WAR

[ Russell Braddon ] Autograph Note Signed "Russell Braddon" to a "Mr Kwiatowski", about having his photograph taken.

Author: 
Russell Braddon, Australian author (of "Naked Island" etc.)
Publication details: 
[Headed] 11e Cornwall Gardens, London, SW&, 10 Nov. 1989.
£65.00

One page, 8vo, very good condition. He thanks his correspondent for his letter and poems, adding: "I dislike being formally photographed, so I have no studio shots to send you, but I enclose the four signed cards for which you asked - even though I doubt that those to Wendy, Mary and Anon will be in the least appreciated."

[American Revolution;George III, Lord North, Chas. Townshend and Sir Francis Dashwood (Hell-Fire Club).] Autograph Signatures ('George R', 'North', 'C Townshend' and 'F Dashwood'), with those of Sir John Turner and Thomas Fisher, on Treasury warramt.

Author: 
King George III; Sir Francis Dashwood [Lord le Despencer] of the Hell-fire Club ('Monks of Medmenham'); Lord North, Prime Minister; Charles Townshend; Sir John Turner [Major. General John Barrington]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's this 17th. Day of November 1762 In the Third Year of Our Reign.'
£4,000.00

2pp, foolscap 8vo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge. The document has three horizontal fold lines, one of which has led to wear at along the foot of Dashwood's signature. An interesting assemblage of individuals. Of the six signatories three played a significant part in the American Revolution: King George III and his Prime Minister Lord North, with Charles Townshend, who was responsible for the unpopular 'Townshend Acts', taxing the colonies and leading to the Boston Massacre.

[Robert Graves's first book, published while a First World War Subaltern.] Over the Brazier.

Author: 
Robert Graves; Claud Lovat Fraser
Publication details: 
London: The Poetry Bookshop, 35 Devonshire Street, Theobalds, Road, W..C. 1916. ['SECOND IMPRESSION' printed on front cover.]
£50.00

32pp, small 8vo. Yapp-bound in grey card wraps, with the front cover carrying an illustration (by Claud Lovat Fraser), coloured in blue and red. Printed at top right of the front cover: 'SECOND IMPRESSION', but no other indication that this is the case. Publisher's advertisements inside the covers. The book itself crudely printed on cheap paper. Internally in fair condition, on high-acidity paper discoloured with age; in aged and worn wraps with chipping to the edges. Twenty-six poems, beginning with 'The Poet in the Nursery' and ending with the title-poem. The start of an illustrious career.

[Sir Colin Campbell, as Commander-in-Chief of India.] Autograph Letter Signed ('C C.') to 'Fanny', announcing his return to England, and complaining that the military life has become 'very wearisome'.

Author: 
Sir Colin Campbell [Field Marshal Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde [Lord Clyde]] (1792-1863), British Army officer in the Peninsular War, Crimean War and Indian Mutiny [Commander in Chief of India]
Publication details: 
Simla [India]. 15 and 20 April 1860.
£70.00

A poignant letter, in which Campbell declares, on his retirement, that he has begun to find the military life of 'constant movement' and 'marching' 'very wearisome', and that he looks forward to finding himself his 'own master for the little time that may yet remain to me to wander in the world'. He also looks forward to seeing his old friends, declaring: 'how few remain to me!' 4pp, 12mo, crosswritten on both sides of a 12mo leaf. In fair condition, lightly aged, with closed tears at edges of both folds. The earlier part of the letter is dated 'Simla April 15th.

[Lyric Theatre, London: First World War benefit concert.] Programme for 'Ellen Terry's Bouquet', 'In Aid of the Concerts at the Front'. Containing 'Letter from the Commander-in-Chief', Douglas Haig.

