FAMINE

[ The Indian Budget of 1897: Sir John David Rees and James Fairbairn Finlay discuss the 'intimation that public indignation meetings are contemplated'. ] An exchange of two ALsS from Rees and two ALsS from Finlay, discussing action to be taken.

Author: 
Sir John David Rees (1854-1922), colonial administrator and author; James Fairbairn Finlay (1852-1930), Secretary to Government of India (Finance and Commerce Department), 1891-1903
Publication details: 
Finlay letter on letterhead of the Financial Secretary, Calcutta. [ Rees writing from Madras, India. ] 27 and 29 January 1897.
£180.00

At the time of writing Finlay was Secretary to Government of India (Finance and Commerce Department, and Rees was Additional Member of Governor-General of India’s Council.In January 1897 the Madras region was in the grip of famine, and there was widespread disquiet in the province on rumours of an announcement in the forthcoming budget of the Government of India of the lowering of a financial subsidy.

[ The Indian Famine, 1896-1897. ] Programme for 'Famine Relief Meeting by the Dalhousie Institute, Calcutta, with printed sheet list of executive committee; ALS from Lord MacDonnell to Sir J. D. Rees; newspaper cuttings on the famine gathered by Rees

Author: 
[ The Indian Famine, 1896-1897 ] Antony Patrick MacDonnell, 1st Baron MacDonnell of Swinford (1844-1925), Lieut-Gov. of the N. W. Provinces; Sir John David Rees (1854-1922); Dalhousie Institute
Publication details: 
[ Dalhousie Institute, Calcutta, India. ] All items from 1897.
£400.00

The Indian Famine of 1896-1897 began in Bundelkhand early in 1896, and quickly spread to other areas including the United and Central Provinces, and the Bombay and Madras Presidencies. Over two years the famine affected an area of 307,000 square miles, and the mortality, both from starvation and accompanying epidemics, was very high, with around one million people dying as a result. The eighteen items in the present collection are from the papers of the Indian civil servant and author J. D. Rees, and are tipped-in and laid down on leaves from one of his albums.

[ The Lancashire Cotton Famine, 1861-1865. ] Autograph Letter from 'John Whittaker | "A Lancashire Lad."' to J. B. Langley

Author: 
John Whittaker of Wigan, journalist [ pseudonym 'A Lancashire Lad' ] [ The Lancashire Cotton Famine, 1861-1865; Wigan Standard newspaper ]
Publication details: 
'"Standard" Office | Wigan | May 27th. 1862.'
£150.00

For the background to this letter see William Otto Henderson, 'The Lancashire Cotton Famine 1861-65' (1934) and Angela V. John, 'By the Sweat of their Brow' (2013). Between 14 April and 16 October 1862 Whittaker published a dozen letters on the 'Lancashire Distress' in the London Times, under the pseudonym of 'A Lancashire Lad'. Edwin Waugh, in his 'Home Life of the Lancashire Factory Folk During the Cotton Famine' (1867), describes Whittaker as 'one of the first writers whose appeals through the press drew serious attention to the great distress in Lancashire during the Cotton Famine.

Printed 'Clarion Pamphlet, No. 13': 'The Coming Fight with Famine.' [ 'Can England feed herself?' ]

Author: 
William Jameson [ The Clarion Newspaper Company, London; allotments; Land Nationalisation Society ]
Publication details: 
Published by the "Clarion" Newspaper Company, Limited, 72, Fleet Street, London, E.C. 1896.
£75.00

12pp., 8vo. In faded green printed wraps. Disbound. In good condition, on aged high-acidity paper. Beneath the drophead title on p.1: 'Can England feed herself?' Now scarce.

[ '"Clarion" Pamphlet. - No. 9'] 'Land Lessons for Town Folk.' [ Three essays: 'Why Should London Grow?', 'Guardian Angels' and 'Cockneyfied Socialism'. ]

Author: 
William Jameson [ The Clarion Newspaper Company, London; Victorian allotments; Land Nationalisation Society ]
Publication details: 
Published by the "Clarion" Newspaper Company, Limited, 72, Fleet Street, London, E.C. 1896.
£50.00

12pp., 8vo. In faded green wraps with full title and advertisements. Disbound. On aged high-acidity paper, in brittle wraps with back cover detached. P.1 is headed '"Pioneer" Pamphlets. - No. 1.', followed by a numbered list of the three essays. Now scarce.

