RELIGIOUS

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[Horace Bushnell of North Church, Hartford, Connecticut, Congregational minister, religous writer.] Printed pamphlet: 'Prosperity Our Duty. | A Discourse delivered at the North Church, Hartford, Sabbath Evening, January 31, 1847. By Horace Bushnell.

Author: 
Horace Bushnell (1802-1876) of North Church, Hartford, Connecticut, Congregational minister and religious writer [Case, Tiffany & Burnham, Hartford printers]
Publication details: 
'Published by request.' Hartford: Printed by Case, Tiffany & Burnham, 1847.
£120.00

24pp, 8vo. Saddle-stitched pamphlet in pink wraps the the title-page reprinted on the cover, this time within a decorative border. In fair condition, aged, worn and creased, with slight loss to outer corner of front cover. Bushnell takes as his text 2 Chronicles XXXII.30, and begins his 'Discourse': 'Any community or city will prosper that will do its duty.

[Edmund Stonor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Trebizond.] Eleven Autograph Letters Signed, in a collection of fifteen items of correspondence to his London lawyers Philip Witham and F. R. Ward. With two letters from Judge Henry James Stonor.

Author: 
Edmund Stonor (1831-1912), Roman Catholic Archbishop of Trebizond and Senior Canon of St John Lateran, Chamberlain to Pope Pius IX [Philip Witham (1843-1921) and F. R. Ward, Irish lawyers in London]
Publication details: 
The fifteen items between 1884 and 1906. Eight of Stonor's letters from 27 Via Sistina, Rome. Other letters from 23 Clarges Street, London; Brighton; Abbey Hill, Winchester; and Imberhorne Manor, East Grinstead, Sussex.
£280.00

Fifteen items of correspondence, including eleven autograph letters from Stonor himself, eight signed 'Edmund Stonor', the other three '+ Edmund Stonor | Abp of Trebizond'. The collection aged and worn, with fraying to edges. The items attached with a brass stud. Regarding the two recipients, prominent solicitors serving the Irish and Roman Catholic interests in London, Philip Witham (1843-1921) - whose firm was Roskell, Witham, Munster and Weld - appears to have succeed F. R. Ward at 1 Gray's Inn Square. The main topic of the correspondence is the drafting in 1888 of Stonor's will.

[John Milton, England's epic poet.] Ten photographic prints of engraved portraits of John Milton, marked up in pencil on the back with instructions for making a block for publication ('Sphere Strip').

Author: 
John Milton, England's epic poet, author of 'Paradise Lost'
Publication details: 
No date or place. [The Sphere, Fleet Street, London? Edwardian?]
£45.00

Ten photographic prints of engraved portraits of Milton, ranging in size from 12.5 x 7.5 cm to 16 x 12 cm. In fair overall condition, with slight age and wear. From different sources. All black and white or sepia, and with a pre-First World War feel. Numbered in pencil on reverse, between 1 and 12 (2 and 3 missing from the sequence), and all with 'Sphere Strip' and '18343'. No. 3 has the following instructions on the reverse: '17th Century | Touch up original where wanted so that the block will come out sharp & clear'.

[Joyce Grenfell, comedian.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Joyce Grenfell') to 'Mr Willmot', discussing her religious faith ('being a believer') and answering a question about a music hall recitation.

Author: 
Joyce Grenfell [Joyce Irene Grenfell, née Phipps] (1910-1979), comedian, monologist, actress and singer
Publication details: 
19 December 1968. No place.
£80.00

2pp, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once with two punch holes in margin, one affecting two words of text. A fascinating letter, in which Grenfell discusses her faith with great seriousness. She begins by stating that she is going to give the answers to the questions in his letter. Firstly she apologises for not knowing 'the recitation from which you quote.

[Rev. Dr Robert Rainey of New College, Edinburgh, Presbyterian divine.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Robert Rainey') to 'Mr Willie', responding humourously to a request for an autograph, while exhorting him to be a good Christian.

