G. J. Romanes [ George John Romanes ] (1848-1894), evolutionary biologist, born in Canada, friend and colleague of Charles Darwin [ Arthur Nicols ]
18 Cornwall Terrace, Regents Park [ London ]. 7 May 1883.
2pp., 12mo. On bifolium with mourning border. In fair condition, aged and worn, with the second leaf laid down on part of a leaf cut from an autograph album. He is enclosing 'a Lecture Syllabus from Mr. Nicol, whom you may perhaps remember having seen meet me in the committee room on the day of my lecture'. Nicols wants Romanes to recommend him as a lecturer, but he only knows him 'from his book "Zoological Notes" which I reviewed in Nature.
Alcide d'Orbigny [ Alcide Charles Victor Marie Dessalines d'Orbigny ] (1802-1857), French naturalist and explorer who corresponded with Charles Darwin
Paris. 27 February 1852.
1p., 8vo. Nineteen lines of text in close hand. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper. He has just heard, through his editor 'M. Masson', that a complaint has been lodged against him 'pour usurpation du titre de Professeur suppléant de géologie' at the Faculté des Sciences. He assures him that it was never his intention to appropriate the title, and explains the circumstances that have led to his adopting it. He undertakes to desist in future.
Thomas Bell (1792-1880) of Selborne, zoologist, President of the Linnaean Society who disapproved of the theories of Charles Darwin
On letterhead of The Wakes, Selborne. 18 February 1864.
3pp., 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. He writes that he will have 'great pleasure' seconding the recipient's nomination at the Athenaeum Club, and will do so 'the first time I go to London'. He discusses the arrangements before commenting on the 'great disappointment' felt by 'all our party' that the recipient was unable to join them. The letter concludes: 'I hope you have not suffered as so many have done from the very changeable weather &c had - I never knew such variations both in temperature & pressure, for so long a time'.
George Rolleston (1829-1881), Linacre Professor of Zoology at the University of Oxford
Without place or date. [ Oxford, 1870s? ]
2pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly-aged, with traces of glue from mount on blank reverse. He will have his 'hands quite full up to the day before Christmas Day with Examinations', the 'nuisance' being 'terrific'. he would like 'a few days to prepare for your coming & to get the Long Barrow all into order for you'. He suggests 'three days or so after Christmas Day with its diverse distractions' as the best time 'for you to come here'. He will be 'all dazed otherwise', having to get 'a paper on the Cissbury arrivals out by Jan 1'.
18pp., 12mo. Disbound. In grey printed wraps, with engraved portrait of Ingersoll on front cover. In good condition, lightly aged. An attack on religion, also taking in slavery and the theory of evolution. No copy of this fifteenth edition on COPAC, and only four copies of any edition, and none at the British Library.
Anonymous [ John Allan ] Darwinism; Evolution; T.H. Huxley ]
Aberdeen: A. Brown & Co., Edinburgh & London, 1875.
Sub-title "A Guide for Electors in Choosing Lord Rectors". Pamphlet, [iv].35pp., 8vo, disbound, lacking wraps, minor defects, good condition. Ascribed to a 'John Allan' in COPAC entries. Note: A contribution to the background of Victorian science and Darwin, a lampoon of Huxley when seeking election as Rector of the University of Aberdeen and an attack on Darwinism. Scarce.
John Birkbeck Nevins (1818-1903), surgeon and zoologist, Consulting Physician to the Stanley Hospital, Liverpool [Charles Darwin; Darwinism; theory of evolution]
No place or date. [Liverpool, post 1854.]
Nevins was a passionate opponent of Darwinism, and the present item, composed any time after 1854 (the latest date of the various works referred to in the text), reflects the crisis of faith in the period leading up to the publication of the 'Origin of Species'. Nevins would set out his position on 'Natural Selection, Sexual Selection, Evolution' in his 1872 inaugural address as President of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool (Proceedings, No. 26, 1872, pp.1-26), attacking the 'imperfect and one-sided view' put forward by 'the advocates of man's lowly origins'.
Charles Janet (849–1932), French engineer, company director, inventor and biologist.
[Printed headed notepaper] Charles Janet, Ingénieur de Arts et Manufactures, Voisinlieu-les-Beauvais, Par Alonne (Oise), 10 Juillet 1923. En francais.
One page, 12mo, good condition. He acknowledges receipt of a letter from Crow [identified through this letter being with a batch of letters addressed to him] "et des deux publications que vous avez bien voulu m'envoyer et qui sont intéressantes pour moi. | Je vous ai envoyé hier le 2me Memoire sur le Volvox | Vous recevez prochainement le 3me Mémoire qui traite de l'outogénèse de la blastea volvocéenne."
William Benjamin Carpenter (1813-1885), English physician, zoologist, physiologist, and Registrar of the University of London from 1856 to 1879 [Rev. John Page Hopps (1834-1911), spiritualist]
On letterhead of the University of London, Burlington Gardens, W. 17 February 1875.
2pp., 12mo. In good condition, on aged paper, tipped in onto a card mount. He explains that he is 'obliged to return to London immediately after the delivery of my Lecture in Glasgow', and so will not be able 'to address the audience you bring together'. If he is 'asked to take part in the Glasgow Science Lectures' the following year, he will bear Hopps's wish in mind. Hopps was both an evolutionist and spiritualist, while Carpenter considered the claims of spiritualism 'epidemic delusions'.
Thomas Henry Huxley [T. H. Huxley] (1825-1895), English biologist and a leading advocate of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution
On letterhead of Hodeslea, Staveley Road, Eastbourne. 24 November 1892.
