ADMIRAL

[ Sir Robert Phillimore, English judge and politician. ] Autograph Note Signed ('Robert Phillimore') to the Earl of Clarendon, stating his intention of attending 'the sitting of the naturalisation commission'.

Author: 
Sir Robert Phillimore [ Sir Robert Joseph Phillimore, 1st Baronet ] (1810-1885), last judge of the Court of the Lord High Admiral of England, Member of Parliament for Tavistock
Publication details: 
On letterhead of the Privy Council Office. 'Monday' [ no date ].
£45.00

1p., 12mo. On grey paper. Aged, with wear and creasing to corners. Reads: 'My dear Lord | I hope to attend without fail the sitting of the naturalisation commission on Wednesday.'

[ Sir Philip Charles Durham, British naval hero. ] Autograph Signature ('P. C. Durham') to manuscript document naming 'two Gentlemen appointed to act as Lieutenants'.

Author: 
Sir Philip Charles Durham [ Admiral Sir Philip Charles Calderwood Henderson Durham ] (1763-1845), Royal Navy officer in the American War of Independence and Napoleonic Wars
Publication details: 
Without place or date. On paper watermarked 1812.
£120.00

1p., 4to. In fair condition, on aged and creased paper. The body of the letter is written in another hand, and reads: 'The names of two Gentlemen appointed to act as Lieutenants whom Admiral Durham is particularly desirous of getting confirmed as Lieutenants. - | Mr Brigss - Vacancy. Lt Gordon 1st on Admiralty List appd to Spider - | Mr Maltman - do - Lt Luke promoted by Admiralty order -'. Beneath this Durham has signed: 'P. C. Durham'.

[ The Spanish Civil War: Royal Navy evacuation of refugees in 1936. ] Original duplicated copy of an account titled 'H.M.S. “Shropshire” at Barcelona. 22nd August 1936 to 16th September 1936'. With thirteen photographs, including eight of refugees.

Author: 
Spanish Civil War; HMS Shropshire, Royal Navy Mediterranean Fleet 1st Cruiser Squadron; Admiral Sir Thomas Hugh Binney (1883-1953); the Spanish Civil War
Publication details: 
'For private circulation only". Dated from 'H.M.S. "Shropshire", | 27th September 1936.'
£1,000.00

HMS Shropshire was a Royal Navy 'London' County-class heavy cruiser, launched in 1928 and decommissioned in 1942. In July 1936, as part of the Mediterranean Fleet 1st Cruiser Squadron, she sailed to Barcelona, relieving HMS London, the first ship to arrive to take off refugees from the Spanish Civil War. The present item (possibly written by Admiral Binney) is excessively scarce: the only other copy traced is in the Hampshire Archives. [3] + 19pp., foolscap 8vo. The original document from the 1930s, spirit-duplicated in aniline ink, with pages on one side only of 22 leaves.

[ Mutiny on HMS Winchester, 1854, and initiation ceremony for blue jackets. ] Proof of the start of an article, including a diary of 'The Winchester's Last Commission' and extract from letter by Sir Charles Fellowes.

Author: 
Anon. [ HMS Winchester and Admiral Sir Charles Fellowes (1823-1886), Commander in Chief, Channel Fleet; mutiny ]
Publication details: 
Without place or date, but after Fellowes' death in 1886.
£180.00

This item appears to be a proof of the first eight pages of an unpublished 'account of the mutiny' on board HMS Winchester in the South China Seas in 1854 (while on its way to take part in the Second Burmese War, in which the Winchester's captain Granville Gower Loch (1813-1853) would be killed). The mutiny, which was quashed by Rear Admiral Fleetwood Pellew (1789-1861), is described by the author of the present item as the ship's 'skeleton in the cupboard'. The text breaks off before the mutiny takes place, with the Winchester having left Point de Galle, and on its way to Trincomalee.

[ Earl St Vincent, British naval hero and patron of Horatio Nelson. ] Autograph Signature ('S. Vincent'[) on autograph frank addressed by him to Edward Hawke Locker.

