MANUSCRIPT

[George Henry Lewes, editor of the Fortnightly Review, 'husband' of the novelist 'George Eliot' (Mary Ann Evans).] Autograph Letter Signed ('G H Lewes'), to Reginald Stuart Poole, regarding his article on 'Pagan and Muslim Arabs'.

Author: 
G. H. Lewes [George Henry Lewes] (1817-1878), critic and philosopher, editor of the Fortnightly Review, 'husband' of the novelist 'George Eliot' (Mary Ann Evans) [Reginald Stuart Poole (1832-1895)]
Publication details: 
'Friday' (no date, but in 1865); on letterhead of The Fortnightly Review, Office, 193 Piccadilly [London].
£380.00

2pp, 12mo. Twenty-seven lines of text. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. A nice item, giving an indication of Lewes's editorial principles at the Fortnightly Review (he held the position from 1865 to the following year). Addressed to 'R. S. Poole'. He begins by explaining that he only returned to England the previous night, '& found your notes & m.s awaiting me'.

[Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer, German orientalist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Fleischer'), in French, to Edward William Lane, full of interesting content about orientalists, including an attack on Juynboll's edition of the 'Merasid el-ittila'.

Author: 
Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (1801-1888), German orientalist, Professor of oriental languages at the University of Leipzig [Edward William Lane (1801-1876), orientalist, translator of Arabian Nights]
Publication details: 
23 June 1851; Leipzig.
£650.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn, no thin paper, with several folds. Seventy-two lines of closely and neatly written text. Addressed by Fleischer on reverse of second leaf 'A Monsieur Edward Wm. Lane | en | Angleterre. | West Terrace, Worthing, Sussex. | par l'entremise de Mss. Williams & Norgate. | avec | Zeitschrift d. D. M. G. | T. 5, Cah. 3.' A fine letter, full of interesting content indicating a liberal attitude to the sharing of information among Victorian orientalists. He begins by writing that he received Poole's letter of 3 May a little before one from 'Mr.

[Benjamin Bartrum, auctioneer.] Autograph household 'Inventory & Valuation' of 'the property of Thomas Harward Gardiner Esq' ('Common Brewer'), signed 'Benjn. Bartrum | Bath', containing furniture, plate, books, wearing apparel, jewels, wines.

Author: 
Benjamin Bartrum [Benjamin Thomas Bartrum] (1783-1846), Bath auctioneer [Thomas Harward Gardiner (d. 1841), 'Common Brewer' of Bath; Thomas Gainsborough; Margaret Burr Gainsborough]
Publication details: 
Bath: 'taken and made' on 26 and 27 March 1841.
£320.00

11pp, folio. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded twice into the conventional packet. Ten-page inventory, followed by full page valuation, neatly written out on six leaves, which are stitched together, with the reverse of the last leaf carrying the title written lengthwise in conventional style for the outside of the packet: 'Inventory & Valuation of the several effects of the late Thos. Harward Gardiner Esq deceased at No. 14 Brock Street Bath | Amount £574. 8. 6', along with the word 'Copy' in red. Also on this page, in pencil in an early twentieth century hand: '?

[Pasquale Villari, Italian historian and politician.] Autograph Signature with greetings.

Author: 
Pasquale Villari (1827-1917), Italian historian and politician
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£25.00

On 18 x 9 cm piece of paper. In good condition, lightly aged. Laid down on part of leaf from album. In response to a request for an autograph he has written at the head of the page: 'Con molti saluti | Pasquale Villari'. No other writing.

[Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie, Scottish composer, Principal of the Royal Academy of Music.] Autograph Text of notes for speech given by him on the retirement of Mrs Florence Russell; and inscribed programme of a 'Social Evening' on his own.

