FASCISM

[ Winston Churchill's cousin on the Nazi menace. ] Material from the papers of Captain Edward George Spencer Churchill, mainly concerning the League of Nation, Fascism and appeasement, including autograph draft speech, letters, newspaper cuttings.

Author: 
Captain Edward George Spencer-Churchill (1876-1964), cousin of Sir Winston Churchill, art collector; H. A. Gwynne [ Howell Arthur Gwynne ] (1865-1950), editor of the Morning Post [ appeasement ]
Publication details: 
Letters from Northwick Park, Gloucestershire, and 90 Piccadilly, London; between 1935 and 1940. Newspaper cuttings dating from between 1921 and 1944.
£1,250.00

The extraordinary life of Winston Churchill's first cousin Edward George Spencer-Churchill – war hero, art connoisseur (trustee of the National Gallery, 1943-50) and book collector (Roxburgh Club member) – has not yet been fully explored. Educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford (where, as one of a set of three 'admirers of the best-looking male students', he was known as 'Juggins'), he joined the Grenadier Guards in 1899, serving through the Boer War (2 medals and 7 clasps), and First World War (MC, Croix de Guerre with palm).

[ Winston Churchill's cousin on the Nazi menace. ] Material from the papers of Captain Edward George Spencer Churchill, mainly concerning the League of Nation, Fascism and appeasement, including autograph draft speech, letters, newspaper cuttings.

Author: 
Captain Edward George Spencer-Churchill (1876-1964), cousin of Sir Winston Churchill, art collector; H. A. Gwynne [ Howell Arthur Gwynne ] (1865-1950), editor of the Morning Post [ appeasement ]
Publication details: 
Letters from Northwick Park, Harrow, and 90 Piccadilly, London; between 1935 and 1940. Newspaper cuttings dating from between 1921 and 1944.
£1,250.00

Edward George Spencer-Churchill, first cousin of Sir Winston Churchill, was war hero, book collector and art connoisseur. Educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford, he joined the Grenadier Guards in 1899, serving through the Boer War (2 medals and 7 clasps), and First World War (MC, Croix de Guerre with palm). As a Unionist, he contested Derby in 1906, and Tynemouth in 1910. He was High Sheriff of Gloucestershire, 1924–25, and a trustee of the National Gallery, 1943-50. He published books on fishing and commerce, and presented a book to the Roxburgh Club.

[ Thomas Carlyle, Scottish historian. ] Autograph Signature, with Scottish poem in another hand, and contemporary note stating that it was 'Sent by Thomas Carlyle in answer to an application for an autograph'.

Author: 
Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881), Scottish historian
Publication details: 
Carlyle's signature cut from letter dated 'Scotsbrig, 30 Decr, 1853 -'. The poem without place or date.
£150.00

The two items are both laid down on an 11.5 x 21 cm piece of paper, cut from an autograph album. In fair condition, with light signs of age. Carlyle's signature on 3.5 x 14 cm piece of paper, reading 'T. Carlyle | Scotsbrig, 30 Decr, 1853 -'.

[ Douglas Woodruff and Dr Max Bindermann ] Typed Letter Signed from Woodruff to Bindermann, defending the Tablet's position on the Hungary; with typed article by Bindermann on the Habsburgs and Fascist Fatherland Front; and autograph notes by him.

Author: 
Douglas Woodruff (1897-1978), editor of 'The Tablet', London Roman Catholic newspaper; Dr Max Bindermann, Viennese lawyer and socialist, an emigré in London
Publication details: 
Woodruff's letter on letterhead of The Tablet, London. 6 November 1939. Bindermann's article undated (but in response to one in the Tablet, 11 November 1939). Some notes dated 27 February 1940.
£180.00

The three items in fair condition, on aged and worn paper. ONE: TLS by 'Douglas Woodruff'. 1p., 4to. The letter begins testily: 'Dear Sir, | I was rather puzzled to receive your letter in the form of a carbon copy. As you may imagine, we are not fond of letters that are circulated. I have now read it in Truth, although presumably the opening paragraph refers to the Tablet.

[ The South Kensington Debating Society. ] Manuscript minute book, signed by chairmen Sir Charles Petrie, John Terry and Dorothy Saward and others. Topics include National Socialism (Unity Mitford speaking), Palestine Question and Spanish Civil War.

