Autograph Letter Signed C. Patmore, with addressed envelope, to the Blackburn poet John Thomas Baron ('Jack O'Anns')

Coventry Patmore (1823-96), poet
Publication details: 
Hastings, 5 Dec. 1881.
SKU: 10862

One page, 12mo, bifolium, fold marks, good condition. Tamarton [sic for Tamerton] Church Tower & other Poems are now included in a volume called 'Amelia and other Poems.' It is published by Geo. Bell & Co. York Stret, Covent Garden. I do not know Mr Palgarve's address, but a letter to Macmillan & Co, his publisher would reach him. Tamerton Church Tower was first published in 1853, Amelia, Tamerton Church Tower, etc in 1878.~120~ENGLISH POET POETRY PUBLISHING HISTORY~ ~0~Lit eph 2~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 10863~24/10/2011~False~Major-General Sir Colin Mackenzie, 1877-1956 [Sir John French, Earl Roberts, Dorrien-Smith, Canadian Forces.Ombdurman etc.]~'From Tel-el-Kebir to Flanders': Album containing The Papers of Major-General Sir Colin Mackenzie~[c.1877-1956]~'From Tel-el-Kebir to Flanders':Papers of Major-General Sir Colin Mackenzie, 1877-1956Major-General Sir Colin John Mackenzie (1861-1956), KCB - Military Governor of Johannesburg, 1900-1901; Chief of the General Staff (Canadian Army), 1910-1913; and Colonel of the Seaforth Highlanders, 1924-1931 - is a surprising omission from the New Dictionary of National Biography. His obituary in The Times ('From Tel-el-Kebir to Flanders', 10 July 1956) runs to thirteen column inches. Born into a distinguished and well-connected army family (his relative Sir Kynaston Studd was Lord Mayor of London in 1928), and possessed of great talent (see Section A, relating to his military career, below), Mackenzie was groomed for high command from the start. An outstanding student at Sandhurst, he first saw service in Wolsey's Egyptian campaign of 1882, including the Battle of Tel-el-Kebir. In the following decade he was mentioned in despatches during both the Hazara Campaign of 1888 and the Hunza-Nagar Expedition in 1891. While stationed in India, Mackenzie was recommended for promotion by two superior officers (see Section B): first in 1894 (despite the fact that at the late age of thirty-three Mackenzie had not yet taken the Staff College Test) and second by Major-General William Galbraith in two 'chits' written in 1896. (Galbraith praises Mackenzie's excellence in 'all sports that require endurance, activity and nerve', and material relating to his sporting activities is grouped together in Section I.) A further appeal from a superior officer in 1899, this time requesting that Mackenzie be sent from Staff College to active service in South Africa on the eve of the Second Boer War, was at first denied, but within a year Mackenzie was in the country as Deputy Assistant Adjutant General on the staff of Lord (later Earl) Roberts. (A letter from Roberts, giving his plans on the eve of the fall of Pretoria, is present in Section D.) In the same year Mackenzie was appointed Military Governor of Johannesburg. (Also present is a pamphlet naming the officers in Mackenzie's administration.) On his return to England Mackenzie appears to have been sidelined. He declined the Commandantship of Sandhurst in 1904 (despite, Lord Roberts offering, in a letter in Section A, to try to get him promoted to Brigadier-General), and this action may have been held against him. In 1907 he was given a brigade command at Aldershot, and three years later he was appointed Chief of the General Staff and First Military Adviser to the Canadian Government, a post he held until 1913. Section E concerns this period, and contains a number of important documents relating to Mackenzie's conflict with the General Officer Commanding the Militia, Samuel Hughes, including frank and hitherto-unknown letters from the Canadian Governor General the Duke of Connaught and from General Sir John French ('You need have no fear as to the view which is taken on this side of your conduct throughout.'), and an unpublished memorandum by Mackenzie of his 'Case versus Mr. Hughes'. For more on the subject see Chapter 10 of Ronald G. Haycock's 'Sam Hughes: The public career of a controversial Canadian, 1885-1916' (National Museums of Canada [for the Canadian War Museum], 1986). At the outbreak of the First World War Mackenzie was placed in command of 9 (Scottish) Division of the New Army. The death of General Hamilton saw him transferred, during the Battle of La Bassée , to the command of 3 Division. His health was not good, and unable to cope with the pressures of active service, he was sent home within a fortnight. This period is referred to in an extraordinarily candid letter to Mackenzie from General Smith-Dorrien, 6 August 1919, in Section F. Two years later Mackenzie 'rehabilitated' himself (as Smith-Dorrien puts it), when he took command of 61 Division, which saw gallant service under him on the Somme, at 'Third Ypres', Cambrai, and elsewhere. (Mackenzie's valuable unpublished account of 61 Division's activities is also to be found in Section F, as is a message to 61 Division from King George V, accompanied by a letter to Mackenzie from the King's Equerry, impressing on him 'the necessity of keeping it out of the press'.) He was wounded in 1918 and invalided home; he was fifty-seven and would never again be fit for active service. He retired in 1920, and from 1924 to 1931 was Colonel of his old regiment, the Seaforth Highlanders. In one of the last items in the collection (Section A), Field-Marshal Slim thanks him for his work during the Second World War with South East Asia Command.This collection of Mackenzie's papers cast fascinating and important light on a senior officer and the British Army of his period, clearly conveying his character and attainments. It contains several important documents: Earl Roberts's instructions on the eve of the fall of Johannesburg in the second Boer War; Mackenzie's memorandum on his disagreement with Samuel Hughes, and Mackenzie's account of 61Division's actions under his command in the First World War. Also present are a number of candid letters from high-ranking officers, indicating the esteem in which Mackenzie was held. Earl Haig and Lord