SCIENCE

[Sir John Herschel, astronomer, inventor and polymath.] Autograph Signature ('J. F. W. Herschel') with date.

Author: 
Sir John Herschel [Sir John Frederick William Herschel] (1792-1871), astronomer, inventor and polymath
Publication details: 
20 June 1850. No place.
£30.00

On one side of an 8 x 15.5 cm piece of paper. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. A good large firm signature, with the date beneath, the attractive arrangement suggesting that it has been written in response to a request for an autograph rather than cut from the end of a letter. Reads: 'J. F. W. Herschel | June 20. 1850. –' The last letter of the signature develops into an underlining flourish, and there is a looped flourish under the date.

[Charles Babbage, 'the father of the computer'.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Mr MacKinnon' [William Alexander Mackinnon, MP for Rye], expressing regret at not being able to call on him.

Author: 
Charles Babbage (1791-1871), 'the father of the computer', mathematician, inventor and mechanical engineer who originated the concept of a digital programmable computer [William Alexander Mackinnon]
Publication details: 
Dorset Street, Manchester Square [London]. 1 July 1864.
£650.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged. Tipped-in onto a piece of paper cut from an album compiled by Lady Ann Cullum (1807-1875) of Hardwick House. Reads: 'Mr Babbage much regrets that he was unable to have the pleasure of waiting on Mr MacKinnon on Wednesday last.' Babbage's correspondence identifies the recipient as William Alexander Mackinnon (1789-1870), Member of Parliament for Rye, Fellow of the Royal Society and the Society of Antiquaries.

[William Rogerson, astronomer at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Wm. Rogerson.') to 'W. S. B. Woodhouse Esqr.', regarding William Holden and his memorial to Jeremiah Horrox.

Author: 
William Rogerson (1796-1872), astronomer at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, and putative murderer of the son he had by his daughter [Moses Holden (1777-1864) of Preston, astronomer; Jeremiah Horrox
Publication details: 
11 August 1847. 19 George Street, Greenwich.
£45.00

Rogerson was employed at the Royal Observatory between 1822 and 1845. The long entry on Rogerson on the Royal Observatory website (which states that he 'brought both honour and shameful publicity to the Observatory'), gives full details of the circumstances surrounding his dismissal, and his trial for the murder of his son Theodore Horatio Richardson, one of three or four children had by his daughter Ann Maria. 3pp, 16mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with slight traces of glue from mount to blank reverse of second leaf. One fold. Fifty-three lines, closely written.

[Sir Oliver Lodge, physicist, inventor and spiritualist.] Autograph Signature ('Oliver Lodge') for autograph collector.

Author: 
Sir Oliver Lodge [Oliver Joseph Lodge] (1851-1940), physicist and inventor in the field of radio, and Christian Spiritualist
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£23.00

The signature 'Oliver Lodge' is firmly written in the bottom of three rectangular panels printed in red, with no other writing on the page, on one side of a 12mo leaf removed from 'The Meredith Birthday Book', the other side featuring quotations from the novelist for 13 to 15 June. In good condition, lightly aged.

[Phrenology in Manchester: Johann Gaspar Spurzheim, celebrated phrenologist.] Autograph Letter in the third person, in English, to 'Mr Sowler' [proprietor of the Manchester Courier], announcing postponement of lecture at Mechanics Institution.

Author: 
Johann Gaspar Spurzheim (1776-1832), German physician and celebrated phrenologist
Publication details: 
Without date or place [Manchester. Circa 1829 to 1830.]
£100.00

1p, 12mo. Written lengthwise on a single leaf. In good condition, lightly aged, with strips of thick paper from mount adhering to the reverse, which carries Spurzheim's address to 'Mr Sowler | St Anns Square [Manchester]'. The recipient is Thomas Sowler the second, proprietor of the Manchester Courier, and father of Sir Thomas Sowler (1818-1891). The text reads: 'Dr.

[John Tyndall, physicist who discovered the Greenhouse Effect in 1859.] Autograph Signature ('John Tyndall').

Author: 
John Tyndall (1820-1893), Anglo-Irish physicist, celebrated for his work on diamagnetism and infrared radiation, who discovered the Greenhouse Effect in 1859 [Global warming]
Publication details: 
No place or date.
£28.00

Firm and attractive signature for autograph hunter, centred on one side of 7.5 x 9.5 cm piece of paper. No other writing. In good condition, lightly aged and creased, with labels from mount adhering to reverse.

