NATURAL

[ Sir George Birdwood, Anglo-Indian naturalist. ] 14 Autograph Letters Signed (12 of them 'George Birdwood') to H. B. Wheatley and Sir Henry Trueman Wood of the Royal Society of Arts, with reference to Sir William Lee-Warner and Sir Thomas Holdich.

Author: 
Sir George Birdwood [ Sir George Christopher Molesworth Birdwood ] (1832-1917), Anglo-Indian naturalist, colonial official and author [ Sir Henry Trueman Wood; H. B. Wheatley; Royal Society of Arts ]
Publication details: 
Five letters from 1901, four of them on letterhead of the India Office, Whitehall; one from 33 Elgin Crescent, Notting Hill. Nine letters from 1913, all from 5 Windsor Road, Ealing.
£220.00

The 14 letters total 72pp. The collection is in good condition, lightly aged. Most items docketed and with the Society's stamp. The correspondence relates to Society business, from a strongly Anglo-Indian viewpoint. Letters of 26 May and 2 June 1913 are each 12pp. Long, and concern the relative merits of Indian colonial official Sir William Lee-Warner (1846-1914) and the geographer Sir Thomas Holdich (1843-1929), to be chairman of the Society.

[ Herbert Mills Birdwood, Anglo-Indian botanist. ] Two Autograph Letters Signed (both 'H. Birdwood') to H. B. Wheatley of the Royal Society of Arts

Author: 
Herbert Mills Birdwood (1837-1907), Anglo-Indian botanist and jurist [ H. B. Wheatley [ Henry Benjamin Wheatley ] (1838-1917), Assistant Secretary, Royal Society of Arts ]
Publication details: 
Both from Dalkeith House, Cambridge Park, Twickenham (one on letterhead). 25 January and 12 June 1901.
£80.00

Both items in good condition, on grey-paper bifoliums, the first with the Society's stamp and both docketed. ONE: 25 January 1901. 1p., 12mo. Concerning the binding up of his copies of the Society's journal, and the supply of missing parts. TWO: 12 June 1901. 3pp., 12mo. Concerning his 'promised letter' for 'Friday's Journal': 'I cannot hope to have a proof sent me, but if you accept the letter & should be correcting a proof yourself & would, when ordering a proof, order a spare copy for me to see at your office, I shd. be greatly obliged & wd. call in tomorrow afternoon to look through it'.

[[Book] Journal of the Birmingham Natural History & Philosophical Society, vols. I and II

Author: 
[Birmingham Natural History & Philosophical Society]
Publication details: 
Birmingham: Printed by Robert Birbeck & Sons, 313, Broad Street.
£250.00

Two Vols bound in one, hf. lea, faded and worn, marbled boards, worn, contents v.g.. Vol. I, pp.iv.174; Vol. II, iv.148 (inc. indexes and list of members). Honorary Vice-Presidents include Haeckel, Babington, Huxley, Lankester. Scarce.

[ Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist and explorer; Darwin ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Alcide d'Orbigny') to 'Monsieur le Doyen'

Author: 
Alcide d'Orbigny [ Alcide Charles Victor Marie Dessalines d'Orbigny ] (1802-1857), French naturalist and explorer who corresponded with Charles Darwin
Publication details: 
Paris. 27 February 1852.
£150.00

1p., 8vo. Nineteen lines of text in close hand. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper. He has just heard, through his editor 'M. Masson', that a complaint has been lodged against him 'pour usurpation du titre de Professeur suppléant de géologie' at the Faculté des Sciences. He assures him that it was never his intention to appropriate the title, and explains the circumstances that have led to his adopting it. He undertakes to desist in future.

[ Thomas Bell, zoologist. ] Autograph Letter Signed to an unnamed party, agreeing to second his membership nomination for the Athenaeum Club, and commenting on the 'changeable weather'.

Author: 
Thomas Bell (1792-1880) of Selborne, zoologist, President of the Linnaean Society who disapproved of the theories of Charles Darwin
Publication details: 
On letterhead of The Wakes, Selborne. 18 February 1864.
£80.00

3pp., 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. He writes that he will have 'great pleasure' seconding the recipient's nomination at the Athenaeum Club, and will do so 'the first time I go to London'. He discusses the arrangements before commenting on the 'great disappointment' felt by 'all our party' that the recipient was unable to join them. The letter concludes: 'I hope you have not suffered as so many have done from the very changeable weather &c had - I never knew such variations both in temperature & pressure, for so long a time'.

[ William Carruthers, Scottish botanist. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Wm Carruthers') to 'Dr Miller', regarding paying a visit with 'our stones'.

