INSANE

[John Conolly, physician to Middlesex Asylum, Hanwell.] Autograph Letter Signed ('John Conolly' to 'Dr. Jenks' [i.e. George Samuel Jenks], accepting the 'hospitable invitation of the Resident Members at Brighton'.

Author: 
John Conolly (1794-1866), psychiatrist and author, resident physician to the Middlesex County Asylum at Hanwell [George Samuel Jenks (1790-1882), Brighton physician]
Publication details: 
Hanwell; 16 July 1851.
£100.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Accepting, 'with very great pleasure, the kind & hospitable invitation of the Resident Members at Brighton for Wednesday the 13th August'. It is Conolly's intention 'to be present at the Public Breakfast & Dinner on the 14th.'

[John Conolly, physician to Middlesex Asylum, Hanwell.] Two Autograph Letters Signed (both 'J. Conolly') to W. F. Cleveland, regarding his consultation arrangements, the death of a relative, and obtaining the services of 'the attendant, Mrs. Hazell'

Author: 
John Conolly (1794-1866), psychiatrist and author, resident physician to the Middlesex County Asylum at Hanwell [William Frederick Cleveland, physician]
Publication details: 
ONE: On letterhead of Hanwell, London, W.; 15 January 1861. TWO: Hanwell, W.; 31 January 1861.
£450.00

For information on the recipient the physician William Frederick Cleveland (1823-1898), see his obituary, BMJ, 3 December 1898. ONE: 1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. He begins by stating that he 'constantly' sees 'patients in London for the ordinary Consultation Fee of 2 Gs.' Because of the 'lamented death of a relative at a distance', Conolly is 'unable to name an earlier time for having the pleasure to meet you than Monday next, the 21st., at 3 o'Clock'. TWO: 2pp, 12mo. Bifolium on grey paper, with mourning border.

[John Conolly, physician to Middlesex Asylum, Hanwell, pioneer of humane treatment of insane.] Autograph Letter Signed ('J. Conolly') to 'John Wilkes Esqe', asking for postponement as he is to give evidence before a Commission de Lunatico Inquirendo'

Author: 
John Conolly (1794-1866), psychiatrist and author, resident physician to the Middlesex County Asylum at Hanwell, pioneer of principle of non-restraint in treatment of the insane
Publication details: 
Hanwell; 6 May 1850.
£200.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. The letter reads: 'My dear Sir, | I am required to give evidence before a Commission de Lunatico Inquirendo on Thursday morning at ten, in London. I trust, therefore, to being permitted to postpone my attendance on the Committee until two on that day.'

[Samuel Tuke, Quaker minister, asylum reformer and philanthropist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Saml. Tuke'), regarding the editorship of the 'Annual Monitor', to an unnamed 'Friend' (the magazine's printer?).

Author: 
Samuel Tuke (1784-1857), Quaker minister, asylum reformer and philanthropist [The York Retreat, asylum where 'moral treatment' was employed; William Alexander (1768-1841), editor, The Annual Monitor]
Publication details: 
York; 5 April 1860.
£950.00

The present letter concerns the editorship of the Annual Monitor, a Quaker magazine subtitled 'Obituary of the members of the Society of Friends in Great Britain and Ireland', published between 1812 and 1919. The founding editor was William Alexander (1768-1841), and following Alexander's death 'the Editors' referred to in the letter included Sarah Backhouse and the letter's author Samuel Tuke. The recipient would appear to be the magazine's printer. 2pp, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper adhering to blank second leaf of bifolium. Folded twice.

[Sir Andrew Halliday, physician to William IV.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Andrew Halliday -') to Prime Minister Lord Melbourne, offering to 'sacrifice' his 'emoluments' and become inspector of 'all the public and Private Asylums in England and Wales

Author: 
Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839), Scottish physician to William IV [Lord Melbourne [William Lamb I1779-1848), 2nd Viscount Melbourne], Prime Minister]
Publication details: 
Hampton Court; 11 January 1831.
£2,000.00

7pp, 4to. Containing 112 lines of text on two bifoliums. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. Headed 'Private', and with the heading, date and place written by Halliday at a different time from the rest of the text. A long and impassioned letter, in which Halliday offers to become inspector of 'all the public and Private Asylums in England and Wales', at a payment of no more than £150 a year in expenses.

[Anthony McKenrot [Mackenroth; MacKenrot], lunatic who tried to serve subpoena on Napoleon Bonaparte.] Two Autograph Petitions Signed (both 'Anthony Mc:Kenrot') from Newgate to the Prince Regent and home secretary Lord Sidmouth, with covering letter.