[John Lee, astronomer and mathematician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. Lee.') to George Ransome of Ipswich, urging him or 'some delegate' to attend 'our peaceful congress', 'the Hartwell Peace Festival'.

Author: 
John Lee [born John Fiott] (1783-1866), astronomer and philanthropist [George Ransome (1811-1876), Secretary of the Ipswich Museum; Hartwell Festival of Peace and Temperance]
Publication details: 
'Hartwell [i.e. Hartwell House] near Aylesbury'. 4 August 1851.
£56.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Lee and his wife held regular festivals of 'Peace and Temperance' in the grounds at Hartwell, and he writes that he hopes Ransome has received the prospectus of the festival which he sent him. He and his wife would be pleased were Ransome to attend, and he offers him 'a Bed in our house, or to secure one for you in Aylesbury'. In a postscript he states: 'If you cannot come or your Brother; I hope that you will send some delegate, or MP. to represent Ipswich at our peaceful Congress'.

[John Lee, astronomer and mathematician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('John Lee.') to 'Miss May' [daughter of astronomer Charles May], regarding the procurement of lodgings for a meeting of the British Association of Science at Ipswich.

Author: 
John Lee [born John Fiott] (1783-1866), astronomer, mathematician, antiquarian, barrister, numismatist and physicist [Charles May (1800-1860) of Ipswich, astronomer]
Publication details: 
On embossed letterhead of Totteridge Park School, Hertfordshire. No date. [1840s?]
£56.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Neatly and closely written. At the end of the letter Lee names the recipient as 'Miss May | Carr Street | Ipswich'. (She was the daughter of Quaker astronomer Charles May, a partner in the firm of civil engineers Ransomes and May.) Lee begins by stating that he and his wife 'are anxious to come to Ipswich on tuesday the first of July in order to attend the meeting of the British Association of Science'.

[Isa Craig, Scottish author and reformer.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Isa Craig.') [as Secretary, National Association for the Promotion of Social Science] to Professor W. B. Hodgson, asking for his 'Paper & Speech on Ed[ucatio]n. of Girls'.

Author: 
Isa Craig [Isa Knox; Isabella Craig Knox] (1831-1903), Scottish author and reformer [Professor William Ballantyne Hodgson (1815-1880); National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, London]
Publication details: 
10 April 1866. On letterhead of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science [London].
£56.00

1p, 12mo. Aged and creased, with closed tears and chipping repaired on reverse with archival tape. Reads: 'Dear Dr Hodgson. | Could you kindly send me your paper & speech on Edn. of Girls. We are waiting for it now & very anxious to finish up. | Yours sincerely | Isa Craig.'

[Humphrey Lloyd, Irish physicist, Provost of Trinity College, Dublin.] Autograph Letter Signed ('H Lloyd') to Alfred Fox, regarding his 'paper on Magnetical Observations' and Fox's brother's 'instrument', i.e. Robert Were Fox's magnetic dip compass.

Author: 
Humphrey Lloyd (1800-1881), Irish physicist, Provost of Trinity College, Dublin [Robert Were Fox the Younger (1789-1877), geologist, inventor of the magnetic dip compass]
Publication details: 
Trinity College Dublin. 24 March 1835.
£220.00

The recipient was a brother of the geologist and inventor Robert Were Fox the Younger (1789-1877), whose magnetic dip compass, constructed in the previous year, is the 'instrument' referred to at the end of the letter. (Fox's compass was used by Sir James Clark Ross on his Antarctic expedition, and was later used to discover the position of the South magnetic pole.) 1p, 4to. In fair condition, aged and creased, with traces of paper mount adhering to one edge, and repair to a closed tear with archival tape. Several folds.

[Sir William Jardine, Scottish naturalist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Wm Jardine'), regarding his need to travel to Edinburgh because of 'the Dangerous illness of Mr Maule'.

Author: 
Sir William Jardine, 7th Baronet of Applegarth (1800-1874), Scottish naturalist, editor of 'The Naturalist's Library' [Maule, Edinburgh]
Publication details: 
Jardine Hall [near Lockerbie, Scotland]. 27 March 1845.
£65.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded twice. Endorsed by the unnamed recipient on the reverse of the second leaf. The subject of the letter, 'Mr Maule', was presumably a relation of Jardine's, whose mother's maiden name was Maule. Begins: 'Dear Sir, I received your parcel this morning & was prepared to start Tomorrow (Friday) when the Evening Mail brought me the intelligence of the Dangerous illness of Mr.