Author: 
William Carruthers (1830-1922), Scottish botanist, Keeper of the Botanical Department at the Natural History Museum, London
Publication details: 
British Museum [ London ]. 5 July 1870.
£80.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper. He will have 'much pleasure in breaking our stones o'er again on Thursday', and will 'try & bring some sections with me - several specimens are in the lapidary's hands'. He ends by asking for confirmation of the hour at which he should call on him.

[ Sir William Henry Flower, anatomist. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('W. H. Flower') to 'Miss Buchanan'

Author: 
Sir William Henry Flower (1831-1899), anatomist and surgeon, Director of the Natural History Museum, London
Publication details: 
On letterhead of the British Museum (Natural History), Cromwell Road, London. 13 April 1896.
£56.00

2pp., 12mo. In fair condition, on aged and lightly-creased paper, with traces of glue from mount at head of second page. Annotated at head in a contemporary hand. If mention of his name 'can in any way help you for the Welsh University or for any other post, by all means use it'. Regarding the 'next years cataloguing', plans are only in consideration, 'with the preparation of the estimates at end of the summer'. He explains that in the previous year these were 'framed by Dr. Smith', and that her application 'came just too late'.

[ Richard Cumberland, Bishop of Peterborough. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Ric: Cumberland:') to his 'Cousin', Rev. Isaac L(angtton?), regarding money worries and plans for Christmas. With his ecclesiastical signature ('Ric. Peterborough:')

Author: 
Richard Cumberland (1632-1718), Bishop of Peterborough, philosopher associated with the Cambridge Platonists, and friend of Samuel Pepys
Publication details: 
Stamford [ Lincolnshire ]. 22 December 1687.
£1,200.00

1p., 8vo. In bifolium. Aged and worn, and having received a careful professional repair. Addressed: 'For the Reverend Mr Isaac L at Mris Moor's house in Harborough'. Addressed to 'Deare Cousin'. Eighteen lines of text. He is forwarding another letter (not present), and is adding 'these few lines let you understand that I am safe returned from London and have recovered from that cold and illness that I got in my journey'. He invites him to Stamford for the Christmas period, which he hopes 'to passe more comfortably than I did my last'.

[ Sir Ashton Lever, natural history collector. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Ashton Lever') to 'Mr. Harrop', regarding a plan to send 'a Cargo of Potatoes' to 'our brave friends at Gibraltar'.

Author: 
Sir Ashton Lever (1729-1788) of Alkrington Hall, Rochdale, Lancashire, natural history collector [ The Great Siege of Gibraltar, 1779-1783 ]
Publication details: 
'Alkrington' [ Alkrington Hall, Rochdale, Lancashire ]. 20 October 1782.
£200.00

1p., landscape 8vo. On aged and worn paper, with a couple of light ink stains. A small cutting carrying a biography of Lever is laid down at bottom left. His 'intention relative to sending a Cargo of Potatoes to our brave friends at Gibraltar' has not met with the support he expected, so he is forced to 'give up the plan, the Subscription being no way adequate to the expence that would attend'. He asks Harrop to insert the list of subscribers in his newspaper, and to 'return those Gentlemen their Subscription with my best Compliments'.

[ E. A. Smith of the Natural History Museum, zoologist and malacologist. ] Autograph Card Signed ('Edgar A. Smith') to fellow-malacologist Rudolph Bergh of Copenhagen.

Author: 
E. A. Smith [ Edgar Albert Smith ] (1847-1916) of the Natural History Museum, zoologist and malacologist [ Ludvig Sophus Rudolph Bergh (1824-1909), Danish physician and malacologist ]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of the British Museum (Natural History), Cromwell Road, London. 11 May 1905.
£45.00

In good condition, with stamp and postmarks. Addressed to 'Dr Rudolf [sic] Bergh | 6 Malmogade | Copenhagen | Denmark'. Reads: 'Dear Sir, | I have no record of any account of the soft parts of Amathina tricostata since the time of H. & A. Adams. I remember your visit to us many many years ago. With kind regards | Yours v. truly | Edgar A. Smith'.

[ E. A. Smith of the Natural History Museum, zoologist and malacologist. ] Five Autograph Letters Signed and two Autograph Cards Signed to H. J. V. Lynge of Copenhagen

Author: 
E. A. Smith [ Edgar Albert Smith ] (1847-1916) of the Natural History Museum, zoologist and malacologist [ Herman Johannes Vilhelm Lynge (1862-1945), Danish antiquarian bookseller and zoologist ]
Publication details: 
Five on letterheads of the British Museum (Natural History), Cromwell Road, London. Between 1903 and 1910.
£280.00

The seven items in good condition, showing light signs of age and wear. Four signed 'Edgar A. Smith' and three 'E. A. Smith'. The letters totalling 10pp. A learned correspondence, with Smith attempting, not always successfully, to identify Lynge's specimens, passing comment and suggesting publications.

