REGENCY

[ Charles Burton Wyatt, son of the architect James Wyatt. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('C: Wyatt') to 'Charles James Esqre', regarding financial matters.

Author: 
Charles Wyatt [ Charles Burton Wyatt ] of the East India Company, son of the architect James Wyatt (1746-1813)
Publication details: 
1 Foley Place [ London ]. 9 February 1812.
£30.00

2pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged, with neat spike hole. Addressed, with remains of red-wax seal, to 'Chars James Esqre | Upper Wimpole St'. The letter concerns 'a person' who has 'been in possession for 66£ 15s at the Suit of Henry agt my Father'. A mistake has occurred as he 'sent this Sum to your office instantly I received notice from you daterd the first Inst.' He asks him to 'direct the necessary Steps to be taken'.

Manuscript account book of the estates of Sir Thomas Maryon Wilson of Charlton House, titled 'Account of Payments Allowances and Expenditures for the Charlton Woolwich and Leicester Estates | From Christmas 1797'.

Author: 
[Sir Thomas Maryon Wilson (1774-1821), 7th Baronet, of Charlton House; Woolwich and Charlton in Kent; Leicestershire]
Publication details: 
[Woolwich and Charlton.] Covering the period between 1797 and 1804.
£180.00

36pp., 12mo. In worn calf-bound account book. In good internal condition, on aged paper; detached from the worn leather binding, and with the front free endpaper (bearing the title) loose. Label pasted to front cover reads: 'Accounts | G. B. R. | Charlton | Woolwich | Leicestershire | 1797 to 1804'. The volume is the work of Wilson (who acquired the estates in 1798 on the death of his father) or of his land agent. Paginated by the writer to 64, and with the accounts for 'Land Tax paid and allowed' on pp.1-7, for 'Cash paid & allowed for' on pp.11-23, and 'Cash paid & allowed for.

[ William Roscoe of Liverpool. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Roscoe') to a picture and print seller, regarding payment for prints and an exchange of two paintings for a small Cranach.

Author: 
William Roscoe (1753-1831) of Liverpool, historian, art collector and abolitionist
Publication details: 
'Saty. Morning' [ no date or place ].
£50.00

2pp., 4to. On aged and worn paper. An interesting letter, casting light on Roscoe's collecting activities. He begins by settling the account for 'the lists of the last Prints', before remarking: 'I observe there are only 3 circles by Domenichino - the set consists of 4, all of which you have, besides the odd print by Bartolozzi, but you have probably packed them up & cannot get at the print wanting. I have sent you the 3 prints back & deducted 16/6d.

Subscription copy of the splendid coloured frontispiece engraving of a tiger, after a drawing by Howitt, to the original atlas folio edition of Williamson's 'Wild Sports of the East'.

Author: 
Samuel Howitt (c.1756-1823) [Captain Thomas Williamson; Edward Orme]
Publication details: 
[1807.] 'Pub by Edwd. Orme | 59 Bond Street'.
£130.00

On thick light-blue/grey laid paper, 60 x 48 cm, with thin strip of white stub to left-hand margin. In a small neat contemporary hand in top right-hand corner: 'P. W. Baker Esqr. Subn Copy'. Lightly creased and worn, with a central vertical fold line running through the centre of the print, which is coloured in gouache in greys, greens, browns and pinks, with a blue bankground. A few small patches of colour rubbed away from the print, the dimensions of which are roughly 29 x 39 cm.

[ Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire. ] Manuscript 'Ground plan of Fountains Abbey', with key including 'The Church & parts thereto belonging'.

Author: 
[ Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire ]
Publication details: 
Dated 'Harrogate Octber 1839'.
£350.00

4to bifolium (on two 19.5 x 22.5 cm leaves). The 'Ground plan' is neatly drawn on the reverse of the first leaf, and the two-page key is on both sides of the second leaf, lettered A to Z, and headed 'A. B. C. D. E. F. G. The Church & parts thereto belonging'. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Entries among the keys include 'I. Places groined over with stone one of which is supposed to have been the infirmary', 'K. Arches under which the River Skell runs' and 'S. Cloisters groined with stone the pillars whereof were painted - Over these was the Dormitory.

