INDEPENDENCE

[ Admiral Isaac Coffin ] Autograph Note Signed Isaac Coffin | Admiral to the Parliamentary official responsible for admissions to the Gallery of the House of Commons.

Author: 
Isaac Coffin [ Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin (1759 -1839), officer of the Royal Navy who served during the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.]
Publication details: 
15 Feb. 1822.
£45.00

Piece of paper, 17 x 9.5cm, corners damaged without affecting text, sl. smudged, but perfectly legible, laid down on similar sized card. Please to admit the Bearers Mr Smeaton & Mr Watson to a Seat in the Gallery of theHouse of Commons. Coffin was a Member of Parliament from 1818 to 1826.

[ Dominion Status for India, 1923; Printed] Two handbills relating to Dominion Status/Independence of India. See images for full contents.

Author: 
[ Dominion Status for India, 1923 ]
India
India2
Publication details: 
[1923]
£320.00
India
India2

Handbill One: [Entitled] Dominion Status for India. The National Conference, one page, 4to, intact with detachable Form of Declaration, very good condition, President Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru. Secretary Mrs Annie Besant, Treasurer Jamnadas Dwarkadas. Detachable Form of Declaration. Sympathising with the Aims and Objects of the National Conference of India [...] to be sent to Lady Emily Lutyens. See image for content. Handbill Two: Two pages, 12mo, orange, very good condition, ticket for Demonstration | Queen's Hall [...] Britain and India - Apart or Together?

Autograph documents signed by 800 Members of the Houses of Parliament, 1860-1893, admissions to Strangers' Gallery etc, Including 144 Irish Members at the height of the Home Rule League [also listed separately and detachable]

Author: 
[House of Commons; Parliament; Irish Home Rule]
Publication details: 
1860-1893
£900.00

A collection of 858 documents, dating from between 1860 and 1893, bearing a total of 800 autographs of British Members of Parliament (765 Members of the House of Commons and 35 Peers). The collection is in good condition, with the usual signs of age and wear, each item having been punch-holed by the collector (whom evidence suggests was a fellow-member) for insertion in a binder.

[American Revolution;George III, Lord North, Chas. Townshend and Sir Francis Dashwood (Hell-Fire Club).] Autograph Signatures ('George R', 'North', 'C Townshend' and 'F Dashwood'), with those of Sir John Turner and Thomas Fisher, on Treasury warramt.

Author: 
King George III; Sir Francis Dashwood [Lord le Despencer] of the Hell-fire Club ('Monks of Medmenham'); Lord North, Prime Minister; Charles Townshend; Sir John Turner [Major. General John Barrington]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's this 17th. Day of November 1762 In the Third Year of Our Reign.'
£1,500.00

2pp, foolscap 8vo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge. The document has three horizontal fold lines, one of which has led to wear at along the foot of Dashwood's signature. An interesting assemblage of individuals. Of the six signatories three played a significant part in the American Revolution: King George III and his Prime Minister Lord North, with Charles Townshend, who was responsible for the unpopular 'Townshend Acts', taxing the colonies and leading to the Boston Massacre.

[George III; Lord North; Lord Barrington; Earl of Onslow; Jeremiah Dyson; John Lloyd] King's Signature ('George R.'), with those of North, Barrington, Onslow, Dyson and Lloyd, to warrant placing Jacob Carnac of 84 Regiment of Foot on half pay.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820); Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-92); George Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow (1731-1814); Jeremiah Dyson (1722-76); William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington (1717-93)
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's this 27th day of September 1769 in the Ninth Year of Our Reign.'
£750.00

The present document carries the signatures of three central figures on the British side during the American War of Independence: King George III, his Prime Minister Lord North, and Secretary at War Lord Barrington, along with the signatures of the Earl of Onslow, Jeremiah Dyson and John Lloyd, Deputy Auditor of the Imprest. 2pp, foolscap 8vo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Thin strip of paper from mount adhering to inner edge on first page.

[ The Alipore Bomb Case, 1908 to 1909. ] Three printed documents annotated by appeal judge Sir Richard Harington: Jenkins's 'Judgment. | Alipore appeal.'; Carnduff's dissenting judgment; Harington's final judgment.

