III

[Sir Morell Mackenzie, British physician and pioneer of laryngology.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Morell Mackenzie'), inviting 'Mr Squire' to dinner at the Reform Club.

Author: 
Sir Morell Mackenzie (1837-1892), British physician and pioneer of laryngology
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 19 Harley Street, Cavendish Square, W. [London]; 25 July 1891.
£35.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse. Reads: 'Dear Mr Squire, | Will you give me the pleasure of your company at dinner at the Reform Club Pall Mall next Friday the 31st. instant at 8 o'clock'. From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[Sir Morell Mackenzie, British physician and pioneer of laryngology.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Morell Mackenzie') to Rev. H. R. Haweis, regarding the withdrawal of an invitation to lecture by Augustus Lowell of the Lowell Institute in Boston.

Author: 
Sir Morell Mackenzie (1837-1892), British physician and pioneer of laryngology [Hugh Reginald Haweis (1838-1901); Augustus Lowell (1830-1900), trustee, Lowell Institute, Boston; Kaiser Frederick III]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 19 Harley Street, Cavendish Square, W. [London]; 27 December 1889.
£500.00

See the Oxford DNB for both Mackenzie and Haweis, who in 1893 published 'Sir Morell Mackenzie, Physician and Operator: A Memoir compiled and edited from Private Papers and Personal Reminiscences'. The background to the letter is Mackenzie's controversial treatment of Kaiser Frederick III. The Oxford DNB describes how, following the Kaiser's death, Mackenzie 'had to bear constant criticism from his medical colleagues and the world press.

[George IV as Prince Regent, and former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary.] Warrant, signed 'George P R' and 'Sidmouth', appointing 'George Philips Esqr. Captain in the York Chasseurs', with signatures of Robert Lukin and Thomas Butts.

Author: 
George IV as Prince Regent; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth] (1757-1844), Prime Minister; Thomas Butts (1757-1845), patron of William Blake; Robert Lukin; York Chasseurs
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Sixteenth Day of March 1815 In the Fifty fifth Year of Our Reign.'
£400.00

On one side of a 29 x 39 cm piece of vellum. In fair condition, with the usual discoloration found in vellum. A printed document, completed in manuscript, with a good example of George IV's signature as Prince Regent ('George P R') at top left. The royal seal has been removed from the space beneath the Prince Regent's signature. The signature of the Home Secretary ('Sidmouth') is at bottom right, somewhat faded. The document is a warrant appointing 'George Philips Esqr. Captain in the York Chasseurs', 'Commanded by Our Trusty and Welbeloved Major General Hugh Mackay Gordon'.

George III and Lord Liverpool, Prime Minister (as Secretary of State for War).] 'Blind Signature' of George III, with seal, and signatures of 'Liverpool', Robert Lukin and Thomas Butts, to commission of William Adams as Surgeon to the Forces.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820), King of Great Britain; Lord Liverpool [Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool] (1770-1828), Prime Minister; Thomas Butts (1757-1845), patron of William Blake; Robert Lukin
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Saint James's the Fifteenth day of June 1809 in the forty ninth Year of Our Reign'.
£500.00

On one side of 23.5 x 34 cm piece of vellum. In fair condition, with the usual discoloration of ageing in the vellum. Folded twice vertically. The king's 'blind signature' ('George R') is in the customary place at top left, with the seal in red wax under paper below it, and slightly obscuring it. The document is a printed form, filled out in manuscript, beginning: 'George the Third by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King Defender of the Faith &ca.

[George III and Richard Ryder, Home Secretary.] 'Blind signature' and seal of George III, to vellum commission appointing Sir Thomas Brisbane a 'Colonel in Our Army', with signatures of Home Secretary Richard Ryder, Thomas Butts and Robert Lukin.

Author: 
George III, King of Great Britain; Richard Ryder, Home Secretary; Robert Lukin; Thomas Butts (patron of William Blake); Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane
Publication details: 
Given at Our Court at Saint James's the Twenty fifth Day of July 1810 In the Fiftieth Year of our Reign.
£800.00

The document relates to Major General Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane (1773-1860), Governor of New South Wales 1821-1825, after whom the city of Brisbane is named. On one side of 40 x 29 cm piece of vellum, with thin strip cut away from top right-hand corner. In good condition, with light discoloration of ageing in the vellum. Folded three times. The king's 'blind signature' ('George R') is in the customary place at top left, with the royal seal in red wax under paper below it, and a tax stamp embossed on blue paper beneath that, with corresponding printed label on reverse.

