FRENCH

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['Max O'Rell' [Léon Paul Blouet], French author and journalist.] Cabinet Card photographic portrait by Taber of San Francisco, signed 'Max O'Rell'; with Autograph Letter Signed to his lecture agent E. W. Appleton, regarding fees.

Author: 
'Max O'Rell' [Léon Paul Blouet] (1847-1903), French author and journalist who wrote in English for British and American markets, crossed swords with Mark Twain [E. W. Appleton; Taber of San Francisco]
Publication details: 
Letter to Appleton: 14 December 1885; 2 Lime Grove, Uxbridge Road, W. [London] Cabinet Card by Taber, 8 Montgomery Street, 'opposite the Palace and Grand Hotels', San Francisco; undated.
£120.00

ONE: Cabinet Card: 13.5 x 10 cm photographic head-and-shoulders portrait of Blouet, smartly-dressed with glasses and handlebar moustache, mounted on 16.5 x 10.5 cm card, with printed details of the photographers Taber's printed in gold below the image, and an elaborate advertisement for the firm printed in brown on the reverse. In fair condition, lightly aged. Inscribed on the base of the print: 'Yours Sincerely | Max O'Rell'. TWO: Autograph Letter Signed to 'Mr Appleton', i.e. E. W. Appleton. 1p, 12mo. On bifolium. 14 December 1885; 2 Lime Grove, Uxbridge Road, W.

[Two great French generals: Jean Lannes, 1st Duc de Montebello, Maréchal de France, and Jean-Marie Mellon Roger, le général Valhubert.] Leaf of paper, carrying Valhubert's signature to a request for remittance, countersigned by Lannes and two others.

Author: 
Jean Lannes, 1st Duc de Montebello, Prince de Siewierz (1769-1809), Maréchal de France, celebrated French soldier, friend of Napoleon; Jean-Marie Mellon Roger, le général Valhubert (1764-1805)
Publication details: 
Valhubert's request: 'à Paris le 5 Pluviôse an 13' [i.e. 24 March 1805] ('Le depot du 28eme. Regt de ligne est maintenant à Lille'). The last of the countersignatures dated '13 Ventôse An 13' [i.e. 4 March 1805].
£800.00

2pp, 8vo. An ephemeral item, on aged and spotted paper. From the celebrated autograph collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton), and with strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge. Folded twice. The firm signature of 'Roger-Valhubert' is on one side, to a document inviting 'le conseil d'administration du 28ème Régiment de Ligne à [sic] remettre, à l'ordre de Monsieur Le Maréchal Lannes', a sum of money, 'que j'ai deposee, a cet effet, dans la Caisse, avant de quitter le Commandement du sur-dit Régiment'.

[Alphonse Karr, French critic, novelist and editor of Le Figaro.] Autograph Note Signed ('Alphonse Karr'), renewing a request for a meeting with 'Monsieur le ministre de la marine'.

Author: 
Alphonse Karr [Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr] (1808-1890), French critic, journalist, novelist and floriculturalist, editor of Le Figaro
Publication details: 
No date. Rue de Clichy 5 [Paris].
£50.00

On one side of an irregular piece of thin paper, roughly 12.5 x 13.5 cm. From the celebrated autograph collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton), and neatly mounted on a leaf extracted from an album. He writes that a few days previously he wrote to ask 'Monsieur le ministre de la marine' for 'une audience de q[uel]ques instants'. He fears that the letter did not reach him, and so renews his request. Signed 'salut et paternité | Alphonse Karr'.

[Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale, son of King Louis Philippe of France, Governor-General of Algeria, bibliophile.] Autograph Letter Signed ('H d'Orléans') to Lord Colville, apologising for not being able to meet the Prince of Wales at Denham Court.

