Economics

Supplément à la Gazette nationale [Thomas Paine's debate with Sièyes]

Author: 
[Thomas Paine; Newspaper Debate with Emmanuel Sièyes [Syèyes]]
Thomas Paine; Newspaper Debate with Emmanuel Sièyes [Syèyes]]
Publication details: 
Samedi, 16 Juillet 1791
£650.00
Thomas Paine; Newspaper Debate with Emmanuel Sièyes [Syèyes]]

USA AMERICAN REVOLUTION WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THOMAS PAINE

[Manuscript] The Household Expenses of the family Commander G.Y. Paterson, son of Admiral Paterson, sometime Governor of Portchester Castle (DNB)

Author: 
[Household Expenses, 1880s; Brockhurst House, Gosport, Hampshire]
Household Expenses, 1880s; Brockhurst House, Gosport, Hampshire
Publication details: 
[Brockhurst], 10 Dec. 1882-11 Feb. 1889.
£380.00
Household Expenses, 1880s; Brockhurst House, Gosport, Hampshire

106pp., 4to, black limp cloth, worn, remnants of paper on which is written a biblical passage in Greek on back, hinge strain, but contents clear and complete, text in an extraordinarily small neat hand, sometimes (amazingly) hard to read. The author has used a double entry system, recording Income on one side and Expenditure on the other. The balance (income less expenditure) is brought forward. Expenditure is listed daily, usually all expenses appearing on one line, nature of expenditure and outlay, and a total for the day appearing in the final column.

Autograph Letter Signed "G.C. Lewis" (statesman and political philosopher) to [John Lewis] Ricardo, British businessman and politician..

Author: 
George Cornwall Lewis, English statesman and political philosopher.
Autograph Letter Signed "G.C. Lewis" (statesman and political philosopher)
Publication details: 
Downing Street, 4 May 1855.
£38.00
Autograph Letter Signed "G.C. Lewis" (statesman and political philosopher)

Four pages, 12mo, bifolium, small closed tear on fold, mainly good condition. "It has been represented to me that the Bill of which you have given notice for Tuesday the 8th is of a nature to affect the rights of the Crown in connexion with the Duchy of Lancaster.

[Printed with MS additions] [No. 9] Early Membership Certificate for the Glasgow Renfrewshire Society.

Author: 
[William Shortridge, Glasgow Merchant]
Early Membership Certificate  for the Glasgow Renfrewshire Society.
Publication details: 
Glasgow, 17 Feb. 1769.
£350.00
Early Membership Certificate  for the Glasgow Renfrewshire Society.

One page, c.19.5 x 24cm, laid down on larger page, spotted and dulled but attractive, with text and illustration (Glasgow coat-of-arms augmented). Text: (MS in square brackets] No. [9] Glasgow [17th Feby] 17[69] | [William Shortrige (sic) Merchant in Glasgow] is this day admitted a Member pf the GLASGOW RENFREWSHIRE Society, having paid dues accordingly. [John Hamilton] Preses. | [James Shaw] Collector.

Autograph Signature of Samuel Rogers ['Saml Rogers'], 'the Banker Poet', on cheque drawn on his own bank, Messrs Rogers, Olding, Sharpe & Co.

Author: 
Samuel Rogers (1763-1855), 'the Banker Poet', friend of Wordsworth, Coleridge and Byron
Autograph Signature of Samuel Rogers ['Saml Rogers'], 'the Banker Poet'
Publication details: 
30 July 1849. Messrs Rogers, Olding, Sharpe & Co, 29 Clements Lane, Lombard Street.
£125.00
Autograph Signature of Samuel Rogers ['Saml Rogers'], 'the Banker Poet'

Around the size of a modern cheque. Fair, on lightly-aged paper. A nice item, considering Rogers' background. A printed cheque for £40 cash, written out to himself (as 'S R'). With a lattice of five lines over Rogers' signature ('Saml Rogers') indicating payment. Denominations to be paid indicated on back.

[Booklet] The Population Question according to T.R. Malthus and J.S. Mill, giving the Malthusian Theory of Over-Population.

Author: 
Charles R. Drysdale, M.D.
Publication details: 
London: Geo. Standing, 8 & 9 Finsbury Street, 1892 (originally published in 1878).
£80.00

94pp., 12mo, printed green wraps, spotted, staples rusted, spine worn, title-page spotted, rest good. Scarce.

[Pamphlet; inscribed by author] The Exchequer Note versus the Sovereign: The Great Want of the Country, A State Paper Money expanding with population and wealth.

Author: 
James Harvey, author of Paper Money
The Exchequer Note versus the Sovereign:
Publication details: 
Liverpool: Edward Howell . . . London . . . , 1865.
£250.00
The Exchequer Note versus the Sovereign:

Printed pamphlet, 24pp., 8vo,sewn as issued, wraps grubby, contents good. Inscribed Jacob Waley, [?] with the author's respects. Jacob Waley was the first president of the Anglo-Jewish Association and Professor of Political Economy at University College London.