[Lyon Playfair, chemist and Liberal politician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Lyon Playfair'), discussing the education of teachers, and a pamphlet on a parliamentary bill on the subject.

Author: 
Lyon Playfair, 1st Baron Playfair [Lord Playfair] (1818-1898), chemist and Liberal politician, born in India of Scottish extraction
Publication details: 
On letterhead of the Edinburgh University Club. 2 April 1869.
£50.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, folded twice. The recipient is not named. Begins: 'Dear Sir | I am much obliged to you for your Pamphlet, & agree with you that there is a serious deficiency in the Bill in not securing a Practical Proof of Teaching Power.' He finds the recipient's pamphlet 'clear & decided as to the Evil', but not 'very explicit as to the remedy'.

[Lord Cherwell, Winston Churchill's leading scientific advisor.] Autograph Letter Signed ('F. A. Lindemann.') to an unnamed duke, regarding a book on Mary Davies, his trip to Berlin, the League orf Nations and Silesia.

Author: 
Lord Cherwell [Frederick Alexander Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell] (1886-1957), physicist and close friend of Winston Churchill, scientific adviser to Second World War British government
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Wadham College, Oxford. 7 October 1921.
£120.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Addressed to 'My dear Duke', but with the ducal recipient unidentified. He thanks him for the book on Mary Davies, mistress of Charles II (no doubt 'Mary Davies and the Manor of Ebury' by Charles T. Gatty, published in the same year). 'It is really one of the most fascinating books I have ever read and gives me all sorts of new points of view in forming a mental picture of the state of England at the end of the 17th.

[Professor Henry Drummond of Glasgow, exponent of theistic evolution.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Henry Drummond') [to Rev. W. A. Wilson of Coleraine?], regarding a 'question' concerning a 'well known' name, which he wishes to 'remain a mystery'.

Author: 
Henry Drummond (1851-1897), Scottish evangelist and biologist; Professor of Natural Science, Free Church College, Glasgow; exponent of theistic evolution; author of 'The Greatest Thing in the World'
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 3 Park Circus, Glasgow; 19 October 1891.
£35.00

Drummond was a leading proponent of theistic evolution. In 1894 he published his 'Ascent of Man', which argued, after John Fiske, that altruism played an important part in the survival of the fittest. His sermon 'The Greatest Thing in the World' was hugely popular, and is still read, particularly in America. His 2pp, 12mp. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once. Signed 'Henry Drummond.' The recipient is not named, but is probably Rev. William Andrew Wilson (1869-1918), Minister of New Row Presbyterian Church, Coleraine, father of the poet R. N. D.

[ John Tyndall ] Autograph Note Signed "John Tyndall" in response to an autograph-hunter.

Author: 
John Tyndall (1820–1893), prominent 19th-century Irish physicist
Publication details: 
No place or date
£65.00

One page, 12mo, bifolium (rest blank). Firstly he writes the following statement: "Though the writing of autographs is Somewhat wearisome, I cannot refuse the request, made in such a gentlemanly style, by my young friend Mr. Wilson". He then signs it below. This note derives from the N. Irish Wilson family, the autograph hunter being [Rev.] W. A. Wilson, father of poet, Robert [Robin] Wilson.

[Sir Henry W. Acland, Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Henry W: Acland'), regarding arrangements made by Benjamin Jowett for recipient and Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie to stay at Balliol while in Oxford for a meeting.

Author: 
Sir Henry W. Acland [Sir Henry Wentworth Dyke Acland] (1815-1900), Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford [Benjamin Jowett, Master of Balliol; Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, celebrated surgeon]
Publication details: 
Oxford; 17 June [1847].
£120.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium on grey paper. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to blank reverse of second leaf. The year has been noted in another hand. The recipient is not identified. The letter begins: 'My dear sir, | I have made arrangements with my excellent friend Mr. Jowett of Baliol Coll. that he should offer to you rooms in Balliol. You will be there with our common friend Brodie, and will I am quite sure find nothing that will not add to your comfort and enjoyment in the Meeting'.

