HANOVERIAN

[William Oliver of Bath, celebrated physician.] Autograph Prescription Signed ('W O'), 'For ye Right Honble The Lord Palmerston', endorsed 'Dr. Oliver's Purge that will work Gently –'.

Author: 
William Oliver (1695-1764) of Bath, celebrated physician, inventor of the Bath bun and Bath Oliver biscuit [Henry Temple, 1st Viscount Palmerston (1673-1757)]
Publication details: 
[Bath.] 9 October 1734.
£600.00

1p, landscape 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount on reverse, which is endorsed: 'Dr. Oliver's Purge that will work Gently –'. Folded three times. Headed: 'For ye Right Honble | The Lord Palmerston'. Customary prescription, in Latin, over seven lines, beginning as usual with 'Rx'. At foot: 'W O | Octbr 9 1734'. From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[William Battie, physician, pioneer in the treatment of the insane.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Battie') to 'Mr Nicholson at Croydon', regarding payment of money due to 'Miss Mariett'.

Author: 
William Battie (c.1703-1776), physician, pioneer in the treatment of the insane, and author of the influential 'A Treatise on Madness' (1758)
Publication details: 
No place; 3 March 1763.
£100.00

For information on Battie, see his entry in the Oxford DNB. 1p, 8vo. Originally a bifolium, but with the two leaves now separated, and each neatly placed in a windowpane mount of cream paper. Addressed, with postmark, on the reverse of what was the second leaf, 'To | Mr Nicholson | At Croydon | Surry'. The exact subject of the letter is unclear. (In 1747 the Gentleman's Magazine referred to 'Samuel Nicholson of Croydon, Esq.', and in 1780 the same journal announced the bankruptcy of 'Wm.

[George III and Richard Ryder, Home Secretary.] 'Blind signature' and seal of George III, to vellum commission appointing Sir Thomas Brisbane a 'Colonel in Our Army', with signatures of Home Secretary Richard Ryder, Thomas Butts and Robert Lukin.

Author: 
George III, King of Great Britain; Richard Ryder, Home Secretary; Robert Lukin; Thomas Butts (patron of William Blake); Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane
Publication details: 
Given at Our Court at Saint James's the Twenty fifth Day of July 1810 In the Fiftieth Year of our Reign.
£800.00

The document relates to Major General Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane (1773-1860), Governor of New South Wales 1821-1825, after whom the city of Brisbane is named. On one side of 40 x 29 cm piece of vellum, with thin strip cut away from top right-hand corner. In good condition, with light discoloration of ageing in the vellum. Folded three times. The king's 'blind signature' ('George R') is in the customary place at top left, with the royal seal in red wax under paper below it, and a tax stamp embossed on blue paper beneath that, with corresponding printed label on reverse.

[George Cheyne, Scottish physician and psychiatric pioneer.] Two Autograph Letters Signed ('Geo: Cheyne') to MP John Selwyn junior, giving diagnosis and medical and dietary advice regarding his affliction with 'frequent palpitations, & oppressions'.

Author: 
George Cheyne (c.1671-1743), celebrated Scottish physician and pioneer in the field of psychiatry
Publication details: 
Bath; 13 and 20 October 1735.
£1,200.00

Throughout the Georgian period Cheyne was one of the most influential figures in the field of psychiatric disorders. He has been described by Professor Roy Porter as 'one of the originators of the neurological school of psychiatry'.'By insisting that the key to the troubled spirit lay in sociopathology,' Porter states, 'Cheyne established the agenda for what would eventually become psychiatric epidemiology.' While dealing with physical ailment rather than mental disorder, the present two long letters cast a fascinating light on his process of diagnosis and treatment.

[Sophia Beckedorff, Keeper of the Robes to Queen Charlotte, wife of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed, describing the queen's reaction to the death of her granddaughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales.

Author: 
Sophia Beckedorff, Keeper of the Robes to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen Consort of King George III, 1807-1818
Publication details: 
Windsor Castle; 14 November [1817].
£320.00

An interesting letter, providing an insight into Queen Charlotte's reaction to the death of her granddaughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales, who died in childbirth on 6 November 1817. (According to the Oxford DNB, the queen 'collaborated enthusiastically with Princess Charlotte in arranging her wedding in May 1816. Sadly the queen was ill, taking the waters at Bath, when Princess Charlotte died in childbirth in November 1817, depriving the nation of its much loved heiress presumptive.') 1p, 4to. On bifolium of paper with mourning border, watermarked 'DOBBS | 1816'. Folded four times.

[Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Frederick') to 'Grenville' [William Wyndham Grenville, future prime minister], regarding war and 'opportunity of humbling France', Welch Fusiliers, Allerton, buying a town house.

Author: 
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1763-1827), second son of George III, heir to George IV, reformer of the British Army [William Wyndham Grenville, Lord Grenville (1759-1834), Prime Minister
Publication details: 
Allerton Maleverer [sic]; 14 October 1787.
£500.00

An interesting intimate letter from the Duke of York, credited with having done more to reform the British Army than any other man, to the future Prime Minister Grenville, who at the time was Paymaster General of the Forces. Of particular note is the Duke's desire to go to war, 'for I am sure we never have had for these two Centuries so favourable an opportunity of humbling France'. 4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. Folded three times. Sixty-one lines of text.

[Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh ('Silly Billy').] Autograph Letter Signed ('William Frederick') to a duke, reporting that he has placed Edward Gage in his regiment, as requested.

Author: 
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh ['Silly Billy'] (1776-1834), great-grandson of George II, nephew and son-in-law of George III
Publication details: 
Bagshot Park; 27 October 1830.
£220.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. The letter reads: 'My dear Duke | I have much gratification in acquainting Your Grace that I have placed Mr Edward Gage in my Regiment, and I am sure You will believe that it affords me great satisfaction to have had so early an opportunity of meeting Your Wishes It will be necessary for him to lodge the purchase money at Messrs.

[William IV (as Duke of Clarence) [to his domestic physician Sir Andrew Halliday].] Autograph Letter Signed ('William')

Author: 
William IV (1765-1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1830-1837; his domestic physician (when Duke of Clarence) Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839)
Publication details: 
Bushy House; 28 September 1814.
£200.00

1p, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse, which is endorsed: 'An original letter of King William the Fourth when Duke of Clarence addressed to Dr Halliday'. Reads: 'Dear Sir, | I have received your letter from Ghent and immediately made application to General Torrens whose answer I now enclose: I shall be anxious to see your book and ever remain, | Yours sincerely, | William'. At the time of writing Halliday was an army surgeon. 'General Torrens' is Major-General Sir Henry Torrens (1779-1828), from 1820 Adjutant-General to the Forces.

[George II.] Autograph Signature ('George R.') in the last year of his life, with those of Lord North, the Duke of Newcastle, James Oswald, Lord Barrington and four others, on warrant placing Lieut George Gardner on half pay.

Author: 
George II (1683-1760); Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-92); William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington (1717-93); James Oswald (1715-1769); Thomas Farraine; Bridges Thomas Foote
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court in Kensington this 17th: day of May 1760 in the Thirty Third Year of Our Reign'.
£1,000.00

Signed by George II, and by three of the five Lords Commissioners of the Treasury: Lord North (the future Prime Minister during the American War of Independence), the Duke of Newcastle and James Oswald. Also signed by Lord Barrington, Thomas Farraine, Bridges Thomas Foote and two others. 3pp, foolscap 8vo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. Folded three times. The king's signature ('George R.'), given within months of his death, is firmly written in the customary place at the top left of the document.

[Francis Godolphin Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds, Foreign Secretary who antagonised Thomas Jefferson and damaged relations with United States.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Leeds') to 'Mr Alderman Clark', regarding Duke of Rutland and Bethlem Hospital.

Author: 
Francis Godolphin Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds [Marquess of Carmarthen] (1751-1799), Foreign Secretary who antagonised Thomas Jefferson and damaged relations with the United States [Richard Clark]
Publication details: 
St. James's Square [London]. 5 April 1796.
£350.00

1p., 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to revese of second leaf, which is endorsed '5. April 1796 | Duke of Leeds.' Folded twice. Reads 'Dear Sir. | The Duke of Rutland & some of his friends being desirous of seeing Bethlem Hospital, I shall be much obliged to you for an order of admittance for His Grace & his Company. | Believe me Dear Sir | very sincerely yours | Leeds.' Richard Clark (1739-1831) was Treasurer of the Royal Hospitals of Bethlem and Bridewell.

