SOCIAL

Florence Jaffray Harriman's Visitors' Book: High Society and Progressive Politics in New York and Washington, 1915-1936

Author: 
Florence Jaffray "Daisy" Harriman (1870–1967), American socialite, suffragist, social reformer, organizer, and diplomat
Publication details: 
1915-1936
£10,000.00

The present item - Daisy Harriman's Visitors' Book - is a significant artefact. Harriman was an important social activist and one of New York's leading socialites (at age 86, as Life Magazine reported, she still continued to host regular Sunday dinners for around twenty guests).

[ Beatrice Magraw, author. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('(Mrs.) Beatrice I. Magraw') to the first British woman cabinet minister Margaret Bondfield, Minister of Labour, putting forward her views on bettering rural housing.

Author: 
Beatrice Irene Magraw (c.1888-1970), author, wife of Charles Magraw (1884-1973), Anglican clergyman [ Margaret Bondfield (1873-1953), Labour politician]
Publication details: 
Slindon Rectory, Arundel, Sussex. 29 March 1930.
£45.00

7pp., 12mo. On two bifoliums. In good condition, lightly aged. She feels she has 'two reasons for approaching' Bondfield, at the time Minister of Labour: 'I believe you are a Somerset woman, & know that you are interested in the question of housing.' She hopes that 'in any plans for bettering housing conditions that this government may make, the state of rural workers' homes may not be overlooked. You are probably as familiar as I am with the horrors of the “Country Slum”.

[ Warrington Charity Ball, 1827. ] Autograph transcription by 'W. M.' [identified as William Mather] of four letters (two from 'Mr. Pt.') relating to an argument over an anonymous letter sent to Miss Gaskell at Liverpool.

Author: 
[ Warrington Charity Ball, 1827; William Mather; S. Gaskell; Liverpool ]
Publication details: 
[ Warrington, Cheshire. ] Dated between 21 January and 11 February 1827.
£30.00

2pp., 4to. On both sides of an aged and worn leaf, tipped in onto a leaf removed from an album. Closely written. The four transcriptions are without heading or explanation. A curious item, with a certain melodramatic novelistic quality. A correspondence, apparently copied out by the 'W. M.' who signs at the foot of the last transcription and is identified in pencil as 'William Mather'. It begins with a short letter which presumably gave offence because of its anonymity. This is followed by two letters from 'Mr.

[ William Halse Rivers Rivers, pioneering anthropologist and psychiatrist who treated Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen at Craiglockhart. ] Autograph Note Signed ('W. H. R. Rivers') to 'Marshall', regarding students and a lecture.

Author: 
William Halse Rivers Rivers ] (1864-1922), pioneering anthropologist and psychiatrist who treated Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen at Craiglockhart, fictionalised in Pat Barker, Regeneration Trilogy
Publication details: 
On letterhead of the Physiological Laboratory, Cambridge. 'Thursday' [ no date ].
£320.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Reads: 'Dear Marshall. | I hear that it would suit you to being on Saturday so I have told the class that you wish to do so & I will give my concluding lecture on Saturday week,'

[ Frances Power Cobbe, social reformer, anti-vivisectionist and women's suffrage campaigner. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Francis P Cobbe') to Lady Bowring, inviting her and her friends ('Huxleys, Lyells & others') to meet Julia Ward Howe and husband.

Author: 
Frances Power Cobbe (1822-1904), Irish writer, social reformer, anti-vivisection activist, and women's suffrage campaigner [ Sir John Bowring; Julia Ward Howe ]
Publication details: 
Without place or date [ before 1872 ].
£250.00

2pp., 12mo. On lightly-aged paper with a number of vertical fold lines. The reference to Sir John Bowring dates the letter to before his death in 1872. With reference to Julia Ward Howe (author of the 'Battle Hymn of the Republic') and her husband Samuel Gridley Howe she writes: 'Dr. & Mrs. Howe of Boston whose names you are sure to know (philanthropist poetess) are coming to take a four oclock cup of tea with us on Thursday, the day after to morrow - We are asking a few your [sic] friends Huxleys, Lyells & others to meet them - & it would give us much pleasure if you & Sir John Bowring wd.