Author: 
Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale [Henri Eugène Philippe Louis d'Orléans, duc d'Aumale] (1822-1897), son of King Louis Philippe, soldier, bibliophile and Governor-General of Algeria
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Orleans House, Twickenham, S.W. [London] 1 March 1868.
£80.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and ruckled, with traces of glue from mount adhering to the reverse. After thanking Colville for his 'Kind Note', he continues: 'I regret very much that, my horses not being here, I will be unable to meet His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales at Denham Court to-morrow Morning.']

[Jean-François Raffaëlli, French realist painter associated with the Impressionists.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. F. Raffaëlli'), proposing a meeting with the recipient's friends, and thanking her for her defence of his work to the 'gens raffinés'.

Author: 
Jean-François Raffaëlli (1850-1924), French realist painter, sculptor, and printmaker who exhibited with the Impressionists, admired by Huysmans and Degas
Publication details: 
'Dimanche'. 19 rue de la Bibliothèque, Asnières.
£90.00

1p, 8vo. In good condition, on lightly aged and worn paper. Folded once. The female recipient is not named. The letter begins: 'Chère Mademoiselle, | J'ai recu votre aimable lettre, et, demain Lundi, j'aurai le plaisir de rendre visite à vos amis Mr. & Mme. Palmer, au "Grand Hotel" à 6 heures du soir.' If the recipient could also be present at that time Raffaëlli would be 'fort heureux de vous y rencontrer et de vous remercier de vive voix de l'amabilité que vous voulez bien mettre à defendre mes oeuvres aupres des gens raffinés de votre belle Patrie'.

[Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin, French actor.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Coquelin Cadet') to 'Ma cher Alice', asking her to meet him in order to discuss 'l'affaire de Deauville pour laquelle Plumkett [sic] a écrit à mon frère'.

Author: 
'Coquelin cadet' [Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin] (1848-1909), French actor, brother of 'Coquelin aîné' [Benoît-Constant Coquelin, known as Constant Coquelin] (1841-1909) of the Comédie Française
Publication details: 
'Mardi' [no date]; no place.
£50.00

2pp, 16mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. 'Alice' will be 'charmante' if she can let him know when he can see her 'chez vous'. 'Je voudrais vous parler de l'affaire de Deauville pour laquelle Plumkett [sic] a écrit à mon frère.' He asks again to be sent 'un mot' telling him when he can see her, any time other than 4 pm will do. He ends by remarking how long it has been since he last had 'le plaisir de vous serrer la main!'

[ Maréchal Soult; Pasquier, Chancelier ] Note (secretarial) Signed "msr [?] duc de dalmatia" to "Monsieur le Duc Pasquier, Chancelier de France

Author: 
Duc de Dalmatia [Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (1769 – 1851), French general and statesman
Publication details: 
[Printed heading] Présidence du Conseil des Ministres. Cabinet. Paris le 12 Janvier 1846.
£100.00

One page, 12mo, some foxing and slight chipping, remnants of tipping in album, text clear and complete as follows: "Monsieur le Chacelier, je regrette bien qu'il me soit impossible, en raison de ma santé et du rhume qui m'est survenu, de me rendre a l'invitation a diner que vous m'avez fait [?] de m'adresser pour aujourd'hui. J'en éprouve un véritable regret. | Recevez [...]. Signed as above. See image.

[Guillaume Dubois, Cardinal Archbishop of Cambray.] Manuscript 'draught' of a letter in French, from an English wellwisher [Sir Luke Schaub?], congratulating him on his elevation to cardinal.

Author: 
Guillaume Dubois (1656-1723), Archbishop of Cambray, French cardinal and statesman, minister of foreign affairs under Louis XV [Sir Luke Schaub (1690-1758), British diplomat]
Publication details: 
No place or date, but from England, after Dubois's elevation to the cardinalate, 16 July 1721.
£250.00

With Richelieu, Mazarin and Fleury, Dubois was one of the four great French Cardinal-Ministers. The background to the present item is explained in Howard D. Weinbrot's excellent paper 'Alexander Pope and Madame Dacier's Homer: Conjectures concerning Cardinal Dubois, Sir Luke Schaub, and Samuel Buckley' (Huntington Library Quarterly, 1999). Weinbrot describes Dubois as an 'apothecary's son [who] rose to abbé, to archbishop of Cambray, to cardinal, and to premier ministre'.

