OFFPRINT

[ William J. S. Lockyer, astronomer. ] Offprint, with presentation signature, of '"The Solar Activity 1833-1900." By William J. S. Lockyer, M.A., Ph.D., F.R.A.S., Assistant Director, Solar Physics Observatory, Kensington.'

Author: 
William J. S. Lockyer [ William James Stewart Lockyer ] (1868-1936), astronomer, son of Sir Norman Lockyer (1836-1920)
Publication details: 
'From the Proceedings of the Royal Society, Vol. 68.' [ London, 1901 ] [ Harrison & Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her late Majesty, St. Martin's Lane. ]
£120.00

[16]pp., 8vo, paginated 285-300. Stitched into grey printed wraps. On aged and chipped high-acidity paper. Inscribed at head of front wrap: 'With the Compliments of | William J. S. Lockyer | 28.VI.01'. See Lockyer's obituary in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.97 (1937), pp.275-277. The only copies on OCLC WorldCat at the British Library and Observatoire de Paris.

[Signed 'T.S. Eliot''] Italian News' [featuring 'Talk on Dante' by T. S. Eliot, the printed version of a lecture entitled 'What Dante Means to Me''].

Author: 
T. S. Eliot [The Italian Institute; Dante Alighieri]
Publication details: 
July, 1950. 'This journal is edited by The Italian Institute [39 Belgrave Square S.W.1]'. Printed by T. G. Norris, London, N.W.8.
£150.00

Gallup C552. 4to (leaf dimensions 28 x 22.5 cm), 40 pp. Stapled. In original blue printed wraps. Worn and dogeard on aged paper, with minor staining at foot of front wrap and first leaf. The signature "T S Eliot" (possibly his but more words would have helped) appears top front wrap. The 'Calendar' at the front lists, on 4 July [1950], the 'Lecture by Mr. T. S. Eliot, O.M.: "What Dante Means to Me," with H.E. the Italian Ambassador in the Chair.' The printed version, titled 'TALK ON DANTE | by T. S.

[ Neville Rogers, editor of Shelley. ] Typed Letter Signed ('Neville') to 'Marjorie', gossippy and satirical, esp. about Nancy Cunard, with offprints of two of his articles ('Shelley and the West Wind' &'Lauro de Bosis'), inscribed to the recipient

Author: 
Neville Rogers (1909-1985), academic, editor of the works of Percy Bysshe Shelley [ Nancy Cunard (1896-1965), poet, patron and eccentric ]
Publication details: 
Letter dated from 5 Beaumont Street, Oxford; 11 February 1954. Inscription to 'Lauro de Bosis' (1963) dated from Waltham, Massachussetts, 10 March 1964. Inscription to 'Shelley and the West Wind' (1956) undated.
£220.00

The three items in good condition, with light signs of age and wear. LETTER: 2pp., 8vo. A splendidly waspish missive. Topics include: her 'letter to Mickie' ('masterly diplomacy'); 'dear Miss Massey, wounded on active service for the BIS' (with references to 'Mrs.

[ Offprint of essay, inscribed by the author E. W. F. Tomlin to Michael Cullis. ] 'The Philosophy of R. G. Collingwood'.

Author: 
E. W. F. Tomlin [ Eric Walter Frederick Tomlin ] (1913-1988), philosopher and essayist [ R. G. Collingwood ]
Publication details: 
From 'Ratio', vol. 1 no. 2, December 1958. [ Basil Blackwell, Broad Street, Oxford, England. ]
£35.00

20pp., 12mo., paginated 116-135. Side stitched in grey card wraps with cover including contents on front. In good condition, lightly aged, in worn wraps. Inscribed at head of front cover: 'To Michael Cullis | "30 Years After" | from | E. W. F. T. | 24. viii. 43'. No copies of this offprint traced on OCLC WorldCat or on COPAC.

Number of the South Atlantic Bulletin, inscribed by Fredson Bowers, author of the leading article 'Death in Victory'.