[ Canon Barnett, social reformer. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Saml. A. Barnett')

Author: 
Samuel Augustus Barnett [ Canon Barnett ] (1844-1913), Vicar of St Jude's Whitechapel, Anglican cleric and social reformer associated with the Toynbee Hall university settlement
Publication details: 
On letterhead of St. John's Vicarage, Commercial Street, Whitechapel, E. [ London ] 22 April 1885.
£90.00

2pp., 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Barnett and his wife will be 'up at Oxford on Saturday, May 2nd' and he gives their itinerary: 'We shall be Engaged on the Evening of Saturday: & on Sunday I preach in Balliol Chapel: & attend a meeting in Balliol Hall in the Evening.' If Wells could 'slip a meeting in, at any time, which would leave these times free', Barnett would be 'very glad to come to it'.

[ Christ Church, Oxford, at the time of Lewis Carroll. ] Six accounts for 'battels' and other expenditure run up by the son of Dodgson's schoolfellow Sir Richard Harington of Ridlington, with two receipts signed by the steward 'A H D Acland'.

Author: 
[ Christ Church, Oxford; Sir Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland (1847-1926), Liberal politician; Sir Richard Harington of Ridlington; Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) ]
Publication details: 
Christ Church, Oxford. The eight documents dating from between 1879 and 1883.
£200.00

Six of the eight items in good condition, lightly aged and worn; the other two showing heavier signs of age and wear. The six sets of accounts from the 'Steward's Office' - for various terms between Christmas 1879 and Christmas 1882 - are each described by Harington on the reverse as 'Battels'. All six are printed forms, over a single 8vo page, headed 'Christ Church' and laid out in the same style, and completed in manuscript with the details of the expenditure of 'Mr Richard Harington' (the last being the greatest, at £49 12s 7d).

[ A Royal Navy engineer in the Far East and Pacific, 1882-1891. ] Account book of George Parsons, latterly Chief Engineer of HMS Champion, recording his personal and professional expenses on various tours of duty.

Author: 
George Parsons, nineteenth-century Royal Navy Chief Egineer on HMS Champion [ Naval and Maritime ]
Publication details: 
Between August 1882 and May 1891. At locations including Port Said, Alexandria, Portsmouth, London, Suez, Malta, Hong Kong, Yokohama, Tokyo, Vladivostock, Shanghai, San Francisco, Vancouver, Esquimault, Honolulu, Halifax. Further accounts,1889-1911.
£320.00

73pp., in a 12mo account book with printed red rules, in dark marbled boards with black cloth spine. Internally in fair condition, aged and worn, in heavily worn binding. Inscribed 'G. Parsons' twice on front endpapers. (Parsons' Royal Navy certificates as an assistant engineer (1872) and engineer (1878) are held by the National Archives.) The present volume contains a full set of accounts, 1882-1891, over 52pp.; less-detailed accounts, 1898-1911, over 8pp.; desultory accounts over 5pp., including two-pages of the 'Furniture Fund | H.M.S.

[ A luxury hotel in the Edwardian Raj. ] Printed pamphlet: 'Important to Tourists visiting India. Hotel de Paris, Benares Cantt. Branches: Civil and Military Hotels, Lucknow & Cawnpore, Hotel Metropole, Agra.' [ 'Extracts from Remark Book' ]

Author: 
Hotel de Paris, Benares Cantt (Jan and Sons Sole Proprietors) [ Royal Printing Press, Lucknow; India; the Raj ]
Publication details: 
''Royal Printing Press, - Lucknow.'
£300.00

14pp.,12mo. In blue printed wraps with title on front. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. The first 8pp. carry 'Extracts from Remark Book, | Hotel de Paris, Benares. | Season 1902-1903.' The last 6pp. - in what must surely be an egregious breach of etiquette - carry a 'List of Visitors. | Hotel de Paris, Benares. | Season 1902.-1903.' In double column, with 'Names and places. All the visitors are white, with America better represented than Britain. Visitors include 'Lady Brown, Edinburgh', 'Count Alphonse de Fleurier, [Paris]'. 'Mr.

[ Printed item. ] On Local Courts of Justice. Read at the Social Science Congress, at Birmingham, and published by permission of the Council.