Author: 
Lena Ashwell; Concerts at the Front; Lyric Theatre, London; Dame Ellen Terry; Lilian Braithwaite; Dorothy Moulton; E. V. Lucas; Harry Grattan; Howard Carr; Frederick Rosse; Douglas Haig
Publication details: 
Lyric Theatre, London ('Organised by Miss Lena Ashwell in conjunction with the Ladies' Auxiliary Committee of the Y.M.C.A.'), on 29 June 1917. [Slug: 'LONDON: FINDEN BROWN AND CO. LTD., 15, CRAVEN STREET, STRAND'.]
£80.00

11 + [1]pp, 4to. Stitched with pink thread and unbound. In fair condition, lightly aged. Nicely printed on laid paper, with cover illustration in black and green of view from back of stage of dancer receiving a bouquet from an audience. The second page gives details of the performance, with a list of the names of the 'Executive Committee'. The programme is on pp.3-11. Divided into 16 numbers. After five songs, the main feature (numbers 6-15 pp.4-8) is 'Chelsea on Tiptoe | New Version', with 'A Prologue | Written specially for “Ellen Terry's Bouquet” | By E. V.

Sir Colin Campbell [Lord Clyde], distinguished British Army officer.] Autograph Note Signed ('C C.') to 'Mowatt', about arrangements on a trip to London.

Author: 
Sir Colin Campbell [Field Marshal Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde [Lord Clyde]] (1792-1863), British Army officer who distinguished himself in the Peninsular War, Crimean War and Indian Mutiny
Publication details: 
On letterhead of The Athenaeum club, London. '12.50 P.M | July 16th. [no year].
£45.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged. Reads: 'My Dear Mowatt | We are off to the Tower – if there were time afterwards we might go to the Bank – but it is now too late to make an arrangement for that object | Ever Yrs C C.'

[Duff Cooper, as Minister of Information in Churchill's wartime government.] Publicity document, in facsimile of typed letter, praising the British Commonwealth of Nations, attacking Hitler, and looking ahead to a union of European nations.

Author: 
Duff Cooper [Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich] (1890-1954), Conservative politician, diplomat and author, Minister of Information in Winston Churchill's wartime government
Publication details: 
On letterhead of The Special Secretariat, Ministry of Information, Malet Street, London, W.C.1. 2 August 1940.
£180.00

2pp, 8vo. On a single leaf. In fair condition, aged, worn and creased, with one short closed tear. Folded twice.

[Prince Antoni Pawel Sulkowski of Rydzyna, Polish aristocrat who served in the Napoleonic army.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Antoine Pl Sulkowski'), in French, to 'Mon Général'

Author: 
Prince Sulkowski [Antoni Pawel Sulkowski; Antoine Paul Sulkowski] (1785-1836) of Rydzyna, Polish aristocrat who served with distinction in the Napoleonic Army
Publication details: 
[Reisen?] 5 September 1818.
£750.00

At the age of 22 Sulkowski entered the Napoleonic army, taking part in the Peninsular War and the Invasion of Russia. After the death of Józef Poniatowski, he briefly took command of the Polish Corps. He returned to Rydzyna in 1815. 1p, 12mo. Laid down on part of leaf from album. In fair condition, aged and worn, with slight staining and a closed tear at foot. Biographical note in German at foot in nineteenth-century hand.

[Colonel Sir Anthony Coningham Sterling of the Highland Brigade, Scottish soldier and military historian.] First four pages of Autograph Letter to 'Maclean', describing his efforts to obtain a commission for Maclean's 'Young friend'.

Author: 
Colonel Sir Anthony Coningham Sterling (1805–1871), Scottish soldier who distinguished himself during the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny, author of 'The Highland Brigade in the Crimea'
Publication details: 
3 South Place, Knightsbridge. 1 November 1856.
£120.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Evidently incomplete: the first part only of a long letter. Begins: 'My dear Maclean | I have it not in my heart to put forward an excuse for very long silence, beyond an amount of employment the like of which I have never had thrown upon me before, for many years.' He hopes to see him, but leaves that night 'for the North on a tour of inspection'.

[Lord Gifford, recipient of the Victoria Cross.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Gifford') to 'Robson', responding to his 'kindness' by supplying him with a Transport Department order for carts.

