[George III assassination attempt by James Hadfield in 1800.] Autograph Poem Signed ('James Hadfield'), written in Bedlam by the assailant Hadfield, titled 'Epitaph of my poor Jack Squirrel'.

James Hadfield (1772-1841), madman who attempted to assassinate George III in 1800 [Bethlem Hospital (Bedlam)]
Publication details: 
'Bethlem Hospital' (Bedlam). 'Died Sunday Morning | July, 23rd, 1826'. [Paper watermarked 1828.]

Hadfield's insanity appears to have been the result of eight sabre wounds to the head sustained in 1794 at the Battle of Roubaix. On his return to England Hadfield fell under the sway of Bannister Truelock's millenarian cult, becoming convinced, as his entry in the Oxford DNB states, 'that his death at the hands of the state would effect the second coming' He conspired with Truelock to assassinate the king at Drury Lane Theatre on the evening of 15 May 1800.

[Study of Insanity; Inscribed by Author] Dissertatio Medica, Inaugurales De Insania '[...] [University of Edinburgh Medical School]

Joannes Latham [John Latham, Irish physician]
Publication details: 
Edinburgh, 1802

In Latin except some footnotes. Disbound (formerly in volume containing other such pamphlets), [vi]56pp., 8vo, vestiges of binding on spine, hf.title. light foxing. INSCRIBED on blank after title: "For W.G. Deane Esq | With best compts | from | John Latham."

[William Heberden, Physician-in-Ordinary to George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W. Heberden') on putting 'Dr Halloran's proposal' on administering arsenic to the king to the mad-doctors Robert Darling Willis, Thomas Monro and Samuel Foart Simmons.

William Heberden the younger (1767-1845) [the madness of King George III; Robert Darling Willis; Thomas Monro; Samuel Foart Simmons; William Saunders Hallaran]
Publication details: 
Pall Mall [London]. 7 November [no year, but between 1810 and 1820].

The present item dates from the final period of the king's mental instability, 1810-1820. Heberden – the son of the 'father of rheumatology' William Heberden the elder (1710-1801) – had been appointed Physician-Extraordinary to the queen in 1795, and by 1809 was Physician-in-Ordinary to both queen and king.

[George III, King of England, writes on the eve of his first bout of insanity.] Disordered Autograph Letter Signed ('G. R'), in the third person, giving agricultural directions to 'Robinson', i.e. his shepherd at Windsor Ralph Robinson.

George III (1738-1820), King of England [Ralph Robinson, the king's shepherd at Windsor]
Publication details: 
'Cheltenham July 17th. 1788'

The recipient, Ralph Robinson, was George III's shepherd at Windsor, and the king (whose interest in agriculture earned him the nickname 'Farmer George') published contributions to the Annals of Agriculture under Robinson's name. 1p, 4to. Aged, soiled and worn in the folds, the wear taking in part of the royal signature. Archivally repaired, and with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the blank reverse. An unusual letter, showing the king's meticulous attention to detail.

[Forbes Winslow, nineteenth-century physician and psychiatrist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('F Winslow'), postponing a conversation as a result of a tiring visit to a patient in Northamptonshire.

Forbes Winslow [Forbes Benignus Winslow] (1810-1874), nineteenth-century physician, psychiatrist, author and authority on lunacy
Publication details: 
Bushey, Hertfordshire. 'Sat.' [no date]

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged, with evidence of mount on reverse of second leaf, which is endorsed 'Dr. Forbes Winslow'. Two central folds, one vertical and one horizontal. The male recipient is unnamed. He is 'quite unfit to go up to London to-day', 'owing to the fatigue I underwent yesterday travelling a long distance into Northamptonshire to see a patient'.

[Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.] Unsigned manuscript letter written to him from America by a religious fanatic, on the subject of 'that Ruffen O'Connell' and 'his own papist breatheren', with two autograph notes by Wellington.

Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), 1st Duke of Wellington, conquerer of Napoleon and British prime minister
Publication details: 
New York. 20 July 1843.