Author: 
Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie (1847-1935), Scottish composer, for 36 years Principal of the Royal Academy of Music, London
Publication details: 
[Royal Academy of Music, London.] Speech circa 1924. Programme for 'Social Evening' on 26 March 1924.
£180.00

See Mackenzie's appreciative entry in the Oxford DNB, which points out that in his day he was 'regarded as the finest ever Scottish musician'. The recipient Mrs Florence Russell worked for Mackenzie as an administrator at the Royal Academy of Music, to which he acted as principal between 1887 and his retirement in 1924, and of which she was herself a former student.

[Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie, Scottish composer, Principal of the Royal Academy of Music.] Nine Autograph Letters Signed, with another from his daughter Maimie Mitzakis, to Mrs Florence Russell, filled with personal and professional information.

Author: 
Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie (1847-1935), Scottish composer, for 36 years Principal of the Royal Academy of Music, London
Publication details: 
Between 1914 and 1925. Most from his London address, 15 Regent's Park Road, N.W.; some on letterheads of the Royal Academy of Music. One from Fern Nook, Ilkley, Yorkshire.
£450.00

See Mackenzie's appreciative entry in the Oxford DNB, which points out that in his day he was 'regarded as the finest ever Scottish musician'. The recipient Mrs Florence Russell worked for Mackenzie as an administrator at the Royal Academy of Music, to which he acted as principal between 1887 and his retirement in 1924, and of which she was herself a former student.

[Sir Frederick Corder, composer, Professor of Composition at the Royal Academy of Music.] Autograph Letter Signed ('F. Corder') to Mrs Florence Russell, describing a difficult Christmas on Looe Island, Cornwall.

Author: 
Sir Frederick Corder (1852-1932), composer and Professor of Composition at the Royal Academy of Music, London, brother of Pre-Raphaelite artist Rosa Corder [Looe Island [Enys Lann-Managh], Cornwall]
Publication details: 
5 January 1925; on letterhead of Looe Island, Cornwall.
£90.00

Corder (whose sister was the artist and forger Rosa Corder, sitter to Whistler and lover of Charles Augustus Howell) had bought Looe Island (subject of two books by its subsequent owners the Atkins sisters) in 1921 with the proceeds of the sale of his collection of first editions. The recipient Florence Russell was an official at the Royal College of Music, and other material addressed to her by the Principal Sir A. C. Mackenzie is offered separately. 2pp, 12mo.

[Samuel Phelps, actor-manager, the finest King Lear of his age.] Autograph Letter Signed ('S. P.') [to his wife] describing his activities, including angling, whilst on holiday with his sons in his native West Country, and plans for his return.

Author: 
Samuel Phelps (1804-1878), actor and theatre manager, the King Lear of his age, noted for his fidelity to the originals in his productions of Shakespeare plays
Publication details: 
On letterhead of The Western Times Office, Exeter. 30 March 185[ ]'.
£75.00

Phelps's entry in the Oxford DNB gives the background to the present letter, stating that Phelps 'married Sarah Cooper (1810/11–1867) on 11 August 1826; she was just sixteen. However, their marriage was very happy: they were a devoted couple, and Sarah later served as Phelps's dresser. Phelps preferred home life with her to clubs or social gatherings. His other delights were angling and shooting, and he purportedly knew every trout stream in England. They had three sons and three daughters, including William Robert (1828–1867), who became chief justice of St Helena, and Edmund (d.

[Sir John Stainer, composer and organist at St Paul's Cathedral, Professor of Music at Oxford.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. Stainer') to Sir W. J. Colville, giving his conclusions on examining a volume of 'Canadian songs' which Colville lent him.

Author: 
Sir John Stainer (1840-1901), composer and organist at St Paul's Cathedral, Professor of Music at Oxford [Col. William James Colville (1827-1903), Comptroller of the Duke of Edinburgh's Household]
Publication details: 
12 April 1892; on letterhead of South Parks Road, Oxford.
£120.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. He begins by thanking him for sending him 'the Canadian songs to look at', which he finds 'most interesting'. He adds: 'I can see that you have been through them very carefully, but did you happen to find our old friend "For he's a jolly good fellow" on p.252? a tune called Malbrough. [sic]' He writes out the opening seven bars of the song, with words 'Malbrough s'en va-t-en guerre &c'.