Author: 
The South Kensington Debating Society [of the Conservative Party], London [ Sir Charles Petrie, John Terry, Dorothy Saward, successive chairman ] [ Unity Mitford; Sir Charles Petrie; Ludovic Kennedy ]
Publication details: 
The South Kensington Debating Society, 23 Stratford Rd, W8 [London]. 7 June 1938 to 1 February 1949.
£280.00

H. G. Wells had been a member of an organisation of the same name at the end of the nineteenth century, but the two appear unrelated. The background to the present SKDS is explained in a loosely-inserted cutting from the Observer, 6 February 1938, which states that the Conservative at Kensington 'have a very vigorous Debating Society, of which the chairman is Miss Dorothy Saward. It meets once a month, and Miss Saward has been singularly successful in her choice both of motions and speakers'.

[ L'affaire de l'Aéropostale (The l'Aéropostale Scandal), 1931-1932. ] 16 signed caricatures by 'Dukercy', and 62 press photographs, of the court case resulting from the scandal involving the French airline, which led to the formation of Air France.

Author: 
[ L'affaire de l'Aéropostale (the l'Aéropostale Scandal), 1931-1932; Compagnie générale aéropostale; 'Pierre Dukercy' [pseudonym of Pierre Méjécaze (1888-1945)], French radical socialist cartoonist ]
Publication details: 
[ Compagnie générale aéropostale, Paris. ] 1933.
£1,150.00

The scandal resulted in the dissolution of the company in 1932, and its merging with others to form Air France. In their 'France and Fascism: February 1934 and the Dynamics of Political Crisis' (Routledge, 2015), Jenkins and Millington explain the background as follows: 'In 1931, it was revealed that the owners of the prestigious airline Aéropostale, the Bouilloux-Lafont family, had diverted Aéropostale's government subsidies into other struggling companies they controlled. When these collapsed, Aéropostale fell with them.

[Inscribed copy.] Trial of a Judge. A tragedy in five acts.

Author: 
Stephen Spender
Publication details: 
London: Faber and Faber Limited. 1938.
£80.00

115pp., 8vo. In red cloth binding. No dustwrapper. Aged, with back hinge sprung and one bumped corner at the back. Excellent inscription by Spender on the front free endpaper, in which he describes the history of the composition of the play: 'To And | with love from | Stephen. | March 16 1938. | This play begun January 1933, at Barcelona, partly written in January 1937 in Madrid & Albacete, and finished January 1938 in London, is almost a record of our friendships through five years.'

[Printed booklet with introduction by Winston Churchill; a bookplate by Gooden loosely inserted.] The Trumpeter of Saint George. An Engraving by Stephen Gooden A.R.A. with verses by G. Rostrevor Hamilton.

Author: 
Stephen Gooden; G. Rostrevor Hamilton [Winston Churchill]
Publication details: 
London: George G. Harrap & Company Limited in association with the Royal Society of Saint George. 1941. [Printed by Harrison & Sons, Ltd, Printers to His Majesty The King, 44-47 St. Martin's Lane, London, WC2.]
£135.00

16pp., 8vo. Stapled, unpaginated pamphlet with five blank versos. In good condition, on lightly aged and worn paper. Typed label laid down at head of reverse of first leaf: 'Issued by the Royal Society of St. George in W.W.W. London had been severely burned by incendiaries, the Guildhall and eight Wren churches destroyed. | Original contribution by Winston Churchill.' Circular reproduction of black and white engraving, somewhat in the style of a seventeenth-century emblem book, showing the trumpeter riding a carved lion on a globe overlooking a landscape.

[Mimeographed pamphlet.] 500 Hours In The Blitz. [On reverse:] Wartime Doggerel for the Dog Tired.

Author: 
George E. O. Knight (b.1885) [The Blitz, 1940-1941; London; Thomas Edward Neil Driberg] (1905-1976), Baron Bradwell, journalist and Labour MP]
Publication details: 
London: "Earways", Flat 782, 67/9, Chancery Lane, W.C.2. 1941.
£280.00

12pp., 4to. On the rectos of 12 leaves, stitched with red thread into yellow wrappers with crude design of airplanes in action. From the papers of the Labour MP Tom Driberg, and with 'Mr Driberg' in pencil at head of front wrap. In a preface dated 21 August 1941 Knight refers to 'twelve fateful and ferocious months', and criticises 'a deplorable lack of vision and imagination everywhere.