Birdwood address him as 'Dear Colin', while Earl Roberts sends him eight letters and two telegrams. Major-General Sir William Penn Symons informs him that 'People write to me that they think that I must have some enemy at the Horse Guards', and General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien admits to feeling a 'beast' over his treatment of Mackenzie, whom he tells that he has 'rehabilitated' himself. It is to Smith-Dorrien that Mackenzie sends one of the most important items in this collection: an eight-page account of the activities of the division he commanded during the First World War, the 61st.The majority of the items in this collection are laid down, in no particular order, on 103 pages of a 4to scrapbook of brown cloth, containing a thirteen-leaf thumb index filled in by Mackenzie. A number of items, including the majority of the newspaper cuttings, are not described below. The collection is in good collection overall. All texts are clear and complete on aged paper, with a few items trimmed to fit into the album, and a handful worn at the extremities.A. Records of Mackenzie's career- Manuscript 'Certificate of Proficiency' in 'Military Topography & Reconnaisance Riding', Royal Military College (Sandhurst), January 1881, signed by Sandhurst Governor Major General William Napier. On vellum. Loosely inserted.- Printed commission as 2nd Lieutenant, 16th Foot, 14 January 1881, signed by Queen Victoria. Cropped at head and foot, trimming the upper part of the signature a fraction.- Printed 'First Class Certificate-Extra', following 'a course of training at the School of Musketry, Hythe', 29 September 1881, signed by Colonel Harrison Trent, Inspector General of Musketry.- Autograph reference signed by Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Cureton, commander of Oudh Division, praising Mackenzie's conduct as his aide-de-camp. Lucknow; 27 August 1884. Landscape 12mo, 1 p.- Printed certificate showing Mackenzie to be 'Qualified to act as Instructor', Corps of Sappers and Miners, issued at Kasanti, 31 October 1884, signed by Captain A. C. Foley and approved by Colonel E. T. Thackeray.- Autograph Letter Signed from Earl Roberts ('Roberts') to Mackenzie. 18 November 1904; on Englemere letterhead. 12mo, 4 pp. He is 'quite concerned to hear' that Mackenzie has 'refused the Commandantship of Sandhurst', as he was 'looking forward with great pleasure' to his 'being in this part of the country, and to your being at the head of the college. Kitson has done well there and Sandhurst is a very different place to what it was, and you would, I know, have kept it going on the right lines.' He has heard that one of the reasons for Mackenzie's refusal is 'because the appointment does not carry the rank of Brigadier-General'. He is 'not sure if this could be remedied', but would 'gladly try if you would wish me to do so. After all, it is only temporary rank, and does not, as a rule, affect the promotion to Major-General'.- Article titled 'Our Late Brigadier. 6th Brigade Dinner to Major-General Colin Mackenzie, C.B.' On leaf extracted from 'The Dragon' magazine. 4to, 1 p. Undated [1910]. Written on Mackenzie's appointment of Chief of the General Staff in Canada, and with half the piece devoted to 'An Appreciation' of Mackenzie, concluding with the expectation that 'the General will go on climbing the steep ladder of promotion till he reaches the topmost rung'.- Autograph Letter Signed from Earl Roberts ('Roberts') to 'My dear Mackenzie'. 31 January 1914; Almond's Hotel, Clifford Street, London. 12mo, 2 pp. He is 'troubled' at Mackenzie's appointment 'to a Territorial Division, tho' I am assured it is only for a time, and that you will be given a Regular Army Division erelong. You refuse a billet at the War Office I am told, and that may have told against you, and so long as no-one below you is given a Regular Division, I suppose we cannot complain.'- Printed commission as 2nd Lieutenant, Special Reserve of Officers, Scots Guards, 15 January 1917, signed by two officers, and with cyclostyled signature of King George V. Ornately printed lengthwise across one side of a folio leaf, embossed with the royal seal.- Printed 'Grant of the dignity of a Knight Commander (Military division) of the Order of the Bath to Major General Colin John Mackenzie, C.B.', 3 June 1918, signed by the Order's Great Master 'Strathearn' (Arthur, Duke of Connaught), with cyclostyled signature of King George V. Trimmed at foot. Loosely inserted.- Five printed documents, dating from between 1916 and 1918, each with cyclostyled signature of Winston Churchill as Secretary of State for War, each stating that Mackenzie was 'mentioned in a Despatch from Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig' during 'The War of 1914-1918'.- Typed Letter Signed to Mackenzie from Alex C. Godley. October 1921; on War Office letterhead. 4to, 1 p. Asking to be informed 'confidentially if you would like me to submit your name to the Secretary of State for consideration for the Colonelcy of the Highland Light Infantry'. Docketed by Mackenzie 'Declined 21/10/21 C.M.'- Typed copy of letter to Mackenzie from Field-Marshal Slim. Undated [1945]. 12mo, 1 p. 24 lines of text. Thanking Mackenzie, on his leaving the South East Asia Command, for 'the very real contribution which you and your Force have made towards the defeat of the Japanese'.- Typed Letter Signed to Mackenzie from ' at the War Office, 1 October 1951, giving the date of his transfer to the '78th Regiment of Foot (Highlander) (Ross-shire Buffs)'.- Four newspaper cuttings of obituaries of Mackenzie (including that in The Times, mentioned above), with a fifth reporting his funeral from The Times, 12 July 1956.B. India, 1888-1896- Typed form 'From the Adjutant General in India' W. K. Elles. 23 September 1889. Folio, 1 p., enclosing an 'extract from unpublished despatches' relating to Mackenzie's 'services during the Hazara Campaign of 1888'. The manuscript extract (folio, 1 p) is from a despatch by General Channer, 11 November 1888, mentioning Mackenzie as an officer 'worthy of mention'.- Printed 'East India (Hunza Expedition). Correspondence relating to the Operations in Hunza-Nagar. Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty. 1892' (London: HMSO, 1892). Folio, 12 pp. Trimmed at head and foot. With paragraphs 26 and 27 marked up by Mackenzie to indicate his involvement, and reporting (p.10) how 'on the 20th December [1891], Captain Colin Mackenzie of the Seaforth Highlanders, Aide-de-Camp to His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief, who was temporarily in command of the force, succeeded in piercing the enemy's line, and taking their sangars. [...] The enemy fled panic-stricken, with a loss of 70 dead, and many wounded, and 180 prisoners. Our loss was trifling. [...] Captain Mackenzie occupied Nagar on the 21st December and Hunza on the 22nd.' Scarce: only present on COPAC as an electronic resource.- Autograph Letter Signed from Lord Roberts ('Fred Roberts') to 'Dear Mackenzie'. 5 January 1892; on letterhead of the Head Quarters of the Army in India. 12mo, 4 pp. 'I cannot tell you how pleased I was to get the telegram from Gilghit [sic] giving an account of your fight on the 23d. December. It was a most complete business and most admirably managed. [...] I felt sure you would do well if you only got the chance and I am so delighted the chance came to you early in your Career.' Mackenzie deserves the rank of brevet-major 'at least', and Roberts will do his best to get it for him.- Autograph Note Signed from George, Duke of Cambridge, Commander in Chief of the Army, to Sir Thomas Baker, thanking him for sending 'the enclosed most insteresting letter'. Undated [1892]. 12m, 1 p. With docketing on reverse (11 lines) explaining that the note refers to a letter written by Mackenzie to Lieutenant-Colonel H. G. Grant, 'in which I described the principal events of the Hunza-Nagar Campaign and which Col. Grant had copied (omitting portions personal to Bradshaw & ) and sent to Sir T. Baker'.- Typed Letter Signed from Lieutenant-Colonel Bernard Duff, on behalf of General Sir George White, Commander in Chief, India, to the General Officer Commanding, Quetta District, Quetta. Folio, 2 pp. 7 September 1894; on letterhead of the Commander-in-Chief's Office, Head Quarters Simla. Denying a request for an exemption by Mackenzie from the Staff College test.- Manuscript copy of letter from Major J. Mercer, Assistant Military Secretary, to Sir George White. 13 September 1894; on letterhead of the Lieutenant-General's Commanding Forces, Bombay. Folio, 2 pp. Repeating his recommendation of Mackenzie 'as an exceptionally capable, active and good Staff Officer whose advancement is [...] desirable on public grounds'.- Manuscript copy of letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Duff to the General Commanding, Bombay. 20 September 1894. Folio, 1 p. Sir George White is 'well aware' of Mackenzie's 'high qualifications', and his advancement 'will not be lost sight of when a suitable opportunity offers'.- Autograph Letter Signed to Mackenzie from Major-General Sir William Penn Symons. 5 September 1895; Kasanli. 12mo, 4 pp. Begins 'I am horribly disgusted at the ignoring of every officer in the Waziristan honors list of the 2nd Brigade, and of your name in particular. I know that your name went home either for a brevet Lt: Colonelcy, or for a D.S.O. I dont know which. People write to me that they think that I must have some enemy at the Horse Guards'. Later: 'Our little expedition must be a record one in two respects - | (a) Lots of Officers getting decorations and brevets, and two of the generals left out in the cold. | (b) No officer of one brigade getting anything -'.- Manuscript copy of 'Confidential Report', docketed by Mackenzie 'A Chit from Gilberry Sahib [Major-General William Galbraith]'. 1 January 1896. 8vo, 1 p. Recommending Mackenzie as 'one of the best officers of his length of service. His enterprise on active service is well known. In ordinary staff work he is quick and reliable, and he is very popular and excels in all sports that require endurance, activity and nerve. Deliberate yet prompt to decide and act he displays exceptional judgment and discretion'.- Second 'good Chit from General Galbraith'. 3 May 1896; with stamp of Assistant Adjutant General's Office, Quetta District. Folio, 1 p. Headed 'Drill & Instruction Staff College'. Describing Mackenzie's qualities in even more fulsome detail than the last item.- Typed Letter Signed to Mackenzie from Lord Birdwood ('W. R. Birdwood'). 4 April 1928; on letterhead of the Commander-in-Chief's Camp, India. 4to, 2 pp. Addressed to 'My dear Colin'. Giving news of Mackenzie's 'gallant 2nd Battalion' within Birdwood's regiment, which is 'quartered in what you used to know as Mian Mir, but which is now called Lahore Cantonment [...] You may perhaps think it self-lauding on my part to say this when they are known as the Birdwood Barracks! As a matter of fact, I built them when I was commanding the Northern Army. [...] At a cost of about 50000 rupees I have made the whole barracks fly and mosquito proof.'C. War of the Sudan, 1898- Strip cut from a cloth map of Khartoum, 50 x 18 cm, with a few pencil additions by Mackenzie.- Manuscript 'Rough sketch showing positions of troops &c at conclusion of first phase of action at Kerreri, 2nd. Sept. 1898.' and 'Rough sketch showing approximately positions of troops &c. at conclusion of second phase of action at Kerreri, 2nd. Sept 1898', both by 'Colin Mackenzie, Brevet Major, Seaforth Highlanders'. Both annotated, and with the second docketed by Mackenzie 'Battle of Omdurman (Khartoum) 1898 | Seaforth Highlanders formed part of General Wauchope's Brigade'. Both 43 x 31 cm, and in red and black pencil.D. South Africa, 1899-1901- Part of printed receipt, in Dutch. Dated August 1885. With three stamps. Carrying Kruger's signature, as 'Staatspresident van de Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek'.- Typed Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel J. W. Hughes-Hallett to the C. S. Officer, Scottish District. 15 September 1899; War Office. On Government letterhead, with 'Orderly Room' stamp. Stating that an application for 'Brevet Major C. J. Mackenzie, 1st Battalion Seaforth Highlanders, now at Staff College, asking to be employed with the 2nd Battalion of that Regiment, in the event of its being ordered to South Africa, on Active Service, [...] cannot be complied with.'