[ Sir John Russell Reynolds, English neurologist. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('J Russell Reynolds.'), informing 'Flower' [ Sir William Henry Flower ] that he will not be present at a meeting at the [ Natural History ] Museum.

Author: 
Sir John Russell Reynolds [ J. Russell Reynolds ] (1828-1896), English neurologist [ Sir William Henry Flower (1831-1899), zoologist, director of the Natural HIstory Museum, London
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 38 Grosvenor Street, W. [ London ] 21 November 1894.
£40.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Written in purple ink. He will not be in town the following Saturday morning, 'at the time of the meeting at the South Kensington Museum, so that if there is any doubt as to securing a "Quorum" you may know, as early as I can tell you, of my necessary absence'.

[ Donovan, naturalist; handbill ] The London Museum, and Institute of Natural History [is now open to the inspection of the public].

Author: 
[ Edward Donovan, naturalist ]
Publication details: 
Printed by Deans & Dunne, Hart Street, Covent Garden [1808]
£56.00

Four pages, 8vo, formerly bound into a publication (stabbing evident), sl. dulled and chipped, giving information about the Museum founded by Edward Donovan, and Donovan's publications. See Wikipedia for further information about the Museum, and an image of the first page of this item which they call a "catalogue"

[ The English garden. ] Manuscript plan of unnamed garden, with bloom calendar table showing the blooming patterns of more than a hundred flowers.

Author: 
[ The English garden; gardening; ecology ]
Publication details: 
Place not stated [ England ]. 1928.
£120.00

The table or bloom calendar is in a makeshift table, ruled out in pencil over 2pp., folio. It is in poor condition, heavily-aged, divided into two sections along central horizontal fold line, and with slight loss to text from chipping.

Autograph Letter Signed to (Charles Edward) Fagan.

Author: 
Arthur Donaldson Smith
Publication details: 
25 January 1895; Barre.
£250.00

American physician and explorer of Africa (1866-1939). The recipient was Assistant Secretary at the Natural History Museum, London. One page, 12mo. Good, on slightly discoloured paper, and with remains of stub still neatly attached to one edge. A significant letter, sent on the eve of Donaldson Smith's most notable expedition. 'Just a line in haste to tell you I & Dodson [a taxidermist engaged for the expedition] are ready to start for Rudolph Gillitt [another taxidermist] having left for England after hearing of his father's death.

Autograph Letter Signed to Dr [Albert] Gunther.

Author: 
Arthur Donaldson Smith
Publication details: 
24 January 1895; Barre.
£150.00

American physician and explorer of Africa (1866-1939). The recipient (1830-1914) was Keeper of the Zoological Department at the British Museum, 1875-95, and Vice-President of the Royal Society, 1875-6. Two pages, 12mo. Very good, on slightly discoloured paper with a little light spotting. Traces of previous mount adhering to one edge. He is sending some 'spirit-specimens' from his collection and has written to Sir William Flower 'as to the disposition of the entire collection'.

Autograph Letter Signed to (Charles Edward) Fagan.

Author: 
Arthur Donaldson Smith
Publication details: 
25 January 1895; Barre.
£250.00

American physician and explorer of Africa (1866-1939). The recipient was Assistant Secretary at the Natural History Museum, London. One page, 12mo. Good, on slightly discoloured paper, and with remains of stub still neatly attached to one edge. A significant letter, sent on the eve of Donaldson Smith's most notable expedition. 'Just a line in haste to tell you I & Dodson [a taxidermist engaged for the expedition] are ready to start for Rudolph Gillitt [another taxidermist] having left for England after hearing of his father's death.

[ Edward Forbes, Manx naturalist. ] Autograph Note in the third person to 'Mr Bowerbank'.

Author: 
Edward Forbes (1815-1854), Manx naturalist, Professor of Botany at King's College, London
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated.
£40.00

On 3 x 17 cm. slip of paper, cut from longer document. In fair condition, lightly aged and folded. Reads: 'Prof Forbes' compliments to Mr Bowerbank and he cannot they are not ready he will forward them to Mr Ransom himself'.

[ Charles Lucien Bonaparte, ornithologist and nephew of Napoleon. ] Autograph Signature (' C L. Bonaparte').