Autograph Letter Signed from the novelist Eden Phillpotts to an unnamed woman, discussing the handling of socialism in his 1926 play (with his daughter Adelaide) 'Yellow Sands', as well as his own political views, sympathetic to Italian Fascism.

Author: 
Eden Phillpotts (1862-1960), English novelist, strongly associated with Dartmoor, Devon, his daughter Mary Adelaide Eden Phillpotts [later Ross] (1896-1993)
Publication details: 
Torquay, Devon. 4 May 1927.
£95.00

2pp., 4to. 41 lines. In fair condition, on aged paper. He begins by stating that 'Yellow Sands' 'only touches social questions by the accident of the plot. Socialism is a word the definition of which no two people appear to agree about. Ask a dozen Socialists what they understand by their faith & they will each tell you something different.' The opinions depicted in the play are both 'clear' and 'foggy', 'but it is [in] no sense propagandist - I hate propaganda in art.' He goes on to discuss his own views: 'I am not a socialist.

[British anti-German Second World War propaganda pamphlet, printing the transcript of a BBC broadcast.] The Woman from Poland.

Author: 
W. J. Brown [Second World War; occupation of Poland; Polish; Nazi war attrocities; fascism; BBC]
Publication details: 
'10/41 [i.e. printed October 1941] A., P. & S., Ltd.' 'Broadcast in the Home Service of the B.B.C. on Tuesday, 23rd September, 1941.'
£220.00

4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly-aged and creased. Beneath the cover on the front page are four quotations: 'I don't know what astonishes me most about you British - your kindness and your courage, or your blindness.'; 'Not one in ten of you knows what a German victory would mean to you.'; 'Wake up.

Translator James Clark's corrected typescript of the English version of Max Brod's theatre adaptation of Franz Kafka's novel 'The Castle' [Das Schloss], with typescript of translation of essay by Brod, press cuttings, programme and advertisement.

Author: 
James Clark [James Royston Clark] (b.1923), son of Dorothy Eckersley, traitor, and second-in-command in Berlin to Nazi collaborator 'Lord Haw Haw' [William Joyce] [Franz Kafka; Max Brod]
Publication details: 
Nine items from 1963 and one (programme) from 1969. Typescript stamped 'Please return to: Royal Academy of Dramatic Art 62/64 Gower St W.C.1.'
£400.00

Ten items, in good condition, on lightly-aged paper. ONE: Typescript titled 'THE CASTLE | A play in three acts (nine scenes) based on Franz Kafka's novel THE CASTLE | by MAX BROD | translated by James Clark | All rights reserved | 1963'. [viii] + 98 + [i] pp., 8vo. With two-hole metal punchbinding; in original blue wraps. Prepared by 'Scripts Limited' of Wardour St. With a few minor emendations in pencil. TWO: Two copies (typescript and carbon) of a paper entitled 'On Dramatizing Kafka's "The Castle" | by Max Brod' (3pp., folio).

Printed keepsake, with 'An Old-Time Greeting' and a large swastika on the cover, containing a poem by 'J. S. M.' titled 'The Rune of the Swastika.'

Author: 
'J. S. M.' [swastika; gammadion; Fascism; the Nazis; Nazism]
Publication details: 
Without place or date. [Early twentieth-century.]
£120.00

On a 12mo bifolium of laid paper with 'DUNEDIN NOTE' watermark. Good, on lightly-aged paper. On the cover are a large black swastika and the words 'An Old-Time Greeting.' The poem, titled 'The Rune of the Swastika.' and signed in type 'J. S. M.', is on the recto of the second leaf.

Two Autograph Letters Signed ('Diana Mosley') from Lady Diana Mosley [Diana Mitford] to the architectural historian Peter Reid, regarding the family home (Rolleston Hall, Burton-on-Trent) of her husband Sir Oswald Mosley.