Author: 
Lord Gifford, VC [Major Edric Frederick Gifford, 3rd Baron Gifford] (1849-1911), awarded Victoria Cross for conduct at taking of Becquah, Third Anglo-Ashanti War; Colonial Secretary, Western Australia
Publication details: 
On government letterhead of the Monastery Camp, Nikosia. 17 November 1878.
£100.00

1p, 12mo. Aged and worn, with slight damage to corners from mounting. The handwriting is a little odd: childish and slightly backwards-sloping. The letter reads: 'My dear Robson. | Many thanks for your letter, & His Excellency is much obliged for your kindness. On the back of this I have written an order for the Transport Dept. to supply you with carts to bring the [Corps?] up to Nikosia, would you fill in the number required.'

[Home Secretary prepares Press for Ministry of Information on eve of World War Two.] 'Private and Confidential' typescript of 'Meeting between the Secretary of State for Home Affairs [Sir Samuel Hoare] and the Newspaper Proprietors Association etc.'

Author: 
Sir Samuel Hoare [Viscount Templewood]; Newspaper Proprietors Association [Ministry of Information; E. C. Harmsworth, Viscount Rothermere; Daily Mail; Lord Burnham; Daily Telegraph; Fleet Street]
Publication details: 
'Home Office, Whitehall, S.W.1. [London] | Wednesday, 29th March, 1939.' '(Transcript from the Shorthand Notes of Treasury Reporter)'.
£650.00

Secret duplicated Home Office document, no other copy of which has been discovered (none on OCLC WorldCat, for example) and no reference to the meeting found.

[Commander Stephen King-Hall's propaganda battle with Joseph Goebbels.] Printed pamphlet, in German, a letter from King-Hall to 'Lieber deutschen Leser', ridiculing Hitler, Goebbels and the Nazis. With contemporary English translation.

Author: 
Stephen King-Hall [William Stephen Richard King-Hall, Baron King-Hall] (1893-1966), writer, politician, naval officer, propagandist
Publication details: 
[London, 1939.] Letter dated from 162 Buckingham Palace Road, London, S.W.1. Slug: 'L.C.P. - 5404'.
£180.00

The present item is part of a propaganda battle between King-Hall and Goebbels. The only other copy of the item located is at the German National Library, King-Hall having 'contrived to infiltrate', as his Oxford DNB entry has it, this 'German version' of his 'King-Hall News Letter' to 'individuals in the Reich, provoking a vehement reaction from Goebbels and Hitler himself'. See also the article in Time magazine, 7 August 1939: 'Last week all Europe was excited about the propaganda battle between England's Commander Stephen King-Hall and Germany's Paul Joseph Goebbels (TIME, July 31).

[Sir William Napier, author of the 'History of the Peninsular War'.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Napier') to 'Sir' Nicholas Trant, correcting and criticising the Marquess of Londonderry's rival history.

Author: 
General Sir William Napier [General Sir William Francis Patrick Napier], Anglo-Irish British Army officer and historian of the Peninsular War [Nicholas Trant; Charles Vane, Marquess of Londonderry]
Publication details: 
Without place or date. [With postmarked year 1828?]
£420.00

The present letter dates from the time of the appearance of the first volume of Napier's 'History of the Peninsular War' (1828-1840), and in it Napier criticises the recently-published rival 'Story of the Peninsular War by the late Marquess of Londonderry; with continuation by G.R.

[Lord Salisbury to Sir Reginald Brade, Under-Secretary of State for War.] Five Autograph Letters (three signed 'Salisbury') to Brade and his PS, on Army Chaplains and the Chaplain General, with a complaint of a 'scandal' over chaplains in India.

Author: 
Lord Salisbury [James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury] (1861-1947), Liberal politician [Sir Reginald Herbert Brade (1864-1933), Under-Secretary of State for War, 1914-1920]
Publication details: 
All on letterheads: three from Hatfield House, Herts; and one apiece from the War Office, Whitehall, and 20 Arlington Street, S.W.1 [London]. One from 1916, two from 1918, one headed 'Sunday' and the other undated.
£180.00

Salisbury was a Liberal politician and the son of the Prime Minister. Some background to the correspondence is supplied by the Times articles, 'The Church in War', 6 February 1918 and 'Bishops' War Session' ('Supply of Chaplains'), 10 July 1918. The five items in good condition, on 12mo bifoliums. The first two items below are addressed to Brade himself, and the other three to his private secretary. The first three letters are signed 'Salisbury', the other two are in the third person. ONE: To Brade. War Office, 'Sunday'. 3pp. Written in pencil.

