Harry Pollitt (1890-1960), General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain [ Jimmy Shields (1900-1949), Scottish communist, editor of the Daily Worker ]
Ivybank Road, Port Glasgow. Undated, but with postmark of 13 June 1949.
1p., 4to. In good condition, on aged paper. In envelope with stamp and postmark, addressed by Pollitt to 'Mrs J Shields | 9 Rothwell St | London N.W.1.' At the time of writing Mrs Shield's husband was in a TB sanatorium, under surveillance from the British security services. Pollitt writes that he has received the 'letters and papers' and his girls are looking forward to seeing 'Rose when she comes up'. 'We had a cutting of a paper from Mrs Elvin from Dublin where it mentioned how they were talking about Jimmy at a meeting in Dublin.
Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (1792-1849), Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of Hanover, consort of King William IV
The two account books are dated April 1844 to 1845; April 1847 to 1848.
The two volumes folio, 20 pp, and folio, 18 pp. Both in the same neat hand and in uniform original bindings of green boards, with green cloth spines and white decoratively-cut paper labels on front covers, each carrying a description of the contents addressed to 'Königin Adelheid von Großbritannien'. The first account book (1844-1845) has part of the second leaf (pp.2-3) torn away; and the second (1847-1848) is lacking the fourth leaf (pp.9-10).
British Government Plan for China, 1925 [League of Nations; Great Britain; Foreign Office]
Dated 'April, 1925.' [Foreign Office, London?]
A curious document which, whether it emanates from the British Foreign Office or not, provides valuable insight into informed British opinion on China in the period following the First World War. Printed on fourteen 34 x 21.5 cm leaves, paginated 1-13 with title on fourteenth leaf. On paper with the Britannia watermark of Waterlow and Sons Limited, London. Stapled. Text clear and complete on aged and foxed paper.
Prince George, 2nd Duke of Cambridge [ George William Frederick Charles ] (1819-1904), grandson of George III; cousin of Queen Victoria [ Alfred Montgomery (1814-96), Commissioner for Inland Revenue ]
On letterhead of Gloucester House, Park Lane, W. [ London ] 30 December 1893.
1p. 12mo. On grubby and creased paper, with rust mark from paperclip. Reads: 'My dear Alfred Montgomery | Thank's [sic] for yours received this morning. I have a vacant place at my dinner table for Monday next New Years day, so I hope to see you here at 8 o'clock and personally to wish you every sort of blessing for the coming Year. I remain | Yours most sincerely, | George.'
Jimmy Shields, Scottish communist, General Secretary of Communist Party of South Africa, twice editor of Daily Worker [ Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of Communist Party of Great Britain ]
[ Communist Party of Great Britain, London. ] England and South Africa. Between 1924 and 1949.
Jimmy Shields was described in his obituary in the Daily Worker as 'Hero of the African Peoples' Struggle' and a 'great Communist and humanist', and by Harry Pollitt as 'one of the most devoted revolutionary workers I have ever met'. He was born in Greenock, and joined the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1921. Having moved to South Africa in search of work in 1925, he was within months elected General Secretary of the country's Communist Party. Following his return to Scotland in 1927, he served in various CPGB posts, and was elected to its national executive.
R. Palme Dutt [ Rajani Palme Dutt ] (1896-1974), chief theoretician of the Communist Party of Great Britain [ Jimmy Shields (1900-1949), Scottish communist, twice editor of the Daily Worker ]
On his letterhead as 'Communist Candidate for Sparkbrook'. 6 July 1945.
1p., 4to. On aged and worn paper. The letterhead features a photographic portrait of Dutt. Written the day after the General Election, in which Dutt came third in the Sparkbrook constituency, with fewer than two thousand votes. As Shields is leaving in the morning, he feels compelled to write to him 'to express what we all feel about the wonderful way you have handled the press job. It has been masterly, and every other constituency might well be jealous of us.' He ends with 'Millions of thanks, cheers and congratulations'. From the Jimmy Shields papers.
Jimmy Shields (1900-1949), Scottish communist, senior member of the Communist Party of Great Britain, twice editor of the Daily Worker [ Tudeh Party, Persia; Iran ]
[ International Department of the Communist Party of Great Britain, London. ] With autograph note: '1st Draft, Oct., 1945. | 2nd [Draft], Nov., 1945.'
 + 9pp., 4to. In fair condition, on aged and creased cartridge paper, with the ten leaves pinned together. Minor autograph emendations throughout. Paginated in manuscript 11-18, including 13A; and also including the first page of the whole paper, headed '"What is to be done?"'. The nine-page third section is titled 'Section III How to Improve The Tudeh Party', and carries the following autograph note at the head of the first page: 'N.B. SECS 1 & 2 ALREADY THERE'.
