's actions and do not see why I should take upon myself a risk in a matter in which I have no possible interest.' Mathews has added subsequently, in a smaller hand: '(especially as my private belief is that Mr Webster never reads the pieces at all. He has at least half a dozen in hand at this moment that I know of.)'~45~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH CHARLES JAMES MATHEWS THE LONDON STAGE THEATRE THEATRICAL OLYMPIC LYCEUM COVENT GARDEN ADELPHI BENJAMIN NOTTINGHAM WEBSTER~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22836~20/02/2020~False~Charles Lever [Charles James Lever] (1806-1872), Irish novelist [George Eliot; Charles Reade]~[Charles Lever, Irish novelist, anticipates receiving a copy of George Eliot's 'Felix Holt'.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Charles Lever') to 'Lady [Alford?]', regarding his reading of English novels in Italy, including one by Charles Reade.~'Villa Morelli [Florence, Italy] Augt. 31. [1866]'~Depressed and paranoid, Lever spent his last days in Italy. For the Villa Morelli, see his Downey's 'Life in his Letters' (1906). 2pp, 12mo. On aged and creased paper, with closed tears to edges, but no loss. Folded twice. The handwriting is neat and controlled, but not always entirely legible. He begins with the news that he is returning 'the books you so kindly lent me'. Presumably referring to Charles Reade's 1866 novel 'Griffith Gaunt', Lever writes: 'Mr Reade is all you said of him, - often very amusing, & oftener very [?]'. A reference to 'the pleasanter reading' follows. He then writes: 'I am shocked & ashamed to own that I have not yet received Felix Holt. & I have to entreat both your forgiveness & good patience.' He is sending her 'a Novel by an anonymous Author - perhaps when you read it you will be of opinion that he was well advised not to disclose himself.' It is however 'a [dreary?] time of the year & in keeping with a stupid story'.~90~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH CHARLES READE JAMES LEVER GEORGE ELIOT VICTORIAN IRELAND IRISH EIRE NOVEL NOVELIST LITERATURE NINETEENTH CENTURY ITALY ITALIAN FLORENCE~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22842~20/02/2020~False~Ebenezer Elliott (1781-1849), 'the Corn Law Rhymer', poet and reformer who founded the Sheffield Mechanics Anti-Bread Tax Society [Monthly Magazine, London]~[Ebenezer Elliott, 'the Corn Law Rhymer', poet and reformer.] Autograph Letter Signed, offering his poem 'Win-Hill' to the editor of the Monthly Magazine, stating that his 'children like it', and apologising for not having 'kept the politics out'.~No date [1833]. Sheffield.~1p, landscape 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, but with thin strip torn away from head, including date. Laid down on piece of card. Large firm signature ('Ebenezer Elliott'). Begins: 'D Sirs - | I send you for the Monthly Magazine, Win-hill, or The Curse, a poem. My children like it, so I conclude it is not without merit. I wish I could have kept the politics out, but they would be in. If it should not suit you, you would very much oblige me by endeavouring to return it to me by the 15th of June next. I am, D Sirs, Yours very truly | Ebenezer Elliott'. 'Win-Hill; or, The Curse of God. | By the author of Corn-Law Rhymes' was published in Tait's Edinburgh Magazine in November 1833. In his 1852 'Memoirs of Ebenezer Elliott' George Searle Phillips (as 'January Searle') describes the poem as 'one of the noblest amongst many instances throughout his writings, of the mastery this poet exercises over the mightier elements of the minstrel's art'.~0~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH EBENEZER ELLIOTT THE CORN LAW RHYMER CORN-LAW RHYMES SHEFFIELD MECHANICS CHARTISM CHARTIST REFORM REFORMER NINETEENTH CENTURY VICTORIAN ANTI-BREAD TAX SOCIETY~~0~~~~0~~ 22843~20/02/2020~False~Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby (1826-1893), Conservative politician, twice Foreign Secretary and twice Colonial Secretary~[Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby, Conservative politician; Lord Derby.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Stanley') to 'Lees', describing an Irish shoot and political machinations regarding a vote on 'the invasion of India'.