Author: 
Fredson Bowers [ Harry Levin; William Shakespeare ]
Publication details: 
[ Chapel Hill, North Carolina. ] South Atlantic Bulletin, South Atlantic Modern Language Association, Vol. XXX No. 2, March 1965.
£50.00

16pp., 4to. Stapled. In fair condition, on aged paper a little rolled at head and foot. Bowers' article, 'an attempt to understand the workings of Shakespeare's tragic effect', is on the first seven pages. He has inscribed the head of the first page: 'For Harry Levin - | With my compliments - | Fredson Bowers'. From the papers of the American critic Harry Levin (1912-1994). Now scarce.

Inscribed offprint of review by Irving Ribner of Roland M. Frye's 'Shakespeare and Christian Doctrine', titled 'A Chain of Fallacies'.

Author: 
Irving Ribner [ Harry Levin; William Shakespeare; Roland M. Frye ]
Publication details: 
'Reprinted from Tulane Drama Review Vol. 10, No. 4, Summer, 1966'.
£25.00

10pp., 12mo, paginated 265-274. Stapled. In good condition, on lightly-aged shiny art paper, with vertical crease. Inscribed at head of first page: 'For Harry Levin | - with regards - | Irving Ribner'. Frye's book was published by Princeton University Press in 1963. From the papers of the American critic Harry Levin (1912-1994). Scarce: no copy of this offprint on COPAC.

[ Inscribed offprint. ] Marlowe's Doctor Faustus: The 1602 Additions.

Author: 
Fredson Bowers [ Harry Levin; Christopher Marlowe ]
Publication details: 
'A reprint from Studies in Bibliography, Papers of the Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia.' Vol. 26, 1973.
£35.00

18pp., 8vo. Stapled into yellow card wraps with publication details printed on cover. In good condition, lightly aged. Inscribed on cover: 'For Harry Levin | with my compliments, | Fredson Bowers'. From the papers of the American critic Harry Levin (1912-1994). Scarce: no copy of this offprint on COPAC.

[ Inscribed offprint. ] Establishing Shakespeare's Text: Notes on Short Lines and the Problem of Verse Division. By Fredson Bowers.

Author: 
Fredson Bowers [ Harry Levin; William Shakespeare ]
Publication details: 
'A reprint from Studies in Bibliography, Papers of the Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia.' Vol. 33, 1980.
£35.00

58pp., 8vo, paginated 73-130. Stapled in lavender card wraps with publication details printed on cover. Offprint itself in good condition, wraps heavily-worn at spine. The article is inscribed at the head of the first page: 'To Harry | with my very best - | Fredson'. From the papers of the American critic Harry Levin (1912-1994). Scarce: no copy of this offprint on COPAC.

[ Inscribed offprint. ] Today's Shakespeare Texts, and Tomorrow's. By Fredson Bowers.

Author: 
Fredson Bowers [ Harry Levin; William Shakespeare ]
Publication details: 
'A reprint from Studies in Bibliography, Papers of the Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia.' Vol. 19, 1966.
£35.00

27pp., 8vo, paginated 39-65. Stapled into light-green card wraps with publication details printed on cover. Inscribed on cover: 'With my compliments - | Fredson Bowers'. Footnote describes the article as: 'An address delivered in the President's Lecture Series at Wayne State University, 10 March 1964.' From the papers of the American critic Harry Levin (1912-1994). Scarce: no copy of this offprint on COPAC.

[ Offprint, inscribed by author Irving Ribner of Tulane University. ] The Idea of History in Marlowe's Tamburlaine.

Author: 
Irving Ribner of Tulane University [ Christopher Marlowe; John Hopkins University, Baltimore; A Journal of English Literary History, ]
Publication details: 
'Reprinted from ELH: A Journal of English Literary History, Vol. 20, No. 4, December, 1953.'
£80.00

16pp., 8vo, paginated 251-266. Stapled. In fair condition, lightly aged with vertical fold. Inscribed at head of first page: 'For Prof. Harry Levin, | Very cordially, | Irving Ribner'. The only copy of this offprint on COPAC at the Warburg Institute.

[ Offprint, inscribed by author Irving Ribner of Tulane University. ] 'Marlowe's Edward II and the Tudor History Play'.

