CENTURY

[Sir Richard Owen, palaeontologist, opponent of Darwin's theory; Giant Moa.] Autograph Draft part lecture, re. 'the power of God' and 'study of the Scripture', vs 'men' 'gone astray'. WITH Autograph Description of Plates concerning Great Moa

Author: 
Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892), biologist, palaeontologist, comparative anatomist, first Director of Natural History Museum, opponent of the theory of evolution of Charles Darwin
Publication details: 
Undated, but composed for a lecture delivered before the Young Men's Christian Association, at Exeter Hall, London, 17 November 1863.
£1,250.00

An important artefact: a folio page carrying an Autograph Rough Draft of the central passage of a lecture in which Owen – four years after the publication of Darwin's 'Origin of Species' – defends the theistic view of evolution. One of two folio pages in Owen's autograph on the same leaf, the other page carrying the beginning of the description of plates in Owen's 'Memoir on the skull and scapular arch of the Dinornis Robustus [Giant Moa]'. 2pp, folio. On the two sides of a leaf of aged and worn paper, with fraying and chipping at head and foot. Folded twice.

[Sir Robert Long, Royalist politician and exchequer official, associate of Samuel Pepys and rival of the Earl of Clarendon.] Autograph Signature ('Rob Long') on exchequer document..

Author: 
Sir Robert Long (c.1602-1673) of Worcester Park, Royalist MP, Auditor of the Lower Exchequer and Receiver-General of the Queen's Revenues, associate of Samuel Pepys and rival of the Earl of Clarendon
Publication details: 
July 1667. Place not stated.
£30.00

See Long's entry in the Oxford DNB. On 7 x 17 cm piece of paper, laid down on slightly larger piece of thick paper cut from an album. In good condition, lightly aged. Three lines of text by Long in clerk's hand, reading 'Registred accordinge to Ex Art within [mentioned?] ye [?] day of July 1667[.] And to be paid in coarse [?] after 397338 16 1'. A good example of Long's neat signature, larger and underlined with a tight flourish, beneath the text and towards the right.

[Meredith Frampton, 'the forgotten genius of British art'.] Autograph Letter Signed , thanking portraitist Maurice Codner for 'a most enjoyable evening'.

Author: 
Meredith Frampton [George Vernon Meredith Frampton], English artist, 'the forgotten genius of British art' [Maurice Frederick Codner (1888-1958), portraitist]
Publication details: 
16 May 1938. On his letterhead, 92 Carlton Hill, NW8 [London].
£30.00

Alistair Sooke, on the BBC website, makes the case that 'Meredith Frampton is the forgotten genius of British art'. See Frampton's entry in the Oxford DNB, and also those of Codner and of Frampton's father Sir George Frampton, who executed the celebrated statue of Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens (not modelled on his son, who was eighteen when it was made). 1p, 4to, in fair condition, aged and worn. Folded once. Writing to 'My dear Codner', he apologises for 'keeping you up till such a late hour last night'.

[Rev. Joseph Wolff, Jewish Christian traveller and 'missionary to the world' whose travels inspired Fitzroy Maclean.] Part of Autograph Letter in the third person, in English, to 'the Hon. Mr. Wilson', regarding a subscription.

Author: 
Joseph Wolff (1795-1862), Jewish Christian traveller and 'missionary to the world', born in Germany and settled in England, who inspired Fitzroy Maclean and whose son founded the Primrose Leagu
Publication details: 
No date or place.
£35.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB. 11 x 8 piece of watermarked wove paper, cut from letter. In fair condition, aged and worn. Folded twice. Reads: 'The Rev. Joseph Wolff will feel obliged by the Hon. Mr. Wilson having the goodness to remit the amount of the subscription which he will [...]'. On the reverse is part of the letter's address: '[...] [Bl]oomsbury | London'.

[John Redmond, Irish nationalist politician.] Autograph Signature ('J. E. Redmond') cut from a letter.