[George III and William Pitt the Younger.] Autograph Signatures of the king ('George R.') and of three Lords Commissioners of the Treasury – Pitt, the Marquess of Graham, and Sir John Aubrey – to document addressed to the two Auditors of the Imprest

Author: 
George III; William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806); James Graham, Marquess of Graham (1755-1836, afterwards 3rd Duke of Montrose); Sir John Aubrey (1739-1826)
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's the Twenty Seventh day of August 1784 in the Twenty Fourth Year of Our Reign'.
£650.00

2pp, folio. On one leaf. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge. Folded twice. Fifty-seven lines of text, written in a clerk's hand, and addressed 'To Our Right Trusty & Welbeloved Lewis Lord Sondes [Lewis Watson, 1st Baron Sondes (1728-1795)] & Our Right Trusty and Welbeloved Cousin Counsellor John Viscount Mountstuart [John Stuart (1744-1814), later Marquess of Bute] Auditors of Our Imprests.' The subject of the document is given at the foot of the last page: 'Allowance on the Accts.

[Henry Pelham, Prime Minister; Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland; Richard Arundell.] The signatures of the three men ('H: Pelham | H Fox | R Arundell'), as Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, order to pay Thomas Winnington, Paymaster-General, £500,000.

Author: 
Henry Pelham (1694-1754), third Prime Minister of Great Britain (1743-1754); Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland (1705-1774); Richard Arundell (c.1696-1758) of Allerton Mauleverer, Yorks; Treasury, Whitehall
Publication details: 
18 April 1746.
£650.00

1p, folio. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip from mount adhering to one edge. Folded twice. The three signatures are firmly and boldly written ('H: Pelham | H Fox | R Arundell') in the right-hand margin. The document read s: 'Order is taken this 18th. Day of April 1746 By Virtue of his Majestys General Letters of Privy Seal bearing date the 26th day of June 1727. And in pursuance of a Warrant under his Majesty's Royal Sign Manual dated the 10th. instant That you deliver and pay of such his Majestys Treasure as remains in your Charge unto Thomas Winnington Esqr.

[Thomas Garth, Equerry to George III, and alleged lover of the King's daughter Princess Sophia.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Mr Ford', discussing the king's forthcoming movements.

Author: 
Thomas Garth (1744-1829), British Army officer, chief Equerry to George III and alleged lover of his daughter Princess Sophia, by whom he is said to have fathered a son [Richard Ford (1758-1806)]
Publication details: 
'The Kings Mews Tuesday August 13th, 1799'.
£500.00

1p, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Reads 'Major General Garth presents his Compliments to Mr Ford and informs Him that Their Majesties and Princesses stop to breakfast at Hartford Bridge – and once afterwards for five Minutes at Stoney Cross – The Compton Arms – between Rumsey & Kingwood.' Postscript: 'The Majr Genl: supposes Mr Ford is acquainted that The King leaves Windsor 17th next.' Ford – the son of Queen Charlotte's physician, James Ford – was clearly enquiring with regard to the king's itinerary for security purposes.

[Robert Fulke Greville, Equerry to George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Robt: F: Greville') [to Richard Ford?], respecting the 'appointment on trial' of the Bow Street Runner William Anthony as a member of the king's retinue, stationed at Windsor.

Author: 
Lieut-Col. Robert Fulke Greville (1751-1824), Equerry to George III, 1781-1797, and MP [Richard Ford (1758-1806), London police magistrate; Bow Street Runners; Duke of Portland, Home Secretary]
Publication details: 
The Queen's Lodge [Windsor]. 1 April 1796.
£500.00

For the context of this letter see David J. Cox, 'A Certain Share of Low Cunning: A History of the Bow Street Runners, 1792-1839' (2010): 'From 1792 at least two Principal Officers were also permanently stationed at Windsor after the King had received several death threats.

[Robert Fulke Greville, Equerry to George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Robt: F: Greville.') [to Richard Ford?], respecting a seditious communication found in the town of Windsor, which he is forwarding to the Duke of Portland, Home Secretary.

Author: 
Lieut-Col. Robert Fulke Greville (1751-1824), Equerry to George III, 1781-1797, and MP [Richard Ford (1758-1806), London police magistrate; Bow Street Runners; Duke of Portland, Home Secretary]
Publication details: 
'The Queens Lodge Windsor | Saturday Janry. 9th: 1796.'
£500.00

The subject of the letter is clearly a seditious communication found in the Windsor area and brought to Greville's attention, which he is forwarding for the attention of the Home Secretary, the Duke of Portland. David J. Cox casts light on the context in his 'A Certain Share of Low Cunning: A History of the Bow Street Runners, 1792-1839' (2010), stating that from 1792 'at least two Principal Officers were also permanently stationed at Windsor after the King had received several death threats'.