Author: 
Sir Lawrence Hugh Jenkins, Chief Justice, and H. W. C. Carnduff, of the High Court, Fort William, Bengal; Sir Richard Harington [ Alipore Bomb Case; Muraripukur or Manicktolla Bomb Conspiracy ]
Publication details: 
Jenkins's judgment: In the High Court of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal. The 23rd November 1909. Carnduff's dissenting judgment dated 23 November 1909. Harington's final judgment, 18 February 1910. The last two printed in Calcutta.
£650.00

The Alipore Bomb Case was the trial of a number of revolutionaries of the Anushilan Samiti in Calcutta (their object, according to Harington, being 'to deprive the King of the Sovereignty of British India by force'), held at Alipore Sessions Court, Calcutta, between May 1908 and May 1909. The trial followed in the wake of the attempt on the life of Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford in Muzaffarpur by Bengali nationalists Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki in April 1908, as a result of which two ladies (Mrs and Miss Kennedy) died.

[General Sir George Harris (Lord Harris), Commander-in-Chief, Fourth Anglo-Mysore War.] Autograph Letter in the third person

Author: 
General Sir George Harris (1746-1829) [from 1815 1st Baron Harris; Lord Harris], Commander-in-Chief, Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (Tipu Sultan), stormed Seringapatam, served in American War of Indepence
Publication details: 
3 March [1804]. Harley Street [London].
£45.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB. As a captain in Howe's army, he served in the American War of Independence at Lexington, Bunker Hill (where he was severely wounded) and in all but one engagement up to November 1778. 1p, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, with central spike hole to both leaves, on aged paper, with reverse of first leaf laid down on part of leaf cut from an album, captioned in a nineteenth-century hand. The reverse of the second leaf is addressed, with three postmarks, to 'Messrs. Barlow & Co | Wine Merchants | Black Friars'.

[ Shepherd & Robertson; Indian Mutiny ] [Docketed] Mutineers. Delhi. Image of two sturdy, implacable Mutineers under guard.

Author: 
Shepherd & Robertson, Photographers
Publication details: 
[ Delhi, 1858?]
£3,500.00

23 x 18.5cm, laid down on larger piece of paper. See image (backing paper reduced from original). Shepheard & Robertson Photrs bottom right, backing sl. stained with two small closed tears, good condition. Note: I look forward to being told where I can find this image reproduced.

[Antonio Gallenga, Italian author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('A. Gallenga (Mariotti)') [to James Payn, Cornhill Magazine editor], discussing recipient's association with 'Chambers in Edinburgh'; declaring that he has 'got on well in the world'.

Author: 
Antonio Carlo Napoleone Gallenga [pseud. 'Luigi Mariotti'] (1810-1895), Italian author, patriot, follower of Cavour, Italian deputy, Times correspondent [James Payn (1830-1898); Cornhill Magazine]
Publication details: 
27 July 1871; 17 James Street, Buckingham Gate, London, S.W., with embossed letterhead of the Athenaeum Club, Pall Mall [London].
£200.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. The recipient is not named, but the item derives from the papers of James Payn, the editor of the Cornhill Magazine, London. Gallenga begins: 'My dear Sir. | The last time I saw you - it may be 20 years ago - you were leaving London to write for Chambers in Edinburgh.

[Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary leader whose ideas inspired the 'risorgimento'.] Autograph signature ('Joseph Mazzini') with London address.

Author: 
Giuseppe Mazzini ['Joseph Mazzini'] (1805-1872), Italian revolutionary leader, proponent of the unification of Italy, whose ideas inspired the 'risorgimento'
Publication details: 
Undated, but between 1851 and c.1853. 15 Radnor Street, King's Road, Chelsea.
£320.00

In 1837 Mazzini moved to London, where he would spend most of his adult life, numbering among his acquaintances Dickens, George Meredith, Swinburne, John Stuart Mill, and the Carlyles. Mazzini moved to the address given on this item (a four-room flat over a post-office found for him by Jane Carlyle) in February 1851, following his return to London after time in the Roman Republic, and then nearly a year spent in hiding in Switzerland and Paris. He remained at the address for around two years.

[Admiral John Markham, Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty and First Naval Lord.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J Markham') to John Atkins, regarding the 'general drunken habits' of 'Mr [Miles] Burn', and the impossibility of reinstating him 'to his rank'

Author: 
Admiral John Markham (1761-1827), Royal Navy officer who served in the American and French Revolutionary Wars, Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty and First Naval Lord, MP for Portsmouth [Miles Burn]
Publication details: 
Admiralty [London]. 21 August 1806.
£100.00

The letter is 1p, 12mo, and is accompanied by the covering 8vo leaf, addressed to 'John Atkins Esqre | Duke Street | Westminster', with a second signature for franking. The covering leaf is endorsed: 'Admiralty August 21 1806 | Adml. Markham concerning Miles Burn that it would be impossible to get him reinstated'. Both letter and covering leaf in good condition, lightly aged and worn, with fold lines. Markham could hardly be more decisive.

[Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Dundas, Royal Navy officer who distinguished himself at Trafalgar.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thomas Dundas') to Sir John Philippart, regarding his writing of an article for the Naval and Military Gazette.

Author: 
Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Dundas (1765-1841), Royal Navy officer in American War of Independence, French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and at Battle of Trafalgar [Sir John Philippart]
Publication details: 
Falkirk. 11 January 1832.
£220.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with traces of mount, and red wax seal, adhering to the reverse of the second leaf, which is franked (the franker's name and signature illegible) to 'Sir John Phippart [sic] | &c &c | No 8 New Burlington St'. Slight loss to one corner of second leaf, from breaking open of seal, with damage to one word of text.

[Lord Gambier, Admiral of the Fleet.] Manuscript designs of heraldic achievements (coats of arms), made by a signwriter for display at his funeral.

Author: 
[Admiral Lord Gambier [James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier (1756-1833), Admiral of the Fleet, Royal Navy officer in American Revolutionary War and French Revolutionary Wars and Glorious First of June]
Publication details: 
'April 22nd.' [1832].
£400.00

An interesting and unusual survival, casting light on funerary practice in Georgian London. In black ink on 37 x 15 cm piece of watermarked laid paper, clearly cut from the working ledger of the signwriter responsible for the display at Gambier's funeral. Two excellent drawings, marked up with notes for colours, as a guide for the painting process.

[Admiral Saumarez ] Autograph Note in the third person describing the gratitude of Emperors/Kings (Russian, Austrian, Prussian and Swedish).

Author: 
Admiral Sir James Saumarez [1st Baron de Saumarez (or Sausmarez), GCB (1757–1836)].
Publication details: 
No date or place. Docketed [ 1827 ]
£120.00

Two pages, obl.12mo, fold mark, good condition. "Previous to leaving the Baltic, Sir James Saumarez was presented with a magnificent Sword [sett?] in Diamonds by His Majesty The King of Sweden for the Services he rendered to thjat country and upon the arrival of the Emperor of Russia and the King of Prussia in England he was honored with their Majesties persoanl thanks for the benefit derived to the Common Cause of Europe, which were also communicated to him from the Emperor of Austria by his Excellency Prince Metternich.

[Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle, statesman who headed the Carlisle Peace Commission in the American War of Independence.] Autograph Signature ('Carlisle.') to warrant appointing Thomas Evans 'Fourth Yeoman Porter at the Gate'.

Author: 
Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle (1748-1825), statesman who headed 1778 Carlisle Peace Commission in American War of Independence; Viceroy of Ireland; guardian to Lord Byron
Publication details: 
'given under my hand This first Day of January One Thousand Seven Hundred & Eighty Three in the Twenty third Year of His Majesty's Reign'.
£300.00

On one side of 30 x 30.5 cm piece of vellum. Tax stamp embossed on strip of blue paper attached to left margin. In fair condition, aged and worn as is customary with vellum. Folded twice. Endorsed 'Warrant | Thomas Evans | Fourth Yeoman Porter at the Gate'. Signed at bottom right: 'Carlisle.' Written in a secretarial hand, and addressed 'To My very loving Friend The Clerk of His Majesty's Household Attending'.

[Charles Townshend, British politician behind the Townshend Acts.] Autograph Signature ('C Townshend') and seal, with signatures of Charles Bembridge, John Powell, Thomas Farraine, to document appointing Robert Digby deputy paymaster of Minorca.

Author: 
Charles Townshend (1725-1767), British politician behind the Townshend Acts in the American Revolution; Charles Bembridge; John Powell; Thomas Farraine [Admiral Robert Digby (1732-1815); Minorca]
Publication details: 
'the 12th. of June 1765 in the Fifth Year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George the Third of Great Britain, France and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, &c.'
£220.00

1p, foolscap 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to edge on reverse. Folded once. Signed 'C Townshend' with good impression of seal in red wax at bottom right. Nineteen-line document in a secretarial hand, with tax stamp at head. At foot, by two members of the Army Pay Office, Horse Guards: 'Sign'd, Sealed and delivered, (being first duly stamp'd) in the presence of | John Powell | Chas: Bembridge'.