[Lord Liverpool as Prime Minister.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Liverpool') to 'F. Lewis Esqre', requesting him to procure a book cited in his 'first Report'.

Author: 
Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool [Lord Liverpool] (1770-1828), Tory Prime Minister, 1812-1827, who introduced repressive measures following the 1819 Peterloo Massacre
Publication details: 
15 June 1825. Fife House [Whitehall, London].
£135.00

1p, 4to. Aged, and with glue staining to reverse and damage to corners from mount. The recipient is named as 'F. Lewis Esqre'. Reads: 'My dear Sir | I shall be very much obliged to you if you could procure for me a Copy of the work entitled An Evangelical life of our Lord & Saviour Jesus Christ, forming an Harmony of the four Gospels" - referred to in the note, page 98, of your first Report. | I am with great Truth | My dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | Liverpool'.

[President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's mother Sara Ann Delano Roosevelt.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Sara D Roosevelt') to 'Peggy', on a sketch to be made of the 'village' library she and her son are endowing in Hyde Park in memory of her husband.

Author: 
Sara Ann Delano Roosevelt (1854-1941), second wife of James Roosevelt I, mother of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt [James Roosevelt Memorial Library, Hyde Park on the Hudson]
Publication details: 
23 February [no year]; on letterhead of Hyde Park on the Hudson, N.Y. [New York].
£135.00

The subject of the letter is a sketch which Mrs Roosevelt wishes the recipient to make on a scroll, depicting the library which she and her son the future president Franklin Delano Roosevelt are endowing in the 'village' of Hyde Park, in memory of her husband James Roosevelt I (1828-1900). (The library opened in 1927, and is still in use.) 4pp, 8vo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once, with short closed to one edge of the fold. She begins: 'My dear Peggy | I received your parcel just before I came up here so have a few days of country air with my son [F. D.

[Sir Edward Morris [as Lord Morris], Prime Minister of Newfoundland.] Typed Letter Signed ('Morris') to Mrs Eustace Hills, accepting her invitation to 'say a few words in connection with the work ahead for women in Empire Citizenship'.

Author: 
Sir Edward Morris [Edward Patrick Morris, 1st Baron Morris] (1859-1935), Prime Minister of Newfoundland, 1909-1917 [Mrs Eustace Hills, Vice President, Lend-a-Hand Club, London]
Publication details: 
17 October 1924; 3 Heath Drive, Hampstead, N.W.3 [London].
£90.00

1p, 4to. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded twice. Bold signature in light-blue ink. He has not forgotten the 'very pleasant meeting' he had with Hills and her husband when she was on a trip to Newfoundland, and will be 'very pleased to accept your kind invitation for luncheon on the 5th November, and say a few words in connection with the work ahead for women in Empire Citizenship'. He assumes that the invitation extends to his wife.

[Gilbert White, naturalist.] Original Manuscript, said to have been dictated by White himself, of 'Gilbert White's statement' on the venomous properties of the toad, with eleven authorial emendations. Together with a series of thermometer readings.

Author: 
Gilbert White (1720-1793), naturalist and ornithologist, author of the celebrated 'Natural History of Selborne' (1789) [Thomas Bell (1792-1880), zoologist]
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£800.00

A very nice artefact of one of the best-loved books in the England language, Gilbert White's 'Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne', which at one point was claimed to be the fourth most-printed book after the Bible, Shakespeare, and Bunyan's 'Pilgrim's Progress'. White's entry in the Oxford DNB concludes by describing the book as 'an expression of universal thanksgiving, treasured by all'. The present item is the original manuscript of what White's editor Thomas Bell describes as 'Gilbert White's statement' on the venomous properties of the toad, first printed in a footnote (signed 'T.