1p., 4to. Bifolium. Addressed on reverse of second leaf to 'His Grace The Duke of Wellington | London | Europe'. With postmark of 'LIVERPOOL SHIP'. In fair condition, on aged paper. 47 lines of closely-written text. A ranting missive, the reading of which requires Wellington's sense of duty.

[Pamphlet.] Mental Overstrain in Education. Reprinted frrom The Lancet, August 22, 1896.

G. E. Shuttleworth, B.A., M.D., &c., President Thames Valley Branch, British Medical Association, formerly Medical Superintendent of the Royal Albert Asylum, Lancaster
Publication details: 
Printed at the Lancet Office, 423, Strand, [London] W.C. [1896.]

11pp., 12mo. Stitched. With stamp, shelfmarks and labels of the Board of Education Reference Library. Scarce: no copy in the British Library, and the only copy on COPAC in the library of the Royal College of Surgeons.

[William Cleland, lunatic, of Upper Canada.] Autograph Petition Signed to Lord John Russell, and Autograph Letter Signed to George Ross, regarding his claim to have been cheated by the Bank of Scotland. With forwarding letter to the bank.

William Cleland of Upper Canada [Bank of Scotland; Lord John Russell (1792-1878), Whig Prime Minister; Sir James Stephen (1789-1859), civil servant]
Publication details: 
Letter from Governor Road near St George, Dumfries, Upper Canada. 1 November 1839 [but with 3 June 1840 postmark]. Petition stamped received on 1 June 1849. Forwarding letter: Downing Street [London]. 9 June 1840.

ONE: Autograph Petiton Signed. 'Unto the Right Honble. Lord John Russell Secrety of State &c &c | The Petition of Samuel Cleland residing near St George Dumfries Upper Canada'. 2pp., foolscap 8vo. In poor condition, aged and worn at edges, with one corner apparently nibbled away by mice. At least some of the damage would appear to be contemporary with the document, as Cleland has written within the boundaries of the loss to the corner, and there is no loss to text. Docketed in red at head '1091 U. Canada' and stamped 'Received | C. D. | June 1 1840'.

Letter to 'The Rt. Hon Thos Shaw, M.P. | "Minister For War" | House of Jews "Spittoons" | (alias "Commons") | Westminster | London.'

William Stuart alias William Styles Gent.' [Judaica; Jews; antisemitism; Newcastle]
Publication details: 
20 December 1929; 2 Middle Street, North Shields[, Tyne and Wear].

Shaw (1872-1938) was Secretary of State for War in Ramsay Macdonald's Labour administration. Twenty pages, quarto. Paginated by author. On one side each of twenty leaves of high-acidity paper, discoloured with age and fraying at extremities. Text entirely legible, but with some loss at head of each leaf and particular damage to the final one (affecting signature). A singular psychological case: the astounding rantings of a lunatic, replete with underlinings, capital letters and exclamation marks.

Two Autograph Letters Signed (both 'G D Yeats') to his sister Jane Ellen Paterson, wife of Admiral C. W. Paterson.

Grant David Yeats [G. D. Yeats] (1773-1836), English physician, born in Florida, America [Jane Ellen Paterson; Admiral Charles William Paterson (1756-1841)]
Publication details: 
Letter One: 18 July 1823; Tunbridge Wells. Letter Two: 3 November 1823; 17 Queen's Place, Mayfair.

Both items clear and entire: good on lightly aged paper. Both addressed, with postmarks, to 'Mrs. Admiral Paterson, East Cosham Cottage, near Portsmouth.' Letter One, to 'My dear Ellen' (4to, 8 pp). Long letter, leaving his sister 'to judge as a reasonable Being whether I do not do every thing that can possibly be expected from me'. He is at present in debt to the tune of £460. Letter Two, to 'My dear Sister' (4to, 4 pp). Another letter dealing with the financial matters of the family. Docketed 'Dr. Yeats most strongly desiring his Sister Mrs.

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