- Printed 'Return of Troops marching into Bloemfontein on its Surrender. 13th. March, 1900', with diagrammatic tables of the 'South African Expeditionary Force 1899'. 4to, 2 pp. In black and red.- Autograph Letter Signed from Lord Roberts to Mackenzie, Pretoria, 10 June 1900, 3 pm. 4to, 3 pp. Written in pencil on 'Post Office Telegram' paper (Roberts writes that the British have cut the telegraph line 'near Florida'). Signed 'Roberts'. An important letter, in which the British Commander-in-Chief gives orders and explains his plans on the eve of the fall of Pretoria in the Second Boer War. Docketed by Mackenzie 'Lord Roberts | South Africa - orders'. Hunter's news is 'unfortunate', but Roberts thinks the British 'have enough troops between Vereeniging and Bloemfontein to prevent any serious disturbance far south of Kroonstad'. He has 'directed Kitchener who is now between Vereeniging and the Rhenoster to push Methuen's division with all speed to Kroonstad'. Roberts considers that 'the excitement [at the news of the Boer retreat] is sure to spread and may reach Johannesburg, which is weakly held', so Hunter should 'march straight to that place from Potchefstroom - As soon as he reaches Klerksdorp I shall be in railway communication with him [...] by that time we shall know how matters in the South are progressing.' He is sending a copy of the letter 'in BBB Cipher to Hunter by despatch rider'.- Typed copies of two telegrams from Roberts, transcribed on his Englemere letterhead, both relating to Samuel Hughes, later Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence. 8vo, 2 pp. The first to 'General Officer Commanding at Cape Town. Pretoria, 27th June 1900'; the second to 'Secretary of State for War, London. Pretoria 28th June 1900'. The first directs of Hughes: 'send him home, his services being no longer required'; the second states that Hughes has 'letters have appeared in Cape papers of a very improper character, written by Hughes [...] He had written some offensive letters about Hutton before I came out to the Cape, and I refused to employ him until those were withdrawn'.- Manuscript Letter, in English, from the Imperial German Consul, Johannesburg. 13 December 1900; on Consul letterhead. Folio, 1 p. Signed 'Nels'. With stamp of the Office of the Military Convention, Johannesburg. Addressed to Mackenzie as 'Military Governor | Johannesburg', and requesting an interview 're: food supplies for the neutral population on the Witwatersrand. | The following countries will be represented: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Russia, Sweden-Norway, Switzerland and United States of America.'- Autograph Letter Signed from Lord Roberts ('Roberts') to 'My dear Mackenzie'. 15 December 1900; 'At Sea, near St. Helena'. On government letterhead. 8vo, 2 pp. After asking him to help 'Alan Campbell', expresses amusement that 'Mrs. de Wet has gone to Johannesburg. You are right not to treat her as a pauper unless she admitted herself to be one.' He longs to hear news from South Africa.- Autograph Letter Signed from Sir Alfred Milner [later Viscount Milner] to Mackenzie. 24 April 1901; Johannesburg. Thanking him for his 'very clear memo. on all the departments at present at work here'. He hopes he will be able 'to make equally clear arrangements for the distribution of the work in future'.- Autograph Note Signed from Sir John French to Mackenzie. 1 May 1901; Johannesburg. 4to, 1 p. Congratulating him on his 'well received honour', and expressing regret that he may 'be leaving here soon'.- Printed pamphlet of 'Johannesburg Military Administration, 1900-1901'. In original red printed wraps, with ownership inscription of 'Colin Mackenzie' at head of title, and docketed by him on front wrap 'Officers in my Johannesburg Military Administration'. 12mo, 18 + [i] pp. Printed in blue. The first entry is for 'Brig. Gen. COLIN J. MACKENZIE, C.B., 6th Infantry Brigade, Military Governor, May 1900 to May 1901, Baveno, South Farnborough.' Scarce: no copy on COPAC or WorldCat.- Autograph Letter Signed from the Duke of Atholl. 29 July 1927; on letterhead of Eastwood, Dunkeld. 4to, 1 p. Thanking Mackenzie 'for the way you helped us on the occasion of the opening of the Scottish National War Memorial'. 'It seems many years since you were condemned to command a certain scallywag force in South Africa under that insubordinate youth Tullibardine [Atholl himself]'.E. Canada and Sam Hughes, 1910-1913- Two Autograph Letters Signed from General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien to Mackenzie. 29 July (Government House, Farnborough, letterhead; 12mo, 3 pp) and 6 October 1910 (Badanloch, Kinbrace, Sutherland, letterhead; 12mo, 4 pp). Both congratulating him on his Canadian appointment. In the first letter he gives his opinion that it is 'so important that only our best men go to the Colonies'; and in the second that Mackenzie will be 'as successful in Canada as you have always been in everything you have undertaken'.- Typed Letter Signed from Sir William Nicholson ('W. G. Nicholson'), Military Secretary, War Office, to 'Dear Mackenzie'. 2 February 1912; on War Office letterhead. 4to, 2 pp. Thanking him for his 'very interesting resume of the progress which is being made in the re-organisation of the Canadian Military Forces'. He realises 'the difficulties that have to be overcome', and is 'glad indeed to hear that the new General Staff officers have proved a success with only one possible exception'. 'It is, as you say, almost incredible that in such a vast and sparsely populated country there should be no available training area where even a brigade can be exercised in attack.'- Four Typed Letters Signed to Mackenzie from General Sir John French, totalling 10 pp in 4to, all on War Office letterheads, concerning the Canadian Army and Sam Hughes. 