[J. O. Halliwell-Phillipps, Shakespearian scholar and antiquarian.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. O. Halliwell') to Messrs Dickinson & Co., settling a bill and praising the paper supplied by them for his 'folio edition of Shakespear now completed'.

Author: 
J. O. Halliwell-Phillipps [James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, born James Orchard Halliwell] (1820-1889), Shakespearean scholar, antiquarian, and folklorist [John Dickinson & Co, papermakers]
Publication details: 
5 May 1866; on letterhead of No. 6, St Mary's Place, West Brompton, London, S.W.
£150.00

For the context see Halliwell-Phillipps's entry in the Oxford DNB, which states that in 1852 he 'offered by subscription the most elaborate Works [of Shakespeare] ever attempted: published between 1853 and 1865 in sixteen thick folio volumes, lavishly illustrated by F. W. Fairholt and limited to 150 copies, it was initially priced 2 guineas a volume.

[Louise Chandler Moulton, American author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Louise C. Moulton') to 'Mr. Boyd', including holograph poem 'Has Spring Come Back?', which she has written that day for a party celebrating the engagement of Longfellow's daughter.

Author: 
Louise Chandler Moulton [born Ellen Louise Chandler] (1835-1908), American author and poet [Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet]
Publication details: 
Letter: 31 December [1884]; 28 Rutland Square, Boston. Poem signed and dated 'S. C. M. | Dec. 31. 1884.'
£300.00

A nice item, in which, writing to a friend in London, Moulton describes, and encloses a holograph copy of, the poem she has written that very day for the following day's New Year's Eve party to celebrate the engagement of Longfellow's youngest daughter Anne Allegra to Joseph Gilbert Thorp Jr. (1852-1931). 4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. Aged, worn and creased, with damage resulting in loss of a couple of words of text, due to tearing of the letter away from mount. The letter covers three pages, the last written lengthwise, and is forty-six lines long.

[Mark Pattison, Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Mark Pattison') [to historian Reginald Lane Poole], discussing 'the historical lectureship', and encouraging him to settle in Oxford, but not 'as a coach'.

Author: 
Mark Pattison (1813-1884), academic, Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford, candidate for the original of Edward Casaubon in George Eliot's Middlemarch [Reginald Lane Poole (1857-1939), historian]
Publication details: 
7 May 1883; on letterhead of Lincoln College, Oxford.
£60.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. The recipient is not named, but the conclusion of the letter makes it clear it is Poole. Written in a shaky hand a little over a year before Pattison's death. The context of the letter makes clear that as a married man, Poole is attempting to take advantage of the previous year's revision of the Oxford college statutes enjoining celibacy. It begins: 'Dear Sir | You seem to be under a misapprehension as to the historical lectureship for which you wish to become a candidate.

[Patsy Hendren, prolific and popular Middlesex and England cricketer.] Autograph Signature, on scorecard of Middlesex and Surrey match in which he scored his last century in first-class cricket. With cutting of newspaper report.

Author: 
Patsy Hendren [Elias Henry Hendren] (1889-1962), prolific and popular Middlesex and England cricketer, 1907-1937, whose records include second-highest number of first-class centuries after Jack Hobbs
Publication details: 
Printed scorecard for 'August 28, 30, 1937', i.e. the first two days of a three-day Middlesex v Surrey match at 'Lord's Ground' (MCC). With details of first day (28 August) printed up, and other details completed in manuscript.
£150.00

A very nice item relating to one of the greatest and best-loved of all cricketers: his signature to a scorecard of his final innings in first-class cricket, in which he scored a hundred, accompanied by a newspaper cutting describing the event. Official scorecard with serial number, printed on both sides of a 24 x 12.5 cm piece of card. Priced at twopence, and headed: 'This card does not necessarily include the fall of the last wicket | 2d. Lords [MCC device] Ground | Middlesex v. Surrey | Saturday & Monday, August 28, 30, 1937. (Three-day Match.)'.

