POVERTY

[ Herefordshire Mendicity Society 'Bread Tickets'. ] Autograph Letter Signed from Stanhope to Sir Richard Harington, discussing 'the system of handing bread tickets to subscribers'. With printed tickets, pass, and AGM report.

Author: 
E. S. Stanhope [ Evelyn Theodore Scudamore-Stanhope ] (1862-1925), Chief Constable of Herefordshire and Chairman of Committee, Herefordshire Mendicity Society [ Sir Richard Harington (1835-1911) ]
Publication details: 
Stanhope's letter on letterhead of the Chief Constable's Office, Shire Hall, Hereford; 19 April 1906. Printed AGM report dated 15 January 1906. Other items undated.
£280.00

Five items, all in good condition, lightly aged. ONE: ALS from 'E. S. Stanhope' to Sir Richard Harington. 4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. The letter begins with thanks to Harington for 'all the trouble you have taken' on an unspecified matter, with Stanhope reporting that he has posted Harington's letter to the Lord Chief Justice. 'I think it explains admirably what we desire to know and I only hope we may get the opinion of the Judges on the question.' He next turns to the question of the AGM, discussing the circumstances under which extraordinary meetings might be called.

[ The Poor Law Amendment Act, 1834 ] Printed 'Order for the keeping, examining, and auditing of the Accounts of the above Union, and of the several Parishes of which it is composed.

Author: 
J. G. S. Lefevre and Geo. Nicholls, Poor Law Commissioners [ Brixworth Union, Northamptonshire, Old or Wold Parish; Rev. Richard Harington; Poor Law Amendment Act, 1834 ]
Publication details: 
Poor Law Commission, London. [14] November 1835. [ London: Printed by William Clowes and Sons, 14, Charing Cross. ]
£400.00

A significant document, being the first government instruction manual for the completing of accounts folllowing the great changes ushered in by the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834. 30pp., 8vo. Stitched and unbound. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper, with vertical closed tear to foot of first leaf. Embossed seal on red paper of the Poor Law Commission of England and Wales on front page, together with red 'Office Copy' stamp. The word 'Brixworth' has been added in manuscript on the first page, with 'Old or Wold' above it.

[ Poor Law Amendment Act, 1834. ] 30 documents (20 printed and 10 in manuscript) relating to the Old or Wold Parish, Brixworth Union, Northants, including forms, notrices, returns, correspondence.

Author: 
Brixworth Union, Northamptonshire, Old or Wold Parish; Rev. Richard Harington; Poor Law Amendment Act, 1834; J. G. S. Lefevre, T. F. Lewis and G. Nicholls; Richard Earle ]
Publication details: 
The Poor Law Commission for England and Wales, London. Old or Wold Parish, Brixworth Union, Northamptonshire. Dating from between 1835 and 1840.
£5,000.00

30 documents, 20 printed and 10 in manuscript. In good overall condition, on aged paper, with slight wear to some items. A significant and interesting collection, from the papers of Rev. Richard Harington (1800-1853, later Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford), Guardian of the Poor in the Parish of Old or Wold, Brixworth Union, Northamptonshire.

[ Printed item. ] Annual Circular To the Churchwardens, Overseers, and other Officers required to account for the Expenditure of Poor Rates. 1840.

Author: 
Edwin Chadwick, Secretary, Poor Law Commission [ London ]
Publication details: 
Poor Law Commission Office, Somerset House [ London ]. 1840. [ 'By Authority: - J. Hartnell, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street.' ]
£280.00

7pp., folio. An unbound and unopened half-sheet. Facsimile of Chadwick's signature at end. An interesting document, in twenty-six numbered sections, laying out the duties of the parish officers with regard auditing of the quarterly Poor Rates accounts.

[ Pamphlet. ] Men v. Machinery: Suggestive Facts and Figures urging National Control of National Powers of Production. By Thomas Shore with Preface by H. Halliday Sparling.

