BIOLOGY

[ Thomas Henry Huxley, 'Darwin's Bulldog'. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('T H. Huxley') to J. A. Townsend, explaining his reason for being unable to accept an invitation from 'the Master & Wardens of the Haberdashers Company'.

Author: 
T. H. Huxley [ Thomas Henry Huxley ] (1825-1895), biologist nicknamed "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of the theory of evolution of Charles Darwin
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 4 Marlborough Place, Abbey Road, N.W. [ London ] 1 January 1880.
£150.00

2pp., 12mo. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with minor smudge mark to corner of first page. Written with purple ink. Reads: 'Sir | I regret that, in consequence of a meeting of the Royal Society on Thursday Jany 29th., I am unable to do myself the honour of accepting the invitation of the Master & Wardens of the Haberdashers Company for that day'.

[ William Henry Dallinger, astronomer. ] Autograph Note Signed ('W. H. Dallinger') enclosing payment in stamps for a number of Ramsay's 'Scientific Roll'.

Author: 
W. H. Dallinger [ William Henry Dallinger ] (1839-1909), microscopist, the first scientist to carry out a controlled experiment on Darwin's theory of evolution [ Wesley College, Sheffield ]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Wesley College, Sheffield. 26 May 1881.
£65.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. The letterhead incorporates an attractive engraved front elevation of the College, of which Dallinger was Governor, 1879-1888. The note reads: 'Dear Sir | Please find enclosed 12 stamps for No 3 of Scientific Roll and oblige | Yours truly | W. H. Dallinger'.

[ St. George Jackson Mivart, eventually anti-Darwinian biologist. ] Autograph Note Signed about a ticket.

Author: 
St. George Jackson Mivart (1827-1900), biologist who promoted Darwin's theories, then repudiated them
Publication details: 
No place. 29 June [ no year ].
£250.00

1p., 12mo. On aged and norn paper. Written in a difficult hand. Appears to read: 'Dear Mr Woodrow | I send you the enclosed (my ticket) till the end of July. Please let me <?> it at 71 Seymour St on the evening of July 31st.' A Catholic convert, Mivart was increasingly disenchanted with his friend Thomas Henry Huxley's anti-papist stance, and repudiated his initial support for the theory of evolution. This did not, however, endear him the the Roman Catholic authorities.

[ Sir Waldemar Mordechai Wolff Haffkine, Russian bacteriologist described by Lister as "a saviour of humanity". ] Two Autograph Letters Signed and an Autograph Card Signed (all 'W. M. Haffkine') [ to editor ], regarding his entry in Men of the Times.

Author: 
Sir Waldemar Mordechai Wolff Haffkine [ born Vladimir Aaronovich Chavkin ] (1860-1930), Russian bacteriologist described by Joseph Lister as "a saviour of humanity"
Publication details: 
All on letterheads of the Buckingham Palace Hotel [ London ]. All dating from July 1899.
£850.00

A Ukrainian Jew, Haffkine found his early career obstructed by his refusal to convert to the Russian Orthodox Church. He emigrated and worked at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, where he developed an anti-cholera vaccine that he tried out successfully in India. He is recognized as the first microbiologist to develop and use vaccines against cholera and bubonic plague. He tested the vaccines on himself. The three items in good conditon, lightly aged. ONE: ALS. 2pp., 12mo. He has been 'away from town', but now hopes to send 'a note on my work' within the week. 'It wd.

[ George John Romanes, evolutionary biologist. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('G. J. Romanes') to 'Mr. Harborough', regarding the application of Arthur Nicols to be a lecturer.