Author: 
Sir Richard Harington, Bart. [ Sir Richard Harington (1835-1911), 7th Bart, of Whitbourne Court, Worcestershire; Social Science Congress, Birmingham, 1884 ]
Publication details: 
London: Horace Cox, "Law Times" Office, 10, Wellington Street, Strand, W.C. 1884.
£100.00

12pp., 12mo. Stitched. In fair condition, lightly aged and creased, with minor staining to outer pages. In small print. Dated at end from 'Whitbourne Court, Worcester, Sept. 2.' Scarce: no other copy traced, either on OCLC WorldCat, or on COPAC. From the Harington family papers.

[ Printed item. ] Les Quatres Problèmes Sociaux par Jean Izoulet.

Author: 
Jean Izoulet [ La Revue Bleue, Paris; Collège de France, Cours de Philosophie Sociale; Social Science in France ]
Publication details: 
Paris: Armand Colin et Cie, Éditeurs, 5, Rue de Mézières, 5. 1898. [ 'Extrait der la Revue Bleue du 8 janvier 1898.' ]
£50.00

31pp., 8vo. Disbound pamphlet. In green printed wraps. In fair condition, on aged high-acidity paper, in worn wraps, with a few notes in light pencil. The title-page is headed: 'Collège de France | Cours de Philosophie Sociale | Leçon d'Ouverture | (16 décembre 1897)'. On p.6 Izoulet writes: 'cette leçon d'ouverture a pour but d'expliquer l'origine et le titre de la nouvelle chaire, la nature et l'esprit du nouveau cours'. Now scarce.

[Printed periodical.] 'Special Norway Number' of 'Social Credit | A Journal of Economic Democracy | The Official Organ of the Social Credit Secretariat', with articles by Major C. H. Douglas, Maurice Colbourne and Hewlett Johnson, Dean of Canterbury.

Author: 
The Social Credit Secretariat, London [ Major C. H. Douglas [ Major Clifford Hugh Douglas ] (1879-1952); Hewlett Johnson, Dean of Canterbury; Maurice Colbourne ]
Publication details: 
17 May 1935 (Vol. 2. No. 14.). The Social Credit Secretariat, 8-9 Essex Street, London, W.C.2. Printed by The Blackfriars Press, Ltd.
£45.00

16pp., folio, paginated 217-232. In fair condition, on aged and lightly creased paper. The front page is devoted to the article National Dividends are Necessary Says The Very Rev. Dr. Hewlett Johnson, Dean of Canterbury'. Pp.221-222 carry the article (with photograph of author and graph) 'The Causes of War | Is Our Money System to Blame? | By Major C. H. Douglas; and the back page carries 'Kings and Kingship | By Maurice Colbourne | (Author of "Economic Nationalism.")'. There are several items of Scandinavian interest: 'A Norwegian Pioneer - By Eric S.

Manuscript volume titled 'The Life and Adventures of Walter Venning Southgate, by his Father [the London auctioneer Henry Southgate].' Containing original manuscript letters, drawings, engravings and other material.

Author: 
Henry Southgate (1818-1888), London auctioneer with premises in the Strand, and anthologist; his son Walter Venning Southgate (b. 1844, fl. 1884)
Publication details: 
Manuscript title date 'London. MDCCCXLIV [1844]', but containing material from between 1844 and 1883.
£450.00

Folio, 110 pp, comprising [i] + 68 + [ii] + 39 pp. Handsome volume in slipcase, tight and internally in very good condition, on lightly-aged thick Whatman paper. Well bound in black leather morocco, all edges gilt. Binding blind-tooled and with 'Early Days' and 'W. V. S.' in gilt on spine and motto on front board: 'Nourish the sentiments thy principles approve and put thy trust and confidence in God.' Binding worn and rebacked, in worn black cloth slipcase.

[ Goldwin Smith, Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford. ] Autograph Letter Signed to 'Mr. Patterson' (his butler?), describing - following an incident involving his slippers - the dismissal of several of his servants.

