BEDLAM

[George III assassination attempt by James Hadfield in 1800.] Autograph Poem Signed ('James Hadfield'), written in Bedlam by the assailant Hadfield, titled 'Epitaph of my poor Jack Squirrel'.

Author: 
James Hadfield (1772-1841), madman who attempted to assassinate George III in 1800 [Bethlem Hospital (Bedlam)]
Publication details: 
'Bethlem Hospital' (Bedlam). 'Died Sunday Morning | July, 23rd, 1826'. [Paper watermarked 1828.]
£500.00

Hadfield's insanity appears to have been the result of eight sabre wounds to the head sustained in 1794 at the Battle of Roubaix. On his return to England Hadfield fell under the sway of Bannister Truelock's millenarian cult, becoming convinced, as his entry in the Oxford DNB states, 'that his death at the hands of the state would effect the second coming' He conspired with Truelock to assassinate the king at Drury Lane Theatre on the evening of 15 May 1800.

[Bethlem Royal Hospital (Bedlam): printed pamphlet for the 700th Anniversary Celebrations, titled 'Bethlem Royal Hospital 1247-1947'. With printed programme of the 'Bethlem Royal Hospital 700th Anniversary Celebrations.'

Author: 
[Bethlem Royal Hospital, Monks Orchard, Beckenham, Kent; Bedlam]
Publication details: 
Bethlem Royal Hospital, Monks Orchard, Beckenham, Kent. 1947. [Printed by the Baynard Press.]
£30.00

Pamphlet: 19pp., small 4to. Stapled pamphlet in cream wraps, with the Hospital's arms printed in gold on front cover. On shiny art paper, with full-page frontispiece, seven illustrations in text, and two maps at rear. Internally in fair condition, lighty-aged; in worn wraps with slight discolouration to the back. Uncommon. No copy at the British Library; four copies on COPAC, all at London libraries (Guildhall; King's College; Bishopsgate; Wellcome); and only one more copy (Yale) on OCLC WorldCat. Programme: 2pp., 4to, on a single leaf. In fair condition, aged and worn, neatly folded.

[Printed act.] Anno Regni Georgii III. Regis. Cap. LXXVII. An Act [concerning the hospitals of 'Christ, Bridewell, and Saint Thomas the Apostle [...] "The House of the Poor," in West Smithfield, [...] and of the House and Hospital called Bethlehem'].

Author: 
[Act of Parliament, 1781, relating to the Corporation of the City of London and hospitals St Thomas's, Southwark; St Bartholomew's, Smithfield; Bedlam; Clayton, Cookson & Wainewright, solicitors]
Publication details: 
London: Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Spottiswoode, Printers to the King's most Excellent Majesty. 1834.
£120.00

11pp., foolscap 8vo. Stitched and unbound. Aged and worn, with closted vertical 5cm cut from bottom through all six leaves. The full drophead title reads: 'CAP. LXXVII.

Autograph Letter Signed to [K. W. Luckhurst], Secretary, Royal Society of Arts, together with unsigned carbon of reply.

Author: 
Thomas Girtin
Publication details: 
The letter, 17 July 1951, on letterhead 'PELHAM MOUNT | PELHAMS WALK | ESHER'; the carbon, 13 July 1951.
£45.00

British metallurgist (1874-1960) and Master of the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers. Apologises for assuming that Dr Thomas Monro was a member of the Society. 'I never doubted it because not only did he live in Adelphi Terrace, next door to his friend David Garrick, but he was friendly with so many of the Members of that day, and a great patron of the Arts. For the rest he was a medical man - chief physician to 'Bedlam' and one of poor old George III's mental doctors -'.

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