Author: 
G. J. Romanes [ George John Romanes ] (1848-1894), evolutionary biologist, born in Canada, friend and colleague of Charles Darwin [ Arthur Nicols ]
Publication details: 
18 Cornwall Terrace, Regents Park [ London ]. 7 May 1883.
£180.00

2pp., 12mo. On bifolium with mourning border. In fair condition, aged and worn, with the second leaf laid down on part of a leaf cut from an autograph album. He is enclosing 'a Lecture Syllabus from Mr. Nicol, whom you may perhaps remember having seen meet me in the committee room on the day of my lecture'. Nicols wants Romanes to recommend him as a lecturer, but he only knows him 'from his book "Zoological Notes" which I reviewed in Nature.

Autograph Letter Signed ('Alec. Fleming') to 'Peggy'.

Author: 
Sir Alexander Fleming (1881-1955), Scottish biologist and pharmacologist, discoverer of penicillin and co-winner of the Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine in 1945
Publication details: 
31 October 1953; on letterhead of 20A Danvers Street, Cheyne Walk, London, S.W.3.
£450.00

8vo: 1 p. Good, laid down on the reverse of the front free endpaper of a copy of Andre Maurois's 'The Life of Sir Alexander Fleming' (London, 2nd imp., 1959). Reads 'Thank you very much. We would be delighted to be with you on Nov 12th. I think all is well with me now & I am off to Edinburgh on Monday. | Yours sincerely | [signed] Alec. Fleming'. The context is explained on pp. 265-6 of the book. 'In October 1953 he was due to make a speech at the opening of 'Les Journees Medicales' in Nice. Two days before the appointed date, he woke up with a high fever. He himself diagnosed pneumonia.

[ Sir James Gray, zoologist. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('James Gray') to the Secretary, Royal Society of Arts, explaining why he cannot chair 'Dr. Cole's "Cantor" Lecture'.

Author: 
Sir James Gray (1880-1975), British zoologist who helped establish the field of cytology [structure of cells etc]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of King's Field, West Road, Cambridge. 31 January 1962.
£38.00

1p., 8vo. In fair condition, lightly-aged, with small pin-hole at top left and Gray's signature underlined in red pencil. He would have 'loved' to chair 'Dr. Cole's "Cantor" Lecture on 22 May, but has to 'attend at [sic] series of meetings in Ireland during the whole of that week'. He has written to Cole on the matter.

[ Felix Plater, Swiss physician. ] Autograph Document Signed ('Felix Platerus Basil | Archiatros & Prof')

Author: 
Felix Plater (1536-1614), Swiss physician and professor at the University of Basel, pioneer in fields of psychiatry and germ theory of disease
Publication details: 
Basil. May 1611.
£950.00

On one side of an 11.5 x 7.5 cm piece of paper. In fair condition, aged and stained. Consisting of a two-line improving Latin quotation beginning: 'Nullius est Felix'. Signed beneath this: 'Felix Platerus Basil | Archiatros & Prof. | Ao S

1611 Maio | Ao AM. 73'. On the reverse are two longer signed quotations, both in calligraphic hands, the lower of the two by 'Johannes Philippus a Fritten back', dated 28 February 1607. The author is identified in pencil in a later hand as John Phillips who died in 1640.

[ Sir Richard Owen, biologist. ] Sepia studio portrait of his head and shoulders by the London photographer Herbert Rose Barraud.

Author: 
Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892), biologist and leading opponent of Charles Darwin [ Herbert Rose Barraud (1845-1896), London photographer ]
Publication details: 
Mounted on printed card of 'Mr. Barraud | 96 Gloucester Place | Portman Square | London. W.' Undated [ 1888 ]. Card printed by Marion Imprimerie, Paris.
£120.00

14.5 x 10 cm sepia print, mounted on 16.5 x 11 cm photographer's printed card with rounded edges, printed by Marion Imprimerie, Paris. The photograph in good condition, the card with slight wear at foot. A striking image of an elderly Owen, his dapper velvet cap and cravat contrasting with his dishevelled hair, thick-set mouth, and watery determined eyes, which stare to the left of the viewer in what is (appropriately for a Lancastrian) almost a gurn. The National Portrait Gallery has an uncropped version of the image, dated by them to 1888.