~11 December 1878. Ennistimon, County Clare [Ireland].~4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged, with strip of glue from mount at top-left of first page. He has not written to Lees since he told him 'that capital joke of the extraction of a ball from your cheek'. He has been 'for a week's shooting at Granard's, Byng & Tottenham & others there most days 8 guns, one day 11. We killed from Tuesday to Saturday with inclusive 602 head of which 86 Woodcocks'. He describes the weather and positioning of guns. 'Byng spoiled my shooting by lecturing me so much on carefulness & danger of rebound of shot from the ground, & yet he managed to hit Tottenham on the hand through a laurel bush, whilst shooting at a woodcock on the ground'. He has not 'come to town to the Houses [i.e. to the Houses of Parliament in London] because Ld Halifax's notice left the charge of the invasion on India instead of putting it on England, & I could have done no good myself & should only have added to the irritation I feel at the whole proceeding; so I paired against Govnt. with Lord Longford.' He discusses personal matters: Lees going for Christmas with his brother, 'Dr. Armstrong & Giles Creagh', and 'Dr. A.' who 'goes soon to Harrow to fetch away Wills who has been laid up with scarlatina', his shooting at Alderly: 'The Beechwood would have made a good day only it rained all day, we killed however 222. I had Granard & Byng & Tottenham & Wylde of the F. O. & Manners Williams with me and four ladies. Mrs Macnamara sends you word she would be glad if you came here if you have nothing else to do.'~45~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH EDWARD HENRY STANLEY 15TH EARL OF DERBY LORD CONSERVATIVE STATESMAN POLITICIAN BENJAMIN DISRAELI IRELAND IRISH EIRE VICTORIAN NINETEENTH CENTURY SHOOT SHOOTING HUNT~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22844~20/02/2020~False~Eugen Sandow (1867-1925), German bodybuilder and promoter of physical culture, first promoter of yoga as exercise [Maurice Ernest (1872-1955)]~[Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and showman in London, first promoter of yoga as exercise.] Typed Letter Signed, in English, to Dr Maurice Ernest, proposing a meeting regarding an interesting proposition.~15 February 1918. On his letterhead ('Eugen Sandow | Instructor in Physical Culture | to H.M. the King | Physical Culture Adviser | to H.M. the King of Greece'), 32 St James's Street, London, S.W. [1]~See Sandow's entry in the Oxford DNB. 2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, with two punch holes at margin through both leaves. Folded once. The letterhead has Sandow's details, beneath British and Greek royal crests, at top left of first page: 'Eugen Sandow | Instructor in Physical Culture | to H.M. the King | Physical Culture Adviser | to H.M. the King of Greece | Hours of Consultation | 10 to 1.30 and 3.30 to 6.30 | Saturdays 11.30 to 2'. Addressed to 'Dr. Maurice Ernest. | 93, Cromwell Road. | S. Kensington. LONDON. S.W.7.' Not having received Ernest's telephone call, 'either yesterday or to-day, to further discuss your proposition', he presumes he has been 'unavoidably detained'. As he now has 'some very urgent business in the country', it will be impossible for him to join Ernest 'at the Meeting next Saturday'. However he is still interested in Ernest's proposition, and will be 'delighted to at any time have a further chat on same'. He ends by suggesting a date for a lunchtime meeting at Pall Mall. A collection of the papers of the Austrian-born biologist Maurice Ernest is in the University of Chicago Library.~60~AUTOGRAPH MANUSCRIPT EUGEN SANDOW GERMANY GERMAN BODYBUILDER BODYBUILDING LONDON PHYSICAL CULTURE VICTORIAN NINETEENTH CENTURY YOGA KENSINGTON MAURICE ERNEST~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22845~20/02/2020~False~Frances Power Cobbe (1822-1904), Irish writer, social reformer, anti-vivisection activist, and women's suffrage campaigner~[Frances Power Cobbe, social reformer, anti-vivisectionist and women's suffrage campaigner. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Francis P Cobbe') to 'Miss Cole', discussing 'Mr Raj' of the 'Church of One God - India', who is studying at London University.