25 March 1912; 5 March, 27 March, and 6 May, 1913. The first letter comments approvingly on a report from Mackenzie on the progress he has made as Chief of the General Staff ('I know well what an up-hill game you have to play in the attempt to attain military efficiency in Canada'), with reference to 'arrangements for providing a contingent for Imperial service overseas'. The other three letters all relate to Hughes, with the second of the four containing a sarcastic description of a visit to Britain by the 'gallant commander': 'At the official dinner which was given to the foreign officers in London when the Manoeuvres were over he quite surpassed himself. Speaking to the very distinguished representatives of nearly all the European Powers, he practically told them that it was the intention of the British Empire (led presumably by himself) to wipe the floor with the lot of them. He really is a very stupid man, but like many other politicians, both at home and in the Colonies, we have to put up with him.' In the third of the four French commiserates with Mackenzie over 'all the trouble' he has had with Hughes. 'I entirely approve of every step you have taken in this most unfortunate affair, and I consider you have shown a very marked degree of tact and judgment. [...] You need have no fear as to the view which is taken on this side of your conduct throughout. You have had a most trying and difficult task and I know of no man who could have acquitted himself in such a position better, even if as well as you have.' In the last letter French finds that the 'state of affairs which both your letter and report reveal is most unsatisfactory. It seems to me that Hughes is doing all he can to upset Bordon's work. | I cannot possibly take any exception to your decision to terminate your service with the Canadian Militia. I am sure I could not have stood things myself anything like so long or so well as you have'. Lord Haldane and the Secretary of State for War (J. E. B. Seeley) both 'sympathise' with Mackenzie. French has mentioned the matter to Mackenzie's predecessor Sir Percy Lake, 'a Canadian of the best class' with 'many influential friends and relatives mixed up in Canadian politics'.- Large black and white photograph of Mackenzie in uniform on horseback, captioned 'Petawawa Canada Training Camp 1912'.- Autograph memorandum by Mackenzie, docketed by him 'My Case versus Mr. Hughes (kicked out of South Africa by Lord Roberts) Canadian Minister of Militia'. Folio, 3 pp. Undated [circa 1913]. Begins 'The Minister of Militia and Defence informs me that he, and not I, is responsible for the training of the troops.' Complains that Hughes 'virtually assumes the position of a military commander, of a General Officer Commanding the Militia, using the Chief of the General Staff as a staff officer, as an instrument to give effect to his, Colonel Hughes's, orders as regards the training of the troops both in respect to general principles and to details.' Apparently unpublished, and not referred to in Haycock's 'Sam Hughes'.- Typescript of article titled 'The Canadian Militia. General Mackenzie's resignation', from the Mail, 23 May 1913. 8vo, 1 p.- Newspaper cutting headed 'General Mackenzie's Resignation'. Unattributed and undated.- Three Typed Letters Signed to Mackenzie from the Canadian Governor General the Duke of Connaught (all signed 'Strathearn'), and in a difficult hand. Letter One: 17 February 1913; Montreal. 12mo, 3 pp. Letter Two: 24 April 1913; on letterhead of Clarence House, St James's, London. 12mo, 4 pp. He is 'not astonished' at Mackenzie's decision to leave Canada after three years service, and was in fact 'prepared for it'. 'Well you have the satisfaction in knowing that you have tried your utmost to improve military matters in Canada, but alas the powers that be have been against you & so you have been thwarted in every endeavour you have made'. He has done what he could to 'point out the mistakes that were being made in the Minister's Department I fear without any results [...] alas conceit & ignorance have carried the day'. Letter Three: 14 January 1914; Government House, Ottawa. 12mo, 8 pp. 'However unfortunate the differences between you & Col: Sam Hughes the Minister of Militia, I consider that you were in no way to blame & I know that these are the views of Thos. & Sir Charles FitzPatrick, administering the Govt: of Canada during my absence - In conversation with the former two days ago he told me that he knew that Col: Sam Hughes was very difficult to get on with & that he had himself written to Sir John to say that, with regard to any differences there had been between the Minister of Militia & yourself he hoped that these would never stand in the way of your promotion [...] These being the views of the Prime Minister, very strongly [...] I should like to know what business it is of Lord Haldane to interfere with the Chief of the Genl Staff - If, as you suppose, sir Ian Hamilton by Col: Sam Hughes, has influenced Ld. Haldane against you, I can only say that I think it disgraceful & almost unbelievable - You know the high opinion I hold of you as a Genl: Officer & therefore you can imagine how disgusted I feel at your unfair treatment'. Continues for three more pages, making it clear that he does not approve of Hughes's 'extraordinary behaviour'.- Autograph Letter Signed from Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Farquhar ('F. Farquhar.'), Military Secretary to the Canadian Governor-General, the Duke of Connaught, to Mackenzie. 3 September 1913; on letterhead of 30 Gloucester Place, Portman Square, London. 12mo, 4 pp. He has shown Mackenzies letter to Connaught, who 'entirely agreed with it'. Connaught has had interviews on the matter with Sir Ian Hamilton and Sir John French. Farquhar thinks 'things are straight now', but in case Hughes 'begins any of his little games', he is 'leaving a short summary of the situation with the Duke', and is 'going to suggest mobilizing George Paley, Thacker, Hayter (who are all now in England) if necessary'. On his return to Canada Farquhar will 'make an appreciation of the whole case'. He hopes Mackenzie will consider this 'a sound course of action', and jokes: 'if there is any other way - short of assassination - in which I can fortify the position against the possible attacks of Col. S. H., I trust you will be kind enough to let me know. | The reputation of Col. S. H. is now so well known in this country that I do not think he can do any damage'. It is however important 'to place the facts on record in case a new generation comes into power at the W[ar]. O[ffice]., who are not au courant with the rights & wrongs of the case.'F. First World War- Autograph Letter Signed from Lord Roberts ('Roberts') to 'dear Mackenzie'. 