['Coquelin aîné' [Constant Coquelin; Benoît-Constant Coquelin] of the Comédie Française, great French actor.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Coq') to 'Ma cheri Alice', giving his plans for the summer and referring to his 'depart de la Comédie'.

Author: 
'Coquelin aîné' [Constant Coquelin; Benoît-Constant Coquelin] (1841-1909) of the Comédie Française, one of the greatest French actors of the nineteenth century
Publication details: 
No place or date.
£50.00

1p, 16mo. In good condition. He begins by telling her that he will not be travelling anywhere that summer for work, but that he may go and rest at Aix, 'et voilà tout'. He continues: 'On m'a dit que vous etiez charmante dans Andrea, mon premier soir de liberté sera pour vous aller voir . . . . | J'irai vous dire bonsoir et vous raconter l'histoire de mon depart de la Comédie'.

[ Maréchal Soult; Pasquier, Chancelier ] Note (secretarial) Signed "msr [?] duc de dalmatia" to "Monsieur le Duc Pasquier, Chancelier de France

Author: 
Duc de Dalmatia [Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (1769 – 1851), French general and statesman
Soult
Publication details: 
[Printed heading] Présidence du Conseil des Ministres. Cabinet. Paris le 12 Janvier 1846.
£100.00
Soult

One page, 12mo, some foxing and slight chipping, remnants of tipping in album, text clear and complete as follows: "Monsieur le Chacelier, je regrette bien qu'il me soit impossible, en raison de ma santé et du rhume qui m'est survenu, de me rendre a l'invitation a diner que vous m'avez fait [?] de m'adresser pour aujourd'hui. J'en éprouve un véritable regret. | Recevez [...]. Signed as above. See image.

[François d'Orléans, Prince de Joinville, son of King Louis Philippe.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Fr. d'Orléans'), in English, [to Lord Colville,] regarding 'the magnificent run' and 'long galop [sic]' he enjoyed with the Prince of Wales.

Author: 
François d'Orléans, Prince de Joinville [François-Ferdinand-Philippe-Louis-Marie d'Orléans] (1818-1900), son of Louis Philippe, French admiral and artist [Lord Colville, courtier]
Publication details: 
'Twickenham feb. 20th [1868]'.
£120.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged, but with glue from mount on blank reverse of second leaf, causing show-through and ruckling. The letter begins: 'Sir | I am almost ashamed that you took the trouble to send me the particular[s] of the magnificent run I was so fortunate to enjoy. | It was certainly one of the longest and pleasantest I ever saw.' His 'only regret' is that he did not finish 'that charming day by coming down' with Colville and the Prince of Wale. After 'that long galop [sic]', his first thought was of his horse, 'and uncrowded Aylesbury tempted me away'.

[ Louis Philippe ] Note (secretarial) Signed boldly "Louis Philippe" to "Monsieur le Comte" (not named) informing him of the opening of "la session des Chambres". In French.".

Author: 
Louis Philippe [(1773–1850), King of the French from 1830 to 1848
Publication details: 
Paris, 10 Novembre 1832.
£90.00

Paper, c.17 x 12, one edge trimmed, margin created by fold, good condition. Text in secretarial hand "Monsieur le Comte, Nous vous faisons savoir que l'ouverture de la session des Chambres est fixee au dix neuf de ce mois de Novembre et que vous devez y assister."

[Louis Philippe, King of France; Victoria.] Front panel of envelope, bearing address in his autograph to Queen Victoria, as 'Sa Majesté La Reine de la Grande Bretagne, Au Palais de Buckingham'.