[Edmond Xavier Kapp, artist and caricaturist.] Two Autograph Letters Signed to Holbrook Jackson, complaining about payment for work for the magazine 'To-day', and 'contributor's copies'. With carbon copies of Jackson's forthright replies.

Author: 
Edmond X. Kapp [Edmond Xavier Kapp] (1890-1978), British artist and caricaturist, of German-Jewish extraction [George Holbrook Jackson (1874-1948), author, journalists, publisher and bibliophile]
Publication details: 
Kapp's two letters: 20 and 25 January 1920; each on letterhead of The Studio, 32A Queen's Road, St. John's Wood, N.W.8 [London]. Holbrook Jackson's replies: 22 and 28 January 1920; neither with place.
£280.00

A splendidly intemperate correspondent between contributor and publisher, almost worthy of one of Jackson's own bibliophile volumes. The four items are in fair condition, on aged and worn paper, one with paperclip stain, another with brass stud, and a third with staple holes; creasing to carbon copies. Kapp's handwriting is 'artistic', and his letterheads are unusually long 8vos. ONE: Kapp to Jackson, 20 January 1920. Signed 'E X Kapp'. 1p, 8vo. Begins: 'My dear Holbrook-Jackson, | Don't you feel you'd like to send me a copy or two of "To-Day" each time? I buy one or two as well, you know!

[Clara Montalba, British artist and suffragist, noted for her watercolours of Venice.] Autograph Signature [given in response to a request for an autograph].

Author: 
Clara Montalba [Clara Federica Montalba] (1840-1929), British artist and suffragist of Swedish and English extraction, noted for her watercolours of Venice, daughter of Anthony Rubens Montalba
Publication details: 
No date or place.
£30.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, on discoloured paper with slight discoloration at corner as a result of removal from mount. Neatly centred on the page is 'Yours Sincerely | Clara Montalba'. No other text. The signature is florid and curliculous.

[Lord Byron forgery.] Manuscript Letter, signed 'Byron', addressed to 'Capt. Hammond', on subject of Parry and the North-West Passage, purporting to be in the hand of the poet, but almost certainly by the celebrated forger 'Major Byron'.

Author: 
Lord Byron forgery ['Major Byron', 'Major George Gordon De Luna Byron', 'De Gibler', 'Monsieur Memoir'] George Gordon Noel (1788-1824), 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale
Publication details: 
Dated from Albaro [Genoa], 15 May 1823.
£550.00

2pp, 4to. Thirty-nine lines of text in imitation of Lord Byron's hurried hand. On laid paper with an 1820 watermark. Once a bifolium, but with the two leaves now separated, and each bearing thin strips of white-paper mounts along one edge. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. In its unseparated form folded four times into the customary packet. Short closed tear at edge of one fold. From the celebrated autograph collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton), who may have bought the item in good faith, or as an oddity.

[Lord John Russell, Whig Prime Minister, to William Ewart Gladstone, Liberal Prime Minister.] Autograph Signature 'J Russell', to Autograph address of letter to 'Right Hon | W. E. Glastone', cut from cover of envelope.

Author: 
Lord John Russell [John Russell, 1st Earl Russell] (1792-1878), Whig Prime Minister [William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), Liberal Prime Minister]
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£50.00

On one side of 8 x 13 cm piece of wove paper, cut from front of envelope. In fair condition, lightly aged, with minor offsetting from another document on the reverse. Reads: 'Private | Right Hon | W. E. Gladstone | J Russell'. Before 1861, when Russell was elevated to the peerage.

[Sir Clements Markham, explorer in Peru, Secretary to the Royal Geographical Society.] Autograph Signature ('Clements Markham') on part of letter.