15 September 1914; on Englemere letterhead. He would 'much like to have a chat' with him, and asks him over 'to lunch, tea, or dinner tomorrow or Saturday'. If none of these is convenient he will call on him another time.- Autograph Letter Signed from Earl Haig ('D. Haig') to Mackenzie ('My dear Colin'). 9 July 1915; on government letterhead of Headquarters, 1st Army. 4to, 1 p. He is sending 'Geo. Black (who is on my Staff) over to London today', and asks Mackenzie to tell his father 'how well his son has done and how very fond we are all of him. | He is a most charming lad and I congratuate his father on having such an all round capable young officer for a son'. He hopes to 'see you over here again some of these days'. Captain George Balfour Black died of wounds received in action, August 1918.- Autograph Letter Signed to Mackenzie from Sir George Luck ('Geoe Luck'). 3 October 1915; on letterhead of the Bath and Country Club, Bath. 12mo, 4 pp.- Typed Letter Signed to General Sclater, G.O.C., Southern Command, from Clive Wigram, Equerry to King George V. 5 May 1916; on Windsor Castle letterhead. 4to, 1 p. 'The King arrived back quite safely, and his leg is none the worse for the ride' and is satisfied with 'the arrangements made for the parade'. He is enclosing 'a message from the King for the 61st. Division. Will you be so kind as to give it to General Mackenzie, and at the same time impress upon him the necessity of keeping it out of the press.'- Typed 'message from the King [George V]' to 'Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Men of 61st. Division' (referred to in Wigram item above). 5 May 1916; on Windsor Castle letterhead. 4to, 1 p. 14 lines of text. '[...] Your period of training has been long and arduous, but the time has now come for you to prove at the front the results of your instruction, and with your comrades now in the field to maintain the unceasing efforts necessary to bring this war to a victorious ending. | Good luck, and God-speed.'- Mackenzie's 'Special Order of the Day', from 'Headquarters, 18th April, 1918'. Typed. 4to, 1 p. Initialed by Mackenzie. Lists fourteen German divisions which the 61st Division has fought against, with three other units, three 'Aeroplane Flights' from which 'prisoners were obtained' ('Our rifle fire was instrumental in bringing down these Machines'). 'After nearly a month's fighting 61st Division has not only stood up to these great odds but remains a fighting unit, a record of which it may well be proud.'- Printed 'Special Order of the Day by Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig', General Headquarters, 30 April 1918. 8vo, 1 p. Reproducing a message from the Queen to Haig, with Haig's reply, both dated 29 April 1918. Facsimile of Haig's signature. 'Printed in France by Army Printing and Stationery Services'.- Mimeographed 'Special Order of the Day, by Major-General Colin Mackenzie, C.B., Commanding 61st Division', 'to be read out to all ranks'. 8vo, 1 p. Dated 28 March 1918, and with facsimile of Mackenzie's signature. Docketed by Mackenzie. Begins 'No words of mine can sufficiently express my admiration of the glorious way in which the Division has fought, and I am to tell you that its services will be specially mentioned in an early Despatch. | The Division never left its ground until ordered to do so [...] the Division will never forget the magnificent Gunners, Trench Mortars, and Signallers, who fought it out to the last in the forward zone on the 21st March.'- Autograph Letter Signed to Mackenzie from Sir Neville Chamberlain ('Neville C.'). 6 June 1918; on government letterhead of Chilwell, Notts. 8vo, 4 pp. 'For the last 20 months I have been in charge of the discipline and safety of this Filling Factory, the largest in the Empire - we only fill shells of large calibre - from 60 Prs. to 15 inch, and a number of Naval Mines and Air bombs.' So far the rascals of workmen & women have been careful, and we have escaped fires and any very serious risks, but the amount of explosives on the premises, where I share a small tradesman's cottage with the Managing Director, would give the neighbourhood something to talk about, if it exploded!'- Autograph Letter Signed from General Sir Hubert Gough to Mackenzie ('My dear Colin'). 10 June [1918]; the Bree, Farnham. 4to, 2 pp. Congratulating Mackenzie on a 'well-earned K.C.B. Never was one better earned - I am very pleased'. He has wanted 'particularly to write & thank you & your gallant Divn. for all the great work you did in March with the 5th Army. No Divn. did better, or even as well, as yours did throughout, & I said so in my report. I also wanted to write when you were wounded. I heard about it, - a bullet through the cheek, wasn't it? It was very lucky it was no worse.' He considers the 'general situation [...] d-d serious', and wonders 'how it can end satisfactorily. Who is now going to really beat the Germans? We are certainly not going to do so, under L[loyd]. G[eorge]. & his intrigueing [sic] lying advisors & friends. No country could win such a struggle as this, merely on his & humbug. He has been 'infamously treated' by 'this lot of liars'.- Two Autograph Letters Signed from General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien to Mackenzie. 