MANUSCRIPT

[Robert Bree, physician specialising in respiratory disorders.] Two Autograph Letters Signed ('R Bree' and 'Robt Bree') to physician and Egyptologist Thomas Joseph Pettigrew, explaining his praise of the Duke of Sussex in his Harveian Lectures.

Author: 
Robert Bree (1759-1839), physician specialising in respiratory problems, who treated the asthma of the Duke of Sussex [Thomas Joseph Pettigrew (1791-1865), physician and Egyptologist]
Publication details: 
Both from George Street, Hanover Square [London]. 27 June 1827 and 6 February 1828.
£950.00

For the recipient Thomas Joseph Pettigrew see the Oxford DNB. Pettigrew was personal physician and librarian to the Duke of Sussex, who had consulted Bree for asthma, and by whose advice Bree had removed in 1804 from Birmingham to Hanover Square in London. Having been a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians since 1807, Bree was chosen Harveian lecturer in 1827, publishing the course of lectures in the following year. Both items in good condition, lightly aged, each with a thin strip of paper from the mount adhering to the reverse of the second leaf. ONE: 27 June 1827. 3pp, 12mo. Bifolium.

[Sir Astley Cooper to Sir Benjamin Brodie.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Astley Cooper') to 'My dear Sir Benjn', stating his opinion regarding a disagreement 'upon the point of the Surgical Examinations at the College', i.e. Royal College of Surgeons.

Author: 
Sir Astley Cooper [Sir Astley Paston Cooper] (1768-1841), Sarjeant Surgeon to George IV [Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, (1783-1862), surgeon; Royal College of Surgeons, London]
Publication details: 
Without place or date. [After 1834.]
£180.00

An interesting letter, in which Cooper states his position regarding the surgical examination at the Royal College of Surgeons. Cooper and Brodie both had strong connections with College. Cooper served as President in 1827 and 1836, and was appointed Professor of Comparative Anatomy in 1813. According to Plarr's Lives, Brodie 'became a Member in 1805, a Fellow in 1843, and from 1819 to 1823 he was Professor of Anatomy, Physiology, and Surgery'.

[Sir Charles Blagden, physician and scientist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('C. Blagden') to Louis Odier, Genevan physician, regarding the sojourn in England of Jean-François Berger, and the changes in Geneva.

Author: 
Sir Charles Blagden [Sir Charles Brian Blagden] (1748-1820), physician and scientist, Royal Society secretary [Louis Odier (1748-1817) and Jean-François Berger (1779-1833), physicians of Geneva]
Publication details: 
No place. 13 February 1810.
£350.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse of second leaf, which is addressed 'À Monsieur | Monsieur L. Odier | Docteur et Professeur en Médecine | à Genève.' He begins by expressing the 'great pleasure' he has felt in again seeing Odier's handwriting, and learning that he and his family are in good health.

[Thomas Arnold, physician and writer on mental illness.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thos. Arnold.') to physician and botanist Richard Pulteney, requesting on behalf of William Withering the loan of a book and assistance with his researches..

Author: 
Thomas Arnold (1742-1816), Leicester physician and writer on mental illness [Richard Pulteney (1730-1801), physician and botanist, biographer of Linnaeus; William Withering (1741-1799), botanist]
Publication details: 
Leicester; 21 September 1789.
£400.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium, addressed on reverse of second leaf, with seal in red wax, to 'Dr. Pulteney, Physician, | at Blandford, | Dorsetshire.' Arnold begins by stating that he is 'desired by Dr: Withering' to inform Pulteney 'that he has part of the third Volume of his Botanical Arrangement ready for your acceptance, & will put it into my hand to convey to you, in a few days'. Withering 'reserves for further investigation' the 'Class Cryptogamia' and 'means to introduce a synoptic view of all Hedwig's discoveries'.

[J. B. S. Haldane, geneticist and populariser of science.] Autograph Card Signed ('J B S Haldane') to German neurologist Otto Maas.

Author: 
J. B. S. Haldane [John Burdon Sanderson Haldane] (1892-1964), distinguished geneticist and populariser of science [Otto Maas (1871-c.1942), German neurologist]
Publication details: 
London postmark, 25 July 1934.
£100.00

In good condition, lightly aged. Card with postmarked printed stamp, addressed by Haldane to 'Dr. Maas | 86 Greencroft Gardens | London NW6'. Reads, without salutation: 'I shall be at University College at noon on Saturday. But as you to not state the subject on which you wish to see me, I do not know if I can help you. I should be very glad if you would let me know of this before you come. | J B S Haldane'.