Author: 
Thomas Shore; H. Halliday Sparling [ The Socialist League, London ]
Publication details: 
'Reprinted from the "Commonweal"'. Printned and Published by the Author at 33 Newington Green Road, Ball's Pond, London, N. and sold by the Socialist League at 13 Farringdon Road and all Socialist Branches. 1888.
£90.00

16pp., 12mo. Disbound, with front wrap on red paper (bearing title) only. In fair condition, on lightly aged paper. Sparling's preface is on the first two pages, dated 10 December 1888. Scarce: no copy on COPAC.

[ Pamphlet. ] Public Control of the Liquor Traffic. The Aberdeen Scheme. Memorandum by the Aberdeen Association for Promoting the Public Control of the Liquor Traffic.

Author: 
Professor J. Dove Wilson, LL.D., Chairman, and T. Owen Snow, Honorary Secretary, Aberdeen Association for Promoting the Public Control of the Liquor Traffic
Publication details: 
[ Aberdeen Association for Promoting the Public Control of the Liquor Traffic. ] 1895.
£65.00

4pp., 12mo. Disbound bifolium. In fair condition, on aged paper. Subtitles: 'Heads of Scheme' and 'Expalantory Notes'. At end of last page are 'Some Opinions of Public Control' (by 'Mr. Gladstone', 'Mr. Chamberlain' and 'The Times'). Scarce: no copies on COPAC.

[ Pamphlet. ] The Socialist Propaganda and The Drink Difficulty.

Author: 
James Whyte [ United Kingdom Alliance, Manchester and London ]
Publication details: 
United Kingdom Alliance. Manchester: 16, Deansgate. London: 15, Gt. George Street. 1894.
£56.00

31pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. On aged and discoloured paper. Begins: 'Certain of the propagandists of Socialism teach their disciples that the economic condition of the industrial classes would be no whit improved by the total abandonment on their part of harmful drinking and other wasteful practices, inasmuch as the money thereby saved would, by the operation of an "iron law," inevitably be deducted from wages or added to rent. Is this sound doctrine? Let us see.' Scarce: no copy in the British Library.

[ Pamphlet. ] Why Men Strike or, Strikes and how to get rid of them. A Lecture by Dr. Edward McGlynn.

Author: 
Dr. Edward McGlynn [ The Anti-Poverty Society, New York ]
Publication details: 
London: William Reeves, 185, Fleet Street, E.C. [ Circa 1889. ]
£80.00

14 + [2] pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. 'Delivered under the auspices of the Anti-Poverty Society at the Cooper Institute, New York, on Sunday, March 3, 1889, for the benefit of the Street-Car Drivers and Conductors out of employment through the late strike.' Scarce: the only copy on COPAC in Oxford.

[ Pamphlet. ] The Facts about the Unemployed. An Appeal and a Warning. By One of the Middle Class.

Author: 
'One of the Middle Class' [ 'H. H. C.' ]
Publication details: 
London: The Modern Press, 13, Paternoster Row, E.C. and W. L. Rosenberg, 261, East Tenth Street, New York City. 1886.
£65.00

16pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In fair condition, on lightly-aged paper. Signed in type at the end 'H. H. C.' At foot of reverse of title: 'The Writer will be glad to hear from anyone who agrees with his conclusions.' Scarce.

[ Pamphlet. ] "The Reform of the Public House." By the Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of Chester.

Author: 
'F. J. Cestr.' [ Francis John Jayne (1845-1921), Bishop of Chester, 1889-1919 ]
Publication details: 
'Republished from the Humanitarian by permission.' London: Printed by Blades, East & Blades, 23, Abchurch Lane, E.C. Undated [ c. 1894 ].
£80.00

12pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. 'This paper is an address delivered in substance by the Bishop of Chester, upon his scheme, at one of the Working Men's Meetings, at the recent Birmingham Church Congress. It has been revised by the Bishop, and is published in this form by special permission.' Scarce: no copies on COPAC.

[ Pamphlet. ] The Robbery of the Poor.