Author: 
[ Earl St Vincent ] Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent (1735-1823), British naval hero and patron of Horatio Nelson
Publication details: 
Dated from Brentwood, 5 May 1811.
£60.00

In good condition, lightly aged. Front panel (9.5 x 13.5 cm) of envelope neatly placed in a thin windowpane mount, bearing frank, with two postmarks, one the red frank and the other in black from 'BRENTWOOD | 18', addressed in the prescribed fashion by St Vincent: 'Brentwood fifth May 1811 | Edward Hawke Locker Esq | 47 Davies Street | Berkeley Square | London'. Signature at bottom left: 'S. Vincent'.

[ Admiral Sir Lewis Jones, Governor of Greenwich Hospital. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Lewis T Jones') to 'Mr Wills', paying his subscription to 'the South Hants Archery Society'.

Author: 
Admiral Sir Lewis Jones [ [ Admiral Sir Lewis Tobias Jones ] (1797-1895), Governor of Greenwich Hospital and Commander-in-Chief, Queenstown
Publication details: 
'Down End Fareham | May 14th 1875'.
£45.00

1p., 12mo. In fair condition, with small stain from mount at head of leaf. He is sending a postal order for eleven guineas, 'being the Subscription of Miss Jones & myself to the South Hants Archery Society fm 1875'. He ends in the hope that Wills and his wife have enjoyed their 'trip on the Continent'.

[ Admiral Duncan. ] Autograph Signature ('G B Rodney'), approving a bill of exchange for £1500 to pay 'Mess Ewbank Kendall and Ewbank' 'for Ordnance' of 'His Majestys Fleet at Jamaica' after the Battle of the Saintes.

Author: 
Admiral Rodney [ George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney ] (1718-1792), British naval officer, prominent in the American War of Independence, and victor over the French in 1782 at the Battle of the Sa
Publication details: 
Office of Ordnance, Kingston, Jamaica. 30 June 1782.
£350.00

A printed form, completed in manuscript, on one side of an 8vo landscape leaf of thin laid paper. In fair condition: the signature is good and firm at one side of the page, the other side having a vertical cut – through the signatures of Robert Benton and 'G: C.' – which has been repaired on the reverse with gummed paper.

[ Admiral Sir Philip Charles Durham, British naval hero. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('P. C. Durham') to a Sea Lord, complaining of his treatment following the capture of Guadeloupe, and seeking preferment for his nephew.

Author: 
Admiral Sir Philip Charles Durham [ Admiral Sir Philip Charles Calderwood Henderson Durham ] (1763-1845), Royal Navy officer in the American War of Independence and Napoleonic Wars
Publication details: 
[ From Guadeloupe ('this Country') .] 15 August [ 1815 ]. No place.
£650.00

4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, on lightly aged and worn paper. Docketed on reverse of second leaf: '15 Augt. 1815. | Sir P. C. Durham'. According to the DNB, Durham, having 'cleared the West Indies of American cruisers', 'in June and August 1815 co-operated in the reduction of Martinique and Guadeloupe, at which place the last French flag was struck to Durham, as the first had been'.

[ Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. ] Printed handbill 'Memorandum' by the College's Captain W. Ruck Keene, | Rear-Admiral.', regarding the 'Easter leave', with references to rail travel and 'underclothing of insufficient warmth'.

Author: 
W. Ruck Keene [ William George Elmhirst Ruck-Keene ] (1867-1935), Royal Navy admiral, Captain (i.e. Commanding Officer) of the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth
Publication details: 
Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. 1 April 1918.
£150.00

1p., 12mo. In fair condition, on lightly aged and worn paper. Perforated at right edge, and headed 'This half should be retained by Parent or Guardian.' (The absent 'fly leaf' was to be 'returned to the Commanding Officer not later than the 6th April, with the answers filled in, giving the fullest information.') The first part of the memorandum is mainly concerned with railway arrangements for those travelling to Scotland, Ireland, London, Bristol, Plymouth, Exeter.

[ Sir Robert Phillimore, last judge of the Court of the Lord High Admiral of England. ] Autograph Note Signed ('Robert Phillimore') to 'Mr Hammond' (his clerk?), with directions regarding a copy of a letter.