Author: 
Robert Rainy (1826-1906), Scottish Presbyterian divine after whom Rainy Hall in New College, Edinburgh (the Divinity faculty in Edinburgh University) is named
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 23 Douglas Crescent, Edinburgh. 12 October 1886.
£50.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Given the contents of the letter, the recipient 'Mr Willie', whose father is a minister ('of the manse'), may well be 'Master Willie', i.e. a youth named William. He is 'much flattered' by the value Willie puts on his autograph, and he hopes that his collection 'will prosper, & become extensive & distinguished'. He remembers 'that Tom Hood replying to a similar application professed to be in doubt what style of signature was wanted.

[Christopher Fry's Festival of Britain play 'A Sleep of Prisoners'.] Unique volume with corrected script, ephemera, photographs, signatures of actors and audience including John Gielgud, Edith Evans, Sybil Thorndike, Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh.

Author: 
Christopher Fry (1907-2005), playwright; John Gielgud; Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh, Sybil Thorndyke, Edith Evans, Ronald Searle, Joyce Grenfell, Cecil Beaton [Festival of Britain]
Publication details: 
'A Festival of Britain Production': London, Oxford and elsehwere. 1951 and 1952.
£1,680.00

It is difficult to do justice to this unique volume, which not only contains the script of the play, with Fry's autograph emendations, but also the signatures of those connected with the production, along with those of a host of theatrical luminaries including Olivier and Gielgud, Edith Evans and Sybil Thorndyke; sixteen large black and white photographs (fourteen production stills by Houston Rogers, a portrait of three of the actors by Cecil Beaton, and a portrait of Fry himself); associated ephemera including the programme and reviews, and a manuscript mock-up poster; and correspondence by:

[Elizabeth Missing Sewell, nineteenth-century religious author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Elizabeth M Sewell') to 'My dearest Annie'

Author: 
Elizabeth M. Sewell [Elizabeth Missing Sewell] (1815-1906), nineteenth-century author of religious and educational books
Publication details: 
Bonchurch [Isle of Wight]. 13 July 1868.
£90.00

See Sewell's entry in the Oxford DNB. 1p, landscape 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. The letter reads: 'My dearest Annie | Eliza tells me you wanted a copy of the French Book. I am so glad I happen to have one by me. - for I want you to have it from me. Please accept the book with love. | Yours very affly | Elizabeth M Sewell | Bonchurch. July 13th. 1868'.

[Francis Crawford Burkitt, Norris Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge.] Autograph Letter Signed ('F. C Burkitt') to 'Mr Bushell' [W. D. B ushell, Chaplain of Harrow], on his election as professor, regarding his theological position.

Author: 
F. C. Burkitt [Francis Crawford Burkitt] (1864-1935), theologian and scholar, Norris Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge [William Done Bushell (1838-1917), Chaplain of Harrow School;
Publication details: 
On letterhead of St Keynes, Cambridge. 14 November 1905.
£150.00

4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. A long and interesting letter, describing in detail his position on his election as Cambridge Professor of Divinity. He begins by thanking him for writing, adding: 'You can imagine that we are feeling just now quite beside ourselves.' He agrees with him that 'the Professorship is a great responsibility to a layman'. He continues: 'The Heads have elected me, knowing that their choice represents a definite endorsement of what may be called in newspapers “free, advanced criticism”.

[ Sir T. C. Hope and 'Religious Equality'.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Theodore C Hope') discussing religious education in schools, together with four pamphlets by him on 'Religious Equality'.

Author: 
Sir T. C. Hope [Sir Theodore Cracraft Hope] (1831-1915), British civil servant of the Government of India [Religious Equality; Religous Nineteenth-century Education in Schools]
Publication details: 
LETTER: on letterhead of 21 Elvaston Place, Queens Gate, S.W. 28 June 1908. PAMPHLETS: 1906 (2), 1907 and 1908. The first three printed by Church Printing Co., London.
£250.00

Hope calls (Item Four below) for 'a frank recognition of the fact that the faith of the nation is to be found under various, and in some cases discordant, forms, which each require cultivation in conformity with the conscientious beliefs of those who hold them', this being the only way that religion 'as a national institution' can be saved from 'eventual submergence under the floods of indifference and infidelity which are yearly making way in our own as in other European peoples'.The five items attached by a piece of string.

[ 'Promise to pay to Ignorance, Hypocrisy & Fanaticism, Methodist Preachers'. ] Satirical engraving of a bank note, undertaking to pay five farthings 'when Methodism shall have been done away'.