Author: 
Sir Clements Markham [Sir Clements Robert Markham] (1830-1916), geographer, explorer in Peru and writer, Secretary to Royal Geographical Society, organiser of British National Antarctic Expediition
Publication details: 
Without place or date.
£23.00

On 3.5 x 9.5 cm slip of paper cut from letter. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. On one side, from the conclusion of the letter: 'Yours very truly | Clements Markham'. On the other: '[...] have failed me: so no[...] | [...] you mind my putting [...]'.

[Spelling Bee competitions in Victorian Kennington and Guildford.] Eleven items, including an advertisement, a programme, tickets of entry and competitor's ticket, newspaper cuttings, compiled by T. W. Williams, manager of Kennington competitions.

Author: 
Spelling Bee competitions in Victorian Kennington and Guildford [T. W. Williams, manager; The Impartial Spelling Bee Association, Williams & Rhodes, Kennington; F. Ridgway; J. Irving Dixon]
Publication details: 
Competitions in Kennington and Guildford, 1876. Manager of Kennington competitions: 'Mr. T. W. Williams, 149, Lower Kennington Lane, S.E.'
£220.00

The eleven items are in fair condition, lightly aged and worn, laid down on two heavily-worn leaves removed from an album. An interesting slice of social history, relating to introduction into England of a phenomenon which began in the Unites States in the 1850s. Nine of the items relate to spelling bees in Kennington, managed by the compiler of the material T. W. Williams, and one to a 'Grand Spelling Bee' in Guildford.

[John Abernethy, distinguished surgeon and medical author.] Autograph Signature on part of letter.

Author: 
John Abernethy (1764-1831), distinguished surgeon and medical author, founder of the medical school of St Bartholomew's Hospital (Bart's), London, lecturer in anatomy to the Royal College of Surgeons
Publication details: 
8 June [no year]; Bedford Row [London].
£30.00

On 4 x 18.5 cm slip of paper cut from the end of a letter. In fair condition, on aged and lightly creased paper, with two folds and small strip of tape discolouration running along bottom edge, but not affecting any text. Reads: '[...] increased. | I remain Dear Sir | Yrs. very sincerely | John Abernethy | Bedford Row | 8th. June'.

[John Maddison Morton, playwright.] Two Autograph Letters Signed (one 'J. M. Morton', the other 'John M Morton') to comic actor John Pritt Harley, in one discussing a piece he has written for Mrs Humby, in the other complaining of 'disappointments'.

Author: 
John Maddison Morton (1811-1891), playwright noted for his farces, in particular 'Box and Cox' [John Pritt Harley (1786-1858), comic actor and singer; 'Mrs Humby' [Anne Humby (1817-1863), actress and
Publication details: 
Neither dated. One from 13 North Crescent [Bedford Square, London]; the other from Briar Lodge, New Road, Hammersmith.
£120.00

The two letters in fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Both with contemporary annotation at head of first page. ONE: From 13 North Crescent, and signed 'John M Morton'. 2pp, 12mo. Addressed, with a second signature, to 'J. P. Harley Esq'. Begins: 'Tho' not quite finished, you will see enough of the drift of the piece, to enable you to say whether you fancy it or not. I have written it out without amendments, which are rarely made, if you approve - I began Dainty (you remember the name?) for Mr. [Humby?], but broke down'.

[Gilbert White, naturalist.] Original Manuscript, said to have been dictated by White himself, of 'Gilbert White's statement' on the venomous properties of the toad, with eleven authorial emendations. Together with a series of thermometer readings.

Author: 
Gilbert White (1720-1793), naturalist and ornithologist, author of the celebrated 'Natural History of Selborne' (1789) [Thomas Bell (1792-1880), zoologist]
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£3,500.00

A very nice artefact of one of the best-loved books in the England language, Gilbert White's 'Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne', which at one point was claimed to be the fourth most-printed book after the Bible, Shakespeare, and Bunyan's 'Pilgrim's Progress'. White's entry in the Oxford DNB concludes by describing the book as 'an expression of universal thanksgiving, treasured by all'. The present item is the original manuscript of what White's editor Thomas Bell describes as 'Gilbert White's statement' on the venomous properties of the toad, first printed in a footnote (signed 'T.