Author: 
[Anthony McKenrot [Mackenroth; MacKenrot], lunatic; Prince Regent [George IV]; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth]; John Beckett [Newgate Prison; Bethlem Hospital; Napoleon Bonaparte]
Publication details: 
The two petitions and the covering letter to John Beckett of the Home Office, Whitehall, all three dated from State Side Newgate [Prison], 24 May 1816.
£1,750.00

Anthony Mckenrot's attempt to serve a writ on the captive Napoleon Bonaparte is well-described by Colin Fox ('Napoleon Bonaparte: POW'), in The Journal of the Friends of St Helena, 2016. Mckenrot (also MacKenrot or Mackenroth) who was of German extraction, was a lawyer, merchant and prize agent on the Caribbean island of Tortola, who criticised Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane (1758-1832) for failing to act against a French squadron off the island in 1806. His obsession grew with the years, and his claims of Cochrane's cowardice and financial impropriety became increasingly extravagant.

[John Conolly, psychiatrist who pioneered the humane treatment of the insane.] Autograph Letter Signed ('John Conolly.') regarding meeting in Brighton of Provincial Medical and Surgical Association, with reference to doctors Tuke and Stilwell.

Author: 
John Conolly (1794-1866), psychiatrist and author, resident physician to the Middlesex County Asylum at Hanwell, where he introduced the principle of non-restraint into the treatment of the insane
Publication details: 
Hanwell [i.e. Middlesex County Asylum]. 29 July 1851.
£450.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with traces of glue from mount to gutter. Folded twice. The recipient is not named, but is likely to be the secretary of the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association (now the British Medical Association), as the letter concerns the nineteenth annual meeting of that body, held at Brighton, 13 and 14 August 1851. It begins: 'My dear Sir, | Many thanks for your very kind invitation. I have engaged beds for myself, my brother Dr. W. C. [William Brice Conolly (c.1793-1861), M.D., of Castleton House Kings, Gloucestershire], Dr.

[Queen Victoria; Sir James Graham, Home Secretary; Hanwell Lunatic Asylum.] The Queen's Autograph Signature ('Victoria R.'), with Graham's signature, to 'Warrant for the discharge of Dennis Crawley from the Lunatic Asylum for the County of Middlesex'

Author: 
Queen Victoria (1819-1901); Sir James Graham (1792-1861), Home Secretary, 1841-1846 [Pauper Lunatic Asylum for the County of Middlesex, Hanwell]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court of St. James's the Seventeenth day of March 1842 in the Fifth Year of Our Reign.'
£400.00

2pp, foolscap 8vo. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. Good firm signature by the queen ('Victoria R') in the customary place at the head of the first page; and tight signature of the Home Secretary at the end of the document ('Jas G Graham.'). Both signatures over guiding pencil crosses. Seal under paper in left-hand margin of first page.

[Printed pamphlet.] Saorstát Éireann. Report of the Commission on the Relief of the Sick and Destitute Poor, including the Insane Poor.

Author: 
[Saorstát Éireann, Commission on the Relief of the Sick and Destitute Poor, including the Insane Poor]
Publication details: 
Baile Atha Cliath. Dublin. Foillsithe ag Oifig an rSolathair. Published by the Stationery Office. To be purchased through Messrs. Eason and Son, Litd., 40 and 41 Lr. O'Connell Street, Dublin. 1927.
£100.00

163pp., crown 8vo. xiv + [1] + 163pp. Stitched. In cream printed wraps. In fair condition, on lightly aged paper in worn wraps. With shelfmark, stamp and label of the Board of Education Reference Library.

[Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.] Unsigned manuscript letter written to him from America by a religious fanatic, on the subject of 'that Ruffen O'Connell' and 'his own papist breatheren', with two autograph notes by Wellington.

Author: 
Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), 1st Duke of Wellington, conquerer of Napoleon and British prime minister
Publication details: 
New York. 20 July 1843.
£150.00

1p., 4to. Bifolium. Addressed on reverse of second leaf to 'His Grace The Duke of Wellington | London | Europe'. With postmark of 'LIVERPOOL SHIP'. In fair condition, on aged paper. 47 lines of closely-written text. A ranting missive, the reading of which requires Wellington's sense of duty.

[William Cleland, lunatic, of Upper Canada.] Autograph Petition Signed to Lord John Russell, and Autograph Letter Signed to George Ross, regarding his claim to have been cheated by the Bank of Scotland. With forwarding letter to the bank.

Author: 
William Cleland of Upper Canada [Bank of Scotland; Lord John Russell (1792-1878), Whig Prime Minister; Sir James Stephen (1789-1859), civil servant]
Publication details: 
Letter from Governor Road near St George, Dumfries, Upper Canada. 1 November 1839 [but with 3 June 1840 postmark]. Petition stamped received on 1 June 1849. Forwarding letter: Downing Street [London]. 9 June 1840.
£600.00

ONE: Autograph Petiton Signed. 'Unto the Right Honble. Lord John Russell Secrety of State &c &c | The Petition of Samuel Cleland residing near St George Dumfries Upper Canada'. 2pp., foolscap 8vo. In poor condition, aged and worn at edges, with one corner apparently nibbled away by mice. At least some of the damage would appear to be contemporary with the document, as Cleland has written within the boundaries of the loss to the corner, and there is no loss to text. Docketed in red at head '1091 U. Canada' and stamped 'Received | C. D. | June 1 1840'.

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