2pp., 12mo. Bifolium. Very good, on lightly-aged paper. The name of the addressee is indistinct, and appears to be 'S. Algernon'. The letter reads: 'Dear Sir | I regret that I am unable to give the Lecture you ask for. I really have no business to undertake any kind of public speaking & except in very special circumstances, I keep out of it'.
Sir Arthur Keith (1866-1955), Scottish anatomist and anthropologist [Lionel Norbury (1882-1967)]
Between 1948 and 1954. Six on his letterhead at Homefield, Downe, Farnborough, Kent; two on letterheads of Buckston Browne Research Farm.
A total of twelve 12mo pages and two 4to pages. All texts clear and complete. Good, on lightly-aged paper. The first letter addressed to 'Mrs Norbury', and the others to 'Grace'. After a first letter of 1948, in which he complains that he is 'becoming more & more a home dweller', the correspondence continues in 1951, with Keith thanking Mrs Norbury for a gift of sugar ('Its arrival made my housekeeper Miss Holman quite elated'), and sending Lionel Norbury encouragement on his Hunterian Oration ('My heart goes out to the Orator & to his Better Half').
William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925), American politician, Democratic Party nominee for President of the United States, 1896, 1900 and 1908 [Cecil Harmsworth (1869-1948), 1st Baron Harmsworth]
In three columns of small type, on one side of a piece of paper 41.5 x 26.5 cm. Fair, on aged and lightly-worn laid paper, with a little offsetting from the ink of the inscription. Reproduces the text of Bryan's speech without editorial interpolation. A report on the banquet (held by the American Society in London and with 'over 400 covers') in the New York Times, titled 'Bryan and Choate in a duel of repartee. Former Guest of Honor at Thanksgiving Day Banquet in London.
Alfred Russel Wallace; Frederick Smith; William Wilson Saunders (1809-1879); Arthur Adams; G. Mann; Sir W. J. Hooker; Thomas Anderson; M. J. Berkeley, contributors [Linnean Society]
London: Sold at the Society's Apartments, Burlington House; and by Longman, Green, Longmans and Roberts, and Williams and Norgate. 1863.
8vo: 56 pp. In original blue printed wraps. Unopened. Good, on lightly-aged paper, in creased and slightly-chipped wraps. The title of Smith's catalogue of Wallace's collection ('Read Jan. 15, 1863') ends '[...] By Frederick Smith, Assistant in the Zoological Department, British Museum. Communicated by W. W. Saunders, Esq., F.R.S. & L.S.' It runs from p.6 to p.48. Detailed catalogue preceded by brief note by Smith. Smith's 'Catalogue of Hymenopterous Insects' had appeared in 7 parts between 1853 and 1859.
12mo, 15 pp. In original green printed wraps. Disbound. Vertical fold. On aged paper with fading to wraps and slight damage to spine from disbinding. As Streatfeild explains in his two-page introductory 'Note', five of the seven poems appear here for the first time. Uncommon. COPAC lists copies at Cambridge, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Oxford and the British Library.
E. Ray Lankester [Sir Edwin Ray Lankester] (1847-1929), English zoologist
28 May [no year]; Exeter College, Oxford.
12mo: 1 p. Nine lines of text. Good, on lightly aged and creased paper. Suggests a convenient time for a meeting 'with you, Dr. Masters and Profr. Allman.' Looks forward to hearing from the recipient, once he has 'fixed the hour and the place'.
George Varenne Reed (1816-1886), anglican clergyman, tutor to Charles Darwin
3 November 1875, 16 October 1879 and 30 July 1881; all three from Hayes Rectory, Beckenham.
All three items are good, though lightly aged, each with a thin strip from previous mounting adhering to the blank reverse of the second leaf of the bifolium. Letter One (12mo, 1 p). Thanking Harrison 'for the copy of your Charge' ['Prospects of peace for the Church in the Prayer Book and its rules']. He would have written the day before 'but we went to the opening of the Memorial Church at Langton yesterday'. Letter Two (12mo, 2 pp): Thanks him for 'so kindly sending me your last Charge ['The memories of departed brethren, and the sacredness of their earthly resting places'].
Sir John Arthur Thomson (1861-1933), Professor of Natural History at the University of Aberdeen, 1899-1930
10 August 1914; his letterhead from the Natural History Department, Marischal College, The University, Aberdeen.
One page, octavo. On aged paper, with slight chipping to corners, but text clear and entire. He is afraid that he 'did not answer your second letter in regard to a book on Sex.' 'After careful consideration', Thomas and 'Prof. Geddes' [Sir Patrick Geddes, 1854-1932] have come to the conclusion that 'if we wrote another book on that subject it should be published either by "Walter Scott" (who has 'The Evolution of Sex') or by Williams and Norgate (who have 'Sex')' [both books, 1889 and 1914 respectively, also by Geddes and Thomson].
April 11 [no year], with letterhead Cuddesdon Palace, Wheatley, Oxon.
Bishop of Oxford (1805-73), celebrated opponent of the theory of evolution, nicknamed for his slippery arguments "Soapy Sam". One page, 12mo, on mourning paper. "I cannot fail to pay the greatest attention to your recommendation of Mr P Chabot". Signed "S Oxon". Minor discolouration to paper.
Bishop of Oxford (1805-73), celebrated opponent of the theory of evolution, nicknamed for his slippery arguments "Soapy Sam". One page, 12mo. "My dear Count / I accept , but not that merely, for I thank you really & heartily "the thing" which accompanied your note. I dipped into them to-day with very great interest." Signed "S Oxon". Docketted "Received last night". Paper discoloured at the edges.