[Julius Althaus, German physician and neurologist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Julius Althaus') to 'Dr Spencer', giving his diagnosis of 'Master Armytage', with instructions for the use of 'galvanism' in treating his infantile paralysis.

Author: 
Julius Althaus (1833-1900), German physician, pioneer of neurology who settled in England, pioneered electrical treatment of patients, and helped found Maida Vale Hospital, London
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 36 Bryanston Street, Marble Arch, London; 10 December 1881.
£1,200.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse of the second leaf. He begins by thanking Spencer for giving him the opportunity of 'seeing such an interesting case as that of Master Armytage, whose mother came yesterday with him from Bristol to consult me'. The 'nature of the case' appears to Althaus 'very clear.

[Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt, Commissioner for Lunacy and President of the British Medical Association.] Autograph Letter Signed ('T. Clifford Allbutt') giving his opinion on 'the policy of building these gigantic asylums'.

Author: 
Clifford Allbutt [Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt] (1836-1925), physician, Commissioner for Lunacy, President of the British Medical Association, inventor of the clinical thermometer
Publication details: 
On his letterhead, 6 Park Square, Leeds; 7 January 1889.
£600.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse of the second leaf. The last few words and valediction of the letter are cross-written on the first page, with Allbutt's signature written across several words. At the head of the first page Allbutt has written: 'Please regard this as Private'. He begins by giving two numbered reasons why he 'cannot reply fully or definitively' to the unnamed recipient's letter: 1. 'Because I don't know more of Mr. Dent's Views than the few words he said at Q[uarter]. Sessions.

[Lord Adrian of Cambridge [Edgar Douglas Adrian], Nobel Prize winning electrophysiologist, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.] Three Autograph Cards Signed (all 'E. D. Adrian') to German neurologist Otto Maas.

Author: 
Edgar Adrian [Edgar Douglas Adrian; Lord Adrian of Cambridge] (1899-1977), electrophysiologist, joint recipient of the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology [Otto Maas (1871-c.1942), German neurologist]
Publication details: 
All three items on letterhead 'From Dr. Adrian, St. Chad's, Grange Road, Cambridge.' 6 and 12 February 1934, and 27 January 1938.
£450.00

Lord Adrian was Professor of Physiology in the University of Cambridge 1937-1951; President of the Royal Society 1950-1955; Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1951-1965; president of the Royal Society of Medicine 1960-1962; Chancellor of the University of Cambridge 1967-1975. In 1932 Adrian and Sir Charles Sherrington receiving the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology 'for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons'.The recipient Otto Maas obtained his medical degree from the University of Strasbourg in 1898. Between 1910 and 1932 he was Director of the clinic in Berlin-Buch.

[Four distinguished German neurologists and physiologists: Hermann Oppenheim; Theodor Ziehen; Walther Spielmeyer; René du Bois-Reymond.] Autograph and Typed Letters and Card from each of them (one apiece) to neurologist Otto Maas.

Author: 
Hermann Oppenheim; René du Bois-Reymond; Walther Spielmeyer; Theodor Ziehen [German neurologist and physiologists; University of Berlin]
Publication details: 
Psychiatrischen und Nervenklinik in der Königl. Charité, Berlin; Physiologisches Institut der Universität, Berlin Berlin; Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Psychiatrie, München. 1907, 1912, 1918, 1922.
£1,200.00

Items by four distinguished German scientists: three neurologists and a physiologist.

[Alois Alzheimer, German neuropathologist who discovered Alzheimer's disease.] Typed Letter Signed ('Alzheimer.'), in German, to neurologist Otto Maas.

Author: 
Alois Alzheimer [Aloysius Alzheimer], German psychiatrist and neuropathologist, credited with discovering Alzheimer's disease [Otto Maas (1871-c.1942), German neurologist]
Publication details: 
München [Munich], 25 July 1911.
£2,000.00

The recipient is not named, but the item comes from the papers of Otto Maas, a German neurologist who obtained his medical degree from the University of Strasbourg in 1898. Between 1910 and 1932 Maas was Director of the clinic in Berlin-Buch. Together with his wife, Hilde, he also ran a private practice in Berlin-Westen. He was an assistant to Hermann Oppenheim, and collaborated with Hugo Liepmann, and Oskar and Cécile Vogt. From around 1934 he was based in London, where until at least 1938 he was associated with the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery.

