[First World War submarines and dazzle camouflage.] Autograph Memorandum by Commander C. S. Benning of Royal Navy submarine HMS K1, on ideas 'to produce an optical effect, which will mislead the submarine captain' and make 'the torpedo miss'.

Charles Stuart Benning (1884-1924), Commander of Royal Navy submarine HMS K1 [William Lionel Wyllie (1851-1931) and Norman Wilkinson (1878-1971), marine artists; dazzle camouflage]
Publication details: 
Undated, but between the launch of HMS K1 in November 1916 and her scuttling in November of 1917. On government paper [Admiralty, Whitehall].

Signed at end 'C S Benning | Commdr K1'. HMS K1 was launched 14 November 1916. Following a court martial in August 1917, Benning was reprimanded for stranding her; at another court martial at the beginning of the following year he was cleared of any blame for her loss following a collision with HMS K4 off the Danish coast on 18 November 1917. An interesting letter, from the papers of marine artist W. L.

[Printed handbill poem.] Part Song. | "The Torpedo and the Whale" | From Comic Opera "Olivette" | By Audran.

Edmond Audran (1840-1901), French composer of operettas [Henry Brougham Farnie (1836-1889), Scottish librettist]
Publication details: 
Without date or place.

1p., 16mo. On a piece of watermarked laid paper, 17 x 10.5 cm. Fair, on lightly-aged paper, with a manuscript correction ('tracts' to 'tracks'). In three numbered stanzas, Farnie's version being in effect an entirely new poem: 'This Fish was indeed Oh! | A Woolwich Torpedo, | But Oh! But Oh! | The big whale did not know.' 'Les noces d'Olivette' was first performed in Paris in 1879; Farnie's English language adaptation starring Florence St. John was performed at the Strand Theatre in London from 1880 to 1881.

Autograph Letter Signed ('P Watts') to Archibald Hurd, 5 Downshire Hill, Hampstead, London N.W.

Sir Philip Watts (1846-1926), English naval architect [Sir Archibald Hurd (1869-1959)]
Publication details: 
20 [corrected from 18] October 1909; on embossed Admiralty letterhead.

4to, 2 pp, 25 lines. Good, on slightly discoloured and grubby paper. Watts takes issue with 'The statement of British Shipbuilding Programmes since 1889' which Hurd has forwarded. 'It was found more convenient to draw up the table again', and Watts is sending 'the result of the investigations which have been made' (table not present). He is in 'complete agreement' with the 'statements under the headings of Battleships, Armoured Cruisers and 1st. class Cruisers', but 'Under the headings of 2nd. and 3rd.

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