Author: 
Irving Ribner of Tulane University [ Christopher Marlowe; John Hopkins University, Baltimore; A Journal of English Literary History, ]
Publication details: 
[ Baltimore, Maryland: John Hopkins University Press. ] 'Reprinted from ELH, A Journal of English Literary History, Vol. 22, No. 4, December, 1955.'
£35.00

11pp., 8vo, paginated 243-253. Stapled. In good condition, lightly aged. Inscribed at head of first page: 'Very cordially, | Irving Ribner'. No copies of this offprint found on either WorldCat or COPAC.

[ Offprint. ] Library Association of the United Kingdom, 1891. Report on Library Appliances.

Author: 
James D. Brown [ James Duff Brown; Library Association of the United Kingdom ]
Publication details: 
Dated 'August 19th, 1891.' [ John Bale & Sons, Steam Printers, 87-89, Great Titchfield Street, London. ]
£100.00

17pp., 8vo. Unbound. In fair condition, on aged paper with slight rusting to staple. Addressed 'To the Council of the Library Association of the United Kingdom'. The author explains that for the purposes of his report 'the definition of library appliances is mechanical contrivances designed to carry on or facilitate the work of a library, but excluding such as are connected with structural arrangements'. The only copy on either OCLC WorldCat or COPAC at the British Library and University of Bristol.

[ Inscribed offprint. ] On the Position of the Centre of Gravity in Man, as determining the Mechanical Relations of the Two Sides of the Body towards each other. By Andrew Buchanan, M.D.

Author: 
Andrew Buchanan, M.D. [ Andrew Buchanan (1798-1882), Scottish physician, Professor at the University of Glasgow ]
Publication details: 
'Read before the Philosophical Society of Glasgow, April 25, 1877.' Place and date of offprint not stated.
£80.00

24pp., 8vo. Disbound. In good condition, with light signs of age. Inscribed at head of first page: 'With kind regards.' 11 figures in text. Published in 'Proceedings of the Philosophical Society of Glasgow', vol. 10 (1875-1877).

[ Offprint ('corrected Copy'). ] Address delivered by Sir Llewelyn Turner (High Sheriff of Carnarvonshire), to the Segontium Society, On the 18th of November, 1886.

Author: 
Sir Llewelyn Turner, High Sheriff of Carnarvonshire [ The Segontium Society, Carnarvon, Wales ]
Publication details: 
Reprinted from the "North Wales Observer and Express" of November 26, 1886. Carnarvon: Printed by D. W. Davies and Co., "Express" Office. 1887.
£90.00

15 + [1]pp., 12mo. Unbound pamphlet. In fair condition, lightly aged, with strip of adhesive tape on spine. 'Corrected Copy' in manuscript at head of title-page, and minor manuscript emendation on p.13. Address made at the Society's inaugural meeting, and ranging in topic from Carnarvon's ancient history to 'The Terrible Competition of the Age'. Scarce: no copy on COPAC.

[ Sir Frank Stockdale, agriculturist: offprint. ] The Work of the Caribbean Commission.

Author: 
Sir Frank Stockdale [ Sir Frank Arthur Stockdale ] (1883-1949), agriculturist and colonial civil servant [ The Caribbean Commission ]
Publication details: 
Reprinted from April 1947 issue of International Affairs. Published Quarterly for the Royal Institute of International Affairs, London, by the University of Toronto Press.
£120.00

8pp., 8vo, paginated 213-220, with separate title page. In fair condition, aged and worn, with rusted staples. Address given at Chatham House on December 17, 1946.' Stockdale explains how 'The Anglo-American Commission was established on March 9, 1942, for the purpose of encouraging and strengthening social and economic co-operation between the United States of America, its territories and bases in the Caribbean and the United Kingdom and the British West Indian Colonies. [...] President Roosevelt [...] was largely instrumental in the formation of the Commission and selected Mr. Charles W.

[ William Clark Russell, nautical author. ] Offprint of article about him by 'Capt. W. J. Ward (Cardiff)', titled 'A National Asset'. With photographic portrait of Russell, and reproduction of sonnet to him by Julia D. Young.