[George III; Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister.] Royal Signature ('George R') to document directing payment of servants of the younger princes from duties from Barbados and Leeward Islands, countersigned by Perceval and two other Lords of the Treasury

Author: 
George III, King of England; Spencer Perceval, the only Prime Minister to be assassinated; William Eliot (1767-1845, latterly Earl of St Germans) and William Sturges-Bourne, Lords of the Treasury
Publication details: 
'Given at our Court at St James's the 16th: day of November in the forty ninth Year of our Reign'. [i.e. 1808]
£1,500.00

2pp, folio. On a single sheet. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, folded twice into the customary packet. The first page is headed with the king's scrawled signature ('George R.'), he being practically blind with cataracts at the time of signing. The document is countersigned at the end by three Lords of the Treasury: 'Sp Perceval | Wm Eliot | W Sturges Bourne'. The tax stamp is in its customary position in the left-hand margin of the first page.

[George III, King of England.] Four documents by King George III, all in his Autograph, giving detailed instructions (retinue, route, accommodation) for a journey into Hampshire, with reference to Fanny Burney and Sir William Pitt's Highfield House

Author: 
George III (1738-1820), King of England [Sir William Augustus Pitt of Highfield House; Fanny Burney (Madame D'Arblay)]
George III
Publication details: 
For a journey taking in Egham, Basingstoke, Salisbury, Andover, and Sir William Pitt's Highfield House in Hampshire. Probably all written around the same time, between around 1786 and 1790.
£16,000.00
George III

Four sets of travel instructions by George III, all in his autograph, none dated but seemingly relating to the same journey, taking in the Highfield House estate of General Sir William Augustus Pitt (c. 1728-1809), and also referring to Egham, Basingstoke, Winsdsor, Andover. A referring to the novelist Fanny Burney (1752-1840), narrows the date of at least one of the documents to between 1786 and 1790, the period during which Burney was a Keeper of the Robes. On four leaves, and totalling 5pp, ranging in size from 4to to long narrow 8vo (see descriptions below for dimensions).

[Caroline of Ansbach, signing as Regent ('Guardian of the Kingdom') to her husband King George II.] Autograph Signature ('Carolina R. C. R.', i.e. 'Regina Custos Regni') to warrant, also signed by Sir William Strickland, Secretary at War.

Author: 
Caroline of Ansbach [Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach] (1683-1737), Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and Electress of Hanover, Consort of George II [Sir William Strickland (1686-1735)]
Publication details: 
'Given at the Court at Kensington this 23d. Day of June 1732. In the Sixth Year of His Majesty's Reign.'
£850.00

The Oxford DNB explains the context of the document: 'During his four absences in Hanover in 1729, 1732, 1735, and 1736–7 [George II] left her as regent entrusted with “all domestic matters”. Foreign affairs were dealt with by the king and the secretaries of state, one of whom accompanied him to Germany, but other affairs were left “entirely to the Queen with the advice of the Lords of the Council”'. 2pp, foolscap 8vo. On bifolium, the verso of the second leaf of which is endorsed: 'Warrant for placing upon Half Pay Captain Stanhope Yarborough'.

[King George III: autograph note on 'the Marines at Botany Bay'.] Autograph Note Signed ('G R.')

Author: 
King George III; New South Wales Marine Corps; Australia; First Fleet Marine Corps; Governor Arthur Phillip; Captain Francis Grose; Botany Bay
Botany Bay
Publication details: 
'Windsor May 9th. 1789. | m/35 pt. 6. PM.'
£12,500.00
Botany Bay

The present note is of particular interest for the King's reference to 'the Corps to relieve the Marines of Botany Bay', i.e. Major Francis Grose's New South Wales Corps, which arrived in Australia with the Second Fleet in 1790, relieving the New South Wales Marine Corps, which had arrived at Botany Bay with the First Fleet in January 1788. (King George III took a particular interest in his antipodean colony, which he had instructed Captain Cook to claim for him in 1770.

[The Old Poor Law in the late Nineteenth Century.] Anonymous Manuscript Document, calling in forthright terms for the amending of 'The Plan of the Poor Laws of England', to weed out 'the loose Profligate and those who do not like work'.

Author: 
[The Old Poor Law; English Poor Laws; eighteenth-century poor relief]
Publication details: 
Without place or date. [English, late eighteenth century.]
£450.00

2pp, foolscap 8vo. On the rectos of the leaves of a bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. On laid paper with indistinct watermark. The context of the document, with the capitalisation and spelling ('mechanick', 'shou'd', 'Publick', 'tyed down', 'lookt', 'Profitt'), points to a late eighteenth-century origin (certainly before the Speenhamland System and Michael Nolan's 1805 'Treatise of the Laws for the Relief and Settlement of the Poor'). No title or heading. A forthright document, whose rhetorical tone suggests that it was intended for public delivery.