Author: 
Sir Robert Phillimore [ Sir Robert Joseph Phillimore ] (1810-1885), last judge of the Court of the Lord High Admiral of England, and politician
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 5 Arlington Street, London, S.W. 21 March [ no year ].
£35.00

1p., 12mo. With mourning border. In good condition, lightly aged, laid down on part of a leaf from an album. Reads: 'My dear Mr Hammond | Will you cause a copy of Mr 's letter to Mr Fane to be sent, as speedily as may be convenient, to the Neutrality Laws Commiss[ion]ers'.?>

[ Admiral Vere Beauclerk, 1st Baron Vere. ] Autograph Signature ('Vere.') on part of Exchequer receipt.

Author: 
Admiral Vere Beauclerk, 1st Baron Vere (1699-1781), known as Lord Vere Beauclerk until 1750, British peer and politician
Publication details: 
His Majesty's Receipt of Exchequer, London. 27 July 1764.
£150.00

Part of printed receipt made out to Vere, on one side of a trimmed-down 18 x 12.5 cm. piece of paper. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Recording the receipt of £42 10s 0d, on behalf of 'Lady Vere & Hble Aubrey Beauclerk'.

[ Lord Adolphus FitzClarence, Royal Navy rear admiral and son of King William IV and Mrs. Jordan. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Adolphus FitzClarence') to an unnamed admiral, declining an invitation to a dinner party.

Author: 
Lord Adolphus FitzClarence (1802-1856), Royal Navy rear admiral, illegitimate son of King William IV [as Duke of Clarence] and actress Dorothy Jordan [ Mrs. Jordan ] (1761-1816)
Publication details: 
'St. James's Palace | Monday [ no date ]'. On letterhead of royal crest.
£150.00

1p., 12mo. In fair condition, on lightly-aged paper with one short closed tear. Reads: 'St. James's Palace | Monday | My dear Admiral | I sincerely regret being engaged for Saturday or I should have had much pleasure in joining your party | Yours Most Truly | Adolphus FitzClarence'.

[ The life of a Victorian Naval Cadet and Midshipman. ] Autograph Log Book of George Tate Medd, compiled during service on seven Royal Navy ships: Inflexible, Imaum, Wellesley, Alarm, Victory, Arrogant, Britannia.

Author: 
George Tate Medd (1837-1907), Royal Navy officer, later Vicar of Whitchurch [ naval; maritime; HMS Inflexible, Imaum, Wellesley, Alarm, Victory, Arrogant, Britannia. ]
Publication details: 
11 June 1850 to 13 March 1853. Including service in: England (Plymouth and Spithead), the West Indian Station (Jamaica, Bermuda, Trinidad), Newfoundland, the Mediterranean (Cuba, Gibraltar, Malta).
£1,500.00

The present item is a remarkably disciplined production for a boy ranging in age from twelve to sixteen. At the beginning of the volume the author writes: 'I, George Tate Medd 4th. Son of John and Sarah Medd of Stockport, Cheshire (at the age of 12¾ years), entered Her Majesty's Navy as Naval cadet on board H.M. Ship “Impregnable” June 11th.

[ A Royal Navy midshipman in the Crimean War. ] Autograph Log Book of George Tate Medd, compiled during wartime service on HMS Rodney and HMS Sidon, and including an eyewitness account of the Battle of Alma.

Author: 
George Tate Medd (1837-1907), Royal Navy officer, later Vicar of Whitchurch [ Crimean War; Royal Navy; naval; maritime; HMS Rodney; HMS Sidon ]
Publication details: 
14 March 1853 to 31 December 1854. Service in the Mediterranean (Malta, Turkey), the Black Sea (the Crimea).
£3,000.00

The first part of the volume, with entries from 14 March 1853 to 19 March 1854, describes Medd's service, under Captain (later Rear-Admiral) Charles Graham (1792-1857), on HMS Rodney (90 guns), which, as Medd states, travels 'with the combined Fleets, from Bosphorus to Sinope and back'; the second part, 20 March to 31 December 1854 , covers his time on the paddle frigate HMS Sidon, under his cousin and godfather Captain (later Admiral) George Goldsmith (1806-1888), the ship blockading (from April 1854) the coastline around the mouths of the Danube, assisting French troop transports during the

[ George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, Admiral of the Fleet. ] Autograph Signature ('Torrington.') on Exchequer receipt.