[Spencer Perceval; Edward Irving and the Catholic Apostolic Church.] Autograph Copy of Letter from Spencer Perceval junior to Robert Baxter, denouncing his attack on his 'friend' in his book 'Irvingism, in its Rise, Progress and Present State'.

Author: 
Spencer Perceval (1795-1859), Member of Parliament, son of Prime Minister of same name [Robert Baxter of Doncaster; Edward Irving, Scottish preacher, founder of Catholic Apostolic Church (Irvingism)]
Publication details: 
[1836.]
£180.00

The author of this letter was the son of the British Prime Minister of the same name. After his father's assassination he became 'in Lord Teignmouth’s words “the spoiled child of the nation”: the benchers of Lincoln’s Inn provided him with a free legal training; Parliament granted him an annuity of £1,000; his appointment to a tellership of the Exchequer in February 1813 supplied further financial security' (History of Parliament).

[Sir Arthur Bryant defends himself against an attack by fellow Pepys scholar Edwin Chappell.] Eight Autograph Letters Signed and one Typed Letter Signed (all 'Arthur Bryant') to Chappell, on questions of Pepys scholarship.

Author: 
Sir Arthur Bryant [Sir Arthur Wynne Morgan Bryant] (1899-1985), historian and biographer of Samuel Pepys [Edwin Chappell (1883-1938), Pepys scholar and maritime historian; Samuel Pepys]
Publication details: 
From: The White House, East Claydon, Bucks (3); 97 Swan Court, Manor Street, London (3); Portmeirion and Madeira. Between 6 January 1932 and 22 November 1933.
£650.00

Nine letters (eight ALsS and one TLS) totalling 16pp, 12mo, in close and neat autograph; and 2pp, 4to, typed. One from 1932 and the other eight from 1933. All signed 'Arthur Bryant'. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper, with slight rust-staining from paperclips to a couple of the letters. An interesting correspondence, in which Bryant gives an assessment of Pepys, and describes his approach to writing his biography. In one long letter (5 May 1933) Bryant describes his wider approach to the writing of history.

[Spencer Perceval, the only British Prime Minister to be assassinated.] Autograph Rough Notes, titled 'Parliamentary | Miscellaneous', for a House of Commons debate on Customs and Excise duties, with reference to 'the Brandy act of last year'.

Author: 
Spencer Perceval (1762-1812), Tory Prime Minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer [William Pleydell-Bouverie, 3rd Earl of Radnor [Lord Folkestone] (1779-1869); Customs and Excise duties]
Publication details: 
[Houses of Parliament. 1808.]
£1,200.00

On both sides of a 37 x 24 cm piece of paper (i.e. half a 'pinched post' folio leaf), with 1806 fleur-de-lys watermark. Folded twice, to make eight 24 x 9 cm panels (four on each side), in seven of which Perceval has written his notes in a close and neat hand. The eighth panel forms the outside of the folded paper, and on this Perceval has written 'Parliamentary | Miscellaneous'. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn.

[Andreas Andersen Feldborg, Danish author.] Three Autograph Letters Signed, in English, to Rev. Edward Duke, regarding his English and continental travels,friends (Sir Richard Colt Hoare and Walter Scott), works. With two printed subscription lists.

Author: 
Andreas Andersen Feldborg (1782-1838), Danish author in England, friend of Robert Southey, teacher of English at University of Göttingen [Edward Duke (1779-1852), antiquary]
Publication details: 
The three letters from Germany. 'Frankfort on the Main'; 18 January 1826. Göttingen; 30 December 1826 and 12 March 1827.
£2,500.00

Feldborg is mentioned several times in Southey's correspondence, and at one point contemplated translating Southey's life of Nelson into Danish. See Duke's entry in the Oxford DNB. The three letters are in fair condition, a little brittle and lightly aged and worn, with a closed tears along fold lines. The third letter has loss to second leaf from breaking of seal. Excellent energetic letters, giving a good indication of Feldborg's character and the circle he moved in while resident in England.

[William Conolly, joint licensee with his brother John Conolly of Hayes Park Private Lunatic Asylum, Uxbridge.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Will Conolly') to 'George Rogers Esqr MD', reporting the arrival of patient 'Mr George Helyar'.