Author: 
William H. P. Campbell [ The Modern Press, Paternoster Row, London ]
Publication details: 
London: The Modern Press, 13 and 14, Paternoster Row, E.C. 1884:
£56.00

54pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In good condition, on aged paper. Dedication: 'To | The Poor of England, | This Pamphlet is dedicated | By ONE | Who would hasten the coming of the Day | When we shall not [last word underlined] have them | With us.' He concludes with 'one word' to those who think that 'what we believe in as possible is a splendid Utopia that can never exist, a pleasant dream that shall never be realised': 'Have it so, if you please.

[ Pamphlet. ] Wrongs that require Remedies, Being the first of four Lectures delivered in the West End of London during June, 1887, by H. H. Champion.

Author: 
H. H. Champion [ Henry Hyde Champion (1859-1928), socialist and journalist ] [ The Aberdeen Standard ]
Publication details: 
Aberdeen: Published at the Aberdeen Standard Office. 1893.
£45.00

15pp., 12mo. Disbound without covers. In good condition, on aged paper. The second page (reverse of title) carries a list of 'Pamphlets by the same Writer, on Labour Questions. Now Ready (Sept., 1893.)' and is headed: 'NOTE - This Pamphlet contains the substance of an address to an audience of wealthy people in St. James's Hall, Piccadilly, in the middle of the London Season in the Jubilee year.' Scarce. For more on Champion, see his entry in the Oxford DNB.

[ Society for the Study of Social Ethics, Oxford. ] Six items, including 'The Idea of a Modern Ethical Society' by W. K. Firminger and W. Gibson, pamphlets on religion, over-population and immigration, and offprint of lecture on 'the poor'.

Author: 
Society for the Study of Social Ethics, Oxford [ renamed the Social Science Club in 1897 ]; Walter K. Firminger [ Walter Kelly Firminger ] (1870-1940) of Merton College
Publication details: 
Society for the Study of Social Ethics, Oxford. 1891 and 1892.
£600.00

The six items are all disbound and in fair condition, with light signs of age and wear. Items One and Five are not productions of the Society, but are closely connected with it. The first five items are scarce: the only copies of One on COPAC at Oxford and the British Library; no copy on COPAC of Two; the only copies of Three and Four at Oxford; Five is a galley proof; and Six only to be found at Oxford, the British Library, the LSE and University College, London. ONE: 'The Idea of an Oxford Modern Ethical Society.

[ Poor Rates in Devon, 1819. ] Handbill 'Poor Rates' notice by H. Roberts, Governor, Hospital of Poor's Portion, Plymouth, regarding the examination of 'the Receipts of the Collectors'.

Author: 
H. Roberts, Governor, Hospital of Poor's Portion, Plymouth [ Poor Rates in Devon ]
Publication details: 
'Hospital of Poor's Portion, 23rd August, 1819.' [ 'WILLIAMS, PRINTER AND BOOKSELLER, OLD-TOWN, PLYMOUTH.' ]
£45.00

Printed on one side of a 31.5 x 19.5 cm piece of Britannia laid paper. A fragile piece of ephemera, aged and with heavy wear to extremities. The text is complete, except for loss to the first letter ('P') of the first word ('Poor') on the top line. Text reads: 'Poor Rates. | THE GUARDIANS who were appointed a Committee to examine the Receipts of the Collectors, having compared a great number of Receipts with the Original Rate Book, have the satisfaction to inform the Inhabitants that they are fully satisfied with Messrs.

[Printed pamphlet.] A Contribution towards an Investigation of the changes which have taken place in the condition of the people of the United Kingdom during the eight years extending from the harvest of 1839 to the harvest of 1847; [...]

Author: 
J. T. Danson of the Middle Temple [[John Towne Danson (1817-1898); The Statistical Society, London]
Publication details: 
For private circulation. Read before the Statistical Society, 21st Feb. 1848. London: Printed by M. & W. Collis, 52, Bow Lane, Cheapside. 1848.
£50.00

40pp., 12mo. Stitched and unbound. In good condition, lightly aged and worn, with slight damage to the fore-edge of the findal leaf. The title continues: 'and | An Attempt to develope [sic] the connexion (if any) between the changes observed and the variations occuring during the same period in the prices of the most necessary articles of food.'