[Daniel Noble, Manchester physician specialising in mental illness.] Autograph Letter Signed ('D. Noble') to an individual concerned with the printing and distribution of his work ('Mr. C.'?), mixing practical and personal matter.

Author: 
Daniel Noble (1810-1885), Manchester physician specialising in mental illness and epidemic diseases, friend of surgeon James Braid
Publication details: 
Manchester; 1 August 1843.
£500.00

4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. The recipient is not named. The letter begins: 'My Dear Sir, | I beg to introduce my friend Mr. Walker to you as he is frequenting the Leeds Anniversary Meeting of the Association'.

[Charles Arthur Mercier, forensic psychiatrist.] Two Autograph Letters Signed to psychiatrist Bedford Pierce, regarding: the 'spook business', Sir Victor Horsley and 'forcible feeding', punctuation, the 'hopeless' case of 'Jackson'.

Author: 
Charles Arthur Mercier (1851-1919), pioneer in the field of forensic psychiatry and debunker of spiritualism, President of Medico-Psychological Association [Bedford Pierce (1861-1932), psychiatrist]
Publication details: 
Both on letterheads of The Flower House, Southend, Catford, S.E. [London]. 23 July 1906 and 28 December 1909.
£500.00

Both letters are signed 'Chas. Mercier'. ONE 23 July 1906. 2pp, 12mo. Bifolium with mourning border. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper adhering to the blank second leaf. The letter, which is written in a playful tone, begins: 'My dear Bedford Pearce [sic] | Blamed if I do? I am not so ignorant of the Canonical Books as to confuse Prov: 26. 4 with 26. 5. Your offence, which cries aloud to heaven, is the omission of a comma! A quotation should follow the original verbatim et literatim [sic] et punctuatim, and a stop is an integral part of the text.

[Sir Henry Holland of Knutsford, physician to William IV and Victoria.] Autograph Letter Signed ('H Holland') to Dr George Gregory, pressing the claims of William Pulteney Alison to succeed Dr James Gregory as Professor of Medicine at Edinburgh.

Author: 
Sir Henry Holland (1788-1873) of Knutsford, physician to William IV and Victoria and travel writer [William Pulteney Alison (1790-1859), Professor of Medicine, University of Edinburgh; George Gregory]
Publication details: 
Mount Street [London]; 10 April 1821.
£350.00

See the entries in the Oxford DNB of Holland, and of the recipient of the letter, the physician and vaccinator George Gregory (1790-1853), and of the two individuals mentioned in it, James Gregory (1753-1821), Professor of the Institutes of Medicine at Edinburgh, and James Gregory's nephew William Pulteney Alison (1790-1859), who assisted him with his lectures and succeeded him in the professorship. 2pp, 4to. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper adhering to the reverse of the second leaf, which is addressed, with small seal in red wax, 'To | Dr G.

[Sir Henry Hallett Dale (1875-1968), Nobel Prize winning pharmacologist and physiologist.] Typed Letter Signed ('H. H. Dale') to historian of medicine Richard A. Hunter, with signed photograph as chairman of Wellcome Trustees.

Author: 
Sir Henry Hallett Dale (1875-1968), pharmacologist and physiologist, joint winner of 1936 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine [Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), physician and historian of medicine]
Publication details: 
Letter on letterhead of the Wellcome Trust, 24 Harley Street, London, W1. 10 July 1956.
£450.00

For his study of acetylcholine as agent in the chemical transmission of nerve impulses (neurotransmission) Dale shared the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Otto Loewi. For more information on letter's recipient Richard A. Hunter see Munk's Roll. Both items in good condition, lightly aged, the letter having a few unobtrusive pinholes to the top inner corner. ONE: TLS to Hunter, signed 'H. H. Dale'. 1p, 12mo. The letterhead, in addition to naming the five trustees, states that the 'Scientific Secretary of the Wellcome Trust is 'Dr. F. H. K.

[Sir William Adams (from 1825 Sir William Rawson), oculist.] Autograph Note in the third person to 'Mr Bartley', stating 'his fee for operating upon his Eyes & attendance'.