The corsair, a tale.

Author: 
Lord Byron
Publication details: 
1814. London: Printed by Thomas Davison, Whitefriars, for John Murray, Albemarle-street.
£95.00

1st edition, 2nd issue. 8vo. In original plain grey wraps. Fly leaf and half-title. Pages: xi + 100 + 4 pages of publisher's advertisements (dated February 1814). Without the words 'THE END' or the publisher's imprint on the last page. In poor condition: grubby, frayed and stained, and with loss to one corner each of rear wrap and to last leaf of advertisements. Also lacking, as a result of the partial removal of an ownership inscription, a small strip along the top edge of the title-leaf, but with inscription 'Sophia F. Stewart - 1814'.

[ Biographical Novel; women writer; manuscript addsThe Private Correspondence of a Woman of Fashion.

Author: 
Harriett Pigott (see Oxford DNB)
Publication details: 
Colburn & Bentley, 1832.
£1,200.00

Two volumes in one, half leather, corners bumped, some repair work tothe inside of the front cover, mainly good and sound. This is the author's own copy with corrections and marginal notes in her hand throughout, and most of the full names of people from the beau monde filled in, initials only having been printed (e.g. from "C" to "Creevy", "H" to "Hamilton", etc.).

[Frank Marcham.] Two typewritten drafts of an annotated list of nearly 500 'Auction Sales made by Robert Harding Evans'; with autograph notes on Evans and on his own collection, with typescript titled 'Literary History and local topography'.

Author: 
Frank Marcham (c.1887-1944), English bookseller [Robert Harding Evans (1778-1857), auctioneer and bookseller]
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated. [London. Begun in the 1920s?]
£1,000.00

Robert Harding Evans has been described as 'the greatest of all auctioneers of literary property'. In a career spanning three decades he oversaw the dispersal of many of the finest libraries ever assembled, from the great Roxburghe sale of 1812 to that of the Duke of Sussex in 1845, as well as those of the books of Lord Byron and the manuscripts and copyrights of Sir Walter Scott. In an undated letter to Bodley's Librarian (copy in Item Four below) Marcham states that he is 'working on Evans the auctioneer and the list will be published.

[ Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey, Scottish judge and literary critic. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('F Jeffrey'), complaining of being 'much "hurried"' and arranging to meet with a lady.

Author: 
Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey (1773-1850), Scottish judge and literary critic with the Edinburgh Review
Publication details: 
Date and place not stated.
£20.00

On an 8.5 x 20 cm slip of paper. On aged and creased paper. Minor traces of broken red wax seal on reverse, with the address in Jeffrey's hand, partially obscured by traces of the thick paper onto which the item was tipped-in: 'Mrs Gra<...> | 2 <...>'. He writes that he will go to her between 8 and 9 pm that evening. He has been 'very much “hurried” of late' and has 'really given up making visits', but 'always intended to make an exception' of her, and is 'glad to have the opportunity'.?>

[ Royal Navy and Post Office Packets. ] Two printed forms, proofs completed in manuscript, one with diagrams, the other 'Private Signals for His Majesty's Brigs, Cutters, Luggers, &c. employed in Cruizing on the Coasts of the United Kingdom [...]'.

Author: 
[ Royal Navy and Post Office Packets, signals of 1812 ]
Publication details: 
[ Royal Navy. ] Dating from May 1812, with later notes referring to cancellation in March 1818.
£500.00

Four items, in fair condition, on lightly aged and worn paper, with slight creasing. ONE: Printed form, partially completed in manuscript. On one side of 31.5 x 19.5 cm piece of laid paper with Britannia watermark. Headed: 'PRIVATE SIGNALS for His Majesty's Brigs, Cutters, Luggers, &c. employed in Cruizing on the Coasts of the United Kingdom, Commanded by Lieutenants, viz.' Above the heading, in manuscript: 'Proof | See letter 1st. October 1812.

[ Campbeltown Special Constables, 1823. ] Manuscript Document, signed by 71 men, by which they are 'Constituted and Ordained Constables' by 'The Magistrates of the Burgh of Campbeltown', with the text of the oath taken by them for the purpose.