Author: 
Goldwin Smith (1823-1910), Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford, opponent of American slavery
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Parks End, Oxford. 6 February [ no year ].
£50.00

1p., 12mo. In good condition, on lightly aged paper, laid down on part of a leaf from an album. A bracing insight into the realities of Victorian domestic service. The letter reads: 'Dear Mr. Patterson, | Having found my slippers where they ought not to have been, I have dismissed the housemaid on the spot and seriously reprimanded the Cook. Tomorrow I shall turn off the Baker. That is what I call a well regulated household. | Yours sincerely | Goldwin Smith.' (Note that the literal meaning of 'turning off' was the pushing of a condemned person off the scaffold during execution by hanging.)

[ Printed item. ] Annual Circular To the Churchwardens, Overseers, and other Officers required to account for the Expenditure of Poor Rates. 1840.

Author: 
Edwin Chadwick, Secretary, Poor Law Commission [ London ]
Publication details: 
Poor Law Commission Office, Somerset House [ London ]. 1840. [ 'By Authority: - J. Hartnell, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street.' ]
£280.00

7pp., folio. An unbound and unopened half-sheet. Facsimile of Chadwick's signature at end. An interesting document, in twenty-six numbered sections, laying out the duties of the parish officers with regard auditing of the quarterly Poor Rates accounts.

[ Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('Shaftesbury') to 'Miss Faithful' [ the publisher and suffragist Emily Faithfull ], explaining his reasons for being unable to attend a lecture.

Author: 
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury (1801-1885), Liberal politician and social reformer [ Emily Faithfull (1835-1895), London publisher and campaigner for women's rights ]
Publication details: 
No place. 28 April 1871.
£50.00

2pp., 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged, and slightly creased at foot. He apologises for being unable to attend a meeting, 'which I had given up, hearing that Sir C. Trevelyan had, already, promised to undertake the duty'. As president, he must attend 'an important Lecture' at the Victoria Institute, 'the Committee having fixed the day, supposing me to be free'.

[ Chagford parish, Dartmoor, Devon. ] Manuscript 'Highway Rate Book of the Parish of Chagford', divided into 'Town Quarter', 'South Teign Quarter', 'Meldon Quarter' and 'Teigncombe Quarter'.

Author: 
Chagford parish, Devon [ Dartmoor; Victorian rate book ]
Publication details: 
[ Chagford, Devon. ] 'Lady day [i.e. 25 March] 1884 to Lady day 1885.'
£180.00

58pp., small 4to, 1/4 lea., marbled bds. In fair condition, aged and worn, in shaken binding with front cover coming away and one loose leaf. The volume contains 28 double-page spreads (the first eighteen 'Town Quarter'; the next three 'South Teign Quarter'; then four 'Meldon Quarter'; and the last three 'Teigncombe Quarter'), each divided into nine columns as follows, with the details of the first entry given as an example: ''[No.

[ St Mary's Hospital, Paddington. ] Detailed manuscript 'weekly account of the receipt and consumption of provisions', giving a detailed daily breakdown of food and drink consumed over a five-year period, in substantial ledger printed for the purpose

Author: 
St Mary's Hospital, Paddington, London (City of Westminster), founded in 1845
Publication details: 
[ St Mary's Hospital, Paddington, London (City of Westminster). In account book by London stationers Waterlow & Sons. ]From week ending 22 October 1898 to week ending 17 October 1903.
£1,250.00

A substantial and heavy leather-bound volume, 49 x 37 x 7 cm, by the London stationers Waterlow & Sons, containing in excess of 250 double-page weekly entries, meticulously and neatly completed in manuscript, giving a daily itemised breakdown of the consumption of a wide range of provisions. A valuable social document, casting light on Victorian hospital administration and dietary habits. Internally in good condition, on lightly-aged paper, in heavily-worn brown blind-stamped leather binding with damaged spine, with marbled endpapers and edges.

[ Samuel Plimsoll of the 'Plimsoll Line'. ] Autograph Signature franking letter.

Author: 
Samuel Plimsoll (1824-1898), English politician and social reformer, Member of Parliament for Derby, and originator of the celebrated 'Plimsoll Line'
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated.
£25.00

On 4 x 13.5 cm. strip of paper, cut from the front panel of an envelope. In fair condition, lightly aged. Addressed to 'John Head Esq | Ransome Sims & Head | Ipswich', with the underlined signature 'Samuel Plimsoll' at bottom left.

[ Vera Dart, social worker and Labour Party politician. ] Duplicated Typescript of unpublished autobiography titled 'My Six Lives in a Changing World'.