Author: 
Lady Diana Mosley [Diana Mitford; née Freeman-Mitford] (1910-2003), wife of the leader of the British Union of Fascists Sir Oswald Mosley, one of the Mitford sisters [Peter Reid]
Publication details: 
On letterheads of Temple de la Gloire, Orsay, Essonne. 16 May 1972 and 13 August 1984.
£180.00

Both letters good, on lightly-aged paper. The second letter in envelope addressed by Mosley to 'Peter Reid Esq | 68 New Cavendish Street | London W1 M 7 LD [sic] | Angleterre'. Letter One (2pp., 12mo): She begins: 'My husband asked me to answer your letter. I think we have got photographs of Rolleston, but all such things are stored in Ireland, where we used to have a house. When I go through them (which one day I must) I will send you what I find.

Part of a mimeographed typewritten report into the activities of the VDA, including translations of Haushofer's 'Problems and Solutions of the VDA', Bockhacker's 'Resettlement Christmas', and other texts.

Author: 
Der Volksbund für das Deutschtum im Ausland [VDA; Karl Haushofer; Heinz Bockhacker; Nazi propaganda; Germany; Second World War]
Publication details: 
[Compiled by the American intelligence services between 1942 and the end of the Second World War.
£950.00

The spelling (e.g. 'honor') is American, the latest date mentioned is in 1942, and there is no indication that the document has ever been published. 58 pages, on one side each of fifty-eight A4 leaves (each roughly 26 x 20 cm), paginated 26 to 83. Punch holes for a binder at the head of each leaf.

Fascists and Nazis. By Perry Belmont, Commander of the Narragansett Bay Chapter of the Military Order of the World War.

Author: 
Perry Belmont [Eric Underwood; German Nazism; fascism; the Teutonic Order; Freemasonry]
Publication details: 
[Privately printed.] Newport, Rhode Island: December, 1940.
£150.00

Stapled pamphlet. 8vo, 27 pp, including full-page photograph of Mussolini embracing a man in Nazi uniform (Himmler?). Fair: internally clean and tight; some marking and wear to covers. Inscribed on title-page to 'Eric Underwood Esq with the sincere regards of Perry Belmont'. (Underwood is perhaps the English-born Australian nutritionist, 1905-1980.) Curious, digressive, energetic attack on fascism, with sections on the Teutonic Order, 'Oath-bound organisations' (Freemasonry) and 'Gangsters'.

Typed Letter Signed ('Oliver Locker Lampson') to Dr E. E. Lewis.

Author: 
Oliver Stillingfleet Locker-Lampson (1880-1954), British Conservative Member of Parliament for North Huntingdonshire, Commander of an Armoured Car Unit in the First World War
Publication details: 
23 July 1913; on embossed House of Commons letterhead.
£100.00

One page, folio. Very good on lightly creased paper. Headed 'FIGHTING FUND' and listing the members of the 'PROVISIONAL COMMITTEE' (including Lampson as Honorary Secretary, and the Duke of Westminster and Earl of Malmesbury). Communication of twenty-seven lines, with decided proto-fascistic overtones.

Autograph Letter Signed ('Walter'), in German, to 'Mein lieber Bert!'

Author: 
Walter Koschatzky (1921-2003), German art critic
Publication details: 
28 March 1939; on his letterhead as 'Direktor der Cöpenicker Boden Akt. Ges. Wolfsgarten u. der Erkner Berliner Vorort-Terrainges. mbH.'
£75.00

4to, 4 pp. Bifolium. 59 lines of text. Clear and complete. On lightly-aged paper, with 4.5 cm closed tears to the outer edge of central horizontal fold to both leaves. A large part of the letter would appear to concern washing machines, including a reference to a new one on the American market, called the 'Waterflex'. A few lines in English at end: 'Many thanks for your Birthday-carte. Sorry year it arrived 1 month to [sic] late.' Sends love to 'Dorothy', and reference in text to 'Kajitan': 'Das wird Dir bestimmt Freude machen. Das ist alles viel besser als die Politik.

Public Order. A Bill To prohibit the wearing of uniforms in connection with political objects and the maintenance by private persons of associations of military or similar character; and to make further provision for the preservation of public order.