[Apartheid in South Africa and British Foreign Office] Foreign Office briefing document titled 'The measures which have been taken to establish the policy of APARTHEID in South Africa and its effect on the European, Indian and African communities'.

Author: 
Apartheid in South Africa and the British Foreign Office [Information Research Department; Special Intelligence Service]
Publication details: 
[United Kingdom Foreign Office, Whitehall, London. Circa 1953.]
£280.00

From a batch of Foreign Office documents, including material from the Information Research Department (for whose activities, financed from the budget of the Special Intelligence Service, otherwise MI6, see The Times, 17 August 1995; and also Michael Cullis's obituary of Sir John Peck in the Independent, 20 January 1995). Duplicated typescript. Headed: '(g) The measures which have been taken to establish the policy of APARTHEID in South Africa and its effect on the European, Indian and African communities.' 10pp, foolscap 8vo. Pagination on pp.2-10 preceded by '(g)'.

[Poland; Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising.] Conclusion of Autograph Letter Signed ('Skygnecki.'), in French, to 'Le General Lt. de Tahlen', regarding the needs 'de la nation Polonoise' for religion and liberty.

Author: 
Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki (1787-1860), Polish general, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising against Russia, 1830-1831
Publication details: 
'Varsovie 12 Mars 1831.' [Warsaw, Poland; 12 March 1831.]
£600.00

Lower half of a 4to leaf. In good condition, lightly aged, with stub from mount adhering. Written in old-fashioned, and not entirely grammatical, French, the text reads: '[…] de la nation Polonoise a la quelle S. M. donneroit le garanties necessaires, sous le respect de la stabilité des droits qu'elle réclame et qui sont fondés sur deux besoins absolus: la religion e le [sic] liberté. | A greez M. le M. l'assurance de plus [?] consideration avec la quelle je suis &c Varsovie 12 Mars 1831. | Skygnecki | Monsieur le Comte | Le Genenral Lt.

[Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising.] Conclusion of Autograph Letter Signed ('Skygnecki.'), in French, to 'Le General Lt. de Tahlen', regarding the needs 'de la nation Polonoise' for religion and liberty.

Author: 
Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki (1787-1860), Polish general, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising against Russia, 1830-1831
Publication details: 
'Varsovie 12 Mars 1831.' [Warsaw, Poland; 12 March 1831.]
£750.00

Lower half of a 4to leaf. In good condition, lightly aged, with stub from mount adhering. Written in old-fashioned, and not entirely grammatical, French, the text reads: '[…] de la nation Polonoise a la quelle S. M. donneroit le garanties necessaires, sous le respect de la stabilité des droits qu'elle réclame et qui sont fondés sur deux besoins absolus: la religion e le [sic] liberté. | A greez M. le M. l'assurance de plus [?] consideration avec la quelle je suis &c Varsovie 12 Mars 1831. | Skygnecki | Monsieur le Comte | Le Genenral Lt.

[Leslie Hotson and Norman Holmes Pearson on a George Washington letter.] Autograph Letter Signed from Hotson, and Typed Letter Signed from Pearson, both to Robert Beloe, discussing the proposed sale of his George Washington letter.

Author: 
Leslie Hotson [John Leslie Hotson] (1897-1992), authority on Elizabethan literature; Norman Holmes Pearson (1909-75), Yale academic [Robert Beloe (1905-84), educationalist; George Washington]
Publication details: 
Hotson's letter from Northford, Connecticut (but sent from a museum in Pieter Cornelisz Hooftstraat, Amsterdam), 29 January 1955. Pearson's letter from 233 Hall of Graduate Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1 February 1955.
£120.00

Two Air Mail letters, both in fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Both letters are addressed to Beloe (author of the 1960 Beloe Report - education at The Hill House, Queen's Road, Richmond, Surrey. The subject of the two letters is a letter from George Washington to Lieutenant Governor Dinwiddie, Belvoir, 7 March 1754, beginning ''Honble. Sir | If the Vessel you Honour hir'd of Colo. Eyre has not left York'. The letter is now at Mount Vernon. ONE: Hotson's letter, signed 'Leslie Hotson'. 29 January 1955. 1p., 12mo.

[ Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Curtis, British naval hero. ] Autograph Signature ('Roger Curtis') cut from letter.