Author: 
Capt. W. J. Ward (Cardiff), Author of "A Lady Skipper," "S.S. Grauck, or The Scheme That Failed," Etc. Etc. [ William Clark Russell (1844-1911), English nautical author; Julia D. Young ]
Publication details: 
'Reprinted from "The Maritime Review."' No place or date (but during the reign of King George V).
£50.00

2pp., 4to. Printed on the same side of one piece of shiny art paper, folded to make a bifolium. Aged and stained, with wear and slight loss to extremities. Photograph of Russell beneath title, alongside 'Sonnet | To W. Clark Russell', reprinted 'From "English Sea Pictures." By Julia D. Young, Author of "Barham Beach, the President's Poem." - New York.' The author laments that '[i]n this country, it is not the fashion to ennoble those who really do something for their time and generation', such as Russell, whose 'stupendous output' consists of 'fifty-seven books everyone [sic] of them good'.

[ Offprint, inscribed by the author toA.N.L. Munby. ] The Wilkins Lecture, 1967 | Bacon, Harvey and the originators of the Royal Society | By Sir Geoffrey Keynes | (Delivered 8 June 1967 - Received 12 June 1967)'.

Author: 
Sir Geoffrey Keynes (1887-1982), scholar, surgeon and bibliophile, the younger brother of the economist John Maynard Keynes [ The Royal Society, London ]
Publication details: 
From the 'Proceedings of the Royal Society', vol. 169. London, 1967.
£80.00

16pp., 8vo. With three plates, at the foot of the first of which someone (the recipient?) has written 'a modern pastiche'. In fair condition, lightly grubby and creased. Inscribed by Keynes at head of first page: 'Tim Munby | from the author'. Uncommon: four copies on COPAC.

[Offprint.] Further Notes on "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves".

Author: 
Duncan B. MacDonald [Duncan Black MacDonald (1863-1943), American orientalist] [The Royal Asiatic Society, London]
Publication details: 
From the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, January, 1913. [Stephen Austin and Sons, Ltd., Printers, Hertford.]
£56.00

13pp., 8vo, paginated 41-53. Stapled, in brown printed wraps. On aged and worn paper, with rusted staples. Largely unopened. A learned exposition, with quotations in the original, beginning: 'It is now possible for me to supplement my Arabic text of Ali Baba by printing in full the only other original version so far known. I shall add some further information which I have gathered on the identity of the scribe of the Bodleian MS. and various notes on the text of that version.' No copy in the British Library, and a total of six copies on OCLC WorldCat and COPAC.

[Offprint of treatise by Junayd of Baghdad.] The Book of the Cure of Souls.

Author: 
A. J. Arberry [Arthur John Arberry (1905-1969), British orientalist; The Royal Asiatic Society, London; Junayd of Baghdad]
Publication details: 
From the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, April, 1937.
£56.00

13pp., 8vo, paginated 219-231. Stapled, in yellow printed wraps. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with rusted staples. Publishing 'the text and translation of what is one of the most interesting of the little treatises preserved in the Istanbul manuscript, both because of its contents, and also for the reason that it is the only work of Junayd for which we have a second authority'. No copies of this offprint traced, either on OCLC WorldCat or on COPAC.

[Presentation copy.] The Early Metallurgy of Silver and Lead: Part I., Lead. Communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by William Gowland, Esq., F.S.A., F.I.C., Associate of the Royal School of Mines.

Author: 
William Gowland, Esq., F.S.A., F.I.C., Associate of the Royal School of Mines
Publication details: 
['From Archaeologia, Vol. LVII.'] Printed by J. B. Nichols and Sons, Parliament Mansions, Victoria Street, Westminster. 1901.
£120.00

[2] + 64pp., 4to. Blue printed wraps. Aged and worn, with wraps detached and heavily-worn at extremities. Inscribed at head of front cover: 'Professor Tilden | with the Author's kind regards'. Attractively presented, with tables and 21 illustrations in text. A scarce item: no copy at the British Library, and the only copy on COPAC at the Warburg Institute; a further four copies on OCLC WorldCat.

[Offprint of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, London.] Franco-American and Franco-British Relations. (Paper read on June 15th, 1926.)

Author: 
M. André Siegfried [The Royal Institute of International Affairs, London]
Publication details: 
'Reprinted from "Journal of Royal Institute of International Affairs," September 1926.'
£280.00

14pp., 8vo, paginated 225-238. Stitched pamphlet in grey printed wraps. Somewhat worn and aged, with pin hole passing through the pamphlet at head. Siegried's aim is to 'study as frankly as possible the spirit of Franco-American relations. Then - and this might look bold, as I am speaking to a British audience - I will try to analyse what I think is the spirit of Anglo-American relations.