[ Communist Party of Great Britain, International Department ] [ West African Cocoa Industry; Gold Coast; Nigeria; Ivory Coast; French Cameroons; Jimmy Shields (1900-1949) ]
[ Communist Party of Great Britain, London. ] International Department, 16, King Street, London, W.C.2. May, 1946.
5pp., 8vo. On five foolscap leaves. In good condition, lightly aged. The report is single-spaced, and factual rather than polemical, describing the 'network of buying stations' (run by 'non-European intermediaries (African or Syrian)') maintained by the 'European firms that buy and export practically the whole crop', and the recommendations of the 1938 Nowell Report.
[ Tass Agency; Soviet Union; Evgenyii Mikhailovitch Zhukov of the USSR Academy of Sciences; Jimmy Shields (1900-1949) ]
Issued by Tass Agency, Chronicle House, 72-78 Fleet Street, E.C.4., London. No. 8669, 28 June 1947.
5pp., folio. Duplicate typescript on three leaves. In fair condition, on aged paper. The first article, produced on the eve of Indian independence, begins: 'Moscow radio broadcast an account of a lecture given by Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences Zhukove on "The Situation in India" at the Polytechnical Museum in Moscow.' It proceeds with a summary of Zhukov's lecture, the view he expounds including the following: 'Britain's new policy derives from the economic changes which took place in India during the years of the Second World War.
[ Finland: the Winter War with the Soviet Union, 1939-1940; Communist Party of Great Britain; Jimmy Shields (1900-1949) ]
Without details or date. [ Communist Party of Great Britain, London. Circa 1939. ]
3pp., 8vo. In fair condition, single-spaced, on three leaves of aged and worn paper, held together with a small rusted pin. Designed to clearly state the party line. Begins: 'If we want to understand what is going on, we must understand the Background.' Sections titled 'The Background' and 'The Attitude of Britain' follow. A key section reads: 'But whatever people think - the Russian Government decided that the time was ripe to take control of the Baltic. They were not frightened of Finland or the Finns - but they were apprehensive of Finland in conjunction with the great powers.
[ Committee for Cyprus Affairs, London; Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People; Jimmy Shields (1900-1949) of the Communist Party of Great Britain ]
[ Committee for Cyprus Affairs, 95a Tottenham Court Road, London. ] Memorandum dated from Nicosia, 20 December 1943.
21pp., folio. Duplicated typescript on eleven sheets of yellow and white paper, stapled together. Followed by a separate Committee for Cyprus Affairs document on 'Co-operatives in Cyprus', 5pp., folio, on white paper. The memorandum is unattributed, but the two items are stapled together and apparently from the same source. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. The memorandum's authors are named as 'Central Committee | Progressive Working Peoples Party (AKEL) | Pancyprian Trade Union Committee | Central Committee | Pancyprian Small Shopkeepers' Union'.
[ British India and the Communist Party of Great Britain; Jimmy Shields (1900-1949) ]
Without details or date. [ Communist Party of Great Britiain, circa 1941. ]
On one 4to leaf. In fair condition, on aged paper. Crude duplicated map illustration on one side, headed 'British Control of India.' Against the background of an outline map of India are texts: 'The British Army costs the Indians £18 million a year (20% of the Budget), 'Viceroy and Governors hold dictatorial powers', 'British £1000 millions investment', 'Annual tribute from India £135-150 million', 'British control three quarters of banks and banking', 'Wagesd 4d to 10d a day.
P. C. Joshi [ Puran Chand Joshi ] (1907-1980), General Secretary, Communist Party of India; Ben Bradley [ Benjamin Francis Bradley ] (1898-1957); Mohan Kumaranangalam [ Jimmy Shields (1900-1949) ]
Duplicated typescript headed: 'From Airgraph to Ben Bradley from Mohan Kumaranangalam. 18th January. [ no year ]'. The article said to be from 'People's War [ magazine of the Communist Party of India ], Vol. iii, No. 30, Sunday, 21st. Jan. 194'.
12pp., folio. On twelve leaves of air mail paper. In fair condition, aged and worn. The piece begins with a discussion of 'Two big events' that have occurred during the previous year, 'when it appeared as if the period of deadlock was about to end and a new era to begin. | The first was Gandhiji's release [...] Soon after came the second big event; the Gandhi-Jinnah meeting'.
[ Communist Party of Great Britain; Cominform; Jimmy Shields (1900-1949) ]
[ Communist Party of Great Britain. ] 'Compiled (2nd edition) | 6.3.1951.'
3pp., folio. In good condition, lightly aged and worn, with slight rust spotting from paperclip. Headed 'Communist Parties. | Compiled (2nd edition) | 6.3.1951. | (x) denotes outstanding Party leader where not General Secretary.' Arranged in four columns ('Country', 'Name of Party', 'Secretary', 'Party Paper'), beginning with 'U. S. S. R. | Communist Party | Joseph Stalin | PRAVDA'. The following countries are arranged in five continental groupings ('Europe', 'America', 'Asia', 'Africa' and 'Australasia').