[ Richard Owen ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Rd. Owen') to an unnamed correspondent.

Author: 
Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892), English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, 1859 publications
Publication details: 
Ardwick Hall, Manchester [1859].
£200.00

Two pages, 12mo, fold marks, good condition, text clear and complete. My first lecture I published in May last 'On the Classification & Geographical Distribution of Mammalia" | 8vo Parker's, Strand. | The matter of the other three lectures will appear in a work on fossil Mammalia in the Press (Murray) [presumably "Summary of the succession in time and geographical distribution of recent and fossil Mammalia " (1859)]

[ Sir John Simon, English pathologist. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('John Simon') to 'Mrs Freshfield', regarding the return of her 'Oedipus' and a 'Freshwater outing'.

Author: 
Sir John Simon (1816-1904), English pathologist [ Freshfield family ]
Publication details: 
40 Kensington Square W. [ London ] 24 March 1894.
£38.00

1p., 16mo. In good condition, lightly aged and spotted. Since she is going away, he considers it 'safer' to return the 'Oedipus', which has given him great pleasure. He hopes she will enjoy her 'Freshwater outing', and that 'we may remain above the horizon to welcome your return to town'. The Freshfields were a noted family of solicitors, with strong connections with the Bank of England.

[Professor James Richard Ainsworth Davis.] 'Application for the Biological Chair of the "University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire."' [by Banbury printers Cheney & Sons], with two leaves of 'Testimonials', including one by T. H. Huxley.

Author: 
'James R. Davis, B.A. | (Of Trinity College, Cambridge.)' [Professor James Richard Ainsworth Davis (1861-1834); Cheney & Sons, General, Commercial & Artistic Printers, Banbury]
Publication details: 
'14, Calthorpe Road, Banbury, Oxon. | August 17th, 1883.' [Cheney & Sons, General, Commercial & Artistic Printers, Banbury, Oxfordshire.]
£95.00

Three pieces of Victorian educational and scientific ephemera, and nice pieces of provincial printing. All three items nearly fine. ONE: 'APPLICATION for the Biological Chair of the "University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire."' Dated from Calthorpe Road on 17 August 1883, and addressed to 'IVOR JAMES, Esq. | Registrar, | University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire.' 1p., 4to. On bifolium.

[Charles Janet] Autograph Note Signed 'Ch Janet' to [W.B. Crow, biologist]

Author: 
Charles Janet (849–1932), French engineer, company director, inventor and biologist.
Publication details: 
[Printed headed notepaper] Charles Janet, Ingénieur de Arts et Manufactures, Voisinlieu-les-Beauvais, Par Alonne (Oise), 10 Juillet 1923. En francais.
£135.00

One page, 12mo, good condition. He acknowledges receipt of a letter from Crow [identified through this letter being with a batch of letters addressed to him] "et des deux publications que vous avez bien voulu m'envoyer et qui sont intéressantes pour moi. | Je vous ai envoyé hier le 2me Memoire sur le Volvox | Vous recevez prochainement le 3me Mémoire qui traite de l'outogénèse de la blastea volvocéenne."

[Eugenio Rignano] Autograph Letter Signed to Prof. W.B. Crow, W.B. Crow, author of "Contributions to the Principles of Morphology ", giving reasons for declining an article.

Author: 
Eugenio Rignano, Jewish Italian philosopher, sometime editor of the journal 'Scientia'.
Publication details: 
[Printed heading] "Scientia", etc, 18 Dec. 1927.
£80.00

2pp., 8vo, bifolium, some creasing, small closed tear, text clear and complete. He has just been able to read Crow's article 'the primitive forms of life' which he found interesting. But he declines to publish it because the length does not conform to their standard of 10 pages (being 20 pages).

One Autograph Letter Signed, and four Typed Notes Signed to "Dr. Crow" [W.B. Crow, author of "Contributions to the Principles of Morphology".]