[V-Letter from Karl Shapiro to George Barker, written in publication year of Shapiro's 'V-Letter and other Poems'.] A V-Mail [Victory Mail] letter (i.e. photographic print of autograph letter), praising Barker and criticising current 'War Poetry'.

Author: 
Karl Shapiro [Karl Jay Shapiro] (1913-2000), American poet [George Barker (1913-1991), English poet]
Publication details: 
A V-Mail [Victory Mail] letter. San Francisco. February 1944.
£500.00

An interesting communication from one noted twentieth-century English-language poet to another, and of additional significance as a V-Letter written in the year of publication of Shapiro's first successful collection, the Pulitzer Prize winning 'V-Letter and Other Poems' (1944). (See Diederik Oostdijk, 'The Wartime Success of Karl Shapiro's V-Letter' (2006).) The present item is a V-Mail [Victory Mail] letter: a 13.5 x 11 cm photograph print of an autograph letter bearing the censor's stamp.

[Royal Navy officer in the Crimea and China War; Album.] Eighteen Royal Navy 'Certificates of Lieut. G. T. Medd', signed by 15 captains/commanders (on HMS Sidon, HMS Britannia and others) including Sir W. M. Dowell, Lord Gilford,, E. A. Inglefield.

Author: 
George Tate Medd (1837-1907), Royal Navy officer, later Vicar of Whitchurch [Edward Augustus Inglefield; Sir William Montagu Dowell; Lord Gilford [Richard James Meade, 4th Earl of Clanwilliam]]
Publication details: 
1850-1860. Port Royal, Jamaica; Bermuda; Portsmouth; Malta; Kinburn, Crimea; Sheerness; Ningpo, China; Canton; 'Beyrout'.
£450.00

Rising to the rank of Lieutenant, Medd served in the Crimea and the China War, 1857-58 (medals with 2 clasps). He retired in 1861 invalided. Turning to the church he was made a deacon in 1868 and a priest in 1870. He was Curate of Rotherfield, Sussex, 1868-70; Curate of Harrietsham, Kent, 1870-76; and Vicar of Whitchurch, near Aylesbury, from 1876 to his death. Eighteen documents laid down on leaves of a contemporary notebook, bound in black half calf with marbled covers.

[UK Foreign Office Information Research Department and Soviet bacteriological warfare propaganda.] Confidential printed information paper for 'Her Majesty's Missions and information Officers', titled 'The Communist Germ Warfare Campaign'.

Author: 
Information Research Department, Foreign Office; Sir John Peck (1913-1995); Cold War; germ warfare; bacteriological warfare; Soviet propaganda; Secret Intelligence Service (MI6)]
Publication details: 
Information Research Department, Foreign Office [Whitehall, London]. Dated at end 'June 1952.'
£400.00

In Sir John Peck's obituary in the Independent, 20 January 1995, the diplomat Michael Cullis (1914-2004) states that in the early 1950s (when the present document was produced), Peck was 'instrumental in organising and intensifying official efforts to counter Soviet propaganda and disinformation in the initial stages of the Cold War.

['Mau Mau terrorism' in Kenya, and the UK Foreign Office.] Typewritten Foreign Office briefing document titled: '(a) The political and economic effect of MAU MAU in KENYA.'

Author: 
'Mau Mau terrorism' in Kenya, and the British Foreign Office [Kikuyu tribe; Jomo Kenyatta; Sir Philip Mitchell; Sir Evelyn Baring]
Publication details: 
[United Kingdom Foreign Office, Whitehall, London. Circa 1953.]
£320.00

The Mau Mau uprising began in 1952, and the atrocities committed by the rebels were matched by those of the British, whose Attorney General in Kenya, Eric Griffith-Jones, wrote to Governor Baring in 1957 that the colony's detention camps for Mau Mau suspects were 'distressingly reminiscent of conditions in Nazi Germany or Communist Russia'.

