Francis Wollaston (1694-1774), scientist and Fellow of the Royal Society, father of the author and astronomer Francis Wollaston (1731-1815)
[ His Majesty's Receipt of Exchequer, London. ] 22 July 1765.
1p., 8vo. Removed from an Exchequer ledger. On aged paper, with particular wear to one edge. Laid out in the usual way, with printed text completed in manuscript. Good firm signature. Recording a payment of £150, on an annuity of £300 per annum, 'during the Life of [Mary, Francis & George Wollaston]' (his three surviving children, two others having died). Signed at the foot of the page, with the signature of the witness 'W Wright' beside it. In manuscipt on reverse: 'Paid 31 July 1765 | £1636 : 2 : 6'.
Sir James Gray (1880-1975), British zoologist who helped establish the field of cytology [structure of cells etc]
On letterhead of King's Field, West Road, Cambridge. 31 January 1962.
1p., 8vo. In fair condition, lightly-aged, with small pin-hole at top left and Gray's signature underlined in red pencil. He would have 'loved' to chair 'Dr. Cole's "Cantor" Lecture on 22 May, but has to 'attend at [sic] series of meetings in Ireland during the whole of that week'. He has written to Cole on the matter.
Jane Wardle [ Frances Jane Wardle ] (1950-2015), Professor of Clinical Psychology, University College, London [ Peter Wardle (b.1929), English artist ]
Two of the letters from 48 Abingdon Road, Oxford, and one on letterhead of the Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford. One of the childhood items from Lidstone, Enstone, Oxfordshire. All items undated (adult letters pre-1991).
Wardle's achievements as a leading behavioural scientist in the field of cancer prevention are described in her obituary in the Guardian, 24 November 2015. The three adult letters addressed to 'Daddy'. One four-page letter on yellow paper with loss from damp damage, the other items in fair condition, with light signs of age. One of the other two letters also of four pages, and the last of one page. The letters are intimate and positive, filled with loving encouragement and advice and giving family news.
Edward Forbes (1815-1854), Manx naturalist, Professor of Botany at King's College, London
Place and date not stated.
On 3 x 17 cm. slip of paper, cut from longer document. In fair condition, lightly aged and folded. Reads: 'Prof Forbes' compliments to Mr Bowerbank and he cannot they are not ready he will forward them to Mr Ransom himself'.
Thomas H. Huxley, biologist [ T.H. Huxley; H.W.Crosskey, geologist ]
July 24th, 1886.
In a difficult hand, with some autograph corrections.. Questionnaire from the Birmingham Philosophical Society, 'Translation of Scientific Memoirs' Committee, 2pp., 4to, detached from the printed, explanatory letter from H.W. Crosskey (not present), some sunning, chipping (loss of one letter) and marking, fair condition. The absent Printed Letter, p., from H.W. Crosskey, had explained what the questionnaire is for ("Action for the Translation and Publication of Foreign Scientific Memoirs" to be put to the attention of the British Association).
Oliver Lodge, physicist and writer [ H.W.Crosskey, geologist ]
July 12th, 1886.
Printed Circular Letter from H.W. Crosskey on behalf of the Birmingham Philosophical Society with Questionnaire from, 'Translation of Scientific Memoirs' Committee', dated 8 July 1886, 2 leaves, 4to, bifolium, minor staining, good condition. The Printed Letter, p., from H.W. Crosskey, explains what the questionnaire is for ("Action for the Translation and Publication of Foreign Scientific Memoirs" to be put to the attention of the British Association).
Questionnaire, partly filled in by Darwin, from, 'Translation of Scientific Memoirs' Committee', 2pp, 4to, minor sunning, good condition. NOT including the Printed Letter, p., from H.W. Crosskey, explaining what the questionnaire is for ("Action for the Translation and Publication of Foreign Scientific Memoirs" to be put to the attention of the British Association).
Francis Robert Japp, chemist [ H.W.Crosskey, geologist ]
July 15th, 1886.
[ Francis Robert Japp; Printed ] Questionnaire from the Birmingham Philosophical Society, printed., with Japp's responses in holograph to two only of the four questions and with signature "F.R. Japp" with date. Questionnaire, answers filled in by Japp, from, 'Translation of Scientific Memoirs' Committee', Birmingham Philosophical Society, 2pp, 4to, minor sunning, creases, good condition. NOT including the Printed Letter, p., from H.W.
July 8th, 1886. Manuscript response dated 12 July 1886.