Author: 
Charles Lucien Bonaparte [ Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte, 2nd Prince of Canino and Musignano ] (1803-1857), biologist and ornithologist, nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated.
£56.00

On 5.5 x 14 cm. strip of paper. Apparently written in response to a request for an autograph. Reads: 'I am much flattered by the demand | C L. Bonaparte' ('demand' being a mistake for 'request').

[ John Gould, ornithologist. ] Autograph Note Signed to London bookseller J. E. Cornish, acknowledging a payment.

Author: 
John Gould (1804-1881), ornithologist [ J. E. Cornish, London bookseller ]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 'London, 26, Charlotte Street, | Bedford Square. W. E.' 19 August 1870.
£150.00

1p., 12mo. In very good condition. Large bold signature. 'Dear Sir | Thanks for your prompt remittance: I return the a/c duly accepted and remain | Dear Sir | Yours very truly | John Gould | Mr. J. E. Cornish'. Docketted at top left.

[ William Hamilton Gibson, American illustrator and naturalist. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Hamilton Gibson') to 'Mr Skinner', thanking him for a notice of a lecture

Author: 
William Hamilton Gibson (1850-1896), American illustrator and naturalist
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 132 Lincoln Place, Brooklyn. 6 March 1894.
£56.00

3pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper. He thanks him for a notice of his lecture which is 'sympathetic and in every way adequate and helpful'. He is accustomed to reviews 'which however kindly and appreciative have nevertheless so woefully manipulated my facts'. He gives as an example his 'good friend Baker of the Union', who 'in the kindliest & most cordial spirit put words in my mouth, statements of scientific fact [...] But it is as you have so often told me. The only way to establish a truth is to pound away at it, iteration and reiteration.'

[ John George Wood, naturalist and author. ] Autograph Signature ('J. G. Woods') on conclusion of Autograph Letter

Author: 
Rev. J. G. Wood [ John George Wood ] (1827-1889), English naturalist and author
Publication details: 
Date and place not stated.
£30.00

On one side of piece of 13.5 x 8.5 cm piece of paper. Aged and worn. Reads: 'know when I shall have an evening to myself, for in the last fifteen days or so, I have only dined at home twice, and as far as I see, that much of vagrant life seems rather on the increase than otherwise. But the first evening that I have, I will dedicate to you, & give you notice thereof | Best remembrances to your family - | Yours very sincerely | J. G. Wood'. On reverse, in another hand: 'J. G. Wood | the great naturalist'.

[ Jean Hyacinthe de Magellan, natural philosopher. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Magellan'), in English, to the Earl of Buchan, on topics including Adair Crawford's 'new theory of heat in general'.

Author: 
Jean Hyacinthe de Magellan [João Jacinto de Magalhães] (1722-1790), Portuguese natural philosopher, latterly based in London [ David Steuart Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan; Adair Crawford (1748-1795) ]
Publication details: 
London. 21 September 1780.
£450.00

3pp., 4to. Addressed, with black wax seal, on reverse of second leaf to 'The Earl of Buchan at Kerkhill | by Edinburgh'. In fair condition, lightly aged. He is 'hardly relieved' from 'a very distressing ophthalmy withh great head-ackes [sic]', but thanks the Earl for 'sending the pamphlet of Dr. Homes on the Croup, for my friend Monsr. Le Roy, one of ye. Members of ye. Royal Acady. at Paris'. He is sending him the Philosophical Transactions, 'as regularly as they come out, by the indicated way of Mr. Donalson'. The 'Medal of ye late Captn. Cook [...] has not yet been distributed to ye.

[ Sir Richard Owen, biologist. ] Sepia studio portrait of his head and shoulders by the London photographer Herbert Rose Barraud.

Author: 
Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892), biologist and leading opponent of Charles Darwin [ Herbert Rose Barraud (1845-1896), London photographer ]
Publication details: 
Mounted on printed card of 'Mr. Barraud | 96 Gloucester Place | Portman Square | London. W.' Undated [ 1888 ]. Card printed by Marion Imprimerie, Paris.
£120.00

14.5 x 10 cm sepia print, mounted on 16.5 x 11 cm photographer's printed card with rounded edges, printed by Marion Imprimerie, Paris. The photograph in good condition, the card with slight wear at foot. A striking image of an elderly Owen, his dapper velvet cap and cravat contrasting with his dishevelled hair, thick-set mouth, and watery determined eyes, which stare to the left of the viewer in what is (appropriately for a Lancastrian) almost a gurn. The National Portrait Gallery has an uncropped version of the image, dated by them to 1888.