[Princess Elizabeth, daughter of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Elizabeth') to Anna Maria Dashwood, regarding an offer from Lord Cathcart to place her father Sir Henry Dashwood's eldest son in the Life Guards.

Author: 
Princess Elizabeth (1770-1840), daughter of George III, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg, artist [Anna Maria Tottenham-Loftus, Marchionesss of Ely; Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood; Lord Cathcart]
Publication details: 
Weymouth; 15 September 1799.
£500.00

The recipient Anna Maria Dashwood (1785-1857) was the daughter of Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood (1745-1828), and was fourteen years old at the time the letter was written. In 1810 she would marry John Loftus (1770-1845), 2nd Marquess of Ely. An Anne Dashwood – presumably a relation – had been a maid of honour of Princess Elizabeth's mother Queen Charlotte. The letter is written in the most affectionate terms, and concerns an offer by William Cathcart (1755-1843), 1st Earl Cathcart, to place Sir Henry Dashwood's eldest son Henry George Mayne Dashwood (1782-1803) in the Life Guards. 5pp, 4to.

[Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, son George III, father of Queen Victoria.] Two Secretarial Letters, both with Autograph Signature 'Edward', to Sir Thomas Strange, Chief Justice of Madras, recommending Richard Dodson Jebb and Sir Theophilus Pritzler.

Author: 
Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767-1820), son of George III, father of Queen Victoria [Sir Thomas Strange (1756-1841); Richard Jebb; Sir Theophilus Pritzler; Sir Frederick Wetherall]
Publication details: 
Both from Kensington Palace. 3 February 1812 and 31 January 1815.
£500.00

Both items in good condition, lightly aged, attached together at one corner with thread. The two written by different secretaries. Both addressed to 'Dear Sir Thomas'. The second letter addressed to Strange at Madras. ONE: Kensington Palace; 3 February 1812. 4to, 4pp. Although many years have passed since their last meeting, he trusts that Strange 'will not forget that friend of our lives, when we became known to each other at Halifax, and when I flatter myself I had the good fortune of being numbered amongst your friends'.

[Sophia Beckedorff, Keeper of the Robes to Queen Charlotte, wife of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed, describing the queen's reaction to the death of her granddaughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales.

Author: 
Sophia Beckedorff, Keeper of the Robes to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen Consort of King George III, 1807-1818
Publication details: 
Windsor Castle; 14 November [1817].
£320.00

An interesting letter, providing an insight into Queen Charlotte's reaction to the death of her granddaughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales, who died in childbirth on 6 November 1817. (According to the Oxford DNB, the queen 'collaborated enthusiastically with Princess Charlotte in arranging her wedding in May 1816. Sadly the queen was ill, taking the waters at Bath, when Princess Charlotte died in childbirth in November 1817, depriving the nation of its much loved heiress presumptive.') 1p, 4to. On bifolium of paper with mourning border, watermarked 'DOBBS | 1816'. Folded four times.

[Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh ('Silly Billy').] Autograph Letter Signed ('William Frederick') to a duke, reporting that he has placed Edward Gage in his regiment, as requested.

Author: 
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh ['Silly Billy'] (1776-1834), great-grandson of George II, nephew and son-in-law of George III
Publication details: 
Bagshot Park; 27 October 1830.
£220.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. The letter reads: 'My dear Duke | I have much gratification in acquainting Your Grace that I have placed Mr Edward Gage in my Regiment, and I am sure You will believe that it affords me great satisfaction to have had so early an opportunity of meeting Your Wishes It will be necessary for him to lodge the purchase money at Messrs.

[Sir Everard Home, Serjeant Surgeon to King George III.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Messrs. Laddiges', i.e. firm of George Laddiges, Hackney nurseryman, regarding bananas cultivated to 'perfection', with reference to 'Mr Eyton' and Kew.

Author: 
Sir Everard Home, 1st Baronet (1756-1832), Serjeant Surgeon to King George III, brother-in-law and pupil at St George's Hospital of John Hunter (1728-1793) [George Laddiges, Hackney nurseryman]
Publication details: 
Sackville St [London]; 30 October 1826.
£200.00

An interesting letter regarding the early cultivation of bananas in London. 1p, 4to. In fair condition, lightly aged, with slight nicking to one edge. Neatly written over nine lines. Reads: 'Sir Everard Home is much obliged to Messrs. Laddiges for a present of some very fine Bananas, which were quite ripe, and had a flavour Sir Everard had no idea that they ever could acquire in this Climate. He mentioned yesterday to Mr Eyton with astonishment who said they had fruited at Kew, but not He believed to such perfection'.