~No date or place.~3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, on aged paper with traces of glue from mount on reverse of second leaf. The letter begins: 'Dear Miss Cole - | It is kind of you to invite Mr Raj - I have forwarded yr message to him, & told him to answer it himself. He is a very good young man studying just now for his degree in London University - a friend of [Kesemb Amrinder Senj?] & a member of the [Brahur Somcij?] (Church of the One God - of India)'. She knows nothing else about him, but 'the [Brahures?] all come to him by right'. As is 'sorely in arrears always' of her 'visiting obligations even in London', it will be quite impossible for her to avail herself of Miss Cole's 'invitation to Chiswick'.~56~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH FRANCES POWER COBBE IRELAND IRISH EIRE SOCIAL REFORMER REFORM ANTI-VIVISECTIONIST ACTIVIST WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE SUFFRAGETTE NINETEENTH CENTURY VICTORIAN INDIA INDIAN RELIGION~~0~OL40~~~0~~ 22846~20/02/2020~False~Francis Napier, 10th Lord Napier and 1st Baron Ettrick (1819-1898), Scottish diplomat, Ambassador to United States [William Nassau Lees (1825-1889), orientalist; Lord Mayo, Viceroy of India]~[Lord Napier, Second Afghan War, Great Game.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Napier & Ettrick') from Francis Napier, 10th Lord Napier, to orientalist William Nassau Lees, regarding his view of Lord Mayo's policy on 'defence of Khelat and Affghanistan'.~16 January [1878]. Ravensbury, Ascot, Berkshire.~See Napier's entry in the Oxford DNB (he is not to be confused with Lord Napier of Magdala). On the death of Lord Mayo in 1872, Napier acted as Viceroy of India for a little over three months, before the arrival of Mayo's successor Sir John Strachey. The present letter was written in the first months of 1878, six years after Mayo's death, follows the publication in The Times of a letter Napier had written defending Mayo's policy regarding the 'defence of Khelat and Affghanistan [sic]', against the criticisms of Mayo's predecessor as Viceroy, Lord Lawrence (previously Sir John Lawrence). The Second Afghan War would begin with the British invasion of the country in November 1878. 4pp, 12mo. Aged and worn and with hole at gutter caused by removal from album, resulting in loss to half a dozen words. He begins by stating that he is pleased to have Nassau Lee's expression of assent to his 'opinions respecting [the] defence of Khelat and Affghanistan [sic]'. He is 'extremely sensible of the insufficiency' of his 'expression & advocacy of those opinions'. He 'had to write at once and briefly', because if he had 'put off [...] Laurence's [sic] views would have circulated and been absorbed without qualification or opposition', and if he had written more fully his letter 'would either not have been inserted[,] or been relegated to [the] wilderness of the Supplement.' He will retain Nassau Lee's letter and make use of it if writing 'any speech I may have to make hereafter'. As long as he is in or near London he will 'lose no opportunity of defending Lord Mayo's policy, but it must be done with great moderation and without any spirit of violent antagonism to Russia'. In Napier's view the question should be kept 'as far as possible distinct from the question of the defence of Turkey', and grounded on 'a defensive British interest'. Although he considers 'Lord Laurence's [sic] move [...] most unfortunate & really unjustifiable', he believes that Laurence is owed 'great deference & respect for many reasons, and as his name & authority are great in this country they must be handled with much delicacy'.~125~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH FRANCIS NAPIER LORD BARON ETTRICK SCOTLAND SCOTTISH NINETEENTH CENTURY VICTORIAN LORD MAYO SIR JOHN LAWRENCE VICEROY OF INDIA SECOND AFGHAN WAR AFGHANISTAN THE GREAT GAME~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22847~20/02/2020~False~Frank Miles [George Francis Miles] (1852-1891), artist and friend of Oscar Wilde, architect, gardener and Jack the Ripper suspect~[Frank Miles, artist, friend of Oscar Wilde, and Jack the Ripper suspect.] Autograph Note Signed ('Frank Miles') to an autograph hunter, gracefully supplying his own.