Author: 
George, Viscount Torrington [ George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington ] (1663-1733), Admiral of the Fleet [ Royal Navy ]
Publication details: 
[ Receipt of His Majesty's Exchequer, London. ] 3 March 1724.
£150.00

On 15 x 17 cm. piece of paper. In good condition, on lightly aged paper. On the otherwise-blank reverse is the following in manuscript, with Torrington's signature: '3d March 1724 | Recd. ye full Consols | Torrington.' The other side of the paper carries the usual printed text, regarding a payment to 'Rt. Honourable George Viscount Torrington, in Repayment of Loan on the Eighth 2s. Aid, Anno 1724.'

[ Admiral Vere Beauclerk, 1st Baron Vere. ] Autograph Signature ('Vere.') on Exchequer receipt.

Author: 
Admiral Vere Beauclerk, 1st Baron Vere [ Lord Vere Beauclerk ] (1699-1781), grandson of King Charles II and Member of Parliament
Publication details: 
[ His Majesty's Receipt of Exchequer, London. ] 8 January 1765.
£150.00

1p., 8vo. In fair condition, aged and with particular wear to extremities. Laid out in the usual way, with printed text completed in manuscript. (The printed name of 'the Right Honourable James Earl Waldegrave, One of the Four Tellers of His Majesty's Receipt of Exchequer' has been amended in manuscript to 'Ld Henley', and the change initaled 'W. C.') Recording payment of £42 16s 0d on an annuity of £85. Signed at end, with the signature of the witness ''.

[ Admiral of the Fleet George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, as Sir George Byng. ] Autograph Signature ('G. Byng.') on Exchequer receipt, as assignee of George Doddington.

Author: 
Admiral of the Fleet George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington [ Sir George Byng ] (1663-1733), Royal Navy officer [ Sir George Byng ]
Publication details: 
[ His Majesty's Receipt of Exchequer, London. ] 19 July 1717.
£145.00

1p., 8vo. Laid out in the usual way, with printed text completed in manuscript. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper. Records the receipt by 'Sr. George Byng Assee of Georger Doddington' of £30 10s 0d from an annuity. Witnessed at foot by 'J Nicholson'.

[ George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, Admiral of the Fleet. ] Autograph Signature ('Torrington.') on Exchequer receipt.

Author: 
George, Viscount Torrington [ George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington ] (1663-1733), Admiral of the Fleet [ Royal Navy ]
Publication details: 
[ Receipt of His Majesty's Exchequer, London. ] 3 March 1724.
£50.00

On 15 x 17 cm. piece of paper, cut from an Exchequer ledger. In good condition, on lightly aged paper. On the otherwise-blank reverse is the following in manuscript, with Torrington's signature: '3d March 1724 | Recd. ye full Consols | Torrington.' The other side of the paper carries the usual printed text, regarding a payment to 'Rt. Honourable George Viscount Torrington, in Repayment of Loan on the Eighth 2s. Aid, Anno 1724.'

[ Jean-Baptiste de Nompère de Champagny, French admiral and politician. ] Autograph Signature ('Champagny') to secretarial document sending condolences to the widow of the former minister Charles-François Delacroix and 'Monsieur & Madame Verninac'.

Author: 
Jean-Baptiste de Nompère de Champagny (1756-1834), French admiral and politician, active in the American War of Independence [ Charles-François Delacroix (1741-1805), French statesman ]
Publication details: 
Paris, '17 Brumaire an 14' [ 8 November 1805 ].
£200.00

1p., 4to. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper, with the top corners snipped away. Document in a secretarial hand, signed by Champagny, with 'Paris' and 'Le Ministre de l'Intérieur,' printed at the head. Addressed 'à Madame Veuve Delacroix, Monsieur & Madame Verninac' (Delacroix's daughter Henriette married the diplomat Raymond de Verninac Saint-Maur (1762-1822)). Nine-line formal letter of condolence on Delacroix's death, with reference to 'S. M. L'Empereur'. Champagny was elected a member of the Society of the Cincinnati for his exertions in the American War of Independence.