[George IV as Prince Regent, and former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary.] Warrant Signed by 'George P R.' and 'Sidmouth', directing that Matthias Maher be removed from the Lunatic Asylum in St George's Fields to Newgate Prison.

Author: 
George IV as Prince Regent; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth] (1757-1844), Prime Minister; William Erasmus Hardy of Newgate Prison; Matthias Maher [Transportation; Australia]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Thirty first day of July 1819, in the Fifty ninth Year of Our Reign.'
£650.00

This document, signed by George IV as Prince Regent, and by the former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary, relates to Matthias Maher (1798-1865), a Royal Navy officer who was twice tried at the Old Bailey on a charge of forgery. On the first occasion, 6 May 1818, he was found not guilty by reason of insanity; and removed to the criminal asylum in St George's Fields. Maher was found sound of mind – as the present document reveals by Sir George Leman Tuthill (1772–1835) and Edward Wright (c.1788-1859), the latter to die of disgrace in Australia.

[George III.] Warrant, on vellum, bearing a very late Signature ('George R') while blind, with those of Home Secretary Richard Ryder, Robert Lukin of the War Office and Blake's patron Thomas Butts, regarding appointment of William Heydinger.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820); Richard Ryder (1766-1832), Home Secretary; Robert Lukin (1772-1835), First Clerk at the War Office [William Heydinger, Deputy Assistant Commissary General to the Forces]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's the twenty third day of May 1810 In the fiftieth year of Our Reign'.
£950.00

On one side of a 30 x 40 cm piece of vellum, roughly landscape folio size. As is usual with vellum, aged, worn and mottled. Folded four times. Piteous scrawled signature of the king ('George R') at top left, with royal seal under paper beneath this. Tax stamp under blue paper in left-hand margin. At foot of text, towards centre, is the signature of William Blake's most important patron, Thomas Butts, Assistant Commissary of Musters: 'Entered with the Comry General of Musters | Thos Butts'. At foot of text, at left: 'Entered with the Secretary at War | [signed] Robt Lukin'.

[George III, Lord North; Lord Barrington; Earl of Onslow; Jeremiah Dyson; John Lloyd] King's Signature ('George R.'), with those of North, Barrington, Onslow, Dyson and Lloyd, to warrant placing Jacob Carnac of 84 Regiment of Foot on half pay.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820); Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-92); George Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow (1731-1814); Jeremiah Dyson (1722-76); William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington (1717-93)
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's this 27th day of September 1769 in the Ninth Year of Our Reign.
£750.00

The present document carries the signatures of three central figures on the British side during the American War of Independence: King George III, his Prime Minister Lord North, and Secretary at War Lord Barrington, along with the signatures of the Earl of Onslow, Jeremiah Dyson and John Lloyd, Deputy Auditor of the Imprest. 2pp, foolscap 8vo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Thin strip of paper from mount adhering to inner edge on first page.

[Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, son of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Augustus Frederick') to 'My Dear Small, written from Vienna, regarding 'the Songs Which I promised', which 'Isouard' intends to publish.

Author: 
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843), sixth son of George III, bibliophile [Nicolas Isouard (1773-1818), composer]
Publication details: 
'Vienna 7ber the 24th. 1798'.
£400.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium endorsed on reverse of second leaf: 'Prince Augustus | Vienna | October 25 | 1798'. In fair condition, aged and worn. Folded four times. Written in an undisciplined hand with an expansive signature (different from his later signature in being underlined). Reads: 'My Dear Small | Enclosed You Will find the Songs Which I promised You but You must not publish them as else I should do Harm to Isouard Who has that Intention. Probably You Will get them after I leave this Place being on my Road to Berlin.

[Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, son of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Augustus Frederick') [to Earl St Vincent], attacking the Prime Minister Lord Liverpool while discussing his election as President of the Royal Society of Arts.