[Edmund Boyle, 7th Earl of Cork and 7th Earl of Orrery, Irish peer ] Autograph Signature ('Cork') to part of document addressed to the Duke of York (as Commander in Chief of the British Army).

Author: 
Earl of Cork [Edmund Boyle, 7th Earl of Cork and 7th Earl of Orrery] (1742-1798), Irish peer, on whose wife Mary Monckton Dickens modelled Mrs Leo Hunter in 'Pickwick Papers'
Publication details: 
[November 1795]; no place.
£35.00

On one side of 8 x 18.5 cm piece of paper, torn from the end of a letter. In fair condition, aged and worn, with traces of brown paper from mount adhering to the blank reverse. The item would appear to be entirely in the hand of the Earl, but the matter is not quite certain, and it may be in a secretarial hand, with only Cork's signature in autograph. It reads: '[...] | Sir | Your Royal Highness's | very obedient | and very humble Servant | Cork | Col | [Som.?] Reg.] Addressed to 'His R. H. | The Duke of York | &c &c &c'. Annotated, in two separate contemporary hands: 'Novr. 1795' and 'Nov.

[George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer, as First Lord of the Admiralty, to Sir Sidney Smith.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Spencer') exonerating Smith's recent 'proceedings', and explaining the Royal Navy's position over 'the Occupation of Egypt'.

Author: 
George John Spencer (1758-1834), 2nd Earl Spencer, Whig Home Secretary, First Lord of the Admiralty, bibliophile whose Althorp Library is now John Rylands Library, Manchester [Sir Sidney Smith]
Publication details: 
17 August 1800; Admiralty [London].
£800.00

An excellent letter from Spencer as First Lord of the Admiralty, 1794-1801, vividly conveying the urgency and energetic action required of the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars. 4pp, 4to. Bifolium. Fifty-eight lines of text. In fair condition, aged and worn, with light damp staining. Folded three times. Written following Smith's successes against Napoleon's Egyptian expeditionary force, in particular at the Siege of Acre (1799), for which he was granted a Government pension of £1000 a year.

[Alphonse Karr, French critic, novelist and editor of Le Figaro.] Autograph Note Signed ('Alphonse Karr'), renewing a request for a meeting with 'Monsieur le ministre de la marine'.

Author: 
Alphonse Karr [Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr] (1808-1890), French critic, journalist, novelist and floriculturalist, editor of Le Figaro
Publication details: 
No date. Rue de Clichy 5 [Paris].
£50.00

On one side of an irregular piece of thin paper, roughly 12.5 x 13.5 cm. From the celebrated autograph collection of Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton), and neatly mounted on a leaf extracted from an album. He writes that a few days previously he wrote to ask 'Monsieur le ministre de la marine' for 'une audience de q[uel]ques instants'. He fears that the letter did not reach him, and so renews his request. Signed 'salut et paternité | Alphonse Karr'.

[Antonio Gallenga, Italian author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('A. Gallenga (Mariotti)') [to James Payn, Cornhill Magazine editor], discussing recipient's association with 'Chambers in Edinburgh'; declaring that he has 'got on well in the world'.

Author: 
Antonio Carlo Napoleone Gallenga [pseud. 'Luigi Mariotti'] (1810-1895), Italian author, patriot, follower of Cavour, Italian deputy, Times correspondent [James Payn (1830-1898); Cornhill Magazine]
Publication details: 
27 July 1871; 17 James Street, Buckingham Gate, London, S.W., with embossed letterhead of the Athenaeum Club, Pall Mall [London].
£200.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. The recipient is not named, but the item derives from the papers of James Payn, the editor of the Cornhill Magazine, London. Gallenga begins: 'My dear Sir. | The last time I saw you - it may be 20 years ago - you were leaving London to write for Chambers in Edinburgh.

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