[ Admiral William Parry, Arctic explorer. ] Autograph Note Signed ('W E Parry') to 'Mrs. Martineau' ('Caro' = sister?), explaining why he cannot accept an invitation.

Author: 
William Parry [ Rear Admiral Sir William Edward Parry, RN, FRS ] (1790-1855), Arctic explorer
Publication details: 
Without place or date.
£180.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper, with slight loss to one corner. Reads: 'My dear Caro | I cannot go, having an engagement at Greenwich - I will answer for you also. | In haste, | but ever yrs, | W E Parry'. Note: A letter from Parry to "Joseph Martineau, brother-in-law" appears in a Parry archive - perhaps Caro was his sister.

[ Amelius Beauclerk ] Autograph Note Signed "A Beauclerk" asking his unnamed correspondent[s] to forward two men of whom he gives the details

Author: 
Lord Amelius Beauclerk, Royal Naval Officer, sometime Admiral
Publication details: 
No place or date.
£100.00

One page, 12mo, chipped, closed tear, text complete. A note written in haste (hence some unreadable) to anypone who can help the two men in their travels. "If either of these two men Present themselves to you[,] do me the favor to forward [them] by some craft to their Destination. || Thor Webb, an [Ordn?] for [Lord J.S. Bays?] Ship at Devonp[ort. Direct him to the [?] of Warren, Lieut. Dickson who will see it all right. | William Morris to gain the ordn.

[ Cleveland; T.M. Hardy ] Autograph Letter Signed "Cleveland" to [ Thomas Masterman Hardy, Governor of Greenwich Hospital. ]

Author: 
William Henry Vane, Ist Duke of Cleveland
Publication details: 
Newmarket, 13 April 1834
£180.00

Two pages, 4to, bifolium, good condition. He has waited for the appearance of the "London Gazette" to make his approach [presumably the announcement that Hardy was to be Governor of Greenwich Hospital] , and "not take the liberty of waiting upon you at the Admiralty".

[ King William IV, as Lord High Admiral. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('William') to Sir James Cockburn, Inspector General of the Royal Marines, concerning officer's examinations, divisional reports, and the preparation of a portrait.

Author: 
King William IV (1765-1837) of the United Kingdom, King of Hanover [ Sir James Cockburn (1771-1852), 9th Baronet, Inspector General of the Royal Marines ]
Publication details: 
Bushy House. 14 November 1829.
£250.00

2pp., 4to. In good condition, lightly aged. Cockburn is not named as the recipient, but the item comes from his papers. William (at the time the Duke of Clarence) writes: 'I rejoice exceedingly at the favourable account you are enabled to give me concerning the late examination for Adjutants amongs the Royal Marine Officers'. He is anxious to have Cockburn's 'various reports from the different Divisions'.

[ King William IV as Lord High Admiral. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('William') to Sir James Cockburn, Inspector General of the Royal Marines, on Lt-Col. Robert Moncrieff acting 'foolishly' over his commission. With ALS from Moncrieff on the subject.

Author: 
King William IV (1765-1837) of the United Kingdom, King of Hanover [ Sir James Cockburn (1771-1852), 9th Baronet, Inspector General of the Royal Marines; Lt Col. Robert Moncrieff ]
Publication details: 
Admiralty [ London ]. 22 November 1827. [ Moncrieff's letter to Cockburn from Portsmouth, 22 November 1827. ]
£200.00

2pp., 4to. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper, with slight tear to one edge. Cockburn is not named as the recipient, but the item comes from his papers. William (at the time the Duke of Clarence) writes that he is enclosing Moncrieff's letter, 'by which you will perceive he is acting foolishly not to use a harsher term. My determination therefore is when I arrive tomorrow afternoon at Portsmouth to be informed by you whether he sells or goes on the Half pay of a Colonel which is Fourteen Shillings and Six Pence pr: diem.

[ Admiral Sir Lucius Curtis. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Lucius Curtis') to an unnamed 'Dear Sir & Brother' (freemason?), regarding 'the Election of Poor Brother Moss' Son'.