[ Hand-coloured series of images ] "Phenomena of Nature"

Author: 
[ "Whimper"; Josiah Wood Whymper ]
Publication details: 
London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; S. Bentley, printer, [1846 ]
£800.00

Thirty plates Illustrative of Natural Phenomena, with a short description annexed to each hand-coloured plate, 4to, 35 x 28cm, hf.bound, green cloth, black cf corners and sp., worn, gt bands on spine, 30 engraved plates with fine original hand colour (some spotted, one with small closed tear not affecting text), MS. list of images on verso of front free endpaper, with attractive MS. title "Phenomena of Nature"on recto of second free endpaper, images mostly by Whymper if not all.

[ Joakim Frederik Schouw, Danish botanist and politician. ] Autograph Signature, with biographical note in French and crude portrait.

Author: 
Joakim Frederik Schouw (1789-1852), Danish lawyer, botanist and politician
Publication details: 
Without place or date [ early nineteenth-century ].
£56.00

On an irregular slip of paper, laid down on a landscape 12mo leaf. In very good condition, with light signs of age and wear. Beneath Schouw's signature, in an early nineteenth-century hand: 'Joachim Frédéric Schouw, célèbre botaniste, président de la chambre des députés, né 1789.' To the right of the signature and inscription is a simple line portrait of Schouw's head and shoulders, in the same hand as the French inscription.

[ William Bernhardt Tegetmeier, naturalist. ] Secretarial Letter, Signed 'W B Tegetmeier', to Charles Collette, thanking him for his 'friendly reception of me at the Club' [i.e. the Savage Club].

Author: 
William Bernhardt Tegetmeier (1816-1912), naturalist, friend of Charles Darwin, natural history editor of 'The Field' magazine, London [ Charles Henry Collette (1842-1924), actor ]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 'The Field', Windsor House, Bream's Buildings, London, E.C. 21 January 1903.
£45.00

2pp., 12mo. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with slight damage to second leaf caused by removal from mount. The letter is in a secretarial hand, with Tegetmeier writing the valediction: 'Very sincerely Yours | W B Tegetmeier | C Collette Esq'. He thanks him for his 'exceedingly kind and friendly reception of me at the Club last night', and encloses 'a slip of what I wrote in the Queen, as it may interest you'. He asks to be sent a post card to confirm receipt, 'as I am not quite certain whether you have any letters sent to the Club'.

[Richard Rathbun, Assistant Secretary, the Smithsonian Institution.] Typed Letter Signed ('R. Rathbun') to Charles Anthony, Junior, in Argentina, regarding 'the sending of packages [...] through the International Exchange Service'.

Author: 
Richard Rathbun (1852-1918), 'Assistant Secretary, in charge of the National Museum' [The National Museum of Natural History (The Smithsonian Institution), Washington, U.S.A.]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, U.S.A. 28 September 1909.
£80.00

2pp., 4to. In fair condition, on aged paper, with minor staining from paper clip at head of first leaf. Anthony's letter to Dr L. O. Howard, Secretary of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 'has been referred to the Smithsonian Institution for reply concerning the sending of packages to you through the International Exchange Service'. He sets out the state of affairs regarding the sending of 'three packages, contents unknown' to Anthony at the Town Hall, East London, Cape Colony. The final paragraph concerns publications sent to Anthony in Argentina.

[Pamphlet] The Shells of Ackworth and Went Vale

Author: 
Hugh Richardson
Publication details: 
York: William Sessions, Printer, 15 & 16 Low Ousegate, 1887.
£120.00

"Reprinted from the 'Natural History Journal', February, March [...] 1887", 30 leaves paginated on recto, folding map of Ackworth (frontis.), light grey-green printed wraps, foxed, sunned and sl. grubby, wear and tear, contents good. ENCLOSED: Autograph Letter Signed from Hugh Richardson, The Gables, Elswick Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne, to "Mr J.H. Nodal" Stockport [co-writer of 'A glossary of the Lancashire dialect', etc., 11 Sept.1888.

[Charles St John, sportsman and naturalist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Charles St. John') to 'Miss Orret', regarding the rescheduling of an engagement.

Author: 
Charles St John [Charles George William St John] (1809-1856), sportsman and naturalist
Publication details: 
19 Rutland Street [Edinburgh, Scotland]. 'Tuesday' [no date].
£56.00

3pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with closed tear along gutter and traces of mount on black reverse of second leaf. He fears she will think him 'but faithless' when he asks that she does not wait for him that day, 'as if Lord B. comes in to Edinbh. as I expect him to I cannot depend on getting away from home as early as 2'. He suggests that they go to Arthur's Seat the following day, and in a postscript explains that his sons have delivered the present letter 'en passant to school', and that they will wait 'for a verbal answer' on their way home.

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