13 January (Gibraltar, on government letterhead; 12mo, 3 pp) and 6 August 1919 (Government House, Gibraltar, letterhead; 8vo, 2 pp). In the first letter he congratulates Mackenzie on recovering his health and having been able to 'go through the campaign with such success - I heard you had done awfully well, but am completely in the dark as to where you have been - the last I heard of you you were Cain's A Division'. The second letter begins by thanking Mackenzie for 'taking the immense trouble to write me the wonderful story of the 61st. Division - what a grand record & I do most heartily congratulate you - At the same time I am full of sympathy with you for being knocked out just when you ought to have got a corps, thereby losing your chance of getting the promotion & high honors you undoubtedly are entitled to [...] I have often wished to discuss with you those unfortunate days when you & I were struggling to avert a set back at Neuve Chapelle [First Battle of Ypres] - but I have felt a delicacy in doing so - you ought never to have come out, for you were nowhere near your old self & I knew it - I was placed in a most disagreeable position - but I had to quell my feelings of old friendship & feel a beast - a feeling I have never got over - I felt ashamed to meet you in the War Office & did the only thing possible under the circumstances & that was to guard your reputation most jealously for never have I breathed a word against you - you have indeed rehabilitated yourself - & in your nobleness of heart evidently bear me no malice'. The letter also refers to Mackenzie's son, 'the nice little chap my wife & I remembered so well Aldershot', now 'completely crippled & can never enjoy the life which appeared to be opening to him so brightly'.- Autograph Letter Signed from Mackenzie to Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien. 25 July 1919; Dover. Docketed by Mackenzie '61st. Division Narrative'. 4to, 8 pp. This is the 'wonderful story' referred to the last item, where Smith-Dorrien states that he is returning it to Mackenzie, 'to send to other of your friends'. A valuable and informative unpublished review of the activities of a British infantry division in the Great War, by its commanding officer. Begins 'I went out in April 1916, in command of the 61st. Division; it was the first 2nd. line Territorial Division that went on service out of England, we had practically no regular officers, and had our trials, before we became as good as our neighbours. I was a very different man physically, and in other ways, to what I was in 1914. I should not, in fact, have gone in 1914, but naturally took the chance that came.' An example of the narrative: 'August 1917 found us at Ypres, Gough, 5th. Army, and the 3rd. battle of Ypres, with the of Sn. Julian and the ground towards Passchendale, cost us heavy losses. It was very expensive this episode of the fighting, the rain began to come down on the evening of the very day the fighting commenced, after which progress became almost a physical impossibility. However we did gain ground, little by little. I think this particular offensive cost us 300,000 men. After doing our share we marched & sailed back to Arras and went in , about Greenland Hill, the Vimy Ridge being north of us; 3d. Army, Byng. We were now ordered to be active and the boche opposite, as Cambrai was pending. The Division did very well again here, and in 9 Successive raids into the boche lines never had a failure, and Fergusson, Corps Comr., gave us a high character. We were very suddenly pulled out, the whole Divn. in 24 hours, and marched & bussed to Bassaume, to help check the boche Counterattack.' Describes being wounded: 'About this time I got hit, being taken on by a sniper and a m. gun, which had pushed out some little way, I fancy. Only one bullet of the lot hit me, that was in the face, it carried along the side of my entering at the chin, broke no bones & finally deprived me of two good back teeth. I did not think much of it, at the time, but later it affected the glands behind my ear & they sent me home. I was a at Millbank, operation &c. & then sent on sick leave. It was very unlucky as rumour said I was to get a corps, and I hoped so, but this threw me out of everything, and I have since been passed over by everyone who had a corps, even by those who had been deprived of corps and come home!'- Typed Letter Signed from Field Marshal Sir William Robertson ('W Robertson') to Mackenzie ('My dear Colin'). 11 August 1919; on letterhead of the General Headquarters, British Army of the Rhine. He has been 'included [...] at the bottom of the list'. 'No one knows better than you how one is a victim of circumstances, and how illogical the authorities can be. [...] I expect to be home for good in two or three months time, for as you probably know my divisions are being despatched home as quickly as trains can carry them. My one desire now is to get a decent house in a decent locality and settle down.' Praises a letter from Mackenzie to the War Office, 'just before I left the Horse Guards': 'It was in quite your best form, and what is more it attained its object.'- Two small black and white photographs of 'Aldershot Park | My home at Aldershot, when Commanding 6th. Brigade'.- Autograph plan (12mo, 1 p) by Mackenzie of 'General Gourand's dispositions which successfully resisted boche great attack, East of Rheims [i.e. Second Battle of the Marne, 1918]. 3 Coys in a French Battalion of 200 Men each.'- Original black and white photograph (15.5 x 10 cm) by J. G. Whorwell of Dover, showing a group of military men at dockside, captioned by Mackenzie, 'Waiting arrival of Nurse Cavell's Coffin at Dover. 1919.' Mackenzie (standing second from right) has indicated Admrial Sir Roger Keyes on the photograph.G. Seaforth Highlanders and Scotland- Printed pamphlet of the order of service at the 'Unveiling of the Seaforth Highlanders War Memorial at Fort-George, Inverness-shire by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales', 22 August 1923. 8vo, 4 pp. In original grey printed wraps. Containing photograph of the memorial.- Printed programme of 'The Seaforth Highlanders' Association Club Bazaar', 22 August 1923. 8vo, 3 pp. On blue paper.- Printed programme of the 'Scottish National War Memorial Opening Ceremony by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales 14th July 1927 and Visit of Their Majesties The King and Queen'. 8vo, 15 pp. Printed on yellow paper. The only copies on COPAC and WorldCat at Oxford and the National Library of Scotland.- Typed Letter Signed to Mackenzie from Godfrey Thomas, Private Secretary to the Prince of Wales. 16 January 1929; on St James's Palace letterhead. 