Author: 
Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Curtis (1746-1816), officer of the Royal Navy, during the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolutionary Wars, who distinguished himself at the Great Siege of Gibraltar
Publication details: 
No date or place.
£25.00

On a 1.75 x 4.25 cm rectangle of laid paper cut from letter. In fair condition, lightly aged, with paper from mount on reverse. A neat, firm signature, reading 'Roger Curtis'.

[ Sir Philip Charles Durham, British naval hero. ] Autograph Signature ('P. C. Durham') to manuscript document naming 'two Gentlemen appointed to act as Lieutenants'.

Author: 
Sir Philip Charles Durham [ Admiral Sir Philip Charles Calderwood Henderson Durham ] (1763-1845), Royal Navy officer in the American War of Independence and Napoleonic Wars
Publication details: 
Without place or date. On paper watermarked 1812.
£120.00

1p., 4to. In fair condition, on aged and creased paper. The body of the letter is written in another hand, and reads: 'The names of two Gentlemen appointed to act as Lieutenants whom Admiral Durham is particularly desirous of getting confirmed as Lieutenants. - | Mr Brigss - Vacancy. Lt Gordon 1st on Admiralty List appd to Spider - | Mr Maltman - do - Lt Luke promoted by Admiralty order -'. Beneath this Durham has signed: 'P. C. Durham'.

[ William Cooke, privateer in American War of Independence, afterwards appointed by Washington to command of the cutter Diligence. ] Autograph Signature ('Wm. Cooke') to Autograph Bill and Receipt ('Francis Peyrimant') for 'Ship Queen of France'.

Author: 
Captain William Cooke (disappeared 1796), appointed by George Washington to the command of United States Revenue Cutter Diligence
Publication details: 
Note of receipt at foot signed by Cooke and dated from Wilmington on 12 April 1789.
£150.00

1p., 4to. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Docketed on reverse: 'Acct. | Capt W. Cooke | £51.2.9.' A bill for wages, in Cooke's autograph, headed 'Ship Queen of France | To William Cooke . . . Dr.' Listing monies due with dates and details. For example: '7 Jan [1789] wages . . .@ 18 dollars p. mo[nth]  30.9.7' (Other sums also on 7 Jan. and 12 April.) At the foot Cooke has written "Rec[eive]d Wilmington 12th April 1789 from Francis Peyrimant the above bal[anc]e. in full. | Wm Cooke.' The year of this transaction was also the year of the French Revolution.

[ Earl St Vincent, British naval hero and patron of Horatio Nelson. ] Autograph Signature ('S. Vincent'[) on autograph frank addressed by him to Edward Hawke Locker.

Author: 
[ Earl St Vincent ] Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent (1735-1823), British naval hero and patron of Horatio Nelson
Publication details: 
Dated from Brentwood, 5 May 1811.
£60.00

In good condition, lightly aged. Front panel (9.5 x 13.5 cm) of envelope neatly placed in a thin windowpane mount, bearing frank, with two postmarks, one the red frank and the other in black from 'BRENTWOOD | 18', addressed in the prescribed fashion by St Vincent: 'Brentwood fifth May 1811 | Edward Hawke Locker Esq | 47 Davies Street | Berkeley Square | London'. Signature at bottom left: 'S. Vincent'.

[ Admiral Duncan. ] Autograph Signature ('G B Rodney'), approving a bill of exchange for £1500 to pay 'Mess Ewbank Kendall and Ewbank' 'for Ordnance' of 'His Majestys Fleet at Jamaica' after the Battle of the Saintes.

Author: 
Admiral Rodney [ George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney ] (1718-1792), British naval officer, prominent in the American War of Independence, and victor over the French in 1782 at the Battle of the Sa
Rodney
Publication details: 
Office of Ordnance, Kingston, Jamaica. 30 June 1782.
£350.00
Rodney

A printed form, completed in manuscript, on one side of an 8vo landscape leaf of thin laid paper. In fair condition: the signature is good and firm at one side of the page, the other side having a vertical cut – through the signatures of Robert Benton and 'G: C.' – which has been repaired on the reverse with gummed paper.

[ Admiral Sir Philip Charles Durham, British naval hero. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('P. C. Durham') to a Sea Lord, complaining of his treatment following the capture of Guadeloupe, and seeking preferment for his nephew.