Author: 
Public Order Bill, House of Commons, 1936 [Oswald Mosley; British Union of Fascists; Fascism; Nazi uniforms]
Publication details: 
Ordered, by The House of Commons, to be Printed, 9 November 1936.' [London: Published by His Majesty's Stationery Office.]
£56.00

8vo, [ii] + 7 + [i] pp. Five leaves. Stapled and unbound. Fair, on lightly-aged and creased paper, with the two staples slightly rusted. The title of the Bill continues '[...] on the occasion of public processions and meetings in public places.' It was 'Presented by Secretary Sir John Simon, supported by Mr. Ramsay MacDonald, Mr. Secretary Elliot, Sir Kinglsey Wood, Mr. Attorney-General, and Mr.

Typed Letter Signed ('For the President') to 'A. Francis Stenart [sic], 79, Great King Street, Edinburgh'.

Author: 
The State Office of Statistics, Czechoslovakia
Publication details: 
10 October 1922; Prague. On the Office's letterhead.
£36.00

Two pages, folio. Good, but on discoloured and lightly creased paper, with remains of stub adhering to one edge of verso. In English, with illegible signature. Begins 'The State Office of Statistics appreciating fully the great importance of an exact information of the British publicity of the conditions in the Czechoslovakia has the honour to send you simultaneously her following publications.' Five items listed.

Two Autograph Letters Signed to [Aaron Jonah] Jacobs.

Author: 
Sir Meyer Spielman
Publication details: 
Letter one: 23 December 1932 and 7 July 1935; both on embossed letterhead '29, CAMBRIDGE SQUARE, | W.2.'
£56.00

British school inspector (1856-1936) and member of bodies dealing with child welfare and the after-care of children. Both one page, octavo, and both folded twice. LETTER ONE: creased and discoloured, with closed tear along one fold (not affecting text). He has 'carefully read with much interest' Jacobs' 'World peace and armaments', '& I congratulate your [sic] heartily upon the presentation of your views. | Before attempting to further your case, I should like to have a talk with you.' Suggests meeting at the Constitutional Club.

Two Autograph Letters Signed to A[aron] J[onah] Jacobs.

Author: 
Philip James Stanhope, Baron Weardale [LEAGUE OF NATIONS]
Publication details: 
18 and 30 August 1916; both on crested letterhead "Weardale Manor, | Brasted Chart | Kent.'
£85.00

British politician (1847-1923), member of House of Commons (1886-1892; 1893-1900), member of House of Lords after becoming Lord Weardale in 1905; president of two Interparliamentary Conferences (1890; 1906). These two items constitute a long and extremely interesting critique of Jacobs' 'Neutrality versus justice: an essay on international relations' (1917). LETTER ONE: nine pages, 12mo. Very good, on three bifoliate letterheads.

Typed Note Signed to A[aron]. J[onah]. Jacobs.

Author: 
Sir Isidore Salmon [J. LYONS & CO.]
Publication details: 
5 October 1931; on letterhead '51, MOUNT STREET, W.1.'
£28.00

Chairman and Managing Director of Lyons & Co. Ltd (1876-1941). One page, quarto. Very good. Docketed in pencil. Reads: 'Many thanks for sending me a copy of your book, World Peace and Armaments. I shall look forward with great interest to reading it.' Signed 'Isidore Salmon'.

The charter and judgment of the Nürnberg Tribunal history and analysis (Memorandum submitted to the Secretary-General).

Author: 
Nuremberg Trials
Publication details: 
Lake Success, New York: 1949, United Nations - General Assembly International Law Commission.
£50.00

In printed wraps, vi + 99 pages. With ownership inscription of 'Sir E. Beckett' on front wrap. Wraps are worn and creased, with some loss not affecting text. Staple-bound with minor rust to staples. Text in good condition.

Jack Nicholas Casavis: A symposium on the Dodecanese protesting Italian oppressions.

Author: 
DODECANESE
Publication details: 
New York: The Dodecanesian League of America, 1938.
£45.00

16 pages, 8vo, unbound. Illustrated map taking up most of title-page. The British Library has an item published by Casavis on the Dodecanese in 1941 but does not appear to have a copy of this earlier pamphlet. In need of professional restoration: in bad condition, printed on poor-quality paper, discoloured, torn and flaking. The text complete and entirely legible, but with the first and last leaves in particularly poor condition.

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