[Gregory Thurston Bedell, Bishop of Ohio.] Letter in a secretarial hand, signed ('G. T. Bedell | Bishop of Ohio.') to the Lord Mayor of London [Sir Henry Isaacs], sending a cheque for $100 'to your collection for "the China Famine Relief Fund"'.

Author: 
Gregory Thurston Bedell (1817-1892), third Episcopal Bishop of Ohio [Sir Henry Isaacs, Lord Mayor of London; The China Famine Relief Fund, 1889]
Publication details: 
From Nice, France. (On letterhead of the Diocese of Ohio.) 25 January 1889.
£45.00

1p., 12mo. In fair condition, on aged and creased paper. Reads: 'Dear Sir, and His Honor, the Lord Mayor of London. | Your appeal has this hour met my eye. Be so good as to add the enclosed $100, to your collection for "the China Famine Relief Fund." Messrs. Brown, Shipley, & Co, are in the habit of cashing my check on Bank of New York; it it is desired.' With oval stamp of the City bankers Brown Shipley & Co., and initaled note of the converted sum, '£20 7s 3d'.

Autograph Letter Signed ('W F Butler') from Sir William Francis Butler, Irish officer in the British Army, to an unnamed correspondent, discussing the 'great mediaeval Sin' that was committed by the English in Ireland.

Author: 
Sir William Francis Butler (1838-1910), Irish officer in the British Army in the Red River and Asante [Ashanti] campaigns, member of the Irish privy council and supporter of Charles Stewart Parnell
Publication details: 
On letterhead of North Camp, Aldershot. 13 May 1894.
£80.00

4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. Good, on lightly-aged paper. Addressed to 'My dear Sir'. England and Ireland are not named in the letter, but subject of the letter is clear from the context. He has read 'with very great pleasure' the pamphlet which the recipient sent him. 'You are correct in surmising that for the present at least I take no part in the political question of the day - but my views show no change'.

[Broadside] Public Notice [anticipating distress in Ireland, announcing 'facilities and advantages in obtaining loans under the Land Improvement Acts.'

Author: 
Edward Hornsby, Secretary; [Land Improvement; Ireland; 1879]
Publication details: 
Office of Public Works, Dublin, 22 November 1879.
£145.00

Broadside, two pages, folio ,fold mark, two small closed tears, mainly good. It comprises (recto) details of 'facilities and advantages in obtaining loans under the Land Improvement Acts.' And (verso) a schedule of the unions in the Counties (Donegal to Sligo) with the handwriten addition of Mallow and Kanturk. Note: The Irish National Land League was founded at the Imperial Hotel in Castlebar, the County town of Mayo, on 21 October 1879.

Autograph Letter Signed ('Manchester') from George Montagu, 6th Duke of Newcastle, to [Rev. Alexander] Dallas, regarding a projected visit to Galway, Ireland.

Author: 
George Montagu, 6th Duke of Newcastle
George Montagu, 6th Duke of Newcastle
Publication details: 
9 September 1852; Kimbolton.
£56.00
George Montagu, 6th Duke of Newcastle

12mo, 3 pp. Fair, on lightly-aged paper. Not knowing whether Dallas is returned, he draws 'a bow at a venture', hoping that his 'arrows are not "bitter words"'. He intends to visit Galway, and asks Dallas to 'write me a line to mark out the desirable points to visit & a few hints as to where to stop'. He will be staying with William Cooper of Markree Castle, County Sligo. In 1842 Dallas established the Irish Church Missions, 'Soupers' which were particularly active in Galway during the Potato Famine.

Autograph Frank with address to R. Byham.

Author: 
Sir Thomas Nicholas Redington
Publication details: 
Undated, but with dated 6 and 7 December 1846 on postmarks.
£18.00

Irish administrator and Member of Parliament (1815-62). Consists of the front of the envelope, the dimensions of which are roughly five inches by three. Addressed to 'R. Byham Esq. | Ordnance Office | Pall Mall | London', and signed 'Th Redington'. Two postmarks in red ink: the first, in a circle, appears to read 'PAID | NW | 6 DE | 1846'; the second, in a circle topped with a crown, appears to read 'PAID | DE 7 | 1846'.

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