[The British Foreign Office assesses the state of the Cold War, 1951.] Untited Typewritten Foreign Office briefing document, assessing at length, in a series of 'lessons' the situation in the USSR, Middle East and Far East, and 'Free World' response.

Author: 
[UK Foreign Office; Cold War; USSR; Middle East; Far East; Special Intelligence Service [MI6]; Information Research Department]
Publication details: 
[UK Foreign Office. 1951.]
£750.00

The document has no overall title, and gives no indication of its source, but it derives from a batch of Foreign Office briefing documents, including material from the Information Research Department (for whose activities, financed from the budget of the Special Intelligence Service, otherwise MI6, see The Times, 17 August 1995; and also Michael Cullis's obituary of Sir John Peck in the Independent, 20 January 1995).

[The Fall of Fort Bowyer to the British, following the Battle of New Orleans, 1815.] Contemporary Manuscript Copy of Autograph Despatch from Major John Lambert to Earl Bathurst, describing the action.

Author: 
Sir John Lambert (1772-1847), British Army general in the Napoleonic Wars [Henry Bathurst (1762-1834), 3rd Earl Bathurst; Battle of New Orleans and Fall of Fort Bowyer, 1815]
Publication details: 
'Head Quarters Isle Dauphine | February 14th. 1815.' [On paper with Golding & Snelgrove watermark dated 1811.]
£750.00

3pp, foolscap 8vo. On laid paper with watermark: 'GOLDING | & | SNELGROVE | 1811'. Aged and worn, with closed tears along folds, but with text complete and clear. The document includes two passages written in red ink which has faded but is still legible. The background to the present letter is given in Lambert's entry in the Oxford DNB: 'On 4 June 1813 Lambert was promoted major-general, and was appointed to a brigade of the 6th division. […] Having been sent to America, he joined the army under Sir Edward Pakenham below New Orleans on 6 January 1815, with the 7th and 43rd foot regiments.

[Poland; Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising.] Conclusion of Autograph Letter Signed ('Skygnecki.'), in French, to 'Le General Lt. de Tahlen', regarding the needs 'de la nation Polonoise' for religion and liberty.

Author: 
Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki (1787-1860), Polish general, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising against Russia, 1830-1831
Publication details: 
'Varsovie 12 Mars 1831.' [Warsaw, Poland; 12 March 1831.]
£600.00

Lower half of a 4to leaf. In good condition, lightly aged, with stub from mount adhering. Written in old-fashioned, and not entirely grammatical, French, the text reads: '[…] de la nation Polonoise a la quelle S. M. donneroit le garanties necessaires, sous le respect de la stabilité des droits qu'elle réclame et qui sont fondés sur deux besoins absolus: la religion e le [sic] liberté. | A greez M. le M. l'assurance de plus [?] consideration avec la quelle je suis &c Varsovie 12 Mars 1831. | Skygnecki | Monsieur le Comte | Le Genenral Lt.

[Philippe d'Orléans, comte de Paris, Orléanist pretender who served in the American Civil War.] Autograph Note Signed ('L P O', i.e. 'Louis Philippe Orléans), in English, to Henry Walter Bates, Assistant Secretary, Royal Geographical Society.

Author: 
Philippe d'Orléans [Louis Philippe Albert d'Orléans (1838-1894)], comte de Paris [Count of Paris], Orléanist pretender to the French throne (King Philippe VII') who served in the American Civil War
Publication details: 
On letterhead of York House, Twickenham, S.W. 25 November 1865.
£150.00

1p, 16mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, folded three times and laid down on part of a leaf from an album. Reads: 'Nov. 25th. 1865 | the Comte de Paris | presents his compliments to M. Bates and sends to him the enclosed certificate of Dr. de Mussy as a candidate for election to the R. G. S. | L P O'. Henry Walter Bates (1825-1892), naturalist and explorer served as Assistant Secretary of the Royal Geographical Society from 1864. Noël-Francois-Odon Guéneau de Mussy (1813-1885) was a French physician.