~No date. 26 Tite Street, Chelsea [London].~1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, with minor traces of glue from mount on reverse. Folded once. Reads: '26 Tite St. | Chelsea | Pray forgive me for not having answered before | If you are glad to have my handwriting, then I am gladder to send it to you. | Frank Miles'. The house in Tite Street which Miles had E. W. Godwin build for him, and at which his friend Oscar Wilde lived as a 'boarder', was originally numbered 1, then 26, and now 44.~90~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH FRANK MILES GEORGE FRANCIS ENGLISH ARTIST ART OSCAR WILDE TITE STREET LILLY LANGTRY NAUGHTY NINETIES DECADENCE JACK THE RIPPER ARCHITECTURE~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22848~20/02/2020~False~Frederick Yates [Frederick Henry Yates] (1797-1842), actor and proprietor with Charles Mathews of the Adelphi Theatre, London, husband of Elizabeth Brunton [Thomas Potter Cooke (1786-1864), actor]~[Frederick Yates, actor-manager of the Adelphi Theatre.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Fred. H. Yates.'), accusing actor Thomas Cooke of breaking his word by mounting a production of Fitzball's 'Red Rover', whose copyright he owns, outside Edinburgh.~18 January 1830. 'Theatre Royal | Adelphi' [London].~3pp, 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn, with closed tears and thin vertical strip of paper on reverse of second leaf, which carries a seal in black wax and Yates's address to 'T. P. Cooke Esqre. | 28 Manchester Street | Manchester Square'. An interesting letter regarding a Victorian stage dispute. In an understated style, Yates makes a serious accusation: Cooke has broken his word over the manuscript of Fitzball's play 'The Red Rover' (Yates had produced the piece with himself in the title role in 1828, and would do so again in 1831). The subtext is that by such an action Cooke is not a gentleman. It begins: 'Sir. | Since you have done me the honor to address me by Letter I conceive it incumbent upon me to return you a written answer. | The M S. of the Red Rover Mr Mathews & my property I allowed you to have copied upon an express understanding & pledge that you were to make use of it in the Edinboro Theatre only. Upon your refusal to comply with the terms of your Engagement here, you thought proper to make use of the copy I permitted you to take of our M. S. with an additional act compiled by yourself at the Surrey Theatre - which I consider to be a positive breach of your word.' He continues in the same tone, stating that he has learnt that Cooke has 'paid Mr Grove our Prompter a Guinea for making the Copy', and that Cooke is also claiming the first two acts as his property. As 'possessor of the Copyright' Yates can only return the manuscript with a 'veto that they shall only be made use of in Edinburgh', but as Cooke has 'already considered [his] promise as not binding', Yates does not expect him to 'pay any attention'.~120~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH FREDERICK YATES HENRY ELIZABETH BRUNTON FENIMORE COOPER ADELPHI ROYAL THEATRE THEATRICAL DRAMA GEORGIAN NINETEENTH CENTURY FITZBALL THOMAS POTTER COOKE CHARLES MATHEWS~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22849~20/02/2020~False~George Holyoake [George Jacob Holyoake] (1817-1906), radical editor who coined the terms 'secularism' and 'jingoism'~[George Holyoake, radical editor who coined the terms 'secularism' and 'jingoism'.] Autograph Letter Signed ('G. J. Holyoake') to 'Watson'~25 March 1900. Eastern Lodge, Brighton.~3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn. Folded twice. Only the conclusion of the letter is in Holyoake's hand. It carries an unusually large and bold signature. In reply to a letter of Watson's he states that he was not aware of the 'paper in the Westminster Gazette [...] until four days after its appearance'. He asks him to send 'the Leader referring to its appearance which you mention', and commends Watson's son for bringing it to his notice. Holyoake does not know if the matter has 'been mentioned elsewhere in Newcastle'. There follows a garbled phrase, probably misheard by the amanuensis: 'nor did I ever hear why the left the Chronicle which I should like to'. The rest of the letter is in Holyoake's bold hand, taking up a whole page: 'Peter Burt used to send me Leaders but I think he is abroad | Cowen's death still concerns me | Ever yours | G. J. Holyoake'.