Author: 
Louis Philippe (1773-1850), Orléanist King of France from 1830 to 1848
Publication details: 
No place or date, but probably during his exile in the United Kingdom, 1848-1850.
£100.00

7.5 x 12 cm panel cut from the front of an envelope. In fair condition, lightly aged, with traces of red ink (from postmark?) on blank part at head. One vertical fold line at side. Backed with card, and with slip of paper on same backing, with 'Louis Philippe' in contemporary hand. Reads: 'A Sa Majesté | La Reine de la Grande Bretagne, | Au Palais de Buckingham, | Londres,'.

[Émile Lépissier, French astronomer in the Far East.] Part of Autograph Letter, in French, asking for items to be sent to him at a new address, following a massacre in Peking [Beijing].

Author: 
Émile Lépissier [Émile-Jean Lépissier] (1826-1874), French astronomer at the Observatory in Paris, in Peking [Beijing], China, and Jeddo, Japan
Publication details: 
No place or date.
£150.00

On one side of 11.5 x 13 cm piece of paper, cut from letter. In good condition, lightly aged. Endorsed at foot of page in the small contemporary hand of 'G. R.': 'Astronome Lépissier de l'observatoire de Pékin.' Reads: 'Si vous le jugez plus commode, Vous pouviez remettre les objets que je vous demande à Madame Coeuille, lingère au marché Paquincourt, demeurant Petite rue Papincourt, No.

[Charles Didier, Swiss poet and traveller, lover of George Sand.] Autograph Note Signed ('Ch Didier') [to George Sand?], stating that he has been looking for the recipient, at whose disposition he is 'pour tout ce que vous voudrez'.

Author: 
Charles Didier (1805-1864), Swiss poet and traveller, lover of George Sand
Publication details: 
No date or place.
£180.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, on lightly-worn grey paper with stub from mount adhering. Ornately folded, as was the fashion, with parallel vertical and diagonal creases. From the celebrated manuscript collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton). Endorsed with a number in a contemporary hand at head of page. Didier has circled his signature with a flourish.

[Paul Lacroix ('P. L. Jacob, bibliophile'), French author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Paul Lacrois | bibliophile Jacob') to Lamartine, calling on him to prevent a 'massacre des monumens', the destruction of ' les châteaux royaux et les Tuileries'.

Author: 
Paul Lacroix [pseudonyms 'P. L. Jacob, bibliophile' and 'Bibliophile Jacob'] (1806-1884), French novelist, historian and journalist, Librarian of the Arsenal Library, Paris [Alphonse de Lamartine]
Publication details: 
No place or date {perhaps after the Revolution of 1848?].
£550.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with stub from mount adhering to second leaf. From the celebrated manuscript collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Baron Houghton). The salutation is to 'Monsieur', but Lamartine is named as recipient in the text of the letter (see below). It begins: 'Monsieur, | Permettez moi de faire appel à votre grand coeur de citoyen et de poète.

[Louis XIV of France.] Autograph Signature ('Louis') to manuscript document to 'Monsr de Bezmaux gouvr. de mon chau de la Bastille', i.e. Bastille Governor François de Monlezun, Sieur de Besmaux, regarding Marquis de Jonzac. Countersigned by Louvois.

Author: 
Louis XIV of France [Louis Dieudonné] (1638-1715), known as 'le Roi Soleil' (the Sun King) and 'Louis le Grand' [Louvois [François Michel Le Tellier, Marquis of Louvois] (1641-1691), War Secretary]
Publication details: 
'Escrit a Paris le x6me Avril 1662.' 16 April 1662. Paris.
£450.00

2pp, folio. In fair condition, aged and worn, with two closed tears for the seal (not present) and repair to slight damage along one edge, and stub from mount adhering. Folded twice. From the celebrated manuscript collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton). The document is addressed to the Governor of the Bastille, 'Monsr. de Bezmaux', i.e. François de Monlezun, Sieur de Besmaux (d.1697). The only part in the king's hand is his firm and disciplined signature 'Louis', beneath the ten lines of text.

[Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, French artist; Girodet] Autograph Letter Signed ('Girodet'), inviting 'Monsieur Gros peintre d'histoire', i.e. Antoine-Jean Gros, to 'un diner aux Truffes'.

Author: 
Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson [Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson] (1767-1824), French painter, pupil of Jacques-Louis David [Antoine-Jean Gros (1771-1835), French artist, from 1824 styled Baron Gros]
Publication details: 
[Paris.] Undated, but apparently from the time of the French Republican Calendar, between 1793 to 1805.
£220.00

1p, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. From the celebrated manuscript collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Baron Houghton). Addressed by Girodet on reverse 'préssée | A Monsieur | Monsieur Gros peintre d'histoire rue des champs Elissés la 1ere or 2e porte cochere a droite'.

[Pierre Hyacinthe Azaïs, French philosopher.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Azaïs.'), in French, to 'Monsieur le Ministre' [François Guizot], discussing his work and health, and the 'Peuple Francais', and asking to be nominated to the Academy of Sciences

Author: 
Pierre Hyacinthe Azaïs (1766-1845), French philosopher promoted by Napoleon Bonaparte [François Guizot [François Pierre Guillaume Guizot], French historian and statesman, Prime Minister of France]
Publication details: 
14 November 1843. Paris.
£650.00

7pp, 4to. On two bifoliums. In good condition, lightly aged, with the two bifoliums attached to one another and to a stub from mount. From the celebrated manuscript collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton). The government minister addressed in the letter is not named, but is clearly the historian François Guizot, who was Prime Minister of France, 1847-1848. A carefully composed and neatly and closely written letter.

[French snuff boxes, Christie's auction catalogue.] Catalogue of the Collection of Old French Snuff-Boxes and Objects of Vertu formed by Sir Edward Marshall Hall, K.C. deceased.

Author: 
Sir Edward Marshall Hall, K.C. [Messrs. Christie, Manson & Woods, London auctioneers; French snuff boxes]
Publication details: 
By Order of the Executors. Sold by auction on 22 June 1927 by Messrs. Christie, Manson & Woods at their Great Rooms, 8 King Street, St. James's Square, London. [Printed by William Clowes and Sons, Limited, London.]
£90.00

14pp, 4to. Stitched into grey printed wraps. In good condition, lightly aged, with one corner slightly dog-eared. 143 lots, divided into two sections: 'Miniatures and Enamels' and 'Objects of Vertu'. The snuff-boxes feature in the latter, and include: '112 A Louis XVI. plain oblong gold snuff-box, with rounded ends and reeded borders - bearing the mark of Henri Clavel, Paris 1778 - the rim engraved "DU PETIT DUNKERQUE"' and '122 A LOUIS XV.

[Florian [Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian], French poet and writer of romances and fables.] Autograph Letter in the third person to his printer Firmin Didot, regarding the latter's request for information regarding 'le véritable homo'.

Author: 
Florian [Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian] (1755-1794), French poet and writer of romances, author of fables and pastoral novels [Firmin Didot (1764-1836), Paris printer]
Publication details: 
22 July 1787. No place ['la Campagne'].
£350.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, with stub from mount adhering along one edge. From the celebrated manuscript collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton). In 1787 Didot published Florian's 'Mélanges de poésie et de littérature'. A courtly and characteristic response to a request for information, reading: 'Mr. de florian a l'honneur de souhaiter le bon jour a monsieur Firmin. [a contemporary hand glosses this as 'Didot'] il arrive de la Campagne, et ne peut lui donner aucun détail sur cequ'il [sic] demande. demain il s'en informera, ou priera qu'on s'en informe.

[François Guizot, historian and Prime Minister of France.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Guizot') to a lady, having procured a ticket for her to the following day's 'Séance Royale'.