Printed Letter and Questionnaire from the Birmingham Philosophical Society, 'Translation of Scientific Memoirs' Committee, 4pp., 4to, bifolium, some sunning and marking, good condition. Printed Letter, p., from H.W. Crosskey, explaining what the questionnaire is for ("Action for the Translation and Publication of Foreign Scientific Memoirs" to be put to the attention of the British Association). The questionnaire comprises four questions, with a final section headed "Remarks".
Alexander Stewart Herschel, astronomer [ H.W.Crosskey, geologist ]
July 12th, 1886.
Questionnaire, detailed answers filled in by Herschel, from 'Translation of Scientific Memoirs' Committee', Birmingham Philosophical Society, 2pp, 4to, minor sunning, creases, good condition. NOT including the Printed Letter, p., from H.W. Crosskey, explaining what the questionnaire is for ("Action for the Translation and Publication of Foreign Scientific Memoirs" to be put to the attention of the British Association).
William King-Noel (1805-1893), 1st Earl of Lovelace, scientist and Fellow of the Royal Society, husband of Lord Byron's daughter Augusta Ada (1815-1852), Countess of Lovelace [ Peter John Locke King ]
One from 6 Great Cumberland Place [ London]. Two on letterheads of East Horsley Tower. [ 1852 ], 1853 and 1854.
The three items in good condition, lightly aged. The first two with mourning borders (for his wife, who had died in 1852). Lovelace's handwriting is idiosyncratic. ONE: 12 February . From 6 Great Cumberland Place. 1p., 16mo. Acknowledging receipt of 'a memorial from certain inhabitants of Limpsfield, as well as the letter of Mr. Elliott'. TWO: 9 January 1853. 1p., 12mo. Stating that he has 'felt it inexpedient to comply with the requisition transmitted to me in February last'. THREE: 30 July 1854. 1p., 4to. Addressed to King as 'Dear Locke'.
Thomas Graham, FRS (1805 –1869) Scottish chemist, (pioneering work in dialysis and the diffusion of gases.)
Part of letter, 11 x 5cm, good condition. Text on verso, "containing the paper proves ti be at the Binder's - most unfortunately. The number of the vol. I am uncertain of, but believe it is the 10th or 11th, about 1855. - Dr. [?]". The text on recto reads, "the purpose [either missing or illegible] Very faithfully yours | Tho. Graham || Frederic Hepburn Esqre".
Philip Lutley Sclater (1829-1913), lawyer and zoologist, Secretary of the Zoological Society of London, 1860-1902
On letterhead of the Zoological Society of London, 11 Hanover Square. 29 August 1877.
1p, 12mo. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper, with traces of glue from mount on the blank reverse. Reads: 'The Secretary presents his compliments to Miss Kerr and begs leave to inform her the Composition fee of £35 has been duly paid to Drummond & Co'.
David Milne Home of Milne-Graden [(1805-1890), advocate, scientist and meteorologist]
Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons, 1873.
27pp., 8vo. Unbound stitched pamphlet. Internally fair, on lightly-aged paper, in stained and worn covers. Inscribed at head of title: 'From the Author | 11 March 1873'. At head of first page: 'The publication of this letter has been delayed, owing to a strike among the Edinburgh printers.' Dated in type at commencement of text, 'Paxton House, Berwick, | Dec. 20, 1872.' Scarce: the only two copies on COPAC at the British Library and National Library of Scotland.
John Peter Gassiot (1797-1877), electrician [James C. Webster, Secretary, the Athenaeum Club, London]
28 February 1857; on letterhead of 77 Mark Lane, E.C.
On piece of paper cut from letter, 4.5 x 10.5. With both sides lightly-sprinkled with ink dots. Reads 'Believe me | Yours | John P Gassiot'. Reverse, with printed letterhead, gives the beginning of the letter: 'Sir | I was informed Yday Evg. that <...>'. Docketed by Webster 'Sent List | 28/2/57'. From Webster's autograph collection.
Sir Richard Southwood (1931-2005), Professor of Zoology and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford
10 October 1986; on letterhead of the National Radiological Protection Board.
8vo, 1 p. Fair, on lightly-aged paper, with a couple of punch holes to the left margin (one through a word of text). Thanking him for his 'kd letter of appreciation of my work as chairman of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution'. He now has 'another public duty concerned with the same field'.
29 January 1869; on letterhead of Queen's College, Cork.
12mo, 1 p. Fair, on lightly-aged paper, with slight damage to one corner from removal from mounting, small glue stains from which are evident on the reverse. She was prevented from obtaining his autograph 'during the Meeting of the British Association at Norwich', and he is sending it to her now.