Jack Pulman (1925-1979), British screenwriter [ Ronald Duncan (1914-1982), author; Jack Cardiff (1914-2009), film director; The Writers' Guild of Great Britain; 'The Girl on a Motorcycle' ]
[ The Writers' Guild of Great Britain, 430 Edgware Road, London. ] Two items on Pulman's letterhead, 31 Steele's Road, London. 1968.
Six items relating to Pulman's arbitration, including 'a careful breakdown [by him] of scene continuity of the Bourguignon script, the Duncan script and the final shooting script', these three breakdowns (Items Two to Four below) totalling 8pp. In his four-page arbitration, Pulman gives a detailed account of the process of the film's composition, of all the more interest as coming from a master screenwriter and contemporary. All six items in good condition, lightly aged. ONE: Carbon copy of Pulman's signed four-page 'Arbitration - "GIRL ON A MOTORCYLE" | Writers involved - S.
Jack Pulman (1925-1979), British screenwriter [ The Writers' Guild of Great Britain, London ]
Jack Pulman, 31 Steele's Road, NW3. [ The Writers' Guild of Great Britain, London. ] 1966 and 1967.
Folder of material from the Jack Pulman papers. 43 items in good condition, lightly aged. The Writers' Guild of Great Britain, established in 1959, is a Trades Union for writers working in television, radio, film, theatre, books and multimedia. Pulman began his career while studying economics, and his understanding of the business side of screenwriting is evident in his arbitration decisions contained in this collection. His distinguished career is well described on the British Film Institute's website.
[ Girl Guide movement in 1930s Great Britain; Foxlease, Hampshire; 'E. Tait'; 'Miss Popham' ]
The photographs mainly taken at Foxlease in Hampshire, but also at Tarrant Keyneston, Dorset, and other locations. Between 1929 and 1936.
189 black and white photographs, ranging in size from 15 x 10.5 cm to 4.5 x 7 cm, loosely inserted (i.e. not mounted but removable) on the fifty leaves of a 20 x 30 cm album. While the photographs themselves are in good condition, the album is somewhat worn and aged. Painted in large Gothic letters at centre of front cover is 'Camp Snaps'; with the name of the compiler 'E. TAIT' at top right. Inscribed inside cover 'From “Porky” | September 4th, 1934'. The leaves of the album are made of thick black paper, and more than three-quarters of the photographs are neatly captioned in white ink.
Printed for H.M. Stationery Office by Messrs. Fosh & Cross Ltd., London for Festival of Britain 1951, 2 Savoy Court, W.C.2. [ Dated '3/51', i.e. March 1951. ]
16pp., 12mo. Stapled pamphlet. In fair condition, aged and dogeared. Cover reads 'FESTIVAL OF BRITAIN | MAY 3 - SEPTEMBER 30, 1951 | INFORMATION SUMMARY'. The lettering of the words 'FESTIVAL OF BRITAIN' is in the distinctive style, and the festival's logo is on the back cover. A list of contents on the second page includes an introduction on 'The Festival Organisation', information on events around Britain, 'Travelling Exhibitions' (including the 'Festival Ship Campania'), 'The Churches' Participation', and sections on books, films and 'Admission Charges'.
King William IV (1765-1837) of the United Kingdom, King of Hanover [ Sir James Cockburn (1771-1852), 9th Baronet, Inspector General of the Royal Marines; Lt Col. Robert Moncrieff ]
Admiralty [ London ]. 22 November 1827. [ Moncrieff's letter to Cockburn from Portsmouth, 22 November 1827. ]
2pp., 4to. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper, with slight tear to one edge. Cockburn is not named as the recipient, but the item comes from his papers. William (at the time the Duke of Clarence) writes that he is enclosing Moncrieff's letter, 'by which you will perceive he is acting foolishly not to use a harsher term. My determination therefore is when I arrive tomorrow afternoon at Portsmouth to be informed by you whether he sells or goes on the Half pay of a Colonel which is Fourteen Shillings and Six Pence pr: diem.
Viscount Palmerston [ Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston ] (1784-1865), Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
[ No place or date. ]
On 8 x 18 cm slip of paper. In fair condition, with light signs of age. Large firm signature (roughly 2.5 x 6 cm.) on page reading: 'Your Lordships | most obedient | humble Servant, | Palmerston'. Fragment of text on reverse reads: '[...] give the necessary directions for issuing to that Gentleman or his Assigns the sums which may from time to time become due to him. | Mr. Rendall's Salary will [...]'.