Author: 
François Guizot [François Pierre Guillaume Guizot], French historian and statesman, Prime Minister of France under Louis Philippe
Publication details: 
16 June [no year, 1830s or 1840s?] [Paris?]
£120.00

On one side of a 12 x 13 cm piece of paper with the corners cut away to make a irregular octagon shape. In fair condition, lightly aged. Laid down on part of leaf from album. Reads: 'Madame | Voici un billet pour la Séance Royale de demain. Je suis charmé d'avoir pu me le procurer puisque vous le desiriez. | Agréez, je vous prie, Madame, l'hommage de mon respect | Guizot | Dime. Juin 16.' At bottom left, in a contemporary hand: '184'.

[Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Mr. Fortescue', regarding 'his Letter and two petitions'.

Author: 
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), British Field Marshal and Prime Minister, conqueror of the French in the Peninsular Campaign, and of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo
Publication details: 
27 May 1830; London.
£100.00

2pp, 16mo. In fair condition, on aged and discoloured paper. Folded twice. Written in typically businesslike style, towards the end of Wellington's ministry, which ran from January 1828 to November 1830. Reads: 'The Duke of Wellington presents his Compliments to Mr. Fortescue. | The Duke has received his Letter and two petitions: The Duke will present that from Stratford on Avon to the House of Lords as soon as the Regulations of the House will permit.

[François Guizot, Prime Minister of France, in exile in London following the Revolution of 1848.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Guizot'), in French, to Lady Cullum, explaining his reasons for declining an invitation to visit Hardwick House.

Author: 
François Guizot [François Pierre Guillaume Guizot] (1787-1874), French historian and statesman, Prime Minister of France [Lady Ann Cullum (1807-1875) of Hardwick House]
Publication details: 
'Brompton [London] 14 Sepr 1848'.
£380.00

The recipient is Lady Ann Cullum (1807-1875), widow of Sir Thomas Gery Cullum (1777-1855) of Hardwick House, Bury St Edmunds. 1p, 12mo. On grey paper. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. The salutation of the letter ('My dear Lady Cullum') is in English, the rest in French. Written at a turbulent period in Guizot's life, following the Revolution in 1848, with the overthrow of the monarchy and its ministry of which he himself was head.

[Claude François Chauveau-Lagarde, French Revolutionary lawyer.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Chauveaulagarde | Conseiller à la Cour de Cassation') to 'Monsieur le Garde des Sceaux', describing ill health for which he asks for a month's extra vacation.

Author: 
Claude François Chauveau-Lagarde (1756-1841), French Revolutionary lawyer who defended Marie Antoinette, Charlotte Corday and Madame Roland [Dominique-François-Marie, Comte de Bastard d'Estang]
Publication details: 
20 August 1832; Paris.
£500.00

1p, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged, with stub from mount adhering to one edge. Folded twice. From the celebrated Monckton Milnes collection of autographs. The letter concerns the arrangements regarding 'nos mois de vacances à la Chambre Criminelle'. Requesting a month's extra vacation, he explains that he has passed one of his two allotted months in great discomfort: 'mais d'une part, j'ai passé le mois de juin au lit dans les douleurs d'une longue et cruelle maladie: et, d'un autre côté, il m'est resté de mes souffrances un tel agonisement'.

['Mademoiselle Rachel' of the Comédie-Française, stage name of Elisabeth Félix, celebrated French actress of Jewish extraction.] Autograph Note Signed ('Rachel') [to a theatre manager], asking for a 'bonne stalle' to be given to 'jeune Michel Lévy'.

Author: 
'Mademoiselle Rachel' of the Comédie-Française, stage name of Elisabeth Félix (1821-1858), celebrated French actress of Jewish extraction
Publication details: 
No date or place.
£120.00

From the celebrated Monckton Milnes collection. Sir Mountstuart E. Grant Duff quotes this 'characteristic' note from memory in his 'Notes from a Diary' (1897), in recalling looking through Lord Houghton's 'most remarkable' collection of autographs at Fryston in January 1870. 1p, 12mo. In good condition, with paper stub from album adhering to one edge. Folded twice, causing the ink to offset onto a blank part of the leaf. Reads: 'mon bon monsieur donnez une bonne stalle au jeune Michel Lévy et Dieu ne vous la rendre pas | Rachel'.