Author: 
John Redmond [John E. Redmond; John Edward Redmond] (1856-1918) of Wexford, Irish nationalist politician, MP in British Parliament, leader of Irish Parliamentary Party and Irish National Volunteers
Publication details: 
No place or date.
£20.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB. On piece of paper, cut into an irregular shape roughly 3.5 x 9 cm. In good condition, lightly aged. Written in a bold hand, and reading 'I remain | respectfully yrs | J. E .Redmond'. In a nineteenth-century hand, on the reverse: 'John E Redmond. | M P. | Wexford. I. | The Flower of Irish Oratory'.

[John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley, Liberal politician after whom Kimberley in South Africa is named.] Autograph Note Signed ('Kimberley') to an unnamed peer.

Author: 
John Wodehouse (1826-1902), 1st Earl of Kimberley [Lord Kimberley], politician who held office in every Liberal administration from 1852 to 1895, and after whom Kimberley, South Africa, is named
Publication details: 
27 June 1867. On House of Lords embossed letterhead.
£45.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB. 1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Reads: 'My dear Lord, | I have fixed the Oath's Bills &c for Tuesday July 9. | Believe me | faithfully Yours | Kimberley'.

[David Murray, 7th Viscount Stormont and 2nd Earl of Mansfield, writing (at the start of American War of Independence) as British Ambassador to France.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Stormont,'), diplomatic communication from Paris, on various matters.

Author: 
David Murray (1727-1796), 7th Viscount Stormont and 2nd Earl of Mansfield, Scottish diplomat and politician, British Ambassador to France at start of American War of Independence
Publication details: 
'Paris Thursday Morning | May 22. 1777.'
£80.00

Mansfield had already served in Vienna and Warsaw before being appointed French Ambassador in 1772. He held the post until 1778. See his entry in the Oxford DNB, where he is described as 'the leading British diplomat of his generation'. 2pp, 4to. In fair condition, aged, worn and a little creased. Folded three times. Biographical details in a tiny hand at top left of first page. Twenty lines of text.

[Eric Maschwitz, writer and broadcaster.] Typed Letter Signed ('Eric') to 'Mac' [W. J. MacQueen-Pope], suggesting that he write a history of His Majesty's Theatre.

Author: 
Eric Maschwitz [Albert Eric Maschwitz] (1901-1969), writer, lyricist, screenwriter and BBC broadcaster [W. J. MacQueen-Pope [Walter James MacQueen-Pope] (1888-1960), theatre historian]
Publication details: 
8 September [no year]. On letterhead of 23 Bruton Street, W.1. [London]
£150.00

Maschwitz wrote the lyrics to 'A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square' and 'These Foolish Things', and was nominated for an oscar for co-writing the screenplay of 'Goodbye, Mr Chips'. See his entry in the Oxford DNB. 2pp, 12mo. Twenty-nine lines of text. In fair condition, lightly aged. Folded once. Maschwitz begins by congratulating him 'on a really enthralling book! Loved every page of it!' With reference to Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree, he explains that the previous day he 'had a talk with old Dennis Grayson who with Mrs Corey Wright is one of Tree's executors.

[Admiral George Anson Byron, 7th Baron Byron of Rochdale, cousin and successor of the poet Lord Byron.] Autograph Signature ('Byron') on frank of letter to the Hon. Mrs Collingwood.

Author: 
George Anson Byron (1789-1868), 7th Baron Byron of Rochdale, Royal Navy admiral, and cousin of the poet Lord Byron, whom he succeeded to the title [Admiral Collingwood; Collingwood House, Kent]
Publication details: 
'Portsmouth December Seventh 1826', with frank of 8 December 1826.
£28.00

Frank on 7 x 13 cm panel cut from front of envelope. In good condition, lightly aged, laid down on part of leaf from album, with the reverse carrying part of the frank to a letter from another unidentified individual, with free postmark from 1826. Byron's frank has the customary red-ink postmark at top right ('FREE | 8 DE 8 | 1826'), and is laid out by him in the customary fashion: 'Portsmouth December Seven | 1826 | The Honble. Mrs. Collingwood | Hawkhurst | Kent'. Byron's signature 'Byron.', at bottom left, is only underlined, and not enclosed within the two parallel lines as required.

[Alexander Hamilton, 10th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish politician, dandy and connoisseur.] Autograph Letter Signed ('C: H: & B.') [to Sir John Robison?], regarding a box 'for smoaking segars', and recipient's 'partiality for the banks of the Clyde'.