[Burma Frontier Service;Evelyn Waugh's batman] 105 items: confidential correspondence, memoranda, reports, printed docs, telegrams, cuttings) relating to R.E.S. Tanner's BFS application and training, including a Civil Affairs Staff Centre course.

Author: 
Burma Frontier Service; Civil Affairs Staff Centre, Wimbledon; Ralph Esmond Selby Tanner (1921-2017), Social Anthropologist, East African colonial administrator, Evelyn Waugh's batman
Publication details: 
Burma and London (including Whitehall and the Civil Affairs Staff Centre, Southlands House, Wimbledon Common). Between 1946 and 1948.
£1,750.00

For biographical details of Dr R. E. S. Tanner, see the end of this description. Brown card folder (by The Parker File Co. Ltd, Rangoon), housing 105 items (confidential correspondence, memoranda, applications, advisory and information documents, reports, telegrams, newspaper cuttings) relating to Tanner's application and training for a Civil Affairs post in Burma, including material from the training course he undertook at the Civil Affairs Staff Centre, Wimbledon. The folder and its contents are in fair condition, lightly-aged and worn.

[Ancient Egypt; Leslie H. Fox (as 'Leon Rea' and 'Alan Quatermain').] Typescript, with autograph emendations, of 'The Forgotten Incarnation. A Novel of Romance', an unpublished work on the theme of reincarnation, set in Ancient Egypt and London.

Author: 
Leslie H. Fox ('Leon Rea', 'Alan Quatermain'), English author [The Alliance Press, London; Ancient Egypt; reincarnation]
Publication details: 
Apex Literary Agency, 293 Grays Inn Road, W.C.1. [London]. Fox's addresses: 30 Cedar Road, Cricklewood; 8 Avenue Mansions, Finchley Road. No date [circa 1943 or 1944].
£250.00

[3] + 222pp. With additional page carrying two figures to be inserted in the text (the first a 'Bezel', the second two cartouches). Each page on the recto of a separate leaf. Autograph emendations throughout, including additional text on reverse of one leaf. Housed in grey-card punch-hold binder. The typescript and leaf of illustrations are in good condition, on lightly aged thick paper, the three pages of prelims are on creased and worn thin paper; the binding is heavily worn. Typed label on cover (pasted over other labels) from 'Apex Literary Agency, 293 Grays Inn Road, W.C.1.

[Dame Vera Lynn, 'the Forces' Sweetheart'.] Autograph Signature from album ('"Sincerely Yours" | Very Lynn').

Author: 
Dame Vera Lynn [née Welch] (b. 1917), singer who entertained the British troops in the Second World War, known as 'the Forces' Sweetheart'
Publication details: 
Without place or date.
£25.00

On one side of 9 x 14 cm leaf of cream paper. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Reads: "'Sincerely Yours' | Very Lynn". A good, firm underlined signature, in a large sloping hand, with the words 'Sincerely Yours' in single quotation marks.

[Admiral Sir George Martin] Autograph Letter Signed ('Geo Martin') to 'My Dear Julius', i.e. John Julius William Angerstein, grandson of patron of the arts John Julius Angerstein, regarding his desire to see service [in the First Anglo-Ashanti War].

Author: 
Admiral Sir George Martin (1764-1847), distinguished Royal Navy officer [John Julius Angerstein (1732-1823), London merchant and art patron]
Publication details: 
Portsmouth. 27 December 1826.
£280.00

The recipient of this letter, John Julius William Angerstein (1800-1866), was son of the MP John Angerstein (c.1774-1858) and grandson of the celebrated patron of the arts John Julius Angerstein (1732-1823), whose collection forms the basis of the National Gallery. At the time of writing J. J. W. Angerstein – a noted spendthrift and patron of the turf – was a captain in the Grenadier Guards. Martin was a family friend, and one of the two executors of J. J. Angerstein. 2pp, 4to. Bifolium, addressed on reverse of second leaf, with postmarks and part of seal in red wax, to 'J. J. W.

[Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising.] Conclusion of Autograph Letter Signed ('Skygnecki.'), in French, to 'Le General Lt. de Tahlen', regarding the needs 'de la nation Polonoise' for religion and liberty.