[University of London Tutorial Classes for Working People.] Two printed items, including 'Report of the University of London Joint Committee for the Promotion of the Higher Education of Working People on the Work of the Four Years 1909-1913'.

Author: 
[University of London Tutorial Classes for Working People]
Publication details: 
[University of London.] July 1911 and February 1914.
£80.00

Both items with shelfmarks, stamps and labels of the Board of Education Reference Library, London. ONE: 'University of London Tutorial Classes for Working People | Report of the University of London Joint Committee for the Promotion of the Higher Education of Working People on the Work of the Four Years 1909-1913'. February 1914. 23 + [1]pp., 4to. Stitched. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper. The only copies on COPAC and OCLC WorldCat at the British Library and King's College London. TWO: 'University of London.

[Printed pamphlet.] Saorstát Éireann. Report of the Commission on the Relief of the Sick and Destitute Poor, including the Insane Poor.

Author: 
[Saorstát Éireann, Commission on the Relief of the Sick and Destitute Poor, including the Insane Poor]
Publication details: 
Baile Atha Cliath. Dublin. Foillsithe ag Oifig an rSolathair. Published by the Stationery Office. To be purchased through Messrs. Eason and Son, Litd., 40 and 41 Lr. O'Connell Street, Dublin. 1927.
£100.00

163pp., crown 8vo. xiv + [1] + 163pp. Stitched. In cream printed wraps. In fair condition, on lightly aged paper in worn wraps. With shelfmark, stamp and label of the Board of Education Reference Library.

[British Parliamentary Bill.] Poor Relief (Ireland). A Bill To make further Provision with Respect to the Relief of the Destitute Poor in Ireland, and for other Purposes connected therewith. (Prepared and brought in by Mr. Gerald Balfour [...]).

Author: 
[British House of Commons Bill on Irish Education, 1896; Gerald William Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour (1853-1945)]
Publication details: 
Ordered, by the House of Commons, to be Printed, 7 August 1896. Printed by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Printers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
£100.00

19 + [1]pp., crown 8vo. Stitched. In good condition, lightly-aged and with slight staining at head of back cover. With stamps and shelfmarks of the Education Department Library. Scarce: no copies (other than on microfilm) on either OCLC WorldCat or COPAC.

[Printed pamphlet.] Notes on the Condition of Ireland; with a Proposed Remedy. Shewing how the Prosperity of the Country may be increased by the Judicious Introduction of Home Industries.

Author: 
'J. C. B.' [John Caldwell Bloomfield]
Publication details: 
Printer and place not stated. [1882.]
£80.00

15pp., 12mo. Stitched. In good condition, on lightly aged paper. With shelfmark and stamp of the Education Department Library. Signed beneath title on front cover: 'J. C. Bloomfield'. Dedication to 'B. Samuelson, Esq., M.P., F.R.S.' on p.3. Bloomfield was the co-founder of Belleek Pottery. Scarce.

[Privy Council Medical Research Council.] Printed item: 'Child Life Investigations. Social Conditions and Acute Rheumatism.

Author: 
G. F. Still, M.D., F.R.C.P. [Privy Council Medical Research Council; The Children's Hospital, Great Ormond Street, London; The Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow; St Thomas's Hospital]
Publication details: 
Special Report Series, No. 114. London: Published by His Majesty's Stationery Office. 1927.
£120.00

108 + [6]pp., 8vo. Stitched. In green printed wraps. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Still provides the introduction and 'General Conclusions'.

[Reformatory and Refuge Union, London.] Three issues of 'The Classified List of Child-Saving Institutions, certified by Government or connected with the Reformatory and Refuge Union or Children's Aid Society.

