TERRORISM

['Mau Mau terrorism' in Kenya, and the UK Foreign Office.] Typewritten Foreign Office briefing document titled: '(a) The political and economic effect of MAU MAU in KENYA.'

Author: 
'Mau Mau terrorism' in Kenya, and the British Foreign Office [Kikuyu tribe; Jomo Kenyatta; Sir Philip Mitchell; Sir Evelyn Baring]
Publication details: 
[United Kingdom Foreign Office, Whitehall, London. Circa 1953.]
£320.00

The Mau Mau uprising began in 1952, and the atrocities committed by the rebels were matched by those of the British, whose Attorney General in Kenya, Eric Griffith-Jones, wrote to Governor Baring in 1957 that the colony's detention camps for Mau Mau suspects were 'distressingly reminiscent of conditions in Nazi Germany or Communist Russia'.

[ Thomas Henry Burke, Irish civil servant killed in the Phoenix Park Murders. ] Autograph Signature ('T H Burke') on part of an 'Authority to discharge'.

Author: 
Thomas Henry Burke (1829-1882), Permanent Under Secretary at the Irish Office, killed in the Phoenix Park Murders
Publication details: 
[ Dublin. ] Chief Secretary Office D.C. 'Discharged 20 March | 1875'.
£150.00

Piece of paper, approximately 15 x 21 cm, torn from the second and concluding leaf of a bifolium. Aged and worn, with repair to a closed tear. Burke's signature is at the foot, preceded by writing in another hand, thus: 'Hugh Mc. Mahon respectively. | I am, | Sir, | Your Obedient Servant, | J H Burke'. On the reverse, in ink: 'Chief Secretary Office D.C | Authority to discharge John & Hugh McMahon | also | Edward, Patrick & Bernard Mc.Swine | on entering into Bail self £2. with two Sureties £5 each.' Beneath this, at foot: 'Recd. & Ansd. | Discharged'.

[ The Alipore Bomb Case, 1908 to 1909; Indian Nationalism ] Three printed documents annotated by appeal judge Sir Richard Harington: Jenkins's 'Judgment. | Alipore appeal.'; Carnduff's dissenting judgment; Harington's final judgment.

Author: 
Sir Lawrence Hugh Jenkins, Chief Justice, and H. W. C. Carnduff, of the High Court, Fort William, Bengal; Sir Richard Harington [ Alipore Bomb Case; Muraripukur or Manicktolla Bomb Conspiracy ]
Publication details: 
Jenkins's judgment: In the High Court of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal. The 23rd November 1909. Carnduff's dissenting judgment dated 23 November 1909. Harington's final judgment, 18 February 1910. The last two printed in Calcutta.
£1,500.00

The Alipore Bomb Case was the trial of a number of revolutionaries of the Anushilan Samiti in Calcutta (their object, according to Harington, being 'to deprive the King of the Sovereignty of British India by force'), held at Alipore Sessions Court, Calcutta, between May 1908 and May 1909. The trial followed in the wake of the attempt on the life of Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford in Muzaffarpur by Bengali nationalists Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki in April 1908, as a result of which two ladies (Mrs and Miss Kennedy) died.

[ Robert Lynd, Irish Nationalist journalist and essayist. ] Autograph draft of a letter 'To the Editor of "Irish Freedom"', regarding 'Nationalism & Assassination', and attacking Savarkar, annotated by his daughter Maire Gaister.

Author: 
Robert Lynd [ Robert Wilson Lynd ] (1879-1949), journalist, essayist and Irish Nationalist [ Maire Gaister; Swatantryaveer Savarkar [ Vinayak Damodar Savarkar ] (1883-1966), Indian nationalist ]
Publication details: 
Undated. On cancelled letterheads of 3 Hampstead Mansions, Heath Street, N.W [ Circa 1909 or 1910. ]
£150.00

3pp., 12mo. In fair condition, on three leaves of aged paper. Docketted on third leaf by Maire Gaister: 'I don't know if Robert Lynd ever sent a copy of this letter to Irish Freedom or if they printed it.

[ Albie Sachs, South African activist. ] Typescript of his book 'Soft Vengeance of a Freedom Fighter', with variations from the published version.

Author: 
Albie Sachs [ Albert Louis Sachs ] (b.1935), African National Congress activist and former judge on the Constitutional Court of South Africa
Publication details: 
Without date or place, but between 1988, when the events described occurred in South Africa, and the publication of the book in 1990.
£250.00

113pp., 8vo. On 57 leaves, stapled together, with white card backing. No title-page. Worn and aged, with first leaf detached, but in fair condition overall. In 1988, in Maputo, Mozambique, where Sachs was exiled as an ANC activist, he lost an arm and his sight in one eye when a bomb was placed in his car by agents acting for the South African Regime. Sach's memoir is an important document in the history of the South African freedom struggle. Widely praised on its publication, it received the Alan Paton Award in 1991.

[Franco-Tunisian Protocol.] Seven duplicated typed documents, in French, starting with 'Note | Protocole Franco-Tunisien signe a Paris le 21 Avril 1955 entre le Gouvernement Francais et le Gouvernment Tunisien sur l'Autonomie interne de la Tunisie'.

Author: 
Salah Ben Youssef (1907-1961), Secretaire General du Neo-Destour [Tunisia; Franco-Tunisian Protocol, 1955; the Maghreb]
Publication details: 
'Le Caire, le 16 Mai 1955.' [Cairo, Egypt. 16 May 1955.]
£500.00

The Encylopaedia Britannica gives the background to these items: 'The Neo-Destour was formed in 1934 by discontented young members of the more conservative Destour. After a bitter struggle with the parent organization, it became the predominant party under the leadership of Habib Bourguiba in 1937. It was harassed by French authorities throughout the 1940s and began an armed rebellion in 1953 that led to Tunisian independence in 1956. | A Neo-Destour government was then formed. In 1958 Bourguiba was appointed the first premier of Tunisia, and in 1959 he was overwhelmingly voted president.

Parliamentary Debates. House of Lords. Official Report. [Unrevised.] Defence of the Realm Acts.', containing a copy of Adams's 'Condemned Denominational Schools in London'.

Author: 
Edward Lyulph Stanley (1839-1925), 4th Baron Sheffield, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley, and 3rd Baron Eddisbury; Mary Jane Bridges-Adams [née Mary Jane Daltry] (1854-1939) [Defence of the Realm Acts]
Publication details: 
Wednesday, 7th March, 1917. Extract from Vol. 24. - No. 11.' London: Harrison and Sons, under the authority of H.M.S.O., 1917.
£56.00

The extract from the 'Parliamentary Debates' is 8vo, 12 pp (paginated 402-423), stapled and in original blue printed wraps. Grubby and dogeared, with light staining at head. Bound in at the front is Adams's 'Circular', which is a 4-page 8vo bifolium, printed by 'E. H. Williams (T. U.) Printer, 232 Devons Road, Bow, E.' Good, on lightly aged paper. Printed at the head of Adams's pamphlet is 'N.B. Copies of this Circular were seized by the police in a raid on the room occupied by Mrs.

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