Author: 
Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki (1787-1860), Polish general, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising against Russia, 1830-1831
Publication details: 
'Varsovie 12 Mars 1831.' [Warsaw, Poland; 12 March 1831.]
£750.00

Lower half of a 4to leaf. In good condition, lightly aged, with stub from mount adhering. Written in old-fashioned, and not entirely grammatical, French, the text reads: '[…] de la nation Polonoise a la quelle S. M. donneroit le garanties necessaires, sous le respect de la stabilité des droits qu'elle réclame et qui sont fondés sur deux besoins absolus: la religion e le [sic] liberté. | A greez M. le M. l'assurance de plus [?] consideration avec la quelle je suis &c Varsovie 12 Mars 1831. | Skygnecki | Monsieur le Comte | Le Genenral Lt.

[William Ewart Gladstone, as Prime Minister, to Lord Crewe, following the death of Gordon of Khartoum.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W E Gladstone'), on how he is prevented from 'fulfilling the engagement', due to 'the state of affairs in the Soudan'.

Author: 
William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), Liberal Prime Minister [Robert Crewe-Milnes (1858-1945), 1st Marquess of Crewe; Charles George Gordon (Gordon of Khartoum)]
Publication details: 
On cancelled letterhead of 10 Downing Street. [Holborn? Holby?] 5 February 1885.
£180.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, folded four times. The Downing Street letterhead has been struck through, and place and date added in manuscript, possibly not by Gladstone himself, the place indistinct ('Holborn' or 'Holby'?). The letter reads: 'My dear Lord Crewe | With the greatest regret I have to inform you that an imperative call to London caused by the state of affairs in the Soudan will prevent us, to our great disappointment, from fulfilling the engagement which you had so kindly accepted. | Yours sincerely | W E Gladstone'. Gordon had died in the fall of Khartoum on 26 January.

[Leslie Hotson and Norman Holmes Pearson on a George Washington letter.] Autograph Letter Signed from Hotson, and Typed Letter Signed from Pearson, both to Robert Beloe, discussing the proposed sale of his George Washington letter.

Author: 
Leslie Hotson [John Leslie Hotson] (1897-1992), authority on Elizabethan literature; Norman Holmes Pearson (1909-75), Yale academic [Robert Beloe (1905-84), educationalist; George Washington]
Publication details: 
Hotson's letter from Northford, Connecticut (but sent from a museum in Pieter Cornelisz Hooftstraat, Amsterdam), 29 January 1955. Pearson's letter from 233 Hall of Graduate Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1 February 1955.
£120.00

Two Air Mail letters, both in fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Both letters are addressed to Beloe (author of the 1960 Beloe Report - education at The Hill House, Queen's Road, Richmond, Surrey. The subject of the two letters is a letter from George Washington to Lieutenant Governor Dinwiddie, Belvoir, 7 March 1754, beginning ''Honble. Sir | If the Vessel you Honour hir'd of Colo. Eyre has not left York'. The letter is now at Mount Vernon. ONE: Hotson's letter, signed 'Leslie Hotson'. 29 January 1955. 1p., 12mo.

[Sir John Lavery, Irish artist, to Sir Arthur Stockdale Cope, portraitist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('John Lavery'), regarding the Artists' General Benevolent Institution and a man who has 'pestered' him 'by his visits and letters'.

Author: 
Sir John Lavery (1856-1941), RA, Irish painter [Sir Arthur Stockdale Cope (1857-1940), RA, portrait painter; Artists' General Benevolent Institution, London]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 5 Cromwell Place, S.W.7 [London]. 30 January 1918.
£300.00

2pp, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Addressed to 'My dear Cope'. After thanking him for his letter Lavery writes: 'Our “friend” [Braynard?] when he called to ask for my signature told me many things, amongst others that the A. G. B. I. had already given him a grant some time back and that [Charleton?], Brangwyn and I were his sponsors | I had a hazy recollection of him and made up my mind that I would sign his paper and let the Secretary of the A. G. B. I. know the circumstance, which I did do that same day.

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