Author: 
William Brice Conolly, MD, joint licensee of Hayes Park Private Lunatic Asylum, Uxbridge, with his brother John Conolly (1794-1866), later resident physician to the Middlesex County Asylum at Hanwell
Publication details: 
'Hayes Park nr Uxbridge | Decr. 19. 1851'.
£220.00

2pp, 12mo. In fair condition, on lightly aged and browned paper, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse. Folded twice. The letter reads: 'Mr George Helyar arrived here last night accompanied by your attendant from whom I received your letter and a purse containing £11 – 12 – Mr Helyar has slept well and appears comfortable this morning, and I hope will go on well with us - | When his Clothes arrive I will inform you - | I also received the Order, & Certificates from the attendant for which pray accept my thanks -'.

[Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton, Scottish physician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Lauder Brunton') to 'Dr Peirce', i.e. Bedford Peirce, congratulating him on his appointment [as medical superintendent at the Retreat, York].

Author: 
Lauder Brunton [Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st Baronet] (1844-1916), Scottish physician [Bedford Peirce (1861-1932), physician]
Publication details: 
'Hotel de France | Argeles-Gazonst [sic]'. 29 October 1891.
£250.00

2pp, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged, with ink quite faded, and thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the blank second leaf of the bifolium. Folded twice. He begins by expressing pleasure at Peirce's 'appointment' (as medical superintendent at the Retreat, York), also congratulating 'those with whom your duties will bring you in contact'. He thinks he is 'wise to take 6 months in Bethlem'. He asks him to 'look up my old friend Dr Ramsay' when he goes to York. Ramsay is 'a very fine fellow indeed' and Peirce will 'find it a pleasure to know him'.

[Sir Andrew Halliday, physician to William IV.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Andrew Halliday -') to Prime Minister Lord Melbourne, offering to 'sacrifice' his 'emoluments' and become inspector of 'all the public and Private Asylums in England and Wales

Author: 
Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839), Scottish physician to William IV [Lord Melbourne [William Lamb I1779-1848), 2nd Viscount Melbourne], Prime Minister]
Publication details: 
Hampton Court; 11 January 1831.
£2,000.00

7pp, 4to. Containing 112 lines of text on two bifoliums. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. Headed 'Private', and with the heading, date and place written by Halliday at a different time from the rest of the text. A long and impassioned letter, in which Halliday offers to become inspector of 'all the public and Private Asylums in England and Wales', at a payment of no more than £150 a year in expenses.

[Sir James Crichton-Browne, Scottish physician and psychiatrist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('James Crichton Browne') to 'Bastian', i.e. Charlton Bastian, questioning the 'overwhelming conclusions' of his 'ingenious and laborious experiments'.

Author: 
Sir James Crichton-Browne (1840-1938), Scottish physician, psychiatrist and neurologist [(Henry) Charlton Bastian (1837-1915), physician and neurologist]
Publication details: 
Ivy Bush Hotel, Carmarthen (on cancelled letterhead of 'Crindau | Dumfries, N.B.' [Scotland]); 13 January 1907.
£250.00

The entry on Bastian in the Oxford DNB finds one of 'the great paradoxes of Bastian's work' to be 'that in neurology his views were highly conventional, while in biology, and what became bacteriology, they became unorthodox and eventually eccentric.' Chief among Bastian's heterodox positions was his belief in the spontaneous generation of bacteria, the subject of the present letter. 8pp, 12mo. On two bifoliums, both with mourning borders. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with minor damp staining. He begins by thanking him for his letter and 'the interesting abstract enclosed'.

[William Benjamin Carpenter, biologist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('William B. Carpenter') to the physician and geologist John Bostock

Author: 
William Benjamin Carpenter (1813-1885), biologist and administrator at the University of London [John Bostock jnr (1773-1846), physician and geologist]
Publication details: 
22 Park Street, Bristol. 7 February 1840.
£250.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering at gutter edge of reverse of last leaf, and covering the last few letters of Carpenter's signature. After explaining that he is directing Bostock's attentiont to 'the accompanying Remarks', he announces that he has 'lately decided upon relinquishing the practice of my Profession, and upon devoting myself altogether to the pursuit of Physiology and its allied branches of Science.

[Francis Clifton, physician to Frederick, Prince of Wales.] Autograph Note Signed ('Fr. Clifton') to 'Mr Rousse', directing copies of his 'State of Physick' to be sent to 'Dr Shaw & Mr Hawksbee'.