[Charles Stewart Parnell and the Parnell Commission.] Offprint from The Times: 'Parnellism and Crime. | Facsimile Page from the "Irish World." | Reprinted from The Times of June 7, 1887.

Author: 
[Sir Robert Anderson; The Times of London; Charles Stewart Parnell; The Parnell Commission; Patrick Ford; Patrick Egan; Irish Land League]
Publication details: 
London: Printed and published by George Edward Wright, at The Times office, Printing-House Square. 1887.
£280.00

For the context of this item see Parnell's entry in the Oxford DNB, and T. W. Moody's study 'The Times versus Parnell and Co., 1887-90' (in 'Historical Studies VI', ed. Moody; London: RKP, 1968). Moody notes that the first three Times articles (7, 10 and 14 March) 'were quickly reprinted in pamphlet form (price one penny)', but makes no mention of the present item. On both sides of single 60.5 x 47.5 cm leaf (on wove paper with 1887 watermark of 'The Times Taverham Mill'). Folded four times to make a packet with 15 x 12 cm title, which reads in full: 'Parnellism and Crime.

[Presentation copy of offprint.] Ueber vegetarische Diät. Von Dr. Rudolf Staehelin, I. Assistenzarzt der medizinischen Klinik zu Basel

Author: 
Rudolf Staehelin (1875-1943), Swiss physician [vegetarianism; vegetarian]
Publication details: 
Separatadruck aus dem Correspondenz-Blatt für Schweizer Aerzte, 1906, Nr. 13.
£135.00

12pp., 8vo. Stapled and unbound. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Stamped at head of first page: 'Uberreicht vom Verfasser.", with the word 'DIETETICS' written beneath this in red ink. Scarce: no copies at the Wellcome or on COPAC, and the only copy on OCLC WorldCat at Basel.

[Offprint, inscribed to Mary Proctor, containing autograph note.] Detection of Venus' Rotation Period and of the Fundamental Physical Features of the Planet's Surface.

Author: 
Percival Lowell [Percival Lawrence Lowell (1855-1916), American astronomer] [Mary Proctor (1862-1957), American astronomer]
Publication details: 
'Reprint from Popular Astronomy'. 'Lowell Observatory, November, 1896.'
£450.00

5pp., 8vo, with five plates. Stitched. In brown printed wraps headed 'Compliments of the Author', with 'Reprint from Popular Astronomy' at foot. Heavily aged, in worn and stained wraps repaired with tape. At the head of the cover Lowell has written 'iss Mary E. Proctor'. Manuscript note in another hand (presumably Procter's) on cover: 'Contains a note in Lowell's own handwriting on page 2'. Lowell's autograph note on p.2, with slight loss due to trimming of the edges of the pamphlet, reads: 'For further story by me see Jan. '97 pular stronomy'.

[Presentation copy of offprint.] De l'Action du Magnétisme sur les Gaz traversées par des Décharges Électriques par MM. A. de la Rive et E. Sarasin

Author: 
Auguste Arthur de la Rive (1801-1873), Professor of Physics at the Geneva Academy, Swiss physicist and pioneer in the field of electricity [Édouard Sarasin (1843-1917), Swiss physicist]
Publication details: 
'Communiqué à la Société de Physique et d'Histoire naturelle de Genève dans sa séance du 6 avril 1871.' ['Tiré des Archives des Sciences de la Bibliothèque Universelle. Mai 1871. Avec autorisation de la Direction.']
£150.00

22pp., 8vo. Stitched and in brown printed wraps. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, in chipped and damaged wraps with shelfmark. Unopened. In manuscript at head of front wrap: 'de la part des auteurs'. Scarce: no copy in the Bibliothèque Nationale, and only three copies on OCLC WorldCat.

[Presentation copy of offprint.] Nouvelles Recherches sur les Propriétés des Courants Électriques Discontinus, et dirigés alternativement en sens contraires, par M. A. de la Rive, Professeur de Physique a l'Academie de Geneve.