'Graphic and Tabular Representation of the Progress of Population in the United States from 1750 to 1990 [American Population Projection] Large lithograph graph table

Author: 
Montgomery Meigs (Sr), [From the papers of Montgomery Meigs, Jr, son of The Union Army's Quarter-Master-General]
Graphic and Tabular Representation of the Progress of Population in the USA
Publication details: 
Washington, 1889
£500.00
Graphic and Tabular Representation of the Progress of Population in the USA

38 x 66 cm; 'L. M. Zuncker, del.'), slightly yellowed, burnhole (buller?) through part of title (two letters affected),'Bvt. Major General Quarter Master General, U.S.A. (retired)'), dated 'Washington, D.C. August-September, 1889', giving a 'Graphic and Tabular Representation of the Progress of Population in the United States from 1750 to 1990'. With facsimile of Meigs's signature. The graph sweeps up in a curve to a steep rise in the latter decades, with a partial parallel estimate of the population 'had there been no war from 1861-65'.

Letter, in a secretarial hand, signed by the Whig politician William Huskisson ('W. Huskisson'), to John Sweetland on Treasury business.

Author: 
William Huskisson (1770-1830), British Whig politician [John Sweetland, Principal Commissary of Stores and Provisions at Gibraltar; Stephenson's Rocket; railways; locomotives]
William Huskisson (1770-1830), British Whig politician
Publication details: 
11 August 1807; Treasury Chambers [London].
£125.00
William Huskisson (1770-1830), British Whig politician

Folio, 1 p. Good, on lightly-aged paper. Removed from an album, and with docketing on second leaf slightly obsucred by thin strip of paper in margin. Written while Huskisson was Secretary to the Treasury, and requiring Sweetland to provide to the Lords Commissioners 'an account of the Revenues of Gibraltar for the last three Years distinguishing the amount under each head of Revenue and also a Statement fo all Payments charged upon the said Revenue'. Despite his achievements, Huskisson is now best-remembered as the first railway fatality.

Striking original large coloured Conservative Party anti-Free Trade election poster, captioned 'Watchman, What Of The Night?', showing Uncle Sam, a Chinaman and a Russian removing 'British Capital' from a factory while the watchman John Bull sleeps.

Author: 
[Conservative Party; Liberal Party; Free Trade; British General Election, 1910; political caricature]
Coloured Conservative Party anti-Free Trade election poster
Publication details: 
[1910?] Numbered 109. 'Published by The National Union of Conservative & Constitutional Associations, St. Stephens Chambers, Westminster, S.W. & Printed by David Allen & Sons Ld. 180 Fleet St. E.C.'
£350.00
Coloured Conservative Party anti-Free Trade election poster

Lithograph. Landscape, 51 x 76 cm. In fair condition and worthy of framing, although aged and with a few small holes. John Bull, in a watchman's hut with a flag on his knees, dozes before the fire of Free Trade, while Uncle Sam and a jolly Chinaman remove a stretcher bearing a heavy load of 'BRITISH CAPITAL' from the factory gates of 'BRITISH INDUSTRIES', closely followed by a Soviet with a swag bag. Presumably produced in the build-up to the British General Election of 1910.

[Printed handbill] 'An Account of the Quantity of Copper Coined by Mr. Boulton, Distinguishing the Amount of Twopenny Pieces, Penny Pieces, Halfpence, and Farthings into which it was coined, with the Nominal Value of each'.

Author: 
Matthew Robinson Boulton, son of Matthew Boulton (1728-1809), the business partner of James Watt (1736-1819)
Account of the Quantity of Copper Coined by Mr. Boulton
Publication details: 
'Ordered to be printed 7th June 1819.'
£125.00
Account of the Quantity of Copper Coined by Mr. Boulton

Folio, 3 pp. Bifolium. Full title lengthwise (because intended to be folded into packet) on reverse of second leaf: 'An Account of the Quantity of Copper Coined by Mr. Boulton, Distinguishing the Amount of Twopenny Pieces, Penny Pieces, Halfpence, and Farthings into which it was coined, with the Nominal Value of each: And also, A Statement of the Market Price of Copper At the Time the Contracts were made with Mr. Boulton.' Text clear and complete. On aged and creased paper. The first page, with '(95.)' in bottom left-hand corner, prints the transcript of a letter from 'M.

Poster advertising the 1943 Cambridge Union Society debate: 'The Public School has an essential part to play in the post-war Educational System.' [proposed by Peter Thorneycroft, M.P., and opposed by C. E. M. Joad]

Author: 
[Cambridge Union Society; Peter Thorneycroft; C. E. M. Joad; British public schools]
Poster advertising the 1943 Cambridge Union Society debate
Publication details: 
Dated 'Union Society, Cambridge. 5th May, 1943. F. W. Curzon, Chief Clerk.' [printed by 'Foister & Jagg, St. Andrew's Hill, Cambridge.']
£56.00
Poster advertising the 1943 Cambridge Union Society debate

Printed, in a variety of sans serif point sizes, in red ink on one side of a piece of light-blue paper 26.5 x 21 cm. In fair condition on lightly aged and creased paper; folded twice and a little dog-eared. Evidently previously pinned up: there is slight loss at head and tail where torn away (at the foot this has caused loss to the word 'ANDREW'S' in the printer's slug).

