MASSACRE

{Second World War; Wormhoudt Massacre, 1940 ] Papers of Rev. Leslie Aitken, 1943-1993, Author of "Massacre on the Road to Dunkirk" (1977; 1988).

Author: 
The Wormhoudt Massacre, 1940.
Publication details: 
1943-1977
£4,000.00

It is largely due to the efforts of Rev. Leslie Robert Aitken, Rector of Alvechurch, Worcestershire, and National Chaplain to the Dunkirk Veterans' Association, that the details of the Wormhoudt Massacre - one of the worst atrocities perpetrated by the Germans against the British in the Second World War - are preserved for posterity. In May 1940, during the retreat to Dunkirk, the 2nd Battalion of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment was ordered to fight to the last in order to hold up the German advance.

[Siege of Nanking and Second Sino-Japanese War.] Typed Memorandum and Manuscript Notes by British diplomat, of meeting between Sir Robert Clive and Japanese Ambassador Yoshida and Ichiro Hatoyama, and meeting with Manchukuo adviser A. H. F. Edwardes

Author: 
[ Yoshida Shigeru (1878-1967), Japanese Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1936-8; Sir Robert Henry Clive (1877-1948), British Ambassador to Japan, 1935-7; Ichiro Hatoyama (1883-1959) ]
Publication details: 
Report and minutes both without place and date, but referring to a meeting in London on 22 November 1937.
£1,200.00

Despite the fair amount of attention bestowed on the 'Anglo-Japanese Conversation' - the secret negotiations between the British government and the Japanese ambassador at the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War - it is only with the discovery of these two documents that it can be established that the two countries continued with informal negotiations until the fall of Nanking.

[ Nanking; Japan ]Long Autograph Letter from English-born jurist/adviser to Japan on foreign affairs Thomas Baty to 'Cooper', presenting a detailed defence of the Japanese position after the Nanking Massacre, and of Franco in the Spanish Civil War.

Author: 
Thomas Baty (1869-1954), English-born jurist and authority on international law, who settled in Japan in 1916 as foreign legal adviser [Nanking Massacre; Second Sino-Japanese War; Spanish Civil War]
Publication details: 
'Tokio [Tokyo] 1 October, 1937'.
£1,000.00

A letter of the first importance, as Baty had been since 1916 foreign legal adviser to the Japanese Government (following the death of Henry Willard Denison), and had been part of the Japanese delegation to the 1927 Geneva disarmament conference. Such was Baty's support for the Japanese position that the British Government seriously considered trying him for treason following the Second World War, choosing instead to revoke his British citizenship. 5pp., 4to. The first five pages of the letter only, and so lacking the signature, although Baty is without doubt the author.

[Issue of printed periodical.] Weekly Irish Bulletin | (Belfast Atrocities) | Dail Eireann Publicity Report

Author: 
Dail Eireann Publicity Report ['Belfast Atrocities' and 'Pogrom', 1920; Lieutenant-Colonel Gerald Bryce Ferguson Smyth (1885-1920)]
Publication details: 
Vol. 1. No. 4. Monday, 12th June, 1922. Wood Printing Works, Fleet Street, Dublin.
£250.00

4pp., 8vo. On the rectos only of four leaves stapled together at one corner. In fair condition, on aged paper with wear at foot. Printer's slug at foot of final page. The first page begins: 'KILLED 425 WOUNDED 1764 | This list of wounded only includes gunshot and bomb wounds. Very many of those kicked almost into pulp in the streets and left for dead are not included here.

Typed copy of 1920 letter by Lieut Trevor Orchard Chichele Plowden, describing the Bolshevik massacre at Odessa of 'Denikens Volunteer Army', with Autograph Letter Signed by him while on HMS Firedrake in 1916, and three related items.

Author: 
Commander Trevor Orchard Chichele Plowden (1896-1942), RN [HMS Firedrake; HMS Ajax; Royal Navy]
Publication details: 
Autograph Letter on letterhead of HMS Firedrake, 18 November 1916. Typed Copy of Letter from HMS Ajax, Mediterranean Fleet, 19 February 1920, Constantinople
£400.00

For biographical information about Commander Plowden, see the Times obituary quoted at the end of this description. All five items in good condition, on lightly-aged paper. Item One: Typed copy of letter from 'Trevor' to 'Mother and Pater'. 2pp., 4to. Headed 'Copy'. With envelope addressed to Miss Martin Wood, c/o Lt. Gen Phelps, Woodbourne Grange, Edgbaston. (As Item Three shows, this copy was made by Plowden's mother for his aunt.) 'I told you we expected to go to the Black Sea from here and we did very shortly afterwards, to Odessa.

Original 45rpm record of 'South African Freedom Songs', sung by Pete Seeger, Robert Harter, Garrett Morris, Guy Carawan, Ned Wright, with booklet of words and music, with 'Notes by Peter Seeger'.

Author: 
Peter Seeger; Folkways Records, New York [South African; Pete Seeger, Robert Harter, Garrett Morris, Guy Carawan, Ned Wright]
Publication details: 
Folways Records and Service Corp., 117W. 46th St. NYC USA. [1960.]
£280.00

In black 19.5 cm square sleeve, with striking cover design showing the aftermath of Sharpeville, and notice 'The American Committee on Africa receives royalties from the sale of this record.' The four songs are Tina Sizwe (We, The Brown Nation); Nkosi Waqcine (God Save the Volunteers); Asikatali (We Do Not Care If We Go To Prison); Liyashizwa (Pass-Burning Song). Very good, lightly-aged, with the record itself (in brown paper sleeve) seemingly unplayed. The twelve-page booklet is stapled, with illustrated cover and three photographs of the Sharpville Massacre.

Lithographed engraving, by 'S. Pearse', entitled 'The Well at Cawnpore'. With text describing the Cawnpore Massacre and aftermath.

Author: 
S. Pearse, lithographer; the Comus Press [Siege of Cawnpore, 1857; Bibighar Massacre; Indian Mutiny]
Publication details: 
Undated [c.1857]. 'Lith[ographe]d. at the "Comus" Press.'
£180.00

An important contemporary engraving, apparently unrecorded, with no record of the engraver S. Pearse, or of the Comus Press (probably connected with 'The Comus', a periodical launched in Bengal in 1857). On one side of a piece of wove paper, roughly 22.5 x 28 cm. On lightly-spotted and aged paper. Discreet repair to tear which had split the item in two. A crude but accurate representation of the well and environs, with the following text beneath: 'THE WELL AT CAWNPORE. S. Pearse.| Into which the bodies of the Women and Children were thrown after the Massacre.

Autograph Letter Signed to T[homas]. A[sline]. Ward, Park House, Sheffield.

Author: 
Rev. Peter Inchbald [GEORGE STREET LIBRARY, SHEFFIELD; DONCASTER PUBLIC LIBRARY; PETERLOO MASSACRE]
Publication details: 
Doncaster Novr. 13th. 1819.'
£100.00

Inchbald ran a 'gentleman's boarding academy'. The recipient Ward (1781-1871) was a master cutler and diarist, and one of the founders in 1822 of the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society. Three pages, 4to. Dusty but in very good condition, with small piece of second leaf of bifoliate cut away in opening the red wax seal. '[...] I write to you [...] to impose upon you some possibly irksome task. - Things are here in a Train towards the establishing [of] a public library & reading room.

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