Author: 
[The Reformatory and Refuge Union or Children's Aid Society, London; Arthur J. S. Maddison]
Publication details: 
All three: London: Reformatory and Refuge Union, the first (15th ed, 1897) from 32 Charing Cross, S.W., and the other two (19th ed., 1909; 21st ed., 1915) from Victoria House, 117, Victoria Street, S.W.
£380.00

The three items in uniform light-blue wraps. Housed in a worn solander box with brass clasp. With labels, stamps and shelfmarks of the Board of Education Reference Library. The first of the three 128pp., 8vo. Bound with 'The Law relating to Child-Saving and Reformatory Effecs. Being extracts from Acts of Parliament And other Information. Compiled by Arthur J. S. Maddison' (London: Reformatory and Refuge Union, 1896), 91 + [1]pp., 8vo. The second item is 139 pp., 8vo, and the third 160pp., 8vo.

[Printed item.] London County Council: Home Circumstances of "Necessitous" Children in Twelve Selected Schools. Reports by the chairmen of the Sub-Committee on Underfed Children and the Education officer, submitting report by the organisers.

Author: 
[E. A. H. Jay, Chairman of the Sub-Committee on Underfed Children, London County Council; Miss T. M. Morton and Mr. H. D. C. Pepler]
Publication details: 
Jas. Truscott & Son, Ltd., Printers, London, E.C. ['Covering Report' by Jay dated 20 July 1908.]
£220.00

47pp, 4to. On aged and brittle paper, archivally repaired and bound in sturdy modern blue buckram binding by the Ministry of Education Reference Library (whose stamps and labels the volume carries), with white typed label on front board. Binding in very good condition. A detailed report, with numerous tables, and eighteen case studies including financial and other information including 'Teacher's report' and 'Investigator's report'. Scarce: no copies on COPAC or (other than eBooks) on OCLC WorldCat.

[Printed pamphlet.] Fourth Report of the Managing Committee, and of Proceedings at the General Half-Yearly Meeting Of General Council and Friends, held at the Guildhall, Plymouth, 5th December 1871.

Author: 
[Plymouth Mendicity Society, 5, Frankfort Street, Plymouth; Western Daily Mercury; Devon]
Publication details: 
'Reprinted from the Western Daily Mercury, 6th December 1871.' Plymouth: Western Daily Mercury Offices, Frankfort Street.
£120.00

10pp., 12mo. Stitched and unbound. In fair condition, on aged and worn paper. In small type. Scarce: no copy traced. (The Bodleian holds seven of the Society's reports, from the sixteenth (1884) to the twenty-second (1892), but none so early as this one.)

[Printed pamphlet, signed by the author Herbert Broome.] Kingston Union. The Beginning and the End. 1836-1930.

Author: 
Herbert Broome [The Kingston Union; Poor Law Administration]
Publication details: 
Philpott & Co., (Surbiton), Litd., Printers, 40-42 Brighton Road, Surbiton. March 1930.
£120.00

47 + [1]pp., 12mo. Stapled. In brown printed wraps. Signed on the last page of text (p.45) 'Hbt Broome | May 1930', beneath the signature in type 'HERBERT BROOME, | March, 1930.' In fair condition, on aged and stained paper.

[Victorian poor law.] Manuscript volume titled 'An Assessment For the Relief of the Poor Of the Parish of East Langton In the County of Leicester. And for other Purposes chargeable thereon According to Law'.

Author: 
[The Parish of East Langton in the County of Leicester; Poor Law]
Publication details: 
[East Langton, Leicestershire.] 'Made this 26th. Day of April 1841. After the Note of Sixpence in the Pound'. Continued to 18 July 1843.
£280.00

99pp., landscape 8vo. In heavily-worn original black-cloth quarter-binding, with remains of marbled paper on boards. The volume consists of ten quarterly sections, each signed by the churchwarden and overseers, and signed off by two justices of the peace. The first assessment (26 April 1841) records 43 occupiers, and the last (18 July 1843) 55. Each opening is a complete printed form, with 16 columns covering the two pages. In the following example of an entry, the manuscript is given in square brackets: No.

[James F. L. Wood, Assistant Manager, Society for the Suppression of Mendicity.] Manuscript confidential report (signed 'Exd. R Ferguson') to A. J. B. Beresford Hope, on nine cases of begging letters sent from the Lisson Grove area of London.