Author: 
Campbeltown, Argyll, Scotland [ Special Constables ]
Publication details: 
'At Campbeltown the Twenty first day of April Eighteen Hundred & Twenty three years' [ Campbeltown, Argyll, Scotland. 21 April 1823. ]
£450.00

2pp., folio. A 41.5 x 33 cm. piece of wove paper folded three times to make a 20.5 x 8cm. packet. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Headed: 'At Campbeltown the Twenty first day of April Eighteen Hundred & Twenty three years'. Reads: 'The Magistrates of the Burgh of Campbeltown having this day Nominated and Appointed, the persons hereto subscribing, Special Constables in the Burgh of Campbeltown, They are hereby Constituted and Ordained Constables within the said Burgh accordingly, And in terms of Law have taken, and hereby take, and subscribe the following Oath Vizt.

[ Thomas Noon Talfourd, judge and author. ] Autograph draft of part of his opening speech to the jury on behalf of the defendants in the Court of Exchequer libel case 'Richmond versus Marshall and Miles'.

Author: 
Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd (1795-1854), English judge and author, friend of Charles Dickens [ Alexander Baillie Richmond ('Richmond the Spy'); Tait's Edinburgh Magazine; Simpkin and Marshall ]
Publication details: 
[ Court of Exchequer, London. December 1834. ]
£600.00

The background to this document is ably explained in an article in the Spectator, 27 December 1834, 'The Spy System: Richmond versus Marshall and Miles', which begins: 'The Court of Exchequer was occupied the whole of Saturday and Monday last with the trial of an action of libel, brought by Alexander Baillie Richmond, the individual for many years known in Scotland by the title of "Richmond the Spy," against Messrs. Simpkin and Marshall, the London publishers of Tait's Edinburgh Magazine.

[ John Caley, antiquary. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('J: Caley.') to Joseph Planta of the British Museum, regarding a payment of money, and his temporary removal from town.

Author: 
John Caley (1760-1834), Secretary to the Record Commission, antiquary and archivist [ Joseph Planta (1744-1827), Principal Librarian at the British Museum ]
Publication details: 
'Folkstone. | 5 Septr. 1802.'
£300.00

1p., 8vo. In fair condition, on lightly aged and worn paper, with slight damage to corners from removal from mount. 20 lines of text. Regarding 'a Dr[af]t. on Snow & Co for twenty five pounds', he would 'willingly have put down the little trouble I had to the account of our mutual friendship in which I stand considerably your debtor but as you will have it otherwise I beg you will accept my sincere thanks for the inclosure, assuring you I consider it far beyond what I ought to have had'.

[ Henry Grattan, Irish nationalist politician. ] Autograph Note Signed to an unnamed recipient.

Author: 
Henry Grattan (c.1746-1820), Irish nationalist politician
Publication details: 
No place. 1 April [ 1815 ].
£56.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, laid down on part of a leaf from an album. Headed in a contemporary hand 'Read', with the date '1815'. The note reads: 'Dear Sir | I beg to return you my warm thanks for your very kind & obliging letter which has made me very happy & conferd [sic] on me a great favor | I Have Dear Sir | the honour to | be with great | thanks your | faithful humble srvt | Henry Grattan'.

[ George Isaac Huntingford, Warden of Winchester College and Bishop of Hereford. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('G. I. Hereford.') to an unnamed recipient.

Author: 
George Isaac Huntingford (1748-1832), Warden of Winchester College, and successively Bishop of Gloucester and Bishop of Hereford
Publication details: 
Winchester College. 6 January 1830.
£150.00

1p., 4to. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper. He is 'greatly obliged [...] for the purpose' with which he has been 'favour'd [...] with intimation', but it 'never was in my thoughts to be an Annual Subscriber to the Pension Fund'. He will pay any expense 'the Conductors of the Institution have incurred in expectation of his being a subscriber.

[ Napoleon Bonaparte. ] Autograph Letter Signed from 'J Thompson | late Capt. 4th East York L[ocal]. M[ilitia].', presenting John Crossley of Scaitcliffe with 'Bonaparte's Star of the Legion of Honour'.