Author: 
Francis Clifton (d.1736), physician to Frederick, Prince of Wales [John Nourse, London publisher]
Publication details: 
No place. 23 April 1733.
£220.00

On one side of 8 x 18 cm piece of paper. In fair condition, lightly aged. Neatly laid down on a leaf of cream paper. Reads: 'Mr Nourse | Pray let Dr Shaw & Mr. Hawksbee have each of 'em a Copy of my State of Physick upon my acct. | Yr humble Sert | Fr. Clifton'. The publisher of 'The Stater of Physic', which had appeared the previous year, was John Nourse. From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[George IV as Prince Regent, and former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary.] Warrant, signed 'George P R' and 'Sidmouth', appointing 'George Philips Esqr. Captain in the York Chasseurs', with signatures of Robert Lukin and Thomas Butts.

Author: 
George IV as Prince Regent; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth] (1757-1844), Prime Minister; Thomas Butts (1757-1845), patron of William Blake; Robert Lukin; York Chasseurs
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Sixteenth Day of March 1815 In the Fifty fifth Year of Our Reign.'
£400.00

On one side of a 29 x 39 cm piece of vellum. In fair condition, with the usual discoloration found in vellum. A printed document, completed in manuscript, with a good example of George IV's signature as Prince Regent ('George P R') at top left. The royal seal has been removed from the space beneath the Prince Regent's signature. The signature of the Home Secretary ('Sidmouth') is at bottom right, somewhat faded. The document is a warrant appointing 'George Philips Esqr. Captain in the York Chasseurs', 'Commanded by Our Trusty and Welbeloved Major General Hugh Mackay Gordon'.

[Henry Cockton, Victorian novelist, author of 'The Life and Adventures of Valentine Vox, the Ventriloquist'.] Autograph Note Signed ('Henry Cockton') to his publisher Richard Bentley, arranging a meeting.

Author: 
Henry Cockton (1807-1853), Victorian novelist, author of 'The Life and Adventures of Valentine Vox, the Ventriloquist' [Richard Bentley (1794-1871), London publisher]
Publication details: 
Bury St Edmunds; 8 December 1841.
£80.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Addressed to 'R Bentley Esqre.' Reads: 'My Dear Sir | I this day received the note which you directed to be sent to me and will do myself the pleasure of calling upon you on Friday Morning at eleven'. Having previously appeared as a serial, Cockton's first novel 'Valentine Vox' was published in book form by Robert Tyas in 1840. Bentley commissioned Cockton's second novel 'Stanley Thorn' for 'Bentley's Miscellany', and published it in book form in 1841.

[Johann Georg Zimmermann, Swiss philosopher, naturalist and physician to Frederick the Great .] Autograph Letter Signed ('Zimmerman.' [sic]), in French, to 'Monsieur le General Grenville', suggesting treatment for his 'melancolie'.

Author: 
Johann Georg Ritter von Zimmermann [Johann Georg Zimmermann] (1728-1795), Swiss philosopher, naturalist and physician to Frederick the Great
Publication details: 
'Hanover 2. May 1787.'
£1,500.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged. With thin strip of paper attached to reverse of second leaf, which is addressed, with seal in red wax, to 'Monsieur le General Grenville.' He begins by reassuring him, and condoling with him over his excessive sufferings ('vous en souffrés excessivement'), and continues: 'Votre oppressions paroit etre nerveuse, et elle dévient [sic] plus considerables a mésure que vous vous en saupés dâvantage.

[Daniel Hack Tuke, physician and expert on mental illness.] Autograph Card Signed ('Hack Tuke') to the Austrian neurologist Professor Heinrich Obersteiner, regarding a work he has sent him for review.

Author: 
Daniel Hack Tuke (1827-1895), physician and expert on mental illness [Heinrich Obersteiner (1847-1922), Austrian neurologist]
Publication details: 
63 Welbeck Street [London]. 10 April 1888.
£250.00

On one side of a small plain card, the other side being addressed, with postmarks, to 'Prof: H: Obersteiner | Wien – Döblin | Austria'. In good condition, lightly aged. Reads: 'I have received your magnum opus über [?] for the Journal of Mental Science for which I thank you and will place it in the hands of a Competent Reviewer'. Tuke had graduated M.D. at Heidelberg in 1853, and had become joint editor of the Journal of Mental Science in 1880.

[William Clark, Professor of Anatomy in the University of Cambridge.] Autograph Letter Signed ['Wm. Clark. M.D.'], a glowing reference praising C. J. Johnstone of Caius College, with whom he has collaborated on dissections.