Author: 
Alexander Hamilton (1767-1852), 10th Duke of Hamilton, 7th Duke of Brandon, Scottish politician, manuscript collector, dandy and connoisseur, son-in-law of William Beckford [Sir John Robison
Publication details: 
'Thomas's Hotel [i.e. Thomas's Hotel, Berkeley Square, London] | March ye 21st.' [1822]
£45.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB. 2pp, 12mo. Thirty lines of text. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Part of the second leaf of the bifolium, detached, is endorsed 'Duke of Hamilton 21 March 1822'. The recipient's identity is presumed from the reference in the letter to 'Mrs Robison'. He thanks him for his 'obliging note' and 'the drawing of the [Kullicum?] for smoaking segars', which is a 'very kind attention on your part'. As he is '[f]earfull lest some accident should happen', he has 'desired that the box may not be forwarded to London'.

[Winifred Peck [Lady Peck; née Knox] (1882-1962), novelist and biographer, sister of Ronald Knox.] Substantial correspondence of more than fifty Autograph Letters Signed to her brother E. V. Knox, intimate leters dealing with family affairs.

Author: 
Winifred Peck [Winifred Frances Peck, Lady Peck; née Knox] (1882-1962), novelist and biographer, sister of Ronald Knox and E. V. Knox [Edmund George Valpy Knox] (1881-1971)
Publication details: 
None with year, but dating between the 1930s and her death. Most on letterhead of 19 George Square, Edinburgh, with others from London, Dublin and Sussex.
£600.00

Lady Peck does not have an entry in the Oxford DNB, but the entries of her four brothers and father, supplemented by various biographies, illuminate the contents of this intimate family correspondence of more than fifty letters, in which the eldest sibling, Ethel Knox (1879-1958) features prominently. A total of 187pp, in various formats. Also present is a postcard sent from Ireland (letterhead of the Royal Hibernian Hotel, Dublin). The letters are signed 'W' and 'W F P', and almost all addressed to 'Teddie' (others to 'Evoe', 'E.

[Katharine Asquith describes the final illness of her private chaplain Ronald Knox to his brother E. V. Knox.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Katherine Asquith') to 'Mr. Knox', describing the final illness and death of Ronald Knox.

Author: 
Katharine Asquith, Arts Patron [Ronald Knox (1888-1957), Roman Catholic cleric, author, writer of detective fiction, private chaplain to Katherine Asquith (1885-1976) [E. V. Knox; Winifred Peck]]
Publication details: 
27 August 1957. On letterhead of The Manor House, Mells, Frome.
£180.00

See the entries for Knox, his three brothers (including the recipient of this letter) and father in the Oxford DNB, together with the biography of Knox by his friend and literary executor Evelyn Waugh. Katharine Frances Asquith [née Horner] (1885-1976) converted to Catholicism in the years following the death in the Battle of the Somme of her husband Raymond Asquith, son of Liberal Prime Minister H. H. Asquith. Knox served as her private chaplain from 1947. Lady Peck was Winifred Peck (1882-1962), sister of Ronald Knox and the letter's recipient E. V. Knox. 2pp, 4to.

[Ethel Marion Knox, sister of Ronald Knox.] Two Autograph Letters Signed (both 'Ethel M. Knox') to 'Teddie' [her brother E. V. Knox]

Author: 
Ethel Marion Knox (1879-1958), eldest of the six children of Edmund Arbuthnott Knox, Bishop of Manchester, sister of Ronald Knox, E. V. Knox, Winifred Peck, Dillwyn Knox and Wilfred Knox
Publication details: 
Both from '18. B. G.', i.e. 18 Beckenham Grove [Shortlands, Bromley, Kent]. One dated 23 April 1950, the other undated.
£40.00

The writer was the eldest of the six children of Edmund Arbuthnott Knox, Bishop of Manchester, and the only one who did not distinguish herself. See the entries of her father and her four brothers in the Oxford DNB. Both items in good condition, lightly aged. ONE: Dated 23 April 1950. Signed 'Yr. loving sister | Ethel M. Knox', and addressed to 'Dearest Teddie'. 1p, 16mo. She is returning 'the photograph of the stone proposed for Wildred's grave'. She invites him to visit, explaining that she has 'two P. G's now but normally they are both out for lunch & tea'. TWO: Undated. Signed 'Yr.