Author: 
John Luffman, London printseller [ Georgian methodism ]
Publication details: 
'Sold by Luffman, 377, Strand'.. Dated from London, 1 September 1810.
£120.00

Printed in black ink on a 9 x 16.5 cm. piece of paper. A scarce piece of ephemera. Grubby, aged and worn. Laid down on part of a page from an album. A pastiche of a Georgian banknote, the main body of the text reading: 'No. 24 . . . . | Promise to pay to Ignorance, Hypocrisy & Fanaticism, Methodist Preachers, or Bearer FIVE Farthings, when Methodism shall have been done away with by the Pious exertions of the established Clergy, and when Iohn Bull's Family shall be no longer scared by the tale of the Devil let loose. | London the 1st. day of Septr 1810.

[ Printed defence of the Belfast Wesleyan Ministerial Association. ] Calvinism not the Theology of the Bible. A Reply to Rev. Dr. Watts' Treatise [...] By the Rev. Wm. Appelbe, LL.D., T.C.D. With Observations appended by the Rev. George Vance.

Author: 
Rev. William Appelbe, LL.D., T.C.D.; Rev. George Vance [ Robert Watts (1820-1895 of the Presbyterian College, Belfast); the Belfast Wesleyan Ministerial Association ]
Publication details: 
Belfast: Phillips & Sons, Bridge Street. Dublin: J. Robertson & Co., Grafton Street. [ 1872 ] [ Allen, Johnston & Co., Book Printers, Up. Arthur St., Belfast. ]
£65.00

The full title reads: 'Calvinism not the Theology of the Bible. A Reply to Rev. Dr. Watts' Treatise, entitled “Arminian Departures from Reformation Principles, as exhibited in the Writings of Watson and Wesley, and in the Publications of the Belfast Wesleyan Ministerial Association.” By the Rev. Wm. Appelbe, LL.D., T.C.D. With Observations appended by the Rev. George Vance.' No copy at the British Library, and the only copies on COPAC at Manchester and Queen's University Belfast. 44pp., 8vo. No wraps. Disbound. Stabbed as issued. In fair condition, lightly aged.

[ Washington Gledden, religious editor of the New York Independent and opponent of racial segregation. ] Autograph Signature.

Author: 
Washington Gladden (1836-1918), American Congregational pastor and religious editor of New York Independent, prominent in the Social Gospel and Progressive Movements, opponent of racial segregation
Publication details: 
Place not stated. 29 January 1914.
£30.00

On one side of a 12mo piece of paper. In good condition, lightly aged, folded once horizontally with traces of glue from mount on blank reverse. Firm signature, underlined. Reads: 'Washington Gledden | Jan 29, 1914'.

[ James Parsons of York, Congregational minister. ] Autograph Letter Signed to Rev. James Everett

Author: 
James Parsons (1799-1877) of Salem Chapel, York, Congregational minister [ James Everett (1784-1872), Methodist minister ]
Publication details: 
23 St Saviourgate [ York ]. 31 August 1839.
£40.00

2pp., 4to. In fair condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of tape adhering to one edge from mount. He is 'requested by the Committee of our Auxiliary in aid of the London Missionary Society to ask for your presence and assistance at our approaching anniversary in aid of that Institution'. He gives the date and details of the event, to be held at Salem Chapel, including 'a public breakfast in the school room in the morning, and a meeting in the evening'. He names two individuals from whom help is expected, with mention of 'two of the native refugees from Madagascar'.

[ James Parsons of York, Congregational minister. ] Autograph Letter Signed to Rev. T. <Greenway?>, regarding his preaching twice in Salem Chapel, with one 'Collection for the Port of Hull Society'.

Author: 
James Parsons (1799-1877) of Salem Chapel, York, Congregational minister
Publication details: 
York. 27 February 1866.
£35.00

2pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. He reminds him that when he was in York, he stated his 'willingness to preach twice in Salem Chapel, and have one Collection for the Port of Hull Society, during the present year', adding that 'the Deacons of our Church concur in such arrangement'. He proposes a date, and asks for a reply.

