BOLSHEVIK

[ The Russian Revolution: Sir John Pollock and the Fund to Provide Comforts for British Refugees from Bolshevist Russia.] Notebook with miscellaneous entries, many of them relating to the Fund, including a draft appeal, details of individual cases/

Author: 
Sir John Pollock [ Sir Frederick John Pollock, 4th Baronet ] (1878-1963), author and journalist [ Fund to Provide Comforts for British Refugees from Bolshevist Russia; Russian Revolution ]
Publication details: 
[ 95 Bedford Court Mansions, London. ] 1920 and 1921.
£950.00

The author is not named, but this item is from the papers of Sir John Pollock, and is in his autograph. Sir (Frederick) John Pollock (1872-1963), 4th Baronet of Hatton (Eton; Trinity College, Cambridge; Harvard Law School) is a strangely-neglected figure. His brief obituary in The Times (23 July 1963) is headed 'Playwright and Author', but the best account of his career is the one he himself contributed to Who's Who. Pollock took great interest in Russian affairs, his numerous works including 'War and Revolution in Russia' in 1918, and 'The Bolshevik Adventure' the following year.

[ The Russian Revolution: the Assistant Minister of War addresses the Council of Peasants' Delegates. ] Account, in English, of a report by 'Colonel Iakubovitch' on the state of the Russian Army, in a speech to the Council of Peasants' Delegates.

Author: 
Colonel G. A. Iakubovich [ G. A. Yakubovich; G. A. Iakubovitch ], Assistant Minister of War under Kerensky in the Provisional Russian Government of 1917 [ Russian Revolution ]
Publication details: 
'Council of Peasants' Delegates [ Moscow ]. 24 May 1917.
£650.00

After the February Revolution and abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, Kerensky, as Minister of War, was the dominant figure in the provisional government that held power until overthrown by the Bolsheviks in the October Revolution. According to Semion Lyandres, 'The Fall of Tsarism', along with Lev Stepanovich Tugan-Baranovskii and G. N. Tumanov, Captain G. A. Iakubovich 'belonged to the troika of Kerenskii's most trusted military aides during his tenure in the Provisional Government'. 4pp., foolscap 8vo. First page headed: 'Council of Peasants' Delegates. | 24th. May 1917.

[ The Bolshevik Revolution and the American Engineering Corps with the Russian Railway Service (American Expeditionary Force Siberia). ] Eleven Autograph Letters Signed from George Fainstone in Russia to his wife Helené [ in England ].

Author: 
George Fainstone [ Yosel Fainstein ] (d.1956), of the American Engineering Corps with the Russian Railway Service, American Expeditionary Force Siberia [ Bolshevik Revolution ]
Publication details: 
Between 20 March 1917 and 14 September 1918. One on letterhead of 'American Engineering Corps with the R. R. S. [ Russian Railway Service ]'. From Tomsk, Odessa, Vladivostok and other parts of Russia.
£220.00

As part of American involvement in the Russian Civil War, the Russian Railway Service Corps was formed by President Wilson to operate the Trans-Siberian Railroad. Details regarding the author are sketchy. In 1929 the London Gazette reported the naturalisation of 'Fainstein, Yosel (known as George Fainstone); Russia; Upholsterer and Furniture Manufacturer; 16, Ravenscroft Avenue, Golders Green, Middlesex. 20 August, 1929.' Fainstone died in England in 1956 and his wife Helene six years later. Ten more of his RRS letters, all dating from 1918, are in the Imperial War Museum.

Typed copy of 1920 letter by Lieut Trevor Orchard Chichele Plowden, describing the Bolshevik massacre at Odessa of 'Denikens Volunteer Army', with Autograph Letter Signed by him while on HMS Firedrake in 1916, and three related items.

Author: 
Commander Trevor Orchard Chichele Plowden (1896-1942), RN [HMS Firedrake; HMS Ajax; Royal Navy]
Publication details: 
Autograph Letter on letterhead of HMS Firedrake, 18 November 1916. Typed Copy of Letter from HMS Ajax, Mediterranean Fleet, 19 February 1920, Constantinople
£400.00

For biographical information about Commander Plowden, see the Times obituary quoted at the end of this description. All five items in good condition, on lightly-aged paper. Item One: Typed copy of letter from 'Trevor' to 'Mother and Pater'. 2pp., 4to. Headed 'Copy'. With envelope addressed to Miss Martin Wood, c/o Lt. Gen Phelps, Woodbourne Grange, Edgbaston. (As Item Three shows, this copy was made by Plowden's mother for his aunt.) 'I told you we expected to go to the Black Sea from here and we did very shortly afterwards, to Odessa.

Printed pamphlet issued by the Georgia Committee, and titled 'The Acid Test', containing the article 'The Acid Test for the Bolsheviks' by Robert Lynd, and a list of 'important dates in the recent history of Georgia'.

Author: 
[The Georgia Committee; C. E. Maurice, Chairman; R. Ellis Roberts, Vice-Chairman; N. F. Dryhurst, Hon. Secretary; Robert Lynd]
Publication details: 
[The Georgia Committee, 3 Adelphi Terrace, Strand, London. 1922.]
£150.00

4pp., 12mo. Bifolium. On lightly-aged and creased paper, with short closed tear at centre of gutter. The first page is headed 'THE ACID TEST', and carries an announcement by Maurice, Roberts and Dryhurst, reading: 'The Georgia Committee, first formed in 1906 as the "Georgia Relief Committee," was revived in 1922 by the friends of Georgian Independence, and is open for membership to all supporters of the Rights of Small Nations.

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