Author: 
William Clark (1788-1869), Professor of Anatomy in the University of Cambridge [C. J. Johnstone (d.1838) of Caius Collegte]
Publication details: 
[Cambridge postmark.] 22 June 1836.
£450.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Addressed on reverse of second leaf, with two postmarks and seal in black wax, to 'C. J. Johnstone Esqre | M. B – | 53 Tavistock Square | London'. Twenty-two lines of neatly-written text. He is pleased that Johnstone has declared himself 'a candidate for the vacant office of Lecturer in Chemistry at St. Bartholomew's hospital', and assures him that he has his 'warmest wishes' for his success.

[William IV and his asthma.] Autograph Manuscript Signed by 'W. J. Griffinhoofe', royal apothecary, titled 'An Outline of the general treatment of His Royal Highness The Duke of Clarence during his periodical annual attack of Asthma'.

Author: 
William IV (1765-1837), King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1830-1837; W. J. Griffinhoofe, royal apothecary [Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839)]
Publication details: 
Without place or date [c.1810?].
£1,200.00

William IV ceased to be styled the Duke of Clarence on his accession to the throne in 1830. For 'the family of Griffinhoofe, Saffron Walden', see Charles K. Probert's piece in Notes and Queries, 14 November 1874, which states that 'The first of the family who came to this country was a Mr. Griffinhoofe, who, as Court Apothecary, accompanied George I. from Hanover.' The family clearly continued their connection with royalty, as the author of this document W. J.

[William Benjamin Carpenter, biologist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('William B. Carpenter') to Professor William Alison of Edinburgh University, addressing an accusation of plagiarism laid against him by fellow-student John Hughes Bennett.

Author: 
William Benjamin Carpenter (1813-1885), biologist and administrator at the University of London [William Pulteney Alison, Professor of Medicine, University of Edinburgh; John Hughes Bennett]
Publication details: 
22 Park Street, Bristol; 8 November 1837.
£400.00

According to his entry in the Oxford DNB, 'Carpenter studied initially at the Bristol medical school and then in London, and in 1835–7 and again in 1839 in Edinburgh, where he took the MD degree.' The present letter dates from the hiatus in Carpenter's Scottish studies, to Professor William Pulteney Alison (1790-1859) of Edinburgh University, addressing an allegation that he has plagiarised from fellow-student John Hughes Bennett. 4pp, 4to. Bifolium.

[Sir Edwin Chadwick, Utilitarian social reformer.] Autograph Letter Signed ('E Chadwick') to the palaeontologist Sir Richard Owen,

Author: 
Sir Edwin Chadwick (1800-1890), Utilitarian social reformer, pioneer in the fields of urban sanitation and public health [Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892), palaeontologist]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Park Cottage, East Sheen, Mortlake. 14 November 1888.
£150.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse of the leaf. Folded once. Written in a shaky hand, and reading: 'Dear Sir Richard | My cold is not better & Dr Marshall says I must keep in. | Will you give the enclosed, [?] of a policy against this [?] your best considerations as to its sufficiency.' From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[Sir James Clark, Physician-in-Ordinary to Queen Victoria.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Ja Clark') [to Robert Dunn], praising his 'views on Physiological Psychology, the only sound Psychology'.

Author: 
Sir James Clark (1788-1870), Physician-in-Ordinary to Queen Victoria [Robert Dunn (1799-1877), surgeon]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 22B Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, W. [London] 7 May 1858.
£750.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Dunn is not named as the recipient, but his 'Essay on Physiological Psychology' was published in 1858. He is 'glad to find' that Dunn has 'brought out your views on Physiological Psychology, the only sound Psychology', and he thanks him for 'the Copy you have kindly sent me'. He continues: 'I wish we had more such Psychology in our Ethnological Society.' and concludes: 'I hope you will not desert us'.

[Sir Robert Peel, Prime Minister, as Home Secretary.] Autograph List of appointments by him of Lunacy Commissioners (following on from the 1828 Madhouse Act), with Autograph Note by him on the matter.

Author: 
Sir Robert Peel (1788-1850), Tory Prime Minister and creator of the Metropolitan Police ('Peelers') [Metropolitan Lunacy Commission; 1828 Madhouse Act]
Publication details: 
[Home Office, Whitehall; 1828.]
£2,000.00

In August 1828, following the passing of the 1828 Madhouse Act, the Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel established a commission to oversee London's madhouses, consisting of five physicians, six Middlesex JPs, and ten other honorary (i.e. unpaid) commissioners. The present document by Peel casts interesting light on the process of appointment. It is on both sides of 18 x 23 cm piece of paper, evidently used as envelope for 'the Instrument' mentioned in Peel's note. Aged, and with tear and hole caused by breaking open of seal. Folded twice.

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