Author: 
Vera Dart (1892-1984), social worker and Labour Party politician, born in Liverpool [ Women's Voluntary Service for Civil Defence; London County Council ]
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated. [ London, c. 1977. ]
£400.00

[3] + ii + 152pp., 4to. Perfect bound, with each page on a separate leaf. In fair condition, aged and a little dogeared. Title-page reinforced at fore-edge. Missing the last page or so of the 'Conclusion'.

[ Lilias Ashworth Hallett, suffragette. ] Conclusion of a letter [ to Mr Hunt ], signed 'Lilias S Ashworth'

Author: 
Lilias Ashworth Hallett [ born Lilias Sophia Ashworth; Lilias S. Ashworth ] (1844-1922), prominent member of the suffragette organisation the Women's Social and Political Union, niece of John Bright
Publication details: 
Lacking details of place or date, but written (from Bath?) before her marriage in 1877.
£45.00

2pp., 16mo. The last leaf of a letter. In fair condition, lightly aged. Begins with reference to the payment of a subscription to 'the Society'. Continues: 'You must indeed have enjoyed your tour in the Black Forest. We are hoping to go to the South of France next month for a few weeks as we have not ben a journey all this year. I hope you and Mrs. Hunt will give us the pleasure of seeing you here if ever you come to Bath. My sister joins me in kindest regards'.

[ Printed First World War pamphlet. ] Pan-German Socialism (Neo-Marxism).

Author: 
William Stephen Sanders [ The New Age, London ]
Publication details: 
'(Reprinted from "The New Age")'. W. H. Smith & Son, London. [ 1918. ]
£28.00

24pp., 12mo. Stapled. In good condition, with light signs of age. A wartime pamphlet, the latest reference in which is to 'the "demonstration" vote of the Socialist Party in the Reichstag, July, 1918, against the Budget', and thus written between that date and the end of the war. The author's message is summed-up in his conclusion: 'Franz Mehring is right in declaring that the old German Social Democracy is dead.

[ Nursing on the Home Front in the Second World War. ] Typescript 'War Diaries of Nurse K. M. Phipps | (including letters and letter extracts and notes describing wartime England.)'

Author: 
Nurse K. M. Phipps [ Kay Phipps; Second World War; nursing; Red Cross; Emergency Medical Service ]
Publication details: 
London (Westminster Hospital and University College Hospital), Beechwood, Bradford (Yorkshire) and Devon. Diary dating from between 22 August 1939 and 2 August 1943. Transcription made by author in the early nineteen-seventies (1970, 1973).
£400.00

159pp., 8vo. In good condition, with light signs of age and wear, in a card folder with 'Best Copies | A | Nurse Phipps | War Diaries | (1939-45)' in autograph on front. Each page of the typescript is on one side of a separate leaf.

[ Pamphlet. ] Socialism and Slavery, Being an Answer to Mr. Herbert Spencer's attack on the Social Democratic Federation in the Contemporary Review, April, 1884, under the title "The Coming Slavery," By H. M. Hyndman.

Author: 
H. M. Hyndman [ Henry Mayers Hyndman (1842-1921); Social Democratic Federation; Herbert Spencer ]
Publication details: 
'Third Edition Revised.' London: William Reeves, 185, Fleet Street, E.C. Undated [ circa 1884 ].
£56.00

13 + [1] pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In fair condition, on lightly-aged paper. P.3 carries a 'Preface to the Second Edition' by 'The Writer', mocking Spencer and his 'rather feeble article'. The last page carries publisher's advertisements. Scarce.

[ Pamphlet. ] Manifesto of the Joint Committee of Socialist Bodies.

Author: 
Joint Committee of the Social Democratic Federation, the Fabian Society, and the Hammersmith Socialist Society [ William Morris, George Bernard Shaw, Sidney Webb, Emery Walker, H.M. Hyndman et al]
Publication details: 
Date, place and printer not stated. [ London, circa 1893. ]
£80.00

8pp., 12mo. Disbound without the red paper covers. Drophead title. Begins: 'There is a growing feeling at the present time that, in view of the increasing number of Socialists in Great Britain, an efford should be made to show that, whatever differences may have arisen between them in the past, all who can fairly be called Socialists are agreed in their main principles of thought and action.' Scarce.