Author: 
Captain J. Thompson, 'late Capt. 4th East York L[ocal]. M[ilitia].' [ John Crossley of Scaitcliffe, near Rochdale, Lancashire; Napoleon Bonaparte ]
Publication details: 
Manchester. 12 December 1822.
£220.00

1p., 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. The reverse of the second leaf, with seal in black wax, is addressed to 'Capt Crossley | &c &c &c | O L M', and the foot of the letter to 'John Crossley Esqre | Capt: Oldham L: M:' (Crossley, the commanding officer of the Oldham Regiment of Local Militia, built up a notable collection of military memorabilia, which was dispersed after his death.) The letter begins: 'With this you will receive the interesting little "Bijou" - Bonaparte's Star of the Legion of Honour for which I beg a place in your curious Collection.

[ The Crossley Collection. ] Autograph Letter Signed from 'Thos Hampson', presenting John Crossley of Rochdale with a snuff box made by 'the French prisoners confined in this country during the late war'.

Author: 
[ John Crossley of Scaitcliffe, near Rochdale, Lancashire, collector; Napoleonic Wars ] Thomas Hampson of Rochdale
Publication details: 
Drake Street, Rochdale. 14 October 1822.
£45.00

1p., folio. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly-aged with strip from stub adhering to one edge. Addressed on reverse of second leaf 'To | John Crossley Esqr. | Rochdale.' Crossley, the commanding officer of the Oldham Regiment of Local Militia, built up a notable collection of military memorabilia, which was dispersed after his death.

[ Sir Thomas Cochrane, naval officer. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thos J Cochrane') to the First Lord of the Admiralty Viscount Melville, regarding the need to travel to Edinburgh for the Chief Baron (of the Exchequer? a judge).

Author: 
Sir Thomas Cochrane [ Sir Thomas John Cochrane ] (1789-1872), British naval commander [ Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville (1771-1851), First Lord of the Admiralty ]
Publication details: 
Plymouth Docks. 2 October 1812.
£80.00

2pp., 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. He received Melville's letter that morning, 'and should the Chief Baron from whom I have not yet heard consider my attendance necessary I shall with the greater pleasure go down to Edinburgh and render him every support in my power.' He would however prefer to 'find any person to pair off with'.

[ Alexander Chalmers, Scottish author. ] Autograph Note in the third person, to Archibald Smith of Jordanhill.

Author: 
Alexander Chalmers (1759-1834), Scottish biographer, literary editor and physician [ Archibald Smith of Jordanhill ]
Publication details: 
Kensington? Kennington? 8 October 1817.
£35.00

1p., 16mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. The recipient has made up an account on the reverse of the second leaf, which is addressed 'To | Archd. Smith Esqr. | of Jordanhill.' The note reads: 'Dr Chalmers if the weather be favourable proposes to breakfast at Jordanhill on Saturday. He begs leave to offer his respectful Compts to Mr and Mrs Smith.'

[ Edmund Henry Barker, classical scholar. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('E. H. Barker') to Frederick Thomas Maxon, regarding 'Dr. Parr's birthday', 'The Chancellor's illness' and 'a very awkward mortality among Booksellers'.

Author: 
Edmund Henry Barker (1788-1839) of Thetford, classical scholar and editor [ Frederick Thomas Maxon ]
Publication details: 
Thetford. 26 January 1826.
£180.00

1p., 8vo. Bifolium. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, brittle and chipped at edges. Addressed on reverse of second leaf to 'Fr. Thomas Maxon Esqr. | 6 Little Friday-Street'. 24 lines of text. The letter begins: 'This is Dr. Parr's birthday, & Dr. John Johnstone was to have a grand commemoration of it, to which he invited me. Mrs. Barker is on the whole better, but I cannot say that any great progress has been made towards a recovery, & probably much time will elapse first.

[ Sir Henry Ellis, librarian. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Henry Ellis') to Nicholas Carlisle, asking on behalf of Daniel Lysons what became of a number of Chichester antiquities forwarded to the Society of Antiquaries.