Author: 
James F. L. Wood, Assistant Manager, Society for the Suppression of Mendicity [Mendicity Society] [Sir Alexander James Beresford Beresford Hope (1820-1887), Conservative politician; R. Ferguson]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of the Begging Letter Department, Mendicity Office, Red Lion Square. 3 April 1856.
£56.00

3pp., folio. Bifolium on grey paper. Addressed on reverse of second leaf to 'A. J. B. Beresford Hope | Esq | Arklow House', with Penny Red stamp and postmarks. In good condition, on aged paper, with some discoloration to the reverse of the second leaf. Printed in red at the head of the first page: 'THIS REPORT IS STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.

[The Market Street Workhouse, Brighton, Sussex.] Manuscript titled 'A prayer for the poor in the poor House at Brighton'. With note by the author written 38 years later, lamenting the lack of improvement in conditions.

Author: 
[The Market Street Workhouse, Brighton, Sussex]
Publication details: 
Place not stated. February 1801.
£120.00

2pp., 8vo. The prayer is 39 lines long. In fair condition, on aged and worn laid paper with 'GATER' watermark. The prayer begins: 'O. Lord - O.

[Printed pamphlet.] Universities' Settlement in East London. Fourth Annual Report to the Members of the Association. (Private.)

Author: 
[Philip Lyttelton Gell, Chairman; Report of the Universities' Settlement in East London, 1888; Toynbee Hall]
Publication details: 
Oxford [Horace Hart, Printer to the University], 1888.
£100.00

15 + 1pp., 12mo. Stitched and unbound. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper, with shelfmark and red label of the Education Department, Reference Library. Four-page introduction by Gell followed by nine pages of 'Statements of Account for year ending June 30, 1888'. Included are four pages of accounts of the Endowment Fund, Foundation Fund, Literary Building Fund and Maintenance Fund at Toynbee Hall, and a page on the Spencer Ball and King-Harman Memorial Fund.

Part of Autograph Letter Signed ('Olive Mackirdy') from the Anglo-Indian journalist and philanthropist Olive Christian Malvery, discussing her efforts to raise money for the building of shelters in London for homeless women.

Author: 
Olive Mackirdy [née Olive Christian Malvery] (1877-1914), Anglo-Indian journalist and philanthropist, who raised money for two shelters for homeless women in London
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated (but written after her marriage in 1904).
£120.00

2pp., 12mo. The final leaf of the letter only. In good condition, on lightly-aged paper. A poignant letter, given its author's early death. Regarding 'the Shelter' Mackirdy writes that 'Lady Brassey the Duchess of St Albans Lady Radnor & others have been giving big dinner parties etc for me & I only go in order to meet people who will help with the Shelter. I am not very strong and have such heavy work that now I find I simply cannot indulge my own tastes & enjoy my firends if I am going to do definite work.

[Printed parliamentary paper.] Strand Union Workhouse. Copy of the Report made by R. B. Cane, Esq., Poor Law Inspector, to the Poor Law Board, after an Inquiry held by him on the 4th and 6th June 1866, into certain Allegations made by Matilda Beeton.

Author: 
[R. B. Cane [Richard Basil Cane], Poor Law Inspector; Matilda Beeton, Head Nurse at the Strand Union Workhouse, Cleveland Street, London]
Publication details: 
Ordered, by The House of Commons, to be Printed, 25 June 1866.
£220.00

28 + [1] pp., 8vo. In fair condition, on aged and lightly-worn paper. P. 1 has the drophead title: 'STRAND UNION WORKHOUSE. | RETURN to an Order of the Honourable The House of Commons, | dated 25 June 1866; - for, | COPY "of the REPORT made by R. B. Crane, Esquire, Poor Law Inspector, to the Poor Law Board, after an Inquiry held by him on the 4th and 6th June 1866, into certain Allegations made by Matilda Beeton, in reference to the Treatment of the Sick in the Strand Union Workhouse." | Poor Law Board, 25 June 1866.

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