Author: 
Charles Singer, historian of science, technology, and medicine
Publication details: 
5 North Grove, Highgate Village, [London], N6, 1928-1931.
£120.00

Total of five letters, total 5pp., 8vo (4) and 12mo (1), small amount of chipping and staining, texts clear and complete. (1928) He acknowledges receipt of "Symmetry in Organisms" which he read with 'pleasure & profit'; (March 1929) He acknowldges recipt of 'Principles of Morphology' which he found particularly interesting "because I am writing the section on the subject in my 'History of Biology'"; (April 1929) "I am delighted to sign your application for teh Royal Society of Medicine. I fear you will find it rather expensive.

Autograph Letter Signed ('T. H. Huxley') from the biologist and supporter of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution Thomas Henry Huxley, declining to give a lecture.

Author: 
Thomas Henry Huxley [T. H. Huxley] (1825-1895), English biologist and a leading advocate of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Hodeslea, Staveley Road, Eastbourne. 24 November 1892.
£250.00

2pp., 12mo. Bifolium. Very good, on lightly-aged paper. The name of the addressee is indistinct, and appears to be 'S. Algernon'. The letter reads: 'Dear Sir | I regret that I am unable to give the Lecture you ask for. I really have no business to undertake any kind of public speaking & except in very special circumstances, I keep out of it'.

Autograph Letter Signed ('D. J. Scourfield') from the biologist and microscopist David Joseph Scourfield to 'Dr. Crow' [William Bernard Crow], describing a 'living specimen from Eagle Pond, Epping Forest, of a species of Volvox'.

Author: 
David Joseph Scourfield (1866-1949), ISO, FLS, FZS, FRMS, biologist and microscopist [Dr William Bernard Crow (1895-1976), biologist and occultist]
Publication details: 
63 Queen's Road, Leytonstone, E11. 26 September 1927.
£95.00

3pp., 12mo. Good, on lightly-aged paper, on two leaves pinned together. He begins: 'I am sending herewith living specimens from Eagle Pond, Epping Forest, of a species of Volvox without protoplasmic connections between the cells. If you have not had it before you will no doubt be interested. If you have, I should be glad if you could tell me what you think it ought to be called. It is evidently close, if not identical, with V. Monona Gilb. Smith recorded by Pearsall as British from the Lake Dist. But it may also be V. tertius Meyer (cf.

Autograph Letter Signed B. Gilliat-Smith (diplomat and naturalist) to Lady Findlay, wife of diplomat, Mansfeldt Findlay, about books on fungi.

Author: 
B. Gilliat-Smith, diplomat and naturalist
B. Gilliat-Smith, diplomat and naturalist
Publication details: 
British Consulate, Copenhagen, 17 August 1918.
£38.00
B. Gilliat-Smith, diplomat and naturalist

Three pages, 12mo, minor defects, text clear and complete. I fear I quite forgot to send you the names of the books on 'fungi', and now I have not got them with me. But as the messenger is going up to Christiania I am sending you some rather crude pictures, which may be of some use pending the arrival of better books which I shall recommend shortly. | But for heaven's sake be careful! Some are so poisonous that no doctor can be of any use.

No. 20 of the 'Bibliotheca Entomologica'.

Author: 
Felix L. Dames, German natural history publisher and bookseller
Publication details: 
Berlin: Tasuben-Strasse 47. 1892.
£35.00

8vo, 90 pp. Stitched and unbound. 3328 priced items. Text clear and complete. On aged paper.

Autograph Signature ('P. Geddes') on fragment of letter.

Author: 
Sir Patrick Geddes (1854-1932), Scottish biologist, botanist and pioneer of urban planning
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£15.00

On piece of grey paper 1.5 x 10 cms. Good. Reads '[in another hand] Yours faithfully, | [signed] P. Geddes'. Good firm signature, slightly overlapping lower loop of the central 'f' in 'faithfully'.

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