Author: 
Sir William Adams [from 1825 Sir William Rawson] (1783-1827), oculist
Publication details: 
26 Albemarle Street [London]; 17 December [1819].
£180.00

1p, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and creased, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf, which is addressed, with seal in red wax and postmarks, 'To | Mr Bartley | 8. Shacklewell End | Nr. Kingsland Turnpike'. The note reads: 'Sir W Adams presents his Compts to Mr Bartley & informs him that his fee for operating upon his Eyes & attendance is sixty Guineas. -' From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson, physician and medical author.] Autograph Letter Signed ('B W Richardson') to 'Dr Cleveland' [William Frederick Cleveland], regarding a University of St Andrews dinner and testimonial for George Edward Day.

Author: 
Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson (1828-1896), physician, sanitarian and medical author [William Frederick Cleveland (1823-1898), surgeon; George Edward Day; University of St Andrews]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 12 Hinde Street, W. [London] 28 April 1864.
£180.00

2pp, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the blank second leaf of the bifolium. Folded twice. With regard to the University of St Andrews, where he and Cleveland received their medical education, Richardson writes that he is 'very pleased to hear from Dr Paul' that Cleveland 'will attend our University dinner. We shall have a very agreeable and I believe successful meeting'.

[Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist who coined the terms 'schizophrenia', 'schizoid', 'autism' and 'ambivalence'.] Typed Letter Signed ('Bleuler'), in German, requesting information on the manifestation of 'eine psyche-artige Funktion' in plants.

Author: 
Eugen Bleuler [Paul Eugen Bleuler] (1857-1939), Swiss psychiatrist and eugenicist, who coined such psychiatric terms as 'schizophrenia', 'schizoid', 'autism' and 'ambivalence'
Publication details: 
On his letterhead, Zurich, Switzerland; 5 March 1939.
£1,000.00

1p, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Written a few months before Bleuler's death to an unnamed recipient ('Liebster Freund!'), regarding the possibility of consciousness within the plant kingdom. As a nonbotanist ('als Nichtbotaniker') Bleuler has no knowledge of 'die Falle, wo Pflanzen Gedichtnis oder sonst eine psyche-artige Funktion zeigen', with the exception of 'der Mimosen', and it strikes him ' dass ich eigentlich die Pflicht hatte, das Material so weit als moglich zu kennen, bevor ich etwas drucken lasse'.

[Thomas Arnold, physician and writer on mental illness.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Thos. Arnold.') to physician and botanist Richard Pulteney, requesting on behalf of William Withering the loan of a book and assistance with his researches..

Author: 
Thomas Arnold (1742-1816), Leicester physician and writer on mental illness [Richard Pulteney (1730-1801), physician and botanist, biographer of Linnaeus; William Withering (1741-1799), botanist]
Publication details: 
Leicester; 21 September 1789.
£400.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium, addressed on reverse of second leaf, with seal in red wax, to 'Dr. Pulteney, Physician, | at Blandford, | Dorsetshire.' Arnold begins by stating that he is 'desired by Dr: Withering' to inform Pulteney 'that he has part of the third Volume of his Botanical Arrangement ready for your acceptance, & will put it into my hand to convey to you, in a few days'. Withering 'reserves for further investigation' the 'Class Cryptogamia' and 'means to introduce a synoptic view of all Hedwig's discoveries'.

[J. B. S. Haldane, geneticist and populariser of science.] Autograph Card Signed ('J B S Haldane') to German neurologist Otto Maas.

Author: 
J. B. S. Haldane [John Burdon Sanderson Haldane] (1892-1964), distinguished geneticist and populariser of science [Otto Maas (1871-c.1942), German neurologist]
Publication details: 
London postmark, 25 July 1934.
£100.00

In good condition, lightly aged. Card with postmarked printed stamp, addressed by Haldane to 'Dr. Maas | 86 Greencroft Gardens | London NW6'. Reads, without salutation: 'I shall be at University College at noon on Saturday. But as you to not state the subject on which you wish to see me, I do not know if I can help you. I should be very glad if you would let me know of this before you come. | J B S Haldane'.

[Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt, Commissioner for Lunacy and President of the British Medical Association.] Autograph Letter Signed ('T. Clifford Allbutt') giving his opinion on 'the policy of building these gigantic asylums'.

Author: 
Clifford Allbutt [Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt] (1836-1925), physician, Commissioner for Lunacy, President of the British Medical Association, inventor of the clinical thermometer
Publication details: 
On his letterhead, 6 Park Square, Leeds; 7 January 1889.
£600.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse of the second leaf. The last few words and valediction of the letter are cross-written on the first page, with Allbutt's signature written across several words. At the head of the first page Allbutt has written: 'Please regard this as Private'. He begins by giving two numbered reasons why he 'cannot reply fully or definitively' to the unnamed recipient's letter: 1. 'Because I don't know more of Mr. Dent's Views than the few words he said at Q[uarter]. Sessions.