Author: 
Admiral Sir Philip Charles Durham [ Admiral Sir Philip Charles Calderwood Henderson Durham ] (1763-1845), Royal Navy officer in the American War of Independence and Napoleonic Wars
Publication details: 
[ From Guadeloupe ('this Country') .] 15 August [ 1815 ]. No place.
£650.00

4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, on lightly aged and worn paper. Docketed on reverse of second leaf: '15 Augt. 1815. | Sir P. C. Durham'. According to the DNB, Durham, having 'cleared the West Indies of American cruisers', 'in June and August 1815 co-operated in the reduction of Martinique and Guadeloupe, at which place the last French flag was struck to Durham, as the first had been'.

[ Panapakkam Anandacharlu, founder-member of the Indian National Congress. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('P. Anunda Charlu') to 'Mr Rees' [ later Sir J. D. Rees ]. congratulating him on his elevation to the Viceregal Legislative Council.

Author: 
Panapakkam Anandacharlu [ P. Anunda Charlu; P. Ananda Charlu ] (1843-1908), advocate, founder-member of the Indian National Congress [ Sir John David Rees (1854-1922), colonial administrator ]
Publication details: 
On his letterhead, Lakeside, Egmore [ Madras, India ]. 16 October 1895.
£180.00

2pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with slight glue staining on blank reverse of first leaf. The letter begins: 'My dear Mr Rees. | I beg to congratulate you & myself on your elevation to a membership of the Viceregal Legislative Council – you on your well-earned elevation – myself on the pleasure of your companionship while at Calcuttah. [sic]' He is pleased to note that Rees's 'youth & the fact of your being comparatively a junior have not been regarded insuperable obstacles or unpardonable crimes'.

Official briefing document for perusal by committee, on 'the establishment of provincial autonomy in British India', titled 'Memorandum on federalism with particular reference to the suggestion that Provincial Autonomy should be introduced in India.'

Author: 
H. Tonkinson [ Harry Tonkinson (1880-1937), Secretary, Government of India Act Inquiry, 1924; 'the establishment of provincial autonomy in British India' ]
Publication details: 
[ Home Department of the Government of India; Australian, Canadian, S. African and USA State autonomy. ] 'GCP [ Government Central Printing? ], Delhi - III-357 - 12-11-24 [ i.e. 12 November 1924 ] - 30'.
£750.00

An interesting item in the transition to Indian independence, with analysis of Australian and American State Autonomy. It is a briefing document by Tonkinson, writing as secretary, to the committee of the Government of India Act Inquiry, providing information on the subject of federalism, with reference to 'the constitutions of the English-speaking federations, the United States of America, the Dominion of Canada and the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Union of South Africa'.

[ B. N. Sarma, A. P. Muddiman and C. A. Innes. ] Printed Indian government report, examining 'the question of the separation of judicial from executive functions'.

Author: 
B. N. Sarma [ Sir Bayya Narasimheswara Sarma (1867-1932) ]; A. P. Muddiman [ Sir Alexander Phillips Muddiman (1875-1928) ]; C. A. Innes [ Sir Charles Alexander Innes (1874-1959) ]
Publication details: 
'L429HD - 50 [ i.e. 50 copies? ] - 23-11-25 [ i.e. 23 November 1925 ] - GIPS [ Government of India Printing Service? ]'.
£250.00

[1] + 45pp., foolscap 8vo. Printed on the rectos of 46 leaves, unbound and stapled together. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, but with rusted staples causing the first and last leaf to loosen. The preliminary page carries the following statement: 'In compliance with the Order in Council, dated the 21st February 1925, we have examined the question of the separation of judicial from executive functions and we append our Report.

[ Lord John Russell's private secretary, Hon. George Elliot; Italian Independence; Risorgimento ] Autograph Manuscript memorandum regarding 'Austrian Emigrants'.

Author: 
Hon. George Elliot [ George Francis Stewart Elliot ] (1822-1901) [ John Russell, 1st Earl Russell [ Lord John Russell ] (1792-1878), Prime Minister ]
Publication details: 
Without place or date. [ London, 1850s or 1860s. ]
£220.00

3pp., 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. With a couple of minor emendations. At top left of first page Elliot has written 'Copy'. Docketed on reverse of second leaf: 'Austrian Emigration'. Begins: 'In the Austrian Code (Decree of 1832) Emigration is treated of under a distinct head. | Every Austrian Subject removing to a foreign state or remaining abroad sine animo revertendi, as the Scotch wd. express it, is held to be an Emigrant.' Most of the third page is taken up with a precis of two points 'From Proclamation of Feb.

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