[ Pamphlet. ] Verbatim Report of the Debate in St. James's Hall, July 2nd, 1889. The Single Tax v. Social-Democracy: Which will most benefit the people? Between Henry George and H. M. Hyndman.

Author: 
[ Henry George; H. M. Hyndman; Social-Democratic Federation ]
Publication details: 
London: Printed and published at the "Justice" Printery, 337, Strand. 1889.
£45.00

29pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In good condition, on aged paper. Covering the last page is an advertisement ('Object' and 'Programme') for the Social-Democratic Federation. Scarce.

[ Society for the Study of Social Ethics, Oxford. ] Six items, including 'The Idea of a Modern Ethical Society' by W. K. Firminger and W. Gibson, pamphlets on religion, over-population and immigration, and offprint of lecture on 'the poor'.

Author: 
Society for the Study of Social Ethics, Oxford [ renamed the Social Science Club in 1897 ]; Walter K. Firminger [ Walter Kelly Firminger ] (1870-1940) of Merton College
Publication details: 
Society for the Study of Social Ethics, Oxford. 1891 and 1892.
£600.00

The six items are all disbound and in fair condition, with light signs of age and wear. Items One and Five are not productions of the Society, but are closely connected with it. The first five items are scarce: the only copies of One on COPAC at Oxford and the British Library; no copy on COPAC of Two; the only copies of Three and Four at Oxford; Five is a galley proof; and Six only to be found at Oxford, the British Library, the LSE and University College, London. ONE: 'The Idea of an Oxford Modern Ethical Society.

[ W. J. Macqueen-Pope, theatre manager and historian. ] Typescript of an unpublished account of the work of British millers and bakers during the war: 'No Medals for This (The Story of Bread in the Blitz)'. With two related Typed Letters Signed

Author: 
W. Macqueen-Pope [ Walter James Macqueen-Pope ] (1888-1960), theatre manager and historian [ Sydney Walton, publicist ]
Publication details: 
[ London, 1941. ]
£450.00

148pp., 4to. Bound with pink ribbon into grey card wraps with typed label on cover. In fair condition, on aged paper, in worn and aged binding. Pencil note on title page states '40000 words'. An interesting piece of social history during wartime. In a foreword Macqueen-Pope thanks a number of individuals for their assistance, adding that 'the leading characters in this real life story must perforce remain anonymous'.

[ Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury. ] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'M de Boinville', complaining of 'want of leisure'.

Author: 
Anthony Ashley Cooper (1801-1885), 7th Earl of Shaftesbury [ Lord Shaftesbury ] , British politician, philanthropist and social reformer
Publication details: 
On letterhead of St Giles's House, Cranbourne, Salisbury. 17 January 1856.
£45.00

2pp., 12mo. In fair condition, on lightly-aged paper. He assures de Boinville that he 'much regrets his want of leisure to peruse the MS. that M de Boinville has been so good as to send him'. He concludes with the complaint that he is 'really so occupied that heh has not time for the discharge of the several duties that are imposed upon him'.

[ Edward Mason Wrench, private medical attendant to the Duke of Devonshire at Chatsworth House. ] Autograph Journals, describing his life and duties at Chatsworth, and including references to Sir Joseph Paxton.

Author: 
Edward Mason Wrench (1833-1912) of Baslow, Derbyshire, Assistant Surgeon, 34th Regiment of Foot and 12th Royal Lancers [ Sir Joseph Paxton; William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire; Chatsworth House]
Publication details: 
[ London and Baslow, Derbyshire. ] 4 June to 31 December 1862; 24 July 1865 to 11 July 1865; 1 January to 22 February 1866.
£900.00

As befits the son of a City of London clergyman, Edward Mason Wrench was a well-educated and well-connected man (being presented to the Prince of Wales in his old age), attributes which enabled him to thrive at Chatsworth. His standing was also enhanced by an eventful army career. Wrench's obituary in the British Medical Journal (27 April 1912), describes how, after service in the Crimea, 'he was transferred to the 4th Lancers, went to Madras with that regiment in the following month, and served with it during the whole of the Indian Mutiny.

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