Author: 
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843), sixth son of George III, bibliophile [John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent (1735-1823), naval hero; Ellis Cornelia Knight (1757-1837); Lord Liverpool]
Publication details: 
Kensington Palace; 3 February 1816.
£750.00

An interesting letter, attacking the serving Tory Prime Minister Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (1770-1828), who had stood against the Duke of Sussex (noted for his liberal sympathies) in the election for President of the Royal Society of Arts. 3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded three times. The recipient is not named, but is identified in an endorsement on the reverse of the second leaf as 'Earl St Vincent'. Written in a hurried, untidy hand.

[Sir Henry Halford and Sir Matthew John Tierney, royal physicians.] Autograph Note Signed by the two men, announcing that George IV 'is not able to receive company at the Drawing Room' due to 'an attack of the Gout'.

Author: 
Sir Henry Halford (1766-1844), physician to George III, George IV, William IV and the young Victoria; Sir Matthew John Tierney (1776-1845), Irish surgeon, physician to George IV and William IV
Publication details: 
Carlton Palace [London]. 23 April 1823.
£500.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with strip of paper from mount on reverse, which also has another strip of paper strengthening a crease. The document is written out by Halford, with Tierney signing beneath his signature. A general announcement, with no recipient named. Reads: 'The King is not able to receive company at the Drawing Room to day – His Majesty having experienced an attack of the Gout in the night. | Carlton Palace | April 23. 1823 - | Henry Halford | Matthew John Tierney'.

[Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, son George III, brother of George IV and father of Queen Victoria.] Secretarial Letter, Signed ('Edward'), requesting Sir Francis Freeling to take particular pains in sending a letter to Germany.

Author: 
Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767-1820), fourth son of George III, brother of George IV, father of Queen Victoria [Sir Francis Freeling (1764-1836), Secretary, General Post Office]
Publication details: 
'Castle hill Lodge [Ealing] | 30th. June 1803'.
£350.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium. Signature ('Edward') in the prince's hand, the rest of the letter by a secretary. In good condition, lightly aged, with slight damage to one corner of first leaf, and thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf, which is franked 'Kent & Strathearn', with postmark, and addressed to 'Francis Freeling Esquire | &c &c &c | Genl. Post Office | Lombard Street | London'. Folded four times.

[Official announcement of the death of King George III.] Printed periodical: 'The London Gazette Extraordinary', announcing the king's death.

Author: 
[Death of King George III] The London Gazette
Publication details: 
'Published by Authority. | Monday, January 31, 1820.' [Niumb. 17559.] London: 'Printed by Robert George Clarke, Cannon-Row, Parliament-Street.'
£150.00

3pp, small 4to. Bifolium on wove paper. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with closed tear at head of gutter. Customary tax stamp in red on first page. Each page with mourning border. In small print and double column.

[Sir Henry Halford, Physician Extraordinary to four monarchs, including George III in his madness.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Henry Halford.'), mentioning 'the King' (George IV?), and referring to a child of 'Lady Harriet' (wife of the recipient).

Author: 
Sir Henry Halford (1766-1844), physician extraordinary to George III, George IV, William IV and the young Victoria
Publication details: 
Wistow Hall, Leicestershire. 21 August [no year, on paper watermarked 1825].
£180.00

1p, 4to. In fair condition, lightly aged. With thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the blank reverse. The recipient is not named. He informs him that he will 'not be in Town' before the following Monday, instead of the Thursday, explaining that he 'was not able to leave the King until Saturday last – and a sejour here of less than a week would hardly justify a journey of 103 miles and back again'.

[George III and William Pitt the Younger.] Autograph Signatures of the king ('George R.') and of three Lords Commissioners of the Treasury – Pitt, the Marquess of Graham, and Sir John Aubrey – to document addressed to the two Auditors of the Imprest

Author: 
George III; William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806); James Graham, Marquess of Graham (1755-1836, afterwards 3rd Duke of Montrose); Sir John Aubrey (1739-1826)
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's the Twenty Seventh day of August 1784 in the Twenty Fourth Year of Our Reign'.
£650.00

2pp, folio. On one leaf. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge. Folded twice. Fifty-seven lines of text, written in a clerk's hand, and addressed 'To Our Right Trusty & Welbeloved Lewis Lord Sondes [Lewis Watson, 1st Baron Sondes (1728-1795)] & Our Right Trusty and Welbeloved Cousin Counsellor John Viscount Mountstuart [John Stuart (1744-1814), later Marquess of Bute] Auditors of Our Imprests.' The subject of the document is given at the foot of the last page: 'Allowance on the Accts.