[Sir James Alan Park, Georgian judge.] Two notebooks filled with modern manuscript transcriptions of 'Extracts from his Diary 1805-38'. With typescript of some of the transcriptions.

Author: 
Sir James Alan Park (1763-1838), Scottish judge in the English courts
Publication details: 
The entries from Park's diary dating from between 1805 and 1838. The transcriptions apparently made in the 1970s [in Kent?].
£350.00

Vol.1: [1] + 78pp. Vol.2: 8 [+ 8]pp. A total of 86pp of extracts from Park's twelve volumes of diaries. Unpublished. In two uniform stapled notebooks, small 4to, in orange card covers, with the following printed on the reverse of each: 'Manufactured by Supplies Department, Kent County Council'. Accompanied by eleven pages of typed transcriptions from the notebooks. Altogether in good condition, lightly aged and worn. Each volume titled in manuscript on the front cover, with the following shelfmark or entry number: '(M265)'.

[Engraving by John Pye, from drawing by Robert Balmanno, printed by John Johnson (of the Lee Priory Press).] Engraving of 'Cenotaph erected at Stoke Park, to the Memory of the Poet Gray.' With text including the 'Inscriptions on the Cenotaph'.

Author: 
John Johnson (1777-1848), typographer and printer (at the Lee Priory Press of Sir Egerton Brydges); Robert Balmanno (1780-1861), connoisseur; John Pye (1782-1874), engraver; Thomas Gray
Publication details: 
'Johnson, Typ.' 1818.
£200.00

On 34 x 27 cm unwatermarked laid paper. Dimensions of plate 34 x 23 cm. Dimensions of print 5.1 x 7.4 cm. Dimensions of print and text 15 x 7.4 cm. In fair condition, lightly aged, spotted and creased, with stub from album adhering to one margin. This is an early state of a print of which the British Library has a copy (acquired in 1867) of the undated third state, dated to 1820, carrying only four lines of text rather than the substantial amount present here. The present copy has, engraved in small letters immediately beneath the print: 'Robt. Balmanno delt. 1818. Jno.

[William Shenstone of the Leasowes, poet and landscape gardener.] Autograph Ownership Inscription on flyleaf of book: 'Guillaume Shenstone du College de Pembroke en Oxford'.

Author: 
William Shenstone (1714-1763) of the Leasowes, poet and landscape gardener
Publication details: 
[Pembroke College, Oxford.] 1734.
£200.00

On one side of what is clearly a fly-leaf removed from a book. In fair condition, aged and worn, skilfully placed in a windowpane mount of cream paper, to which a white stub still adheres. Written in a small hand at the head of the recto: 'Guillaume Shenstone | du College de Pembroke | en Oxford. | 1734.'

[Edward Seymour, physician and medical writer.] Holograph manuscript of the poem 'Wallace'.

Author: 
Edward Seymour [Edward James Seymour] (1796-1866), physician and medical writer, Metropolitan Commissioner in Lunacy [Chancellor's Medal, University of Cambridge; Jesus College]
Publication details: 
Jesus College, University of Cambridge. March 1815.
£250.00

4pp., 4to. Bifolium. Signed at end: 'Edward Seymour | Jesus Coll. | March. 1815.' In fair condition, lightly aged. Holograph manuscript of the poem 'Wallace', in 78 lines, Iambic pentameters. Preceded by the following note: 'Lines written for the Chancellor's medal for English Poetry, in the University of Cambridge. In consequence of illness they were never completed.' Apparently unpublished.

[William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister.] Autograph Signature as frank to an envelope addressed by him to 'Dr. Leycester' of Lincoln's Inn, also carrying Pitt's seal in red wax.

Author: 
William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806), Tory Prime Minister who distinguished himself during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars [Dr Hugh Leycester (1748-1836) of Lincoln's Inn]
Publication details: 
May 1790
£165.00

7 x 21 cm panel from the front of an envelope, carrying the frank in Pitt's autograph, with 5.5 x 3 cm rectangle extending vertically from the bottom, with Pitt's seal in red wax adhering at the foot. Laid down on a leaf from an album. In fair condition, lightly aged, with the seal somewhat cracked and with a few small fragments having chipped away. The frank, written in a bold hand, reads: 'May 1790 | Dr. Leycester | Serles Stair Case | Lincolns Inn'. The signature is written in the customary fashion, between two lines at bottom left: 'W Pitt'.

[Captain Basil Hall, RN, Scottish explorer and author.] Autograph Note in the third person to 'Mr Dinwiddie', requesting 'a Ticket for the Caledonian Church on Sunday'.

Author: 
Captain Basil Hall (1788-1844), Royal Navy, Scottish explorer and author [William Dinwiddie of the Caledonian Church, London]
Publication details: 
'14 Conduit Street [London] | Wednesday' [no date].
£45.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, with minor traces of stub to inner margin. Reads: 'Captain Basil Hall R.N. presents his Compliments to Mr Dinwiddie, & if he can spare him a Ticket for the Caledonian Church on Sunday next the 4th. July, Captn. Hall will feel particularly obliged to Mr Dinwiddie. | 14 Conduit Street | Wednesday | Captn. Hall will be well contented with a Standing Ticket, should there be the slightest difficulty about another.'

[Sir Thomas Lawrence, President of the Royal Academy.] Four manuscript documents from his sister's descendants the Aston family: a pedigree, tracing Lawrence's mother back to William the Conqueror, and three inventories of engravings and books.

Author: 
Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), President of the Royal Academy and distinguished portrait painter
Publication details: 
Without place or date. (English, nineteenth century.)
£500.00

ONE: Manuscript pedigree. On one side of a 49 x 38 cm piece of thick laid paper, with no watermark. Folded three times. Discoloured and with light damp staining. The greater part of the pedigree is written in ink in a loose hand, and traces the descent of Sir Thomas Lawrence's mother Lucy (née Read) to William the Conqueror.

[John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland, patron of the arts.] Autograph Note Signed ('Rutland') to exchequer order.

Author: 
John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland (1696-1779), patron of the arts and Whig politician
Publication details: 
[His Majesty's Receipt of Exchequer, London.] July 1742.
£56.00

Printed and in manuscript on both sides of a ragged 19 x 19.5 cm piece of paper, extracted from an Exchequer document (the first page is headed in manuscript 'Bk | (608)'. Aged and ragged. The recto, printed and completed in manuscript explains that the document relates to the 'Repayment of Loan on the Duties on Salt, granted for the Service of the year 1741, and further continued for Seven Years from the 25th Day of March 1746'.

[Pickersgill Palliser, printer and Postmaster of Harrogate, does a job for Harrogate Workhouse.] Signed Autograph Receipt ('P. Palliser') on his printed business letterhead, for work done for 'The Overseers of the Poor | Bilton-w-Harrogate'.

Author: 
Pickersgill Palliser (1804-1883), 'Printer & Publisher of The Harrogate Advertiser and Weekly List of Visitors', Postmaster of Harrogate, Yorkshire; Secretary of Harrogate Bath Hospita
Publication details: 
On the business letterhead of Pickersgill Palliser, Post Office, High Harrogate [Yorkshire]. January 1839.
£35.00

For information on Palliser, see his obituary in the Harrogate Herald, 8 August 1883. 1p., landscape 12mo. A nicely-printed period letterhead: 'To PICKERSGILL PALLISER, Dr. | PRINTER & PUBLISHER | OF | The Harrogate Advertiser and Weekly List of Visitors. | Bookwork, Circulars, Cards, Posting and Hand-bills, and every other description of Letter-Press Printing, executed neatly, on reasonable Terms. | Books bound in plain, neat, or elegant Bindings, in the best style of Workmanship. | Orders for Advertisements and for Town or Country Newspapers duly executed.

[William Guidott embezzles John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough.] Two printed documents: 'The Case of the Appellants' (including Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough) and 'The Respondent's Case', the latter carrying the judgement in a contemporary hand.

Author: 
[William Guidott (1671–1745) of Lincoln's Inn, lawyer to John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and MP for Andover, Hampshire, embezzler] C. Talbot; Tho. Reeve; P. Yorke; Tho. Lutwytche
Publication details: 
Both documents with docket title stating that the case is to be heard at the bar of the House of Lords, 4 March 1727. [ESTC tentatively dates the items to 1728.]
£420.00

The background to the two documents is given in Guidott's entry in the History of Parliament, which states that his uncle Anthony was 'for many years a lawyer to the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough and described the latter in his will as “my particular good friend”. Guidott benefited from the connexion, succeeding his uncle as lawyer to the Marlboroughs. […] He proved a disappointment to the Duchess of Marlborough, however, as by 1711 he had begun the embezzlement of funds from the Marlborough estates for which he was sued in 1725.

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