['H. S. Merriman' [pen name of Hugh Stowell Scott], Victorian author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Henry Seton Merriman'), describing his novel 'The Sowers' as 'ancient history', regarding whose critical reception he has 'no recollection'.

Author: 
'H. S. Merriman' ['Henry Seton Merriman', pen name of Hugh Stowell Scott (1862-1903)]
Publication details: 
28 October 1900. On letterhead of the Reform Club, Pall Mall, S.W. [London]
£40.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. In response to the unnamed female recipient's query he expresses regret that he is unable to supply her with the desired information 'respecting Press criticisms on the Sowers [his most notable work, published in 1896, which went through around thirty editions]'. He considers that novel 'such ancient history that I have no recollection of the nature of it's [sic] reception.' However he finds her 'selection of The Sowers as a subject for discussion [...] most gratifying'.

[Printed work of sensational popular fiction.] The Mysterious Avenger; or, The Trials of Love. [Followed by a reprinting of De Quincey's translation of 'Der Freischütz', under the title 'William, the Fatal Marksman; or, The Seven Charmed Bullets'.]

Author: 
[Thomas De Quincey; William Walker, printer, Otley, Yorkshire]
Publication details: 
London: Published by the Booksellers. William Walker, Otley. 1847. [Slug: 'WILLIAM WALKER, PRINTER, OTLEY.']
£250.00

256pp., 12mo. With frontispiece engraving and vignette on title. In original brown cloth binding, with blind-stamped decorative pattern on the boards, and title and design on the spine. Ownership inscription of 'Arthur Baxter | Runcorn | 1861' on piece of paper laid down on front pastedown. A tight copy, on stained paper (particularly the last few leaves) and aged paper, in worn binding with gilt almost dulled. An interesting production, reminiscent of previous Minerva Press publications, and looking ahead to the yellow-back.

Four albums of typed memoranda, reports, and newspaper cuttings, relating to the stock market and economic situation, assembled by a firm of Anglo-German City of London stockbrokers, with memoranda of 'Things to be Kept in Mind' and other matter.

Author: 
[Reports and printed material relating to the stock market, assembled by an Anglo-German firm of City of London stockbrokers between 1918 and 1934]
Publication details: 
The material in the albums dates from and relates to the periods 1918-1919, 1929, 1931 and 1933-1934. Two of the albums are supplied by London stationers.
£500.00

The collection of seven items is in fair condition, lightly-aged and with slight rust staining to a few pages. The material is from the archives of an Anglo-German firm of City of London stockbrokers (see the list of clients in Item One below, all with German names), and is valuable for the material it contains revealing the impact of the First World War on the firm's own business (see Item Two below, regarding the 'Enemy [i.e.

[Sales of farm stock, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1844 and 1845.] Three manuscript lists of 'the goods and chattels of David Kauffman sold at public sale', describing articles sold, with prices and purchasers' names.

Author: 
[David Kauffman of East Hempfield township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; Pennsylvania Dutch; Mennonites of America]
Publication details: 
[East Hempfield township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.] Sales on 12 November 1844 and 25 February and 10 March 1845.
£450.00

For more information on the Kauffman family, see Alexander Harris's 'Biographical History of Lancaster County' (1872), pp.332-335. The family were Mennonites, and originated in Hesse. The most notable member was affluent farmer and bank president Abraham Cassel Kauffman (1799-1886), a member of the Pennsylvania legislature for the 1835, 1837 and 1843 sessions. 18pp., 8vo. Unbound. On five loose bifoliums (with remains of stitching still present). The leaves of one bifolium are separated from one another, and the order of the pages is probably disturbed.

[Printed reports.] Run of reports of the Council of Education for the Isle of Man [Isle of Man Board of Education], 1911-1969, with copy of the 'Report of the Buchan School Commission. July, 1951'.