4to, 1 p. Thanking him on behalf of the Prince for a copy of the Short History of the Seaforth Highlanders.- Coloured photographic reproduction of nineteenth-century engraving of the Ross-shire Buffs in 'Review Order'.- Small black and white publicity photograph of the future King Edward VIII as Colonel-in-Chief of the Seaforth Highlanders, cut from pamphlet.H. Miscellaneous military- Autograph Letter Signed from Field-Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood ('Evelyn Wood') to Mackenzie. 4 January 1905; on letterhead of Marden Ash, Ongar, Essex. 12mo, 3 pp. 'It is consoling to me in my non employment to reflect that while men like you are at work progress is ensured. I can count scores and scores of good soldiers now as against the very few who cared when I began.'- Autograph Letter Signed from Earl Roberts ('Roberts') to 'My dear Mackenzie'. 27 July 1907; on Englemere letterhead. 12mo, 3 pp. Sending a 'photographic reproduction of the portrait of myself' by John Singer Sargeant. 'The picture has been greatly admired, and is a source of delight to Ladyship and the girls.'- Autograph Letter Signed to Mackenzie from Lord Roberts. 27 October 1912; on letterhead of Englemere, Ascot. 12mo, 3 pp. Thanking him for subscribing to a set of knives presented to Roberts on his eightieth birthday.- Autograph Letter Signed (12mo, 2 pp) from Major General T. E. Stephenson, 31 January 1910; on letterhead of Headquarters, 2nd Division, Aldershot.- Large printed certificate of the 'Fellowship of the British Empire Exhibition (Empire Year 1924)', in which Mackenzie is 'accepted as a Member, and is pledged to loyal service to the British Empire'. With facsimile of the future King Edward VIII's signature.I. Sport- Printed cuttings relating to horse racing by the British Army in India (now Pakistan), covering eight of the album's pages, and giving lists of runners in races at meetings in Quetta (1894-1895); Karachi (1895); Lahore and Mian Mir (1895), with Mackenzie annotating the lists to indicate his involvement as owner (positions and times) and steward. A ninth page carries two cards on the 'Staff College Point-to-Point Races' at Hayley Green Farm, Warfield, one dated 6 April 1899, and both annotated by Mackenzie. Interleaved among the cuttings is a transcription by Mackenzie (12mo, 1 p) of Lord Sherbrooke's 'Horse's Epitaph'.- Three printed programmes for the Quetta Polo Tournaments in 1892, 1894 and 1895. The last two with autograph notes by Mackenzie of the competing teams and winners. With three newspaper cuttings on the tournament.- Printed 'Programme of the Annual Competition, 1892-93, to take place at West Ridge', of the Ross-shire Buffs' Rifle Association. 12mo, 4 pp.- Autograph set of figures by Mackenzie, for a 'Shoot with Revd. Paley & my S.O. his son in Suffolk', 6 and 7 October [year?]. 12mo, 1 p. Undated; on letterhead of Freckenham, Suffolk.- Several pages of cuttings relating to cricket in India, one of them, with Mackenzie's own scores given, docketed 'From H.E. the Commander in Chief in India Accept my hearty congratulations on fine score made for Simultaneous match which has placed the Seaforth Highlanders second on the list' and 'Competed for by 74 teams in India on 23rd Sept. 1889. Teams, Regimental or Combined Station teams.' Also present is a printed fixture list of 'Matches, 1899', 'Staff College C.C.'- Scorecard of a round of golf by Mackenzie at Cinque Ports Golf Club, 24 September 1904, marked by, and with the signature of Sir Neville Chamberlain ('Neville Chamberlain Colonel').- Scoresheet of the Nairn Golf Club Captain's Prize, 1906, won by Mackenzie against 85 other entrants, filled in by club secretary H. Ferguson. With two newspaper cuttings of photographs of Mackenzie and others in play. With black and white photograph of Mackenzie on the links, 'When Captain of Nairn Golf Club'. Also black and white photograph of Mackenzie on links with two other men (one identified by him as Admiral Basil Brooke), captioned by Mackenzie 'Admirals V. Generals'. Also scorecard by Mackenzie of a match at Nairn Golf Club 'V. Capt. Cecil Hutchinson - I received 2 strokes', 26 August 1920 ('Won by 7 & 6'). With several newspaper cuttings (one featuring a photograph of Mackenzie as 'Winner of the Generals' Cup at Littlestone', 1923), and matter relating to Nairn and Worplesdon Golf Clubs, - Scorecard in Mackenzie's autograph of a round of golf at 'Bramshott Golf Course 11th. Sept. 1907. | Playing against Captain Percy Balfour HLI'. 8vo, 1 p. Docketed by Mackenzie 'Killed comdg Bn. Gloucesters in my Divn. near Cambrai 1917.'- Printed programme of the Military Racquet Championship Challenge Cup 1908, doubles (in which Mackenzie partnered Brigadier-General Hon. A. Henniker-Major) and singles. At Prince's Club.- Two printed programmes (singles and doubles) for the Military Racquet Championship Challenge Cup, 1908. Both 8vo, 4 pp. Mackenzie's involvement in both indicated by him.J. Personal papers- Copy (folio, 3 pp) of the 'Will of Major-General Sir Colin J. Mackenzie, KCB'. Dated 1956 and initialled for Macrae, Fleet & Rennie, WS. Will of 11 July 1951, with codicil of 18 June 1953.- Black and white photograph of Mackenzie's son, captioned 'Pipe March Sir Colin Mackenzie | Colin dancing - Aldershot games'- Six cards inviting Mackenzie to functions at Buckingham Palace, Mansion House, Windsor Castle.- Printed menu, with seating plan. Docketed by Mackenzie 'Dinner at the Guildhall | Luncheon | when my relative, Sir Kynaston Studd, succeeds Sir C. Batho as Lord Mayor, 1928'.- Typed copy (4to, i + 6 pp) of poem entitled 'Joan of Arc', docketed by Mackenzie 'Colin's Joan of Arc | Gold Medal at Eton [second line deleted and replaced by 'Chancellor's Medal at Cambridge']'. Despite the attribution by Mackenzie to his son, the poem 'Joan of Arc' which won the 1895 Chancellor's Medal was by R. B. McKerrow.- 'Character from the Rector of the Edinburgh Academy', in the autograph of Thomas Harvey and signed by him, dated 9 November 1877. 16mo, 1 p.- Black and white photograph, captioned by Mackenzie 'Duke & Duchess of Somerset [on horseback, talking to two gentlemen on foot] in Rotton Row'.