[ James Baldwin Brown, Congregational minister and author. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. Baldwin Brown'), regarding the sending of a volume on his son's return.

Author: 
James Baldwin Brown (1820-1884), Congregational minister and author, noted for his liberal views
Publication details: 
5 The Paragon, Streatham Hill. 16 April [ no year ].
£40.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. The male recipient is unnamed. He does not wish him to think that he is indifferent to his application for 'the Volume of <?> life which you have written for'. He continues: 'My Son has got it, and he is away from home. But he is returning shortly and I shall be able to send it to you'. Brown was Minister in Derby, in 1843; at Claylands Chapel, Clapham Road, in 1846; and at Brixton Independent Chapel, Brixton Road, from 1870 until his death.

[ Robert Robinson, Baptist historian and hymnologist. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('R. Robinson') to Rev. Charles Edward de Coetlogon, regarding a new religious periodical which De Coetlogon is contemplating editing.

Author: 
Robert Robinson (1735-1790) of Stone-Yard Baptist Chapel, Cambridge, and Chesterton, Baptist historian and hymnologist [ Charles Edward de Coetlogon (c.1747-1820), Church of England clergyman ]
Publication details: 
Chesterton [ Cambridgeshire ]. 17 November 1783.
£250.00

For information on the two men, see their entries in the Oxford DNB. The letter is evidently written in response to an invitation to contribute to a new religious periodical which De Coetlogon is contemplating editing (and regarding which the ODNB sheds no light). 3pp., 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Addressed, with Cambridge postmark, on reverse of second leaf, to 'Rev Mr De Coetlogon | Lower Grosvenor Place | Westminster'.

[ Edward Meyrick Goulburn, Headmaster of Rugby school and Dean of Norwich. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('E. Meyrick Goulburn') to Rev. H. J. Beaumont, writing dismissively of 'Church Defence' and 'Parochial Machinery'.

Author: 
E. Meyrick Goulburn [ Edward Meyrick Goulburn ] (1818-1897), Headmaster of Rugby School, Dean of Norwich, Prebendary of St Paul's, religious author [ Rev. H. J. Beaumont ]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 21 Sussex Gardens, Hyde Park, W. 27 October 1864.
£35.00

1p., 12mo. Bifolium with mourning border. In good condition, lightly aged. He cannot help Beaumont, 'having no time to do so', and being 'disqualified, having never given any attention to the thought of Church Defence'. Regarding 'Parochial Machinery' he writes that he has 'none in my own Parish but the most ordinary and common-place appliances, which (in these days) every body else has'. He is sorry that Beaumont 'should have taken so much trouble to get help, which, if I could give it, would be of the smallest possible value'.

[ Edward Meyrick Goulburn, Headmaster of Rugby school and Dean of Norwich. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('E. Meyrick Goulburn') to the sculptor Thomas Sharp, declining a statuette of himself, because he is 'not a sufficiently dignified personage'.

Author: 
E. Meyrick Goulburn [ Edward Meyrick Goulburn ] (1818-1897), Headmaster of Rugby School, Dean of Norwich, Prebendary of St Paul's, religious author [ Thomas Sharp (1805-1882), sculptor ]
Publication details: 
No place, 15 October 1862.
£50.00

1p., 12mo. With mourning border. In good condition, lightly aged. Sharp's gift is 'kind and acceptable', and Goulburn hopes 'soon to call upon Mrs Sharp and yourself and acknowledge your kindness in person'. However he does not consider himself 'a sufficiently dignified personage to be honoured by a Statuette. - Possibly some few members of my congregation might like to have this memorial of me; and if this be so, pray let them have it'. Accompanied by a long manuscript bioigraphical note, on two parts of an envelope, written while Goulburn was still alive.

[ George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Carlisle'), giving his reasons, in indignant terms, for declining the office of Vice-President of the York Central Diocesan Society.

Author: 
George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle (1773-1848), Tory statesman [ Castle Howard, Yorkshire; the York Central Diocesan Society ]
Publication details: 
Castle Howard [ Yorkshire ]. 2 January 1840.
£50.00

2pp., 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. The recipient (who dockets the reverse of the second leaf) is not named. He has received the letter in which the recipient, as Chairman, has requested him 'in pursuance of the 8th Resolution agreed to at that Meeting, to accept the office of Vice-President'.

[ Sir Richard Hill on the Hoxton Academy. ] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'T. Wilson', regarding his subscription and an 'arbitrary' 'transaction'.

Author: 
Sir Richard Hill (1732-1808) of Hawkstone, 2nd Baronet, Tory religious revivalist [ Thomas Wilson (1764-1843), Hoxton Academy treasurer; Robert Hawker (1753-1827), vicar of Charles Church, Plymouth ]
Publication details: 
Nottingham Place [ London ]. 6 March 1804.
£120.00

2pp., 8vo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn.

[ Inscribed by the author. ] 1531-1931. Thomas Bilney, M.A., LL.D., Fellow of Trinity Hall, and Professor of Civil Law at Cambridge, and The Dawn of The Fourth Centenary of The Reformation in England.

Author: 
G. E. Connor [ Gwendolyn Edith Connor (1885-1950), afterwards Gwendolyn Edith Tapley-Soper ] [ Thomas Bilney (c.1495-1531), English Protestant martyr ]
Publication details: 
At end: 'G. E. CONNOR. | [2] Dix's Field, | Exeter.' [ Pamphlet from 1931; author's inscription dated 1938. ]
£90.00

4pp., 4to. Bifolium. In good condition with light signs of age. Inscribed at bottom right: 'With Compliments | from | The Writer. 1938.' And beneath inscription, again by Moore, in pencil: 'Kindly return, after reading, if not required, to 28 Bouverie Place, Exeter. As copies are now scarce'. At the end of the document the author has added '2' to his address, and has amended the following: 'A Memorial Tablet to Dr. Thomas Bilney will (D.V.) [amended to 'was'] be unveiled on September 19th, 1931, in the Lollards' Pit at Norwich). [added in manuscript: 'by Mrs.

Printed pamphlet: 'Jubilee of Catholic Emancipation. A Paper, read in the Assembly Rooms, Bath, before the Members of the Bath Catholic Assocation. May 12th, 1879.'

Author: 
Right Rev. Dr. Sweeney, O.S.B., Abbot of St. Alban's [ James Norbert Sweeney ]
Publication details: 
London: Burns and Oates. Bristol: Austin and Oates. 1879.
£65.00

32pp., 8vo. Stitched and disbound. With printed front wrap only on brown paper. In good condition, lightly aged and worn, but with the first 16pp. detached from the rest. Copies on COPAC at only three locations: BL, Oxford and Cambridge.

[ Religious Tract Society ] MS. Prospectus "Religious Tract Society" [ Auxiliary Tract Society, Darlington ]

Author: 
[ Religious Tract Society; Auxiliary Tract Society ]
Publication details: 
Darlington, Nov. 1800.
£400.00

One page, cr.8vo, 25 x 20 cm, fold marks, small closed tear, good condition. "The Public are respectfully informed that a Society for the Dispersion of Religious Tracts is established at Darlington in the County of Durham, the Tracts to be delivered to Subscribers in the following proportions | one fourth if a subscriber of 5s[0r 10.6, i gn, 2 gn] | a copy of the whole of the Rules may be procured and any further particulars learned on applying post paid to [...]".

[ Matthew Tindall, English Deist. ] Autograph Signature ('Matth Tindall') on an Exchequer receipt.

Author: 
Matthew Tindall (1657-1733), influential English Deist writer
Publication details: 
[ Receipt of His Majesty's Exchequer, London. ] 21 August 1716.
£450.00

1p., 8vo. On aged and worn paper, with vertical closed tear (away from signature). Laid out in the usual style, with printed text completed in manuscript. Recording payment of three pounds on an annuity. With signature of witness 'J Thomas'.

[ Armorial bookplate of Charles John Shoppee in 'The Handwriting of the Kings & Queens of England by W. J. Hardy, F.S.A. Author of "Book Plates," etc. With photogravures and Facsimiles of Signatures and Historical Documents'.

Author: 
W. J. Hardy [ Charles John Shoppee (1823-1897), 'Citizen and Armourer of London' ]
Publication details: 
Book published by The Religious Tract Society, 56 Paternoster Row and 65, St. Paul's Churchyard, 1893. [ Printed in Oxford by Horace Hart, Printer to the University. ]
£56.00

176pp., 4to. With four photogravure plates and numerous excellent facsimiles in text. A splendid production in red cloth gilt, with tissue guards to the plates and all edges gilt. In good very good condition, lightly aged and worn.

[ Henry Melvill, religious writer. ] Autograph Letter Signed to Thomas Appleby Stephenson

Author: 
Henry Melvill (1798-1871), religious writer, Principal of the East India Company College, 1844-1858, and Canon of St Paul's Cathedral [ Thomas Appleby Stephenson (1832-1908) ]
Publication details: 
Haileybury College, Hertfordshire. 3 November 1853.
£30.00

3pp., 12mo. Bifolium with mourning border and armorial letterhead. In fair condition, on aged paper, with slight traces of glue from mount on blank reverse of second leaf. His reply has been delayed by the fact that Stephenson's letter was misdirected to 'Highbury College'. He thanks Stephenson for his letter, and feels 'so much pleasure' at 'time passed in Edinburgh', regarding 'that great city with so sincere an affection, that it is very pleasing to [him] to receive so kind a letter from one of its inhabitants'.

[ Pamphlet. ] Three Open Letters to the Bishop of Manchester on Socialism.

Author: 
Robert Blatchford [ James Moorhouse (1826-1915), Anglican Bishop of Manchester, 1886-1903 ]
Publication details: 
Without publication details or place. [ Final section with note: 'Reprinted from the "Clarion," of November 4th, 1893.'
£45.00

16pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. Drophead title. The three letters are titled 'The Pillars of the State', 'The Common Kennel' and 'Priest and Samaritan'. A final piece, titled 'The Bishop of Manchester as a Socialist' is subtitled 'Reprinted from the "Clarion," of November 4th, 1893.' Scarce.

[ Pamphlet. ] My Pilgrimage from Calvinism to Utilitarianism: An Account of Spiritual Experience.

Author: 
Alexander Webster, Minister of Clerk's Lane Free Christian Church, Kilmarnock
Publication details: 
Sixth Edition. Kilmarnock: Dunlop & Drennan, "Standard" Office. Glasgow: W. & R. Holmes, Dunlop Street. Aberdeen: A. Martin, George Street. Undated.
£56.00

31 + [1] pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In fair condition, on lightly-aged paper. Scarce: no copy of this 'sixth edition' on COPAC.

[ Pamphlet. ] The Rev. Alex. Webster's Reply to the "Vivisecting" of "My Pilgrimage from Calvinism to Unitarianism," By H. A. Long.

Author: 
Rev. Alexander Webster of Kilmarnock [ H. A. Long ]
Publication details: 
Kilmarnock: The Author, andn Booksellers. Glasgow: W. & R. Holmes, Dunlop Street. Aberdeen: A. Martin, George Street. [ J. Smith, Printer, Portland St., Kilmarnock. ] Undated [ October 1893 ].
£56.00

22 + [2]pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In good condition, on aged paper. The reverse of the title (p.2) carries an advertisement for Webster's book. There is a preface on pp.3-4, dated to October 1893, and addressed by Webster from 41 Dean Street, Kilmarnock. The preface begins: 'Knowing that Mr.

[ Pamphlet. ] The Heresy Hunters and the Heresy Hunters' Song. Respectfully Inscribed to the Baffled Inquisitors.

Author: 
[ William Robertson Smith (1846-1894), Scottish theologian, Professor of Hebrew at Aberdeen Free Church College
Publication details: 
'No. 2. Bon-Accord Rhymes and Ballads. ] Aberdeen: George Middleton, Skene Square. 1878.
£80.00

Smith's entry in the Oxford DNB explains the background to this pamphlet, explaining that he was 'commissioned to write some articles on biblical subjects for the ninth edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, and the first two of these appeared in 1875—‘Angel’ in volume 2 and ‘Bible’ in volume 3. These articles marked a turning point in his career. The Bible was regarded by the Free Church of Scotland as ‘the supreme rule of faith and life’, and so anything that might seem to undermine its authority was bound to arouse opposition.

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