Author: 
Admiral Sir Lucius Curtis (1786-1869), Royal Navy officer [ Freemasonry? ]
Publication details: 
Cosham [ near Portsmouth ]. 9 December 1862.
£90.00

1p., 12mo. In fair condition, on aged paper. Newspaper cutting of obituary laid-down at foot. He asks to be sent 'some Printed cards, for the Election of Poor Brother Moss' Son'. These are wanted 'to send to a friend in Warwickshire, as also to one in Surrey - for them to Distribute.'

[ Admiral Edward Thornbrough. ] Autograph Signature ('Edwd: Thornbrough') on part of letter.

Author: 
Edward Thornbrough (1754-1834), Royal Navy Admiral, who served with distinction in the American War of Independence
Publication details: 
No place. [ August 1816.]
£180.00

On one side of 13 x 9 cm. piece of paper cut from letter. In good condition, on aged paper. The date 'Augt: 1816' is at bottom right, apparently in another hand. Reads: '<...> the men all examined - | <...> their being sent out in | <...> are sad set to keep on board | <...>pose we shall soon see | <...>il for the distribution of | <...>to keep my Cruizers out | <...>way her Bowsprit but | <...> few Days Lieutt. Jewry is | <...>man | Yours most faithfully | Edwd: Thornborough'.

[ Admiral Sir Charles Napier. ] Autograph Signature ('Chas Napier').

Author: 
Admiral Sir Charles Napier [ Admiral Sir Charles John Napier ] (1786-1860), Royal Navy officer and Liberal Member of Parliament
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated.
£23.00

On 6 x 11.5 cm strip of paper. In good condition, with light signs of age. Reads: 'Yours truly | Chas Napier'. On the lower part of the page, in another hand: 'Signature of Admiral Sir Chas. Napier'. Presumably cut from a letter in response to a request for an autograph.

[ Ye Sette of Odd Volumes, London literary dining club. ] Two pieces of ephemera: 1920s invitation form in envelope, printed in characteristic style in red and black; and handbill regarding 'Ladies' Night | April 24th, 1928'.

Author: 
[ Ye Sette of Odd Volumes, London literary dining club; Margot MacGibbon; Mirian Duncan; Admiral Sir Arthur Cavenagh Leveson ]
Publication details: 
[ Ye Sette of Odd Volumes, London. ] Invitation from the 1920s; handbill relating to meeting on 24 April 1928.
£50.00

ONE: Invitation. Tastefully printed in red and black on one side of an 11.5 x 15 cm piece of card. The club's monogram in a red square in top left-hand corner. Headed: 'YE SETTE OF ODD VOLUMES | United once a month to form a Perfect Sette | Object: Conviviality and Mutual Admiration.' The form, which has not been filled in, invites the recipient to one of the Tuesday meetings at the Imperial Restaurant, No. 7 Glasshouse Street, Regent Street. In envelope with circular 'Odd Volumes' device in red on flap.

[ Admiral George Anson Byron (1789-1868), 7th Lord Byron. ] Autograph Note Signed ('Byron.'), directing admission to the gallery House of Lords.

Author: 
Admiral George Anson Byron (1789-1868), 7th Baron Byron, cousin of the poet Lord Byron [ George Gordon Noel, 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale ]
Publication details: 
7 March 1846.
£65.00

1p., landscape 12mo. In good condition, lightly-aged, with minor traces of glue from mount on reverse. With a large firm signature, the text reads: 'Admit the Bearer to the Gallery of the House of Lords | Byron. | Monday | March 7th 1846'.

[ Admiral of the Fleet James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier. ] Autograph Signature ('Gambier'), given immediately after the Battle of Basque Roads.

Author: 
Admiral of the Fleet James Gambier (1756-1833), 1st Baron Gambier, Lord Commander of the Admiralty and Governor of Newfoundland
Publication details: 
'Given on board the Caledonia in Basque Roads 17 April 1809.'
£30.00

On piece of 6 x 12 cm laid and watermarked paper, cut from an order. In fair condition, aged and worn. Above the good firm signature, in another hand, is: 'Given onboard [sic] the Caledonia in Basque Roads 17 April 1809'. At foot, in a nineteenth-century hand: 'Gambier's autograph'. Gambier's actions during the battle, the victory in which was credited to him rather than Lord Cochrane, led to a Court Martial. Gambier was exonerated, and Cochrane's naval career ended.

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