James Nicol [ROYAL GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY; PROFESSOR RICHARD OWEN]
Geological Society | 4 December 1847'.
Scottish geologist (1810-79). Sir Richard Owen (1804-92) was a naturalist. One page, 12mo. Very good, though grubby and creased in one corner. Traces of mount adhering to blank verso. 'I have much pleasure in at length having it in my power to send you a proof of your memoir. It has been far longer delayed than I expected. I send you the press proof as there are a good many connections and queries in the margin'. Signed 'James Nicol'. Note: Perhaps concerning "Memoir of William Clift, F.R.S." (1849).
Amherst College, Amherst, MA., Department of Political Science, 27 October 1946.
Two pages, 4to, foxing but text clear and complete. In Germanof which I understand little, but he seems to be describing his official travels in Germany after the War ("Legal Division"), mutual acquaintance and interests. He asks if he has read his book "Political Reconstruction". He concludes by discussing the state of the defeated German nation and the Military Government under General Clay. Scan provided on request.
Paul Lorain (1827-1875), Medical Examiner and Professor of the History of Medicine and Surgery at the Faculté de Médecine de Paris
18 July 1873; Assay le Rideau, Loire.
8vo: 1 p. On grubby, creased, discoloured paper, with chipping and slight loss to extremities. In French. As a result of the bad state of his health he is forced to live far from Paris and will not be able to accept the invitiation of the British Medical Assocation. The writer will soon receive the replies of those of Lorain's colleagues who have also been invited.
Mary Somerville (1780-1872), Scottish scientist after whom Somerville College, Oxford is named
15 July [postmarked 1844, with Penny Red stamp]; 14 Lower Belgrave St, Eaton Square [London].
16mo: 3 pp. A small bifolium (each leaf 10.5 x 9 cms) on aged paper. Discoloured strip at foot of first leaf, containing four lines of text and the signature, cut away and reattached with archival tissue, with damage to two words (not in signature). Second leaf with minor damage through breaking of seal. Good Penny Red stamp, postmarked in black, and second red postmark. The earliest she can accept the dinner invitation is the following Wednesday.
Walter Lowe Clay, of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, Victorian social scientist
1 November 1866; on letterhead of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, 1 Adam Street, Adelphi, W.C. [London].
Two pages, small octavo. Good, on lightly aged paper and ruckled paper, with some staining to the verso of the blank second leaf of the bifolium. His correspondent's 'paper on the high death rate in Liverpool' was not returned to Clay after being read at Manchester, 'nor can the Secretary of the Department (Captain ) obtain any intelligence of it from the reporters'. One of the reporters has sent the Captain an abstract prepared by the author. Clay asks whether he has the manuscript in his possession, and if so, whether he will send it to him.
William Whitaker (1836-1925), British geologist, the 'father of English hydrogeology' [GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN]
1 January 1867; East Molesey, Kingston, Surrey, on embossed letterhead of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Two pages, 12mo. Very good, with the merest spotting at head. He 'will be at West Drayton by the train due there nearest to 4 o'clock'. He has no time-table to hand, 'but shall see one at Jermyn St. to-morrow'.
[ELECTRICAL ILLUMINATION VIA BALLOONS] Charles Dubos, French inventor or scientist
No date (mid-to late Nineteenth-Century).
Four pages, folio, chipped with small loss of text. IN FRENCH. He begins: "Les nombreuses experiences que j'ai fait sur la lumiere electriquee l'appareil que j'ai confectionne me mettant en meme de pouvoir l'appliquer a l'eclairage des villes avec avantage et economie sur tout autre systeme". He discusses the expense of gas and gives a precis of his plan ("L'agende"), giving letters which correspond to a "dessin" which is not present, and listing his points with a little detail: un ballon de gaz; filet ensoie; cordes en soie; Lampe electrique . .
The first, Leyton, 27 April 1857; the second, London, 28 April 1857.
LETTER ONE: One page, 12mo. Good, with several creases from folding. Concerns the repayment of a bond of £2500. 'I shall be glad to receive the money for it through Messrs Barclay & Co who will present the Bond duly receipted on your informing them where the Bond will be paid off.' Signed 'J Gurney Barclay'. Docketed on reverse 'Jos: G Barclay | Bond 58/107 £2500 | to be paid off | June 30: 1857'. LETTER TWO: Two pages, quarto. Good, though creased and with small closed tear repaired with archival tape. A few small pin holes in one corner. 'Referring to your Letter of the 24th. inst.