CASTLEREAGH

[Castlereagh; F.W.R. Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry, as Viscount Castlereagh, rake and Tory politician.] Autograph Note Signed ('Castlereagh') regarding his presentation of petitions 'for the Abolition of Church Patronage in Scotland'.

Author: 
Frederick William Robert Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry (1805-1872), styled Viscount Castlereagh 1822-1854, Anglo-Irish nobleman, rake and Tory politician
Publication details: 
'H. of Cs. [i.e. House of Commons] | Thursday.' No date, but on paper with 1840 watermark.
£56.00

For information on Castlereagh, who in his rakish youth was known as ‘Cas’ or ‘Young Rapid’, see his entry in the History of Parliament. In 1833 he is said to have sired a child by the celebrated actress Madame Vestris, leading Lady Holland to comment that he was 'enchanted at his feat’. Queen Victoria considered him unfit for any serious responsibility. He inherited the family trait of mental instability (Lord John Russell commenting that‘he talks, but does not seem mad’) and spent his last years incarcerated. 1p, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged.

[Lord Castlereagh, Tory Foreign Secretary at the Congress of Vienna, hated by Byron and Shelley.] Autograph Letter in the third person, as 'Lord Londonderry', asking him to present a book to the king from 'Monsieur de Martens'.

Author: 
Lord Castlereagh [Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry; styled Viscount Castlereagh, 1769-1821] (1769-1822), Tory Foreign Secretary at Congress of Vienna, hated by Byron, Shelley and radicals
Publication details: 
'St James' Square | 1 May /22 [1822]'.
£56.00

2pp., 12mo. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Reads: 'Lord Londonderry presents his compliments to Mr Watson and begs to forward to him a letter and book which he has been requested by Monsieur de Martens to present to His Majesty'. Londonderry was considered a repressive figure by the radicals. In a poem Byron called on travellers to piss on his grave, and in 'The Masque of Anarchy' Shelley wrote: 'I met murder on the way, | He had a mask like Castlereagh.' Within months of the present communication Londonderry would commit suicide.

[ Lord Castlereagh, Tory politician. ] Autograph Signature ('Castlereagh') on frank addressed to Captain Wood, 10th Hussars, Kilkenny.

Author: 
Lord Castlereagh [ Frederick Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry ] (1805-1872), Tory politician, Member of Parliament for County Down
Publication details: 
'London June Twenty Four 1833'.
£25.00

On 7.5 x 12 cm piece of paper, cut from the front of an envelope. With frank postmark in faint red ink. Laid out in the customary fashioin, with the date and address reading 'London June Twenty Four 1833. | Captn. Wood | 10th Hussars | Kilkenny', with 'Castlereagh' at bottom left.

[ Jacob Bosanquet, East India Company director. ] Three Autograph Letters, two signed, to his son George Jacob Bosanquet, largely on public affairs, one giving a long account of an interview with newly-appointed Foreign Secretary George Canning.

Author: 
Jacob Bosanquet (1755-1828), East India Company Chairman,1798, 1803 and 1811, and for 46 years a Director [his son George Jacob Bosanquet (1791-1866) of Broxbournebury; George Canning]
Publication details: 
31 January, 2 May and 3 October 1822. All three from East India House, London.
£280.00

The three items in fair condition, on lightly aged and worn paper. All three addressed to 'My dear George' and one with valediction from 'your affectionate Father'. The letters are described below in reverse chronological order. ONE: AL. 3 October 1822. 8pp., folio.

[Sir Edward Thornton, diplomat.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Edwd Thornton') to Viscount Castlereagh, writing from Sweden, to which he has travelled in HMS Victory, asking for a knighthood for negotiating the first treaty between Britain and Russia.

Author: 
Sir Edward Thornton, Count of Cassilhas in the Portuguese nobility (1766-1852), diplomat [Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh and 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (1769-1822), Tory foreign secretary]
Publication details: 
Stockholm. 7 December 1812.
£280.00

5pp., 4to. On two bifoliums. In fair condition, on lightly aged paper, with slight wear and creasing at the foot of both bifoliums, and labels from previous mounting still adhering. Headed 'Private'.

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