[William Heberden, Physician-in-Ordinary to George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W. Heberden') on putting 'Dr Halloran's proposal' on administering arsenic to the king to the mad-doctors Robert Darling Willis, Thomas Monro and Samuel Foart Simmons.

Author: 
William Heberden the younger (1767-1845) [the madness of King George III; Robert Darling Willis; Thomas Monro; Samuel Foart Simmons; William Saunders Hallaran]
Publication details: 
Pall Mall [London]. 7 November [no year, but between 1810 and 1820].
£750.00

The present item dates from the final period of the king's mental instability, 1810-1820. Heberden – the son of the 'father of rheumatology' William Heberden the elder (1710-1801) – had been appointed Physician-Extraordinary to the queen in 1795, and by 1809 was Physician-in-Ordinary to both queen and king.

[Thomas Garth, Equerry to George III, and alleged lover of the King's daughter Princess Sophia.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Mr Ford', discussing the king's forthcoming movements.

Author: 
Thomas Garth (1744-1829), British Army officer, chief Equerry to George III and alleged lover of his daughter Princess Sophia, by whom he is said to have fathered a son [Richard Ford (1758-1806)]
Publication details: 
'The Kings Mews Tuesday August 13th, 1799'.
£500.00

1p, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Reads 'Major General Garth presents his Compliments to Mr Ford and informs Him that Their Majesties and Princesses stop to breakfast at Hartford Bridge – and once afterwards for five Minutes at Stoney Cross – The Compton Arms – between Rumsey & Kingwood.' Postscript: 'The Majr Genl: supposes Mr Ford is acquainted that The King leaves Windsor 17th next.' Ford – the son of Queen Charlotte's physician, James Ford – was clearly enquiring with regard to the king's itinerary for security purposes.

[William Pitt the Younger, Tory Prime MInister.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Pitt'), asking Earl Gower to move the address in the House of Commons on George III's recovery from his first bout of mental instability.

Author: 
William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806), Tory Prime Minister during the wars with France and Napoleon [George Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland [as Earl Gower] (1758-1833); George III]
Publication details: 
Downing Street [London]. 6 March 1789.
£1,500.00

The letter is written a few weeks after the king's recovery from his first bout of mental instability. In the period immediately preceeding the king's recovery a Regency Bill had been making its way through the House of Commons. It was made redundant by the king's recovery; had it been enacted the Prince of Wales, as Regent, would almost certainly have dismissed Pitt in favour of his rival Charles James Fox.

[Robert Fulke Greville, Equerry to George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Robt: F: Greville') [to Richard Ford?], respecting the 'appointment on trial' of the Bow Street Runner William Anthony as a member of the king's retinue, stationed at Windsor.

Author: 
Lieut-Col. Robert Fulke Greville (1751-1824), Equerry to George III, 1781-1797, and MP [Richard Ford (1758-1806), London police magistrate; Bow Street Runners; Duke of Portland, Home Secretary]
Publication details: 
The Queen's Lodge [Windsor]. 1 April 1796.
£500.00

For the context of this letter see David J. Cox, 'A Certain Share of Low Cunning: A History of the Bow Street Runners, 1792-1839' (2010): 'From 1792 at least two Principal Officers were also permanently stationed at Windsor after the King had received several death threats.

[Robert Fulke Greville, Equerry to George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Robt: F: Greville.') [to Richard Ford?], respecting a seditious communication found in the town of Windsor, which he is forwarding to the Duke of Portland, Home Secretary.

Author: 
Lieut-Col. Robert Fulke Greville (1751-1824), Equerry to George III, 1781-1797, and MP [Richard Ford (1758-1806), London police magistrate; Bow Street Runners; Duke of Portland, Home Secretary]
Publication details: 
'The Queens Lodge Windsor | Saturday Janry. 9th: 1796.'
£500.00

The subject of the letter is clearly a seditious communication found in the Windsor area and brought to Greville's attention, which he is forwarding for the attention of the Home Secretary, the Duke of Portland. David J. Cox casts light on the context in his 'A Certain Share of Low Cunning: A History of the Bow Street Runners, 1792-1839' (2010), stating that from 1792 'at least two Principal Officers were also permanently stationed at Windsor after the King had received several death threats'.