[Lord Adrian of Cambridge [Edgar Douglas Adrian], Nobel Prize winning electrophysiologist, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.] Three Autograph Cards Signed (all 'E. D. Adrian') to German neurologist Otto Maas.

Author: 
Edgar Adrian [Edgar Douglas Adrian; Lord Adrian of Cambridge] (1899-1977), electrophysiologist, joint recipient of the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology [Otto Maas (1871-c.1942), German neurologist]
Publication details: 
All three items on letterhead 'From Dr. Adrian, St. Chad's, Grange Road, Cambridge.' 6 and 12 February 1934, and 27 January 1938.
£450.00

Lord Adrian was Professor of Physiology in the University of Cambridge 1937-1951; President of the Royal Society 1950-1955; Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1951-1965; president of the Royal Society of Medicine 1960-1962; Chancellor of the University of Cambridge 1967-1975. In 1932 Adrian and Sir Charles Sherrington receiving the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology 'for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons'.The recipient Otto Maas obtained his medical degree from the University of Strasbourg in 1898. Between 1910 and 1932 he was Director of the clinic in Berlin-Buch.

[Sir James Crichton-Browne, Scottish physician and psychiatrist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('James Crichton Browne') to 'Bastian', i.e. Charlton Bastian, questioning the 'overwhelming conclusions' of his 'ingenious and laborious experiments'.

Author: 
Sir James Crichton-Browne (1840-1938), Scottish physician, psychiatrist and neurologist [(Henry) Charlton Bastian (1837-1915), physician and neurologist]
Publication details: 
Ivy Bush Hotel, Carmarthen (on cancelled letterhead of 'Crindau | Dumfries, N.B.' [Scotland]); 13 January 1907.
£250.00

The entry on Bastian in the Oxford DNB finds one of 'the great paradoxes of Bastian's work' to be 'that in neurology his views were highly conventional, while in biology, and what became bacteriology, they became unorthodox and eventually eccentric.' Chief among Bastian's heterodox positions was his belief in the spontaneous generation of bacteria, the subject of the present letter. 8pp, 12mo. On two bifoliums, both with mourning borders. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with minor damp staining. He begins by thanking him for his letter and 'the interesting abstract enclosed'.

[George Combe, phrenologist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Geo. Combe') to educationist W. E. Hickson, praising his book 'History of Sunday' and discussing his 'broken down' health.

Author: 
George Combe (1788-1858), Scottish phrenologist and lawyer, founder of the Edinburgh Phrenological Society [William Edward Hickson (1803-1870), author and educationist]
Publication details: 
Edinburgh; 7 May 1857.
£200.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Second leaf, blank except for endorsement, with traces of glue from mount. Addressed to 'W E. Hickson Esq'. He thanks him for his 'kind remembrance', and for 'sending me your “History of Sunday”; It is a most valuable, & from its small compass & cheapness, a most serviceable, contribution to the great cause of human emancipation from superstition'. He states that he has himself 'lately published a work with the same end in view'.

On 4.5 x 14.5 cm slip of paper cut from the conclusion of a letter. In good condition, lightly aged, laid down on 8 x 16 cm piece of paper cut from album. A good firm signature, with the remaining typed text of the letter reading: 'I think that F. W.

Author: 
Sir Oliver Lodge [Oliver Joseph Lodge] (1851-1940), physicist and Christian Spiritualist [Frederic W. H. Myers (1843-1901), psychic researcher]
Publication details: 
No place or date [after 1903].
£25.00

On 4.5 x 14.5 cm slip of paper cut from the conclusion of a letter. In good condition, lightly aged, laid down on 8 x 16 cm piece of paper cut from album. A good firm signature, with the remaining text of the letter reading: 'I think that F. W. H. Myers attempted an explanation in his book “Human Personality.” [Added here in Lodge's autograph: 'I think it was.'] | Yours faithfully, | Oliver Lodge'. The mount carries a manuscript biographical note. Myers's book 'Human Personality and its Survival of Bodily Death' was publishd in 1903.

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