[ Sir John Gladstone, father of the PM; slave owner] Autograph Note Signed John Gladstone to T. Galton

John Gladstone [Sir John Gladstone of Fasque, 1st Baronet, (1764-1851), Scottish merchant, slave owner, Member of Parliament, and the father of the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone]
Publication details: 
Lansdown Place, no date.
SKU: 23347

One page, 12mo, laid down on backing page, good condition. I am obliged by your & Mrs Galtons attention, but I have long relinquished the pleasure of evening parties, because they necessarily interfere with those regular habits which my increasing years make it desirable I should attend to. | I beg my compliments [...]Note: Through his commercial activities he acquired several large plantations in Jamaica and Guyana, worked initially by enslaved Africans. A massive slave revolt centred on his estates was brutally crushed by the military. The extent of his ownership of slaves was such that after slavery was abolished in 1833, he received the largest of all compensation payments made by the Slave Compensation Commission. After the passage of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833, Gladstone expelled most African workers from his estates and imported large numbers of indebted Indian indentured-servants, through false promises of providing them schools and medical attention. However, upon arrival they were paid no wages, the repayment of their debts being deemed sufficient, and worked under conditions that continued to resemble slavery in everything except name.