Author: 
Sir Henry Ellis (1777-1869), Principal Librarian at the British Museum [ Nicholas Carlisle (1771-1847), Daniel Lysons (1762-1834), Samuel Lysons (c.1763-1819), James Dallaway (1763-1834), antiquaries]
Publication details: 
'B. M. [ British Museum, London ] | Sept. 8th 1819.'
£56.00

1p., 4to. Bifolium. Addressed, with postmarks, on reverse of second leaf, to 'Nicholas Carlisle Esqr. | Society of Antiquaries Apartments | Somerset Place.' In fair condition, on lightly aged and worn paper. He has received 'a Letter from Mr. Daniel Lysons 'respecting "some fragments of brass belonging to a sacrificial Vessel found near Chichester," which were entrusted by Mr. Dallaway to the care of Mr. S.

[ Thomas Keyworth, Congregational minister and author. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thos Keyworth') to George Offor, describing a circumstance relating to the use of tablets by children in 'our school'.

Author: 
Thomas Keyworth (1782-1852), author, Congregational minister, and philanthropist [ George Offor (1787-1864), literary editor and book collector
Publication details: 
[ Sleaford, Lincolnshire. ] No date [ 1840s? ].
£125.00

3pp., 4to. Addressed on reverse of second leaf to 'Mr Offor | NB Please to pay the Twopenny Postage of the Letter to 169 Fleet St & charge it in my account.' Docketted 'Mr Keyworth. | Sleaford'.

[ George Isaac Huntingford, Warden of Winchester College and Bishop of Hereford. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('G. I. Huntingford') to an unnamed recipient

Author: 
George Isaac Huntingford (1748-1832), Warden of Winchester College, and successively Bishop of Gloucester and Bishop of Hereford
Publication details: 
'W. C. [ i.e. Winchester College ]'. 16 February 1818.
£65.00

1p., 4to. In fair condition, on lightly aged and worn paper, with slight damage on removal from mount and traces of tape adhering. He has been referred to 'the Oldest Table of Fees' by 'Mr. Lane', and quotes information from the table given by Lane. He asks the recipient to 'search the Proper Office; send me a Copy of such Certificate; & of Any Proceedings had in consequence of it'.

[ George Isaac Huntingford, as Bishop of Hereford. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('G. I. Hereford') to 'Mr. Hayter', arguing against 'the extreme Impropriety' of what he sees as a liturgical innovation.

Author: 
George Isaac Huntingford (1748-1832), Warden of Winchester College, and successively Bishop of Gloucester and Bishop of Hereford
Publication details: 
No place. 20 October 1823.
£120.00

1p., 8vo. 23 lines of text. In fair condition, slightly aged and worn, with some repair with archival tape. Offering an interesting insight into everyday ecclesiastical management in Regency England. The letter begins: 'I cannot find, what I once sent to you as having been well educated, a printed paper. The purport of it was to shew the extreme Impropriety of laying a stress on the word "Us", in the sentence "Lord have mercy upon Us".

[ Edward Daniel Clarke, Professor of Mineralogy at Cambridge University. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Edward Daniel Clarke') [ to the Admiralty ] on behalf of his kinsman Lieutenant Edward Chappell, who has been delayed in his return to his ship.

Author: 
Edward Daniel Clarke (1769-1822), antiquary, traveller, and Professor of Mineralogy in Cambridge University
Publication details: 
Trumpington. 12 February 1814.
£56.00

3pp., 4to. In good condition, lightly-aged, on two leaves each neatly cut out of a windowpane mount. He feels apprehensive at writing to a stranger, but feels compelled to do so, because of 'the greater anxiety I feel for the welfare of a young relation now beneath my roof, Mr. Edward Chappell, Lieutenant of the Rosamond'.

[ Davies Gilbert, President of the Royal Society. ] Autograph Letter Signed to Sir Joseph Banks, praising him fulsomely, while explaining why he cannot attend a meeting on 'the forgery of Bank Notes'.