[George III, King of England, writes on the eve of his first bout of insanity.] Disordered Autograph Letter Signed ('G. R'), in the third person, giving agricultural directions to 'Robinson', i.e. his shepherd at Windsor Ralph Robinson.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820), King of England [Ralph Robinson, the king's shepherd at Windsor]
Publication details: 
'Cheltenham July 17th. 1788'
£800.00

The recipient, Ralph Robinson, was George III's shepherd at Windsor, and the king (whose interest in agriculture earned him the nickname 'Farmer George') published contributions to the Annals of Agriculture under Robinson's name. 1p, 4to. Aged, soiled and worn in the folds, the wear taking in part of the royal signature. Archivally repaired, and with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the blank reverse. An unusual letter, showing the king's meticulous attention to detail.

[George III; Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister.] Royal Signature ('George R') to document directing payment of servants of the younger princes from duties from Barbados and Leeward Islands, countersigned by Perceval and two other Lords of the Treasury

Author: 
George III, King of England; Spencer Perceval, the only Prime Minister to be assassinated; William Eliot (1767-1845, latterly Earl of St Germans) and William Sturges-Bourne, Lords of the Treasury
Publication details: 
'Given at our Court at St James's the 16th: day of November in the forty ninth Year of our Reign'. [i.e. 1808]
£1,500.00

2pp, folio. On a single sheet. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, folded twice into the customary packet. The first page is headed with the king's scrawled signature ('George R.'), he being practically blind with cataracts at the time of signing. The document is countersigned at the end by three Lords of the Treasury: 'Sp Perceval | Wm Eliot | W Sturges Bourne'. The tax stamp is in its customary position in the left-hand margin of the first page.

[Sir Henry Halford, physician extraordinary to four monarchs, including George III in his madness. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Henry Halford') to Sir Henry Ellis, Principal Librarian at the British Museum, asking for help in writing royal biographies

Author: 
Sir Henry Halford (1766-1844), physician extraordinary to George III, George IV, William IV and the young Victoria [Sir Henry Ellis (1777-1869), Principal Librarian at the British Museum]
Publication details: 
Pall Mall [London]. 7 November [no year].
£250.00

4pp, 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of tissue from mount adhering to one edge. Folded three times. An interesting letter, in which Halford asks Ellis for assistance in the writing of royal biographies for the Royal College of Physicians (of which he was President from 1820 to 1844), while explaining that it would not be 'proper' to go 'lower' than George II.

[George III, King of England.] Four documents by King George III, all in his Autograph, giving detailed instructions (retinue, route, accommodation) for a journey into Hampshire, with reference to Fanny Burney and Sir William Pitt's Highfield House

Author: 
George III (1738-1820), King of England [Sir William Augustus Pitt of Highfield House; Fanny Burney (Madame D'Arblay)]
George III
Publication details: 
For a journey taking in Egham, Basingstoke, Salisbury, Andover, and Sir William Pitt's Highfield House in Hampshire. Probably all written around the same time, between around 1786 and 1790.
£16,000.00
George III

Four sets of travel instructions by George III, all in his autograph, none dated but seemingly relating to the same journey, taking in the Highfield House estate of General Sir William Augustus Pitt (c. 1728-1809), and also referring to Egham, Basingstoke, Winsdsor, Andover. A referring to the novelist Fanny Burney (1752-1840), narrows the date of at least one of the documents to between 1786 and 1790, the period during which Burney was a Keeper of the Robes. On four leaves, and totalling 5pp, ranging in size from 4to to long narrow 8vo (see descriptions below for dimensions).

[American Revolution;George III, Lord North, Chas. Townshend and Sir Francis Dashwood (Hell-Fire Club).] Autograph Signatures ('George R', 'North', 'C Townshend' and 'F Dashwood'), with those of Sir John Turner and Thomas Fisher, on Treasury warramt.

Author: 
King George III; Sir Francis Dashwood [Lord le Despencer] of the Hell-fire Club ('Monks of Medmenham'); Lord North, Prime Minister; Charles Townshend; Sir John Turner [Major. General John Barrington]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's this 17th. Day of November 1762 In the Third Year of Our Reign.'
£4,000.00

2pp, foolscap 8vo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge. The document has three horizontal fold lines, one of which has led to wear at along the foot of Dashwood's signature. An interesting assemblage of individuals. Of the six signatories three played a significant part in the American Revolution: King George III and his Prime Minister Lord North, with Charles Townshend, who was responsible for the unpopular 'Townshend Acts', taxing the colonies and leading to the Boston Massacre.

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