N.W.S.C. War Loan Leaflet B. 'Issued by the National War Savings Committee, Salisbury Square, E.C.' '1/17' [ i.e. January 1917 ].
4pp., 8vo. Bifolium. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper with some fraying at head. 29 questions, beginning with 'WHAT is the Loan for? | To raise money to pay for the War, and to hasten the coming of Peace.' Scarce: no copy on OCLC WorldCat or on COPAC.
'One Who Has Won One' [ Irish Home Rule; German Invasion of Ireland, 1909 ]
Dublin: Hodges, Figgis, & Co., Ltd., Grafton St. Publishers to the University. 1909.
31 + 1pp., 12mo. Stapled. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with rusted staple and detached outer leaves. Five chapters: 'The German Invasion', 'Home Rule or Federation', 'The Union of the Churches', 'Cobdenism and Crime', 'Ireland and Tariff Reform' and 'Prosperity for Connemara'.
Roger Davies, photographer [ Matupi Volcano, Rabaul, New Britiain, Papua New Guinea ]
Six with stamp of photographer Roger Davies, and Yabilon Prints, Wallacia (New South Wales, Australia). Undated [ 1937? ].
All fourteen prints are black and white, with six 10 x 7.5 cm, and eight 5.5 cm square. All fourteen are captioned. The larger six depict the explosion, with smoke billowing out of the volcano, and one night-time view with lightning. The smaller eight show the aftermath, with one picture of an abandoned car, and another of a wrecked bungalow, and six showing the smouldering volcano. It is likely that the photographs were taken during the 1937 eruption.
King William IV of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1765-1837)
From 'Public Supply Service' document. Undated.
On one side of 23.5 x 10 cm. piece of laid paper. In fair condition, aged and folded. The signature is bold and firm, measuring roughly 3 x 17 cm. Above the signature, in another hand, is 'Royal Order.', and beneath, in the same hand 'Public Supply Service'. The 'y' of 'Royal' overlaps slightly with the flourish of the 'R' from the royal signature.
'Andre Massena, Baron de Camin', anti-Catholic rabble-rouser in Britain [ anti-Irish sentiment in Victorian Britain ]
The handbill printed by 'Geo. Hesk, Printer, "Standard Office," 29, Scale Lane, Hull.' Haty's note dated 7 April 1860.
Theodore Hoppen, in his 'The Mid-Victorian Generation', refers to a 'growing band of anti-Catholic lecturers who toured Britain in the 1850s and 1860s', adding that most 'were rogues like the former Dominican, Giacinto Achilli, and the soi-disant Baron de Camin. Almost all depended financially upon admission fees. Their lurid handbills advertised travesties of the mass, "the secrets of the confessional", and "wafer Gods" to be "sold at 1d. each at the doors".' See also Paul Colman Mulkern, 'Irish immigrants and public disorder in mid-Victorian Britain, 1830-80'.
John Singleton Copley (1772-1863), 1st Baron Lyndhurst [ Lord Lyndhurst ], Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
Without place or date.
On 8 x 14.5 cm panel cut from front of envelope. In good condition, lightly-aged. All in Lyndhurst's hand, it reads 'His Grace | The Duke of Wellington KG | &c &c &c | Lyndhurst'. As is customary, the signature is between two horizontal lines, in the bottom left-hand corner.
Henry Peter Brougham (1778-1868), 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux [ Lord Brougham; H.P. Brougham ], Whig Lord Chancellor of Great Britain [ Ulick John de Burgh (1802-1874), 1st Marquess of Clanricarde ]
Without date or place. 'Saturday Mg | Private'.
2pp., 12mo. On bifolium with mourning border. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with 6cm vertical closed tear to first leaf, affecting a couple of words. The reverse of the second leaf carries a broken seal in black wax, and is addressed to Clanricarde. The letter begins: 'My dear Ld C: | We are in a great difficulty at the H. of Lords today for want of a third Peer.' He will esteem it a great favour if Clanricarde 'will come at ten and enable me to go on with the Causes - for otherwise there will be the whole expence thrown upon the packs'.
The Iron, Steel and Allied Trades Employers' Federation of Great Britain (J. R. Winpenny of Middlesborough, Secretary); London and North Western Railway; Compulsory Weighing and Measurement Bill, 1906
Middlesborough and Crewe. 1906 and 1907.
The eight items are unbound, in fair condition, on aged paper with loss to extremities of some documents.ONE: Printed parliamentary bill: 'Compulsory Weighing and Measurement. | A Bill To provide for the Weighing and Measurement of the Material used in the process of manufacture, as well as the Product thereof, in all Iron or Steel Works, Cement Works, Lime Works, and Chalk Quarries. | Presented by Mr. Barnes, | supported by | Mr. Keir Hardie, Mr. Hodge, [and nine others] | Ordered, by The House of Commons, to be Printed, 22 February 1906.