Author: 
Davies Gilbert [ born Davies Giddy ] (1767-1839), mathematician, President of the Royal Society [ Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820), naturalist ]
Publication details: 
'East Bourn' [ Eastbourne ]. 19 July 1818.
£220.00

2pp., 4to. In fair condition, on lightly aged paper, with slight damage to a few words along one edge due to removal from album. On his return to Eastbourne he has 'found a note announcing the Commission under the Great Seal for appointing Commissioners to inquire into the best mode of preventing the forgery of Bank Notes', and requiring his attendance the following day.

[ Charles E. Robinson of the University of Delaware. ] Duplicated typed 'List of Charles Ollier Imprints (1817-23; 1846-49) and Works'.

Author: 
[ Charles Ollier (1788-1859), publisher, author and editor; Professor Charles E. Robinson; Percy Bysshe Shelley; John Keats ]
Publication details: 
Dated July 1985 by Robinson with his details: Prof. Charles E. Robinson, College of Arts and Science, Dept. of English, 204 Memorial Hall, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA.
£65.00

Robinson is the author of Ollier's entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, in which he discusses the 'fifty titles' that Ollier and his brother James published between 1817 and 1823, and the others dating from his second stint as publisher between 1846 and 1849. The list is 10pp., 4to. In fair condition, on lightly-aged paper. Subtitle: '(*Indicates that U. of Delaware Library has in original, microform, or photo rpt.)' Robinson has given the date and his details in autograph at the head, and has starred items in 'urgently need' in red ink.

[ Georgian theatre in Cheltenham. ] Autograph Letter Signed from the actress Cecilia Crisp to actor-manager Benjamin Webster, offering to buy, for performance at her benefit, the rights to his interlude 'Pay for Peeping''.

Author: 
Cecilia Crisp [ Cecilia Charlotte Crisp, later Carey ] (b.1811), actress, daughter of actor-manager, Charles Sherwin Crisp (c.1790-1832) [Benjamin Webster [ Benjamin Nottingham Webster ] (1797-1882) ]
Publication details: 
34 Gydes Terrace, Cheltenham. 27 October 1832.
£120.00

2pp., 4to. Bifolium. Addressed on reverse of second leaf, with seal of a harp in green wax, 'To | - Webster Esqre. | Theatre Royal Haymarket'. Writing two days before her father's death, she explains that she commissioned a friend to offer a guinea for his 'Interlude of "Pay for Peeping"', but finds that 'in return you expect one pound eleven for it'. She points out that she was 'the original (at the Strand Theatre) in the piece', and that she is offering the same terms accepted from her by 'Mr Selby for his "Day in Paris"'.

[ Jane Porter, English novelist. ] Part of Autograph Letter from 'Miss Porter' to 'Monsr. Ventouillac'.

Author: 
Jane Porter (1776-1850), English novelist [ Louis Théodore Ventouillac (1798-1834), Professor of French Literature at King's College, London ]
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated.
£30.00

On both sides of 7 x 11 cm. piece of paper, cut from a letter. On one side is the address: 'Monsr. Ventouillac | to the care of Master Morgan | From Miss Porter -'. And on the other a fragment of the letter: '<...> that the same volume will be so presented to him, by the Revd Mr. Pole and Mr. Ventouillac. Miss P - hopes Mr. V - <...> success in his <...>'.

[ The Duke of Kent as Governor of Gibraltar, in the build up to the Garrison Mutiny of 1802. ] Letter in a Secretarial Hand, signed in Autograph ('Edward'), to Lieut-Col. Lethbridge, one of his 'oldest military friends', regarding the '.

Author: 
The Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767-1820), son of King George III and father of Queen Victoria [ Lieut-Col. Robert Lethbridge, 60th Regiment of Foot; Gibraltar Garrison Mutiny, 1802 ]
Publication details: 
Gibraltar. 31 October 1802.
£500.00

A strict disciplinarian, the Duke was appointed Governor of Gibraltar in March 1802 and, as this letter describes, immediately set about dealing with what he considered the various abuses of the Garrison. His harsh discipline would precipitate a mutiny by soldiers in his own and the 25th Regiment on Christmas Eve 1802. The Duke of York, Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, would recall him in May 1803 after receiving reports of the mutiny, but despite this direct order he would refuse to return to England until his successor arrived.

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