Author: 
Auguste Arthur de la Rive (1801-1873), Professor of Physics at the Geneva Academy, and pioneer in the field of electricity
Publication details: 
'(Extrait des Archives de l'Electricité, Supplément à la Bibliothèque Universelle de Genève.)' [1841.]
£150.00

80pp., 8vo. Stitched and unbound. All but the first few leaves unopened. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with traces of the original blue wraps adhering at spine. In manuscript at head of title-page: 'hommage de l'auteur'. At the time of his death de la Rive's work was deemed by one obituarist ' indispensable for the scientific student of electricity', and the phrase was repeated in the eleventh edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Scarce: no copy in the Bibliothèque Nationale, and of the seven copies on OCLC WorldCat, five in Swiss libraries.

[Offprint.] Des Mouvements Vibratoires que déterminent dans les Corps, et essentiellement dans le fer, la transmission des courants électriques et leur action extérieure. Par Mr. le Professeur de la Rive.

Author: 
Auguste Arthur de la Rive (1801-1873), Professor of Physics at the Geneva Academy, and pioneer in the field of electricity
Publication details: 
'(Extrait des Archives de l'Electricité, Supplément à la Bibliothèque Universelle de Genève.)'
£120.00

35pp., 8vo. Stitched and unbound. All but the first few leaves unopened. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with traces of the original blue wraps adhering at spine. At the time of his death de la Rive's work was deemed by one obituarist ' indispensable for the scientific student of electricity', and the phrase was repeated in the eleventh edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Scarce: no copy in the Bibliothèque Nationale, and of the nine copies on OCLC WorldCat, eight in Swiss libraries.

[Offprint of anonymous article attacking Pusey and the Oxford Movement.] The Thirty-Nine Articles. (Extracted from "The Press and St. James's Chronicle," September 5, 1868.) [Including 'Extract from the Bishop of Worcester's Charge'.]

Author: 
[The Press and St. James's Chronicle, London; the Oxford Movement; Edward Bouverie Pusey; John David Macbride, Principal of Magdalene Hall, Oxford; Henry Philpott, Bishop of Worcester]
Publication details: 
[London: The Press and St. James's Chronicle, 1868.]
£120.00

2pp., folio. On single leaf, with the reverse paginated 2. In double column. The article begins: 'No sign of the times appears to us fraught with more emphatic warning than the proposal of Dr. Pusey, that the Universities should abandon subscription to the Thirty-nine Articles, as the practical qualifications for orthodox Church of England Protestant teaching.' A footnote cites a work by Macbride.

[Campo del Cielo, iron meteorites, Argentina.] Printed article in Spanish: 'An Account of a Mass of native Iron, found in South-America. By Don Michael Rubin de Celis. Communicated by Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. P.R.S.' With English translation.

Author: 
Don Michael Rubin de Celis; Sir Joseph Banks [Campo del Cielo, iron meteorites, Argentina.]
Publication details: 
From 'Transactions of the Royal Society' (London, 1788). 'Read November 22, 1787.'
£56.00

A total of 13pp., 4to. The 'Account' covers the six pages 37-42, and the translation ('Appendix | Translation of Don Michael Rubin de Celis's Letter to the Royal Society, relative to a Mass of native Iron, found in South-America.') covers the seven pages 183-189. Extracted from the volume of 'Transactions'. In very good condition, on lightly-aged paper. Stapled into a worn blue card folder, with label of the London booksellers Sotherans.

The Siting and Design of Harbours.

Author: 
Ernest James Buckton (1883-1973) [dock and harbour engineering]
Publication details: 
Vernon Harcourt Lecture Session 1954-55. London: Published by the Institution of Civil Engineers, 1956.
£75.00

Pamphlet, 8vo: 50 pp + 8 pp of plates. Stitched. In original blue printed wraps. Minor staining. 56 diagrams in text (figs 1-56), which is followed by 17 photographs (figs. 57 to 73) as plates on art paper. Good, on lightly aged paper, with bottom corner at rear dogeared and slight wear and small stain to wraps. Presentation copy: 'No charge' in pencil on front wrap, which also carries the light ownership stamp of 'P. P. GRIFFITHS' at the head. Scarce: no copy in the British Library or on COPAC.

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