Author: 
[Council of Education for the Isle of Man and (from 1947) the Isle of Man Board of Education; Buchan School, Castletown, Malew]
Publication details: 
All 56 items printed at Douglas, Isle of Man [Brown & Sons, Limited, Times Buildings; S. K. Broadbent & Sons, Limited; Norris Modern Press, Ltd.]. 1911 to 1967.
£750.00

56 items, comprising an unbroken run of 53 issues from 1911 to 1963, together with the issues for 1967 and 1969, and a copy of the 'Report of the Buchan School Commission | July, 1951'. In two sturdy green cloth boxes ('Supplied for the Public Service'). All 56 items with stamps, shelfmarks and labels of the Board of Education Reference Library. The first eleven issues (ending in 1921) are more substantial than the rest, and are housed in the first box.

[George III, King of England.] Four documents by King George III, all in his Autograph, giving detailed instructions (retinue, route, accommodation) for a journey into Hampshire, with reference to Fanny Burney and Sir William Pitt's Highfield House

Author: 
George III (1738-1820), King of England [Sir William Augustus Pitt of Highfield House; Fanny Burney (Madame D'Arblay)]
Publication details: 
For a journey taking in Egham, Basingstoke, Salisbury, Andover, and Sir William Pitt's Highfield House in Hampshire. Probably all written around the same time, between around 1786 and 1790.
£1,500.00

Four sets of travel instructions by George III, all in his autograph, none dated but seemingly relating to the same journey, taking in the Highfield House estate of General Sir William Augustus Pitt (c. 1728-1809), and also referring to Egham, Basingstoke, Winsdsor, Andover. A referring to the novelist Fanny Burney (1752-1840), narrows the date of at least one of the documents to between 1786 and 1790, the period during which Burney was a Keeper of the Robes. On four leaves, and totalling 5pp, ranging in size from 4to to long narrow 8vo (see descriptions below for dimensions).

[War with China 1886; Lord Wolseley, as Adjutant-General, enquires and Sir Thomas Wade expounds his views.] Autograph Letter Signed from Wolseley asking for Wade's views on line of conduct to be adopted, and Wade's 27pp of 'observations' in reply.

Author: 
Sir Thomas Wade [Sir Thomas Francis Wade] (1818-1895), diplomat and sinologist; Sir Garnet Wolseley [Field Marshal Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley] (1833-1913), British Army officer
Publication details: 
Wolseley's letter: 2 February 1886. On letterhead of the War Office [Whitehall, London]. Wade's 'observations': 27 April 1886. On letterheads of the Athenaeum Club, Pall Mall, S.W. [London].
£1,600.00

See the entries for Wolseley and Wade in the Oxford DNB. Two interesting items, dating from a period of increased tension between Britain and China over what the learned and well-informed Wade calls - in his long unpublished document - 'the Burmese frontier question'. Having defeated King Mindon of Upper Burma in the two-week Third Anglo-Burmese War of November 1885, the British had set about incorporating the new colony of Upper Burma into the Burma Province. This would be done on 26 February 1886, a little more than three weeks after the writing of Wolseley's letter.

[James Kenney, Irish dramatist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Jas Kenney.') to book-collector and bon-vivant Thomas Hill, playfully explaining that he has no portrait to offer ('I am now pluming my Crest for the first Painter that comes across me').

Author: 
James Kenney (1780-1849), Irish dramatist [Thomas Hill (1760-1840), book-collector and bon-vivant]
Publication details: 
9 Southampton Buildings [London]. 15 December 1806.
£220.00

For information on Kenney and the recipient Thomas Hill, see their entries in the Oxford DNB. 1p, 4to. Bifiolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Addressed, with postmark, on reverse of second leaf, to 'Thos. Hill Esqr | Queen Hith' [i.e. Queenhithe, London]. Hill had presumably requested a representation of Kenney, and the tone of the letter is that of one man of the world addressing another, accurately caught by a dramatist: 'Dear Sir, | I have just received your note of the 10th.

[Thomas Brassey, civil engineer who transformed the world's railways.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thomas Brassey'), asking [Charles Manby] to 'obtain permission to erect a Window to Joseph Locke in Westminster Abbey', like that to Robert Stephenson.