Report of Enquiry into Wages and Costs of Living of Natives at Kroonstad, Orange Free State.

Author: 
South African Institute of Race Relations (Incorp.) / Suid-Afrikaanse Instituut vir Rasseverhoudings (Ingelyf) [Bantu; apartheid]
Report of Enquiry into Wages and Costs of Living of Natives at Kroonstad
Publication details: 
Dated in type 'A. L. S. July 1st, 1940.'
£100.00
Report of Enquiry into Wages and Costs of Living of Natives at Kroonstad

Folio, 13 pp. Mimeographed typed document on seven leaves stapled together at head. Some leaves separated. Text clear and complete. On aged high-acidity paper with slight chipping to extremities. Report over first seven pages, followed by two appendixes: 'Minimum Diet for Urban Bantu Family of Husband, Wife and Three Children and Cost thereof in Kroonstad' and 'Occupational and Wage Statistics'. No copy on COPAC or in the British Library.

Secretarial Letter, Signed by Cameron, to Dickson, complaining that the latter's charges for work on the Ordnance Survey are 'very high'; ALS, 'Robt. H. Forman" of the War Department to Dickson; copies of Dickson's replies to both men.

Author: 
Major-General John Cameron, Director-General of the Ordnance Survey, 1875-1878 [William Dickson, Clerk of the Peace of the County of Northumberland; Alnwick]
Major-General John Cameron, Director-General of the Ordnance Survey
Publication details: 
London and Alnwick. All from 1855. Cameron's letter on letterhead of the Ordnance Map Office, Southampton.
£150.00
Major-General John Cameron, Director-General of the Ordnance Survey

All four items with text clear and complete. Good, on lightly-aged paper. The four items pinned together and placed in the stamped envelope of Cameron's letter, addressed to Dickson as 'Clerk of the Peace of the County of Northumberland | Newcastle upon Tyne'. Casting interesting light on the workings of the Ordnance Survey. Letter One: Cameron to Dickson ('for Lieut: Colonel James | Director, absent on duty'), 19 September 1855. 4to, 1 p.

The Cause of the Heavy Burdens of Great Britain, and of her National Debt; comprising a rapid survey of some of the great events, especially connected with the finances of British History, during the last hundred and fifty years.

Author: 
[John Allen (1790?-1859) of Liskeard] [the National Debt of Great Britain]
The Cause of the Heavy Burdens of Great Britain, and of her National Debt
Publication details: 
Second Edition Revised. 1843. London: Harvey and Darton, Gracechurch-street, and C. Gilpin, 5 Bishopsgate-street. [Johnston & Barrett, Printers, 13 Mark-Lane.]
£76.00
The Cause of the Heavy Burdens of Great Britain, and of her National Debt

12mo, 12 pp, and fold-out frontispiece of table showing the 'British National Debt, funded and unfunded, stated in millions of pounds sterling' from 1689 to 1843, with four other columns. Stitched and in original printed wraps. Text clear and complete. Several copies of varying condition. Usually Fair: lightly-aged and creased. Scarce: other than electronic reproductions, COPAC only lists copies of this second edition at the Bodleian and British Library.

Correspondence and Proceedings in the Negociation for a Renewal of the East-India Company's Charter. [John Fane's copy]

Author: 
[John Fane (1751-1824), Tory politician] [the East India Company]
Correspondence and Proceedings . . .Renewal of the East-India Company Charter
Publication details: 
London: Printed for Black, Parry, and Co. Leadenhall Street. 1812. [London: - Printed by Cox and Baylis, 75, Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields.]
£56.00
Correspondence and Proceedings . . .Renewal of the East-India Company Charter

8vo, [viii] + 92 + [iv] pp. The last four pages comprise a publisher's catalogue. Unbound. Stitched as issued. First leaf discoloured and stained, last five leaves creased: otherwise a very good tight copy. Ownership inscription at head of first leaf, reading 'J. Fane Esq MP | 8 Great George St.'

Manuscript account of 'Revenue as calculated to end of Charter', including reference to St Helena.

Author: 
East India Company [St Helena; Charter of 1833]
Publication details: 
Dated at foot '1845'.
£150.00

On one side of a piece of laid watermarked paper, 14 x 8 cm. On aged and creased paper. The accounts are brief, and neatly written in an unidentified hand. At foot '1845'. Headed 'Revenue as calculated to end of Charter', and featuring a total of £17,936,217 against itemised charges of £18,763517, including those incurred 'in India', 'Esp: St Helena', 'Political Chges in England' and 'Cost of '. Beneath this a section headed 'Of ye above charges may be pble in Engd'.

Collection of correspondence from Elizabeth Arden Ltd to agents Franklyn and Doris Rogers, Messrs Titcumbs, Chatham, including an Autograph Letter Signed ('Elizabeth Arden') from Arden, and 40 Typed Letters Signed from director T. Gordