THEORY

[ Thomas Henry Huxley, 'Darwin's Bulldog'. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('T H. Huxley') to J. A. Townsend, explaining his reason for being unable to accept an invitation from 'the Master & Wardens of the Haberdashers Company'.

Author: 
T. H. Huxley [ Thomas Henry Huxley ] (1825-1895), biologist nicknamed "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of the theory of evolution of Charles Darwin
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 4 Marlborough Place, Abbey Road, N.W. [ London ] 1 January 1880.
£150.00

2pp., 12mo. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with minor smudge mark to corner of first page. Written with purple ink. Reads: 'Sir | I regret that, in consequence of a meeting of the Royal Society on Thursday Jany 29th., I am unable to do myself the honour of accepting the invitation of the Master & Wardens of the Haberdashers Company for that day'.

[ William Henry Dallinger, astronomer. ] Autograph Note Signed ('W. H. Dallinger') enclosing payment in stamps for a number of Ramsay's 'Scientific Roll'.

Author: 
W. H. Dallinger [ William Henry Dallinger ] (1839-1909), microscopist, the first scientist to carry out a controlled experiment on Darwin's theory of evolution [ Wesley College, Sheffield ]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Wesley College, Sheffield. 26 May 1881.
£65.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. The letterhead incorporates an attractive engraved front elevation of the College, of which Dallinger was Governor, 1879-1888. The note reads: 'Dear Sir | Please find enclosed 12 stamps for No 3 of Scientific Roll and oblige | Yours truly | W. H. Dallinger'.

[ St. George Jackson Mivart, eventually anti-Darwinian biologist. ] Autograph Note Signed about a ticket.

Author: 
St. George Jackson Mivart (1827-1900), biologist who promoted Darwin's theories, then repudiated them
Publication details: 
No place. 29 June [ no year ].
£250.00

1p., 12mo. On aged and norn paper. Written in a difficult hand. Appears to read: 'Dear Mr Woodrow | I send you the enclosed (my ticket) till the end of July. Please let me <?> it at 71 Seymour St on the evening of July 31st.' A Catholic convert, Mivart was increasingly disenchanted with his friend Thomas Henry Huxley's anti-papist stance, and repudiated his initial support for the theory of evolution. This did not, however, endear him the the Roman Catholic authorities.

[ Sir Frank Watson Dyson (1868-1939), Astronomer Royal. ] Autograph Note Signed ('F. W. Dyson') to 'Prof. Adams'

Author: 
Sir Frank Watson Dyson (1868-1939), Astronomer Royal who introduced Greenwich time signals ('pips') and helped prove Einstein's theory of general relativity
Publication details: 
On letterhead of the Royal Greenwich Observatory. 1 July 1919.
£200.00

1p., 16mo. In good condition. Reads: 'Dear Prof. Adams, | Will you give us the pleasure of your company at lunch at the Royal Observatory on July 8 at 1 o'clock?'

[ Henry Baker Tristram, 'parson-naturalist' supporter of Charles Darwin. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('H B. Tristram') to Francis DuCane Godman, regarding their natural history collections.

Author: 
Henry Baker Tristram (1822-1906), geologist and 'parson-naturalist', a supporter of Charles Darwin [ Frederick DuCane Godman (1834-1919), naturalist ]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Greatham Vicarage, Stockton upon Tees. 2 October 1865.
£220.00

Four pages, 12mo, good condition. He is pleased that Godman has 'found something new in your Agnean things', among which '[t]he red legged partridge if now will indeed be a treasure'. He also discusses the bullfinch, starling and wren, before moving on to shells and 'Guatamala eggs'. He is 'beginning to arrange my Cabinet for the long evenings employment. I shd. be glad to get together what I can.' The letter concludes: 'My Smithsonians are (the rare ones only) disgracefully broken & must have been packed after they were broken.'

[ Maya Deren; avant garde film-making ] An Anagram of Ideas on Art, Form and Film.

Author: 
Maya Deren, film-maker.
Publication details: 
1946. Yonkers, New York: The Alicat Book Shop Press.
£150.00

8vo, 52 pp. In original black and white printed wraps, with solarized face on cover. On aged paper, with rusted staples and wear to wraps, which have minor damp staining at head causing sligh bloom to first three leaves. One of 750 copies: 'Number 9 of the "OUTCAST" Series of Chapbooks issued by Oscar Bardinsky at the Alicat Book Shop'. A scarce item by influential American avant-garde filmmaker and theorist.

[ Thomas Bell, zoologist. ] Autograph Letter Signed to an unnamed party, agreeing to second his membership nomination for the Athenaeum Club, and commenting on the 'changeable weather'.

Author: 
Thomas Bell (1792-1880) of Selborne, zoologist, President of the Linnaean Society who disapproved of the theories of Charles Darwin
Publication details: 
On letterhead of The Wakes, Selborne. 18 February 1864.
£80.00

3pp., 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. He writes that he will have 'great pleasure' seconding the recipient's nomination at the Athenaeum Club, and will do so 'the first time I go to London'. He discusses the arrangements before commenting on the 'great disappointment' felt by 'all our party' that the recipient was unable to join them. The letter concludes: 'I hope you have not suffered as so many have done from the very changeable weather &c had - I never knew such variations both in temperature & pressure, for so long a time'.

[ Felix Plater, Swiss physician. ] Autograph Document Signed ('Felix Platerus Basil | Archiatros & Prof')

Author: 
Felix Plater (1536-1614), Swiss physician and professor at the University of Basel, pioneer in fields of psychiatry and germ theory of disease
Publication details: 
Basil. May 1611.
£950.00

On one side of an 11.5 x 7.5 cm piece of paper. In fair condition, aged and stained. Consisting of a two-line improving Latin quotation beginning: 'Nullius est Felix'. Signed beneath this: 'Felix Platerus Basil | Archiatros & Prof. | Ao S

1611 Maio | Ao AM. 73'. On the reverse are two longer signed quotations, both in calligraphic hands, the lower of the two by 'Johannes Philippus a Fritten back', dated 28 February 1607. The author is identified in pencil in a later hand as John Phillips who died in 1640.

[ Catharine Victoria Thompson, astrologer and Baconian. ] Small collection of papers, including typescripts titled 'A Boston Woman Who Has Made Good' (autobiographical), 'Twelve Great Character Groups' and 'Horoscope of Calvin Coolidge'.

Author: 
Catharine Victoria Thompson [ Catharine Howard Thompson ], Boston Baconian, editor of 'The Sphinx Magazine' and astrologer [ Sir Francis Bacon and the authorship of the plays of William Shakespeare ]
Publication details: 
Items dated 1898, 1916, 1925 and 1931, the last two from Boston, Massachusetts.
£650.00

Thompson was a well-known Boston astrologer in the early decades of the twentieth century, with a lucrative private practice and columns in the 'Ladies Home Journal' and the 'Boston Globe', the latter syndicated to nearly a hundred other American newspapers. In August 1933 she was unmasked as a fraud by a disgruntled secretary in an article in the 'Ladies Home Journal'. Seven items, in good condition, on paper with light signs of age. ONE: Typescript titled 'A Boston Woman Who Has Made Good | Catherine Howard Thompson'. Dated internally to 1916.

[ 'Maryla de Chrapowicki, D. Psy., M.D.' ] Typed paper titled 'Fundamental Principles of Bio-Crystallography of the Blood.' With particular reference to the treatment of tuberculosis.

Author: 
Countess Maryla de Chrapowicki (d.1959), pioneer of alternative medicine and colour therapy [ Radionic Association ]
Publication details: 
'Copyright 1951'. Place not stated [ London? ].
£220.00

5pp., 4to, typed on five leaves stapled together. With a few minor manuscript corrections. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper. The introduction reads: 'Bio-crystallography of the blood rests on the premise that the motive force which directs the processes of crystallisation is a Psychosomatic activity inherent in the blood stream.

[ Seymour Aubrey Papert, MIT mathematician and computer scientist. ] Typed scientific paper in French: 'Sur les treillis des ouverts et les paratopologies | par Mrs Dona Papert et Seymour Papert'.

Author: 
Seymour Aubrey Papert (b.1928), MIT mathematician and computer scientist, pioneer of artificial intelligence, inventor of Logo Programming System [ Dona Papert Strauss; Charles Ehresmann (1905-1979) ]
Publication details: 
'Faculté des Sciences de Paris | Séminaire de Topologie et de Géométrie Différentielle (C. Ehresmann) | Année 1957 / 58.'
£200.00

Papert has been described by by Marvin Minsky as 'the greatest living mathematics educator'. At the time of this paper he was studying for a PhD at Cambridge University and living in London, where he was a leading figure in the revolutionary socialist circle centred on the magazine 'Socialist Review'. 9pp., 8vo. On nine leaves stapled together. In fair condition, aged and worn, with creasing to last couple of leaves. Divided into three parts: '1. Propriétés des treillis des ouverts et représentation des treillis comme treillis d'ouverts; | 2.

[ Frederic George Kitton, critic and artist. ] Autograph Card Signed ('F. G. Kitton') to editor of New York 'Book Buyer', giving details of article 'satirising the Bacon-Shakespeare theory', 'proving' that Gladstone wrote the novels of Dickens.

Author: 
F. G. Kitton [Frederic George Kitton] (1856-1904), English artist and writer, an authority on Charles Dickens, Shakespeare and Francis Bacon
Publication details: 
St Albans, England. 20 March 1899.
£65.00

1p., on 11 x 9 cm card. Addressed on reverse 'To the Editor of The Book Buyer | c/o Messrs. C. Scribner's Sons | New York City | U.S.A.' With two postmarks. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, and postage stamp removed. Since posting a letter on the previous day, he has 'discovered another article satirising the Bacon-Shakespeare theory', as with the one 'in Macmillan', anonymous. It is titled 'Who wrote Dickens's Novels?', and appeared in the Cornhill Magazine, August 1888. 'The author humorously endeavours to prove that Gladstone wrote them!!'

[G.D.H. Cole] Clipped signature "Yours sincerely | G.D.H. Cole".

Author: 
G.D.H. Cole [George Douglas Howard Cole] (1889 –1959), political theorist, economist, writer and historian.
Publication details: 
No place or date.
£25.00

Clipped signature, c. 5 x 2cm, good condition.

[B. H. Liddell Hart as 'defeatist'.] Two Typescripts of his 'Memorandum' titled 'The Prospect in this War', including 'P.S. to Memorandum of November 7th. 1939. From the papers of John Gordon, editor of the Daily Express.

Author: 
B. H. Liddell Hart [Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart] (1895–1970), military thinker and historian [John Rutherford Gordon (1890-1974), editor of the London 'Daily Express']
Publication details: 
Both typescripts have 'The Prospect in this War' dated 'B. H. L. H. 8th. [in one draft amended from '7th.'] November, 1939.', and the 'P.S. to Memorandum of November 7th. [sic] 1939' dated '14th November 1939.'
£950.00

This piece does not appear to have been published, and the only copy traced is in the Liddell Hart Papers at King's College London, with the original manuscript and an accompanying list of eighteen recipients including Lloyd George, H. G. Wells, and John Gordon of the Sunday Express, from whose papers the present two copies derive.

[Ernest Bloch, composer.] Collection of papers on music criticism by Joseph Sussman, including typewritten drafts of an unpublished monograph titled 'Ernest Bloch, Music's Prophet', an autograph notebook titled 'Ernest Bloch. The Piano Music'..

Author: 
Joseph Sussman, instructor in the pianoforte and music theory [Ernest Bloch (1880-1959), Swiss-born American Jewish composer
Publication details: 
England. Dating from at least between 1963 and 1975.
£650.00

The collection is in good condition, on lightly aged and worn paper, and can be grouped into three sections. ONE: Complete typewritten draft ([3] + 44pp., 4to) of Sussman's unpublished monograph on Bloch is contained in a large brown envelope, with the following note by Sussman on the front: '2ND COPY (without illustrations) of "Ernest Bloch - Music's Prophet" | JS'. It includes the contents, list of illustrations, introduction, and two-page 'Key and Bibliography'.

Autograph Letter Signed ('T. H. Huxley') from the biologist and supporter of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution Thomas Henry Huxley, declining to give a lecture.

Author: 
Thomas Henry Huxley [T. H. Huxley] (1825-1895), English biologist and a leading advocate of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Hodeslea, Staveley Road, Eastbourne. 24 November 1892.
£250.00

2pp., 12mo. Bifolium. Very good, on lightly-aged paper. The name of the addressee is indistinct, and appears to be 'S. Algernon'. The letter reads: 'Dear Sir | I regret that I am unable to give the Lecture you ask for. I really have no business to undertake any kind of public speaking & except in very special circumstances, I keep out of it'.

Autograph Letter Signed from the legal theorists Theodore Sedgwick to 'Jno C. <Hind?>' of 67 Chatham Street [New York].

Author: 
Theodore Sedgwick (1811-1859), American lawyer and legal theorist
Publication details: 
44 Wall Street, New York; 16 September [1856].
£60.00

1p., 12mo. Good, on lightly-aged paper. The letter reads 'Dear Sir | I am under obligations to you for yr. polite note of the 15th. & for yr. pamphlet - The subject is one of great importance & I shall read it with interest.' Perhaps the New York surveyor John C. Hind, who was active in the 1820s.

Autograph Letter Signed "R.L. Ellis" to R. Rothman, M.D., applying mathematics to a political economy issue.