Author: 
Thomas Brassey (1805-1870), civil engineer associated with railway projects [Joseph Locke (1805-1859) and Charles Manby (1804-1884), civil engineers; Westminster Abbey; Robert Stephenson]
Publication details: 
27 June 1862. 56 Lowndes Square [London].
£50.00

See the entries for Brassey and Locke in Oxford DNB. By the time of his death Brassey is said to have built a twentieth of the world's railways. Locke worked with Stephenson and Brunel. 3pp, 12mo. Bifolium with mourning border. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Endorsed three times. While the recipient is not named, one of the endorsements, on the reverse of the second leaf, reads: 'Locke Memorial | Thos. Brassey asking Mr Manby to obtain permission to erect a window in Westminster Abbey.' The letter begins: 'My Dear Sir, | It would be most gratifying to Mrs.

[Mary Somerville, Scottish scientist after whom Somerville College, Oxford, is named.] Autograph Signature ('Yours truly | Mary Somerville') cut from letter.

Author: 
Mary Somerville [née Fairfax, sometime Greig] (1780-1872), Scottish scientist and author after whom Somerville College, Oxford, is named
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£35.00

See her entry in the Oxford DNB. Since 2017 she has been depicted on the Scottish ten pound note. On 2.5 x 8.5 cm slip of paper, cut from letter. In good condition, lightly aged. Laid down on 4 x 9.5 cm piece of paper. Reads 'Yours truly | Mary Somerville'.

[Robert Anning Bell, artist, book designer and illustrator.] Autograph Letter in the third person to the President of the Royal Literary Fund, declining to become a steward at its anniversary dinner.

Author: 
Robert Anning Bell (1862-1933), Royal Academy artist, book designer and illustrator, Professor at Royal College of Art, associated with Della Robbia Pottery in Birkenhead
Publication details: 
20 June 1921, on embossed letterhead of 28 Holland Park Road, Kensington, W14 [London].
£30.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once. Reads: 'Mr. Robert Anning Bell regrets that he is unable to accept the kind invitation of the President of the Corporation of the Royal Literary Fund to become a Steward at the Anniversary Dinner on July 6th.'

[Rev. Joseph Wolff, Jewish Christian traveller and 'missionary to the world' whose travels inspired Fitzroy Maclean.] Autograph Note in the third person, in English, asking the editor of the Sheffield Mercury to 'give a notice' of pamphlets.

Author: 
Joseph Wolff (1795-1862), Jewish Christian traveller and 'missionary to the world', born in Germany and settled in England, who inspired Fitzroy Maclean and whose son founded the Primrose League
Publication details: 
'High Hoyland nr. Wakefield | 27th. June 1842.'
£45.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB, and Fitzroy Maclean's 'Eastern Approaches'. 1p, 12mo. Bifolium addressed on reverse of second leaf to 'The Editor of | The Sheffield Mercury.' In fair condition, lightly aged, folded twice. In a neat hand, the note reads: 'Dr. Wolff's respects to the Editor of the Sheffield Mercury and will be glad if he will give a notice of the enclosed pamphlets in the Mercury at his earliest convenience'. The pamphlets referred to are not present.

[Lord Connemara [Robert Bourke, 1st Baron Connemara], Anglo-Irish Conservative politician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Robert Bourk [sic]') to C. B. Saunders, British Resident, Hyderabad, describing his plans for a visit.

Author: 
Lord Connemara [Robert Bourke, 1st Baron Connemara] (1827-1902), Anglo-Irish Conservative politician, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Governor of Madras [C. B. Saunders]
Publication details: 
Ootacamund [India]. 22 January [1872].
£50.00

Written while Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in Benjamin Disraeli's second administration, from India, where his father the Earl of Mayo, the Viceroy, would be assassinated within days of the writing of the letter. From the papers of the recipient Charles Burslam Saunders (1821-1888), British Resident, Hyderabad. 3pp, 12mo. Bifolium on paper with mourning border. On aged and creased paper, worn at extremities. Endorsed: 'The Honble Robert Bourke | Recd. Jany 26/72', and in a later hand 'Afterwards | Ld. Connnemara'. The signature is certainly 'Bourk' rather than 'Bourke'.

[Lord Derby [Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby], Tory politician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Derby') to 'G. Norbury. Esq.' (i.e. artist Richard Norbury), explaining his reluctance to be patron to the proposed Liverpool Watercolour Society.

Author: 
Lord Derby [Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby] (1826-1893), Tory politician, Foreign Secretary and Colonial Secretary [Richard Norbury (1815-1886), artist; Liverpool Watercolour Society]
Publication details: 
5 December 1871. On letterhead of Galloway House, Garliestown, N. B. [i.e. Scotland].
£35.00

2pp, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged. A daughter from Lady Derby's first marriage was married to the Earl of Galloway, from whose seat Derby writes. Addressed to 'G. [sic] Norbury. Esq.' Having received the letter of the unnamed male recipient, he feels he 'must decline to give my name as patron of the now proposed society of water colour painters in Liverpool: not because I do not approve of the formation of such a society, but because your invitation to join it is the first intimation I have received of any such project being in contemplation'.

[Ishwari Prasad Narayan Singh, Maharaja of Benares.] Letter in secretarial hand, with Autograph Signature, from the Maharaja of Benares to wife of C. B. Saunders, British Resident, Hyderabad, discussing her trip to Calcutta and the weather.

Author: 
Maharaja of Benares [Ishwari Prasad Narayan Singh (1822-1889)] [C. B. Saunders, British Resident, Hyderabad; Sir Salar Jung; British India]
Publication details: 
30 March 1875. Benares [India].
£150.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged. Folded twice, with short closed tears at edges of a couple of the folds. Endorsed on reverse of second leaf 'H H The Maharajah of Benares | Recd. April 5/75'. Although the whole letter may be in the Maharaja's autograph, the body of it is more likely to be in a secretarial hand. The signature is somewhat stylised, and looks more like 'Shree' or 'Ishree' than 'Ishwaree'. The recipient is the wife of Charles Burslam Saunders (1821-1888), Resident at Hyderabad, of which Sir Salar Jung (1829-1883) was Prime Minister.

[John Harris Backhouse, classical scholar and antiquary, educated at the Manchester School.] Long Autograph Letter Signed ('J. H. Backhouse'), on matters relating to Richard Montagu, Bishop of Norwich, with reference to Sir Thomas Browne and others.

Author: 
John Harris Backhouse (1826-1882), Rector of Laverton, Somerset, classical scholar, editor and antiquary, educated at the Manchester School [Richard Montagu, Bishop of Norwich; Sir Thomas Browne]
Publication details: 
27 September 1881. Laverton Rectory, Bath.
£45.00

See his entry in J. F. Smith, 'The Admission Register of the Manchester School'. 6pp, 12mo. Written in a neat, close hand. In fair condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. A vivid example of the methodology of the nineteenth-century English clerical antiquary. The main subject is the controversialist Richard Montagu (1577-1641), Bishop of Norwich, about whom, in January of the following year (that of his death), Backhouse would publish a letter in 'The Academy' under the title 'The Abbreviations in Bishop Mountagu's [sic] Dedication'. The recipient is not identified.

[George Henslow, botanist, opponent of Darwinian evolution.] Autograph Letter Signed ('G Henslow') to George St Clair, thanking him for his book ('Darwinism and Design'), and sending a book and paper in return.

Author: 
George Henslow (1835-1925), botanist, opponent of Darwin, proponent of a form of Lamarckianism which he called 'the true Darwinism', son of John Stevens Henslow (1796-1861) [George St Clair]
Publication details: 
'140 Kensington Pk Rd | Nottinghill W. [London]' 4 January 1873.
£50.00

See Henslow's biography in his father John Stevens Henslow's entry in the Oxford DNB. (Botany ran in the family: in addition to father and son, George's sister married J. D. Hooker.) 1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, laid down with light glue staining on a leaf from an autograph album, carrying a biographical caption in a nineteenth-century hand. Henslow writes the recipient's name ('G S Clair') at bottom left. He thanks him for his book (presumably 'Darwinism and Design', London, 1873), and is sending his own in return, 'also a paper on Natural Theology to wh.

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