[Lord Salisbury's Foreign Office and 1897 insurrection in Crete.] Five Autograph Items by Sir Martin Gosselin of British Embassy in Paris, including drafts of private despatches to Salisbury on meetings with French Foreign Minister Gabriel Hanotaux.

Author: 
Sir Martin Gosselin, diplomat [Cretan insurrection of 1897; Lord Salisbury; Crete; Ottoman Empire; Gabriel Hanotaux; International Squadron; Admirals' Council; Great Powers; Greece]
Publication details: 
The five items written by Gosselin between April and November 1897, from the British Embassy in Paris.
£650.00

In January 1897 an insurrection by the Greeks in Crete led to the Ottoman Empire, of which it was still part, declaring war on Greece. The following month, as Turkish rule over the island crumbled, six 'Great Powers', including Britain, France, Russia and the Germans, despatched an 'International Squadron' of their ships to Cretan waters.

[Jules Massenet, French composer.] Autograph Letter Signed ('M. Massenet') [to husband of Swedish soprano Sigrid Arnoldson-Fischhof?], written on a trip with his wife, regarding a portrait of 'votre “merveille” de femme', and 'notre grand ami Hengel'

Author: 
Jules Massenet [Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet] (1842-1912), French composer [Sigrid Arnoldson-Fischhof (1861-1943), Swedish soprano]
Publication details: 
8 February [no year]. No place.
£200.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. On aged paper, with punch hole through both leaves at head, small closed cut along bottom edge of first leaf, and with paper and part of another letter (from an album) glued onto the reverse of the second leaf. Folded once. The signature 'M. Massenet' is explained in Massenet's obituary in the Musical Times, 1 September 1912, which speaks of 'the composer's known antipathy to the name Jules […] He preferred to be called “M. Massenet” simply'. The recipient of this enthusiastic letter is not named.

[Cardinal de Retz [Jean François Paul de Gondi], Archbishop of Paris, memoirist.] Autograph Note Signed, in French, to unnamed recipient, recommending the 'Sr de filene'.

Author: 
Cardinal de Retz [Jean François Paul de Gondi] (1613-1679), Archbishop of Paris, memoirist, agitator in the Fronde [Louis XIII; Louis XIV]
Publication details: 
'A Commercy le 5 Decembre 1668'.
£850.00

1p, 8vo. In fair condition, lightly aged, with stub of mount adhering to one edge and several neat fold lines. The six lines of the document are pressed up at the top of one page, and the hand is difficult to modern eyes. It appears to read: 'Je vous recommande de tout mon coeur les interets du Sr de filene et reprends [?] cette occasion de vous assurer de la passion que [?] de vous servir.' The handwriting accords with other examples, and the words of the signature are not entirely clear, appearing to read: 'J [F?] Cardinal de Rets. [sic]'

[Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French philosopher.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Dustutt-Tracy') to the French printer Firmin Didot, discussing the various editions of du Val's Aristotle with a view to obtaining a copy of one.

Author: 
Antoine Louis Claude, Comte Destutt de Tracy (1754-1836), French philosopher, politician, soldier, who coined the term 'ideology', admired by Jefferson [Firmin Didot (1764-1836), French printer]
Publication details: 
'A Anteuil ce 25 floreal an 11'. [i.e. 15 May 1803]
£450.00

An interesting letter, casting light on bibliographic and book trade practices in Consulate Paris. 2pp, 12mo. Forty-two lines of closely-written text on the first leaf of a bifolium, the recto of the second leaf being addressed 'Au Citoyen Firmin Didot | Rue du Regard | A Paris'. In good condition, lightly aged, with white paper stub of mount adhering to second leaf.

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