~56~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH GEORGE JACOB HOLYOAKE RADICAL EDITOR JOURNALIST SECULARISM JINGOISM VICTORIAN FLEET STREET LONDON NEWSPAPER NINETEENTH CENTURY CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT WATSON NEWCASTLE~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22850~20/02/2020~False~Harold Wilson (1916-1995), Labour prime minister; his wife Mary Wilson (1916-2018); his son Giles Wilson; George Brown (1914-1985), Labour politician; his wife Sophie Brown [Sophia Levene] (1911-1990)~[Harold Wilson, Labour prime minister.] Christmas card, signed by Wilson, his wife Mary and son Giles, together with his foreign secretary George Brown and his wife Sophie, who writes a message in German.~1966. Christmas card by Lum & Feher Press, Honolulu.~In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Christmas card with unusual image of the three wise men (in Roman helmets) seen from behind, following the guiding star as it leads them across a Hawaian beach to the hut in which the birth of the messiah is occurring. Printed message in card in Hawaian and English. The reverse of the second leaf has nothing printed on it other than the publisher's slug, and at the head the prime minister has written 'Happy Christmas'. Beneath this, one above the other, are the five signatures: 'Harold Wilson | Mary Wilson. | Giles Wilson. | George Brown | Sophie Brown'. At bottom right is written the date '1966'. Written in German, inside the card, presumably by Sophie Brown, is a message in German, dated 'Honolulu 10.12.1966.' It is signed 'Ihre [Polali?]'. The visit to Hawaii does not appear to have been an official one. It would certainly have made for a lively holiday: while Brown is remembered as a hopeless drunkard, Wilson's consumption of alcohol was apparently even greater.~100~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH HAROLD WILSON LABOUR PARTY BRITISH PRIME MINISTER GEORGE BROWN LORD GEORGE-BROWN FOREIGN SECRETARY SOPHIE SOPHIA LEVENE GILES MARY HONOLULU HAWAII 1966~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~ 22837~20/02/2020~False~Thomas Tooke (1774-1858), Victorian economist, for whom the Tooke Chair of Economics at King's College London (LSE) was endowed, and after whom Tooke Town, Millwall, was named [Charles Babbage]~[Thomas Tooke, Victorian economist, throws over Charles Babbage for a 'superior attraction'.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thos. Tooke') to 'Mrs. Hawes', regarding a dinner invitation, sending three trout caught by his son in the Itchen.~12 June [no year]; Spring Gardens [London].~In 1821, along with Ricardo, Malthus, James Mill, and others, Tooke founded the Political Economy Club. Although Carlyle is unlikely to have had him specifically in mind, Tooke is the archetypal 'Professor of the Dismal Science'. 2pp, 18mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Twenty-eight lines of text, neatly and closely written. He has 'deferred acknowledging' his answer to her 'kind invitation' to dinner on the coming Saturday until seeing his son, who has been 'out of town on a fishing excursion'. The son is 'just now returned to town', and cannot attend because of 'an engagement at a very late dinner in the Regent's park on that evening'. The son sends '3 trout by the bearer, which were caught yesterday evening in the Itchen near Winchester; hoping that they will be in time for your dinner to-day'. Rather than spend time with the celebrated computer pioneer Charles Babbage, Tooke will be attending her 'soirée on Saturday sacrificing most readily Mr. Babbage to your superior attraction'.~180~MANUSCRIPT AUTOGRAPH THOMAS TOOKE ECONOMIST ECONOMIC STATISTICS STATISTICAL LAISSEZ FAIRE VICTORIAN NINETEENTH CENTURY CHARLES BABBAGE HAWES THEORY CHAIR LONDON SCHOOL OF IMPERIAL COLLEGE~~0~Shared file 40~~~0~~