Author: 
R.L. Ellis, English polymath (1817-1859), remembered principally as a mathematician and editor of the works of Francis Bacon.
R.L. Ellis, English polymath (1817-1859)
Publication details: 
No place or date.
£500.00
R.L. Ellis, English polymath (1817-1859)

Three pages, 8vo, good condition. He commences with a mathematical supposition (in formula terms) then proceeds with putting the suppositions of "the master" [Malthus, Ricardo or their like?) in mathematical terms, concluding a fall of price to "3/4d or one quarter", adding that "The suppositions he makes are incompatible with the ratio theory ...", doing sums which he concludes with the an answer he describes as "absurd".

[Pamphlet] Address of Alexander W. Williamson, President

Author: 
[Alexander W. Williamson, Chemist, President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science]
Address of Alexander W. Williamson, President
Publication details: 
[1873]
£95.00
Address of Alexander W. Williamson, President

27pp., 8vo, sewn as issued, good condition. Scarce. COPAC lists six copies, while WorldCat lists the Glasgow and Edinburgh copies but no American.

Autograph Letter Signed ('H. J. Laski') to 'Grinling'.

Author: 
H. J. Laski [Harold Joseph Laski] (1893-1950), English political theorist [Charles Herbert Grinling?]
Publication details: 
27 November 1925; 16 Warwick Gardens, London W14.
£28.00

12mo, 1 p. Written in Laski's distinctive close hand. Fair, on aged paper, with a little spotting and two tiny pinholes in top left-hand corner. He has enjoyed reading Grinling's pamphlet (possibly 'Fifty Years of Pioneer Work in Woolwich') but, as 'Memory is by definition a traitor', Grinling's 'name doesn't "place" itself' for Laski. 'But you will possibly care one day to come and remind me; at any rate you will be sure of a welcome.'

Autograph Letter Signed ('E Ray Lankester') to unnamed male correspondent.

Author: 
E. Ray Lankester [Sir Edwin Ray Lankester] (1847-1929), English zoologist
Publication details: 
28 May [no year]; Exeter College, Oxford.
£25.00

12mo: 1 p. Nine lines of text. Good, on lightly aged and creased paper. Suggests a convenient time for a meeting 'with you, Dr. Masters and Profr. Allman.' Looks forward to hearing from the recipient, once he has 'fixed the hour and the place'.

Typed Letter Signed ('Cyril Burt') to 'Mrs. Place' [i.e. Mrs G. M. Place, of the publishers Pitman].

Author: 
Sir Cyril Burt [Sir Cyril Lodowic Burt] (1883–1971), disgraced psychometric psychologist and eugenicist,
Publication details: 
12 October 1932; on letterhead of 4A, Eton Road, Hampstead, NW3.
£85.00

4to: 2 pages. 37 lines of text. Text clear and entire on slightly discoloured paper, lightly worn and creased and with a few nicks to extremities. Signed properly on the second page. Place's essay, apparently a biographical account of the psychological development of a very young child, 'whiled [sic] away a long train journey last night very pleasantly'.

The Theory of Chances, or The Modern Development of the Rules of Probability; with some notes regarding 'probabilities' in the game of roulette at Monte Carlo.

Author: 
James McGowan, FIA, formerly Government Actuary to the South African Government [Gambling; Roulette; Monte Carlo; Theory of Probability]
Publication details: 
London: Lamley & Co. 1, 3, and 5 Exhibition Road, South Kensington. [Printed at the Oxford University Press by Frederick Hall.]
£120.00

Small octavo: 31 pages. Unbound and stapled. Very good, in grubby original pink printed wraps. According to one authority McGowan is the 'first fully qualified actuary in South Africa of whom there is record [becoming] Cape Government Actuary of the former Cape Colony in 1890'. COPAC (under mispelt name "MacGowan") only recordds the BL copy.

Autograph note signed to [?] Bowerbank,

Author: 
Samuel Wilberforce
Publication details: 
April 11 [no year], with letterhead Cuddesdon Palace, Wheatley, Oxon.
£30.00

Bishop of Oxford (1805-73), celebrated opponent of the theory of evolution, nicknamed for his slippery arguments "Soapy Sam". One page, 12mo, on mourning paper. "I cannot fail to pay the greatest attention to your recommendation of Mr P Chabot". Signed "S Oxon". Minor discolouration to paper.

Autograph note signed to an unnamed noble correspondent,

Author: 
Samuel Wilberforce
Publication details: 
27 May 1836, 26 Pall Mall.
£35.00

Bishop of Oxford (1805-73), celebrated opponent of the theory of evolution, nicknamed for his slippery arguments "Soapy Sam". One page, 12mo. "My dear Count / I accept , but not that merely, for I thank you really & heartily "the thing" which accompanied your note. I dipped into them to-day with very great interest." Signed "S Oxon". Docketted "Received last night". Paper discoloured at the edges.

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