MUSSOLINI

[William John Robert Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington] Autograph Letter Signed and two Typed Letters Signed (all three 'Hartington') to L. W. Hodson, discussing Mussolini, Lloyd George, League of Nations, Anglo-Catholics, countryside abuses.

Author: 
William John Robert Cavendish (1917-1944), Marquess of Hartington, son of Duke of Devonshire and husband of J. F. Kennedy's sister [Laurence W. Hodson of Bradbourne Hall, Derbyshire
Publication details: 
First letter on Chatsworth letterhead, 31 January 1922; second on letterhead of 24th Derbyshire Yeomanry, Armoured Car Company, Lubenham Camp, nr Market Harborough, 14 May 1923; third without place, 6 December 1928.
£120.00

All three items in very good condition, on lightly-aged paper. Third letter in its envelope, addressed to Hodson at Bradbourne Hall, Ashbourne, Derbyshire. ONE: Despite the letterhead written from Italy, as the text shows. 4pp., 12mo. Typed. The 'stress of the election' has delayed his response. 'I am writing now in the train from Naples to Rome and everything I have seen since has helped to convince me that you are right. Mussoline [sic] in this country would be a man after your own heart.

Autograph Letter Signed from the novelist Eden Phillpotts to an unnamed woman, discussing the handling of socialism in his 1926 play (with his daughter Adelaide) 'Yellow Sands', as well as his own political views, sympathetic to Italian Fascism.

Author: 
Eden Phillpotts (1862-1960), English novelist, strongly associated with Dartmoor, Devon, his daughter Mary Adelaide Eden Phillpotts [later Ross] (1896-1993)
Publication details: 
Torquay, Devon. 4 May 1927.
£95.00

2pp., 4to. 41 lines. In fair condition, on aged paper. He begins by stating that 'Yellow Sands' 'only touches social questions by the accident of the plot. Socialism is a word the definition of which no two people appear to agree about. Ask a dozen Socialists what they understand by their faith & they will each tell you something different.' The opinions depicted in the play are both 'clear' and 'foggy', 'but it is [in] no sense propagandist - I hate propaganda in art.' He goes on to discuss his own views: 'I am not a socialist.

Typed Letter Signed in English from royal physician Aldo Castellani to journalist George Bilainkin, explaining on spurous medical grounds the separation of Queen Marie José from King Umberto II of Italy, with reference to Prince Victor Emanuel.

Author: 
Aldo Castellani (1877-1971), Italian pathologist and bacteriologist [Umberto II, King of Italy (1904-1983); George Bilainkin (c.1903-1981), journalist; Queen Marie José (1906-2001)]
Publication details: 
Cascais, Portugal; on letterhead of the 'Casa di S. M. il Re'. 7 October 1954.
£280.00

2pp., folio. Good, on lightly-aged paper. Castellani, who had accompanied the Italian royal family into exile in Portugal in 1946, is responding to two letters from Bilainkin, loyally attempting to conceal the unhappy state of relations between the royal couple ('We were never happy', the Queen declared after her husband's death; and there were rumours of homosexual affairs on the King's part).

Jack Nicholas Casavis: A symposium on the Dodecanese protesting Italian oppressions.

Author: 
DODECANESE
Publication details: 
New York: The Dodecanesian League of America, 1938.
£45.00

16 pages, 8vo, unbound. Illustrated map taking up most of title-page. The British Library has an item published by Casavis on the Dodecanese in 1941 but does not appear to have a copy of this earlier pamphlet. In need of professional restoration: in bad condition, printed on poor-quality paper, discoloured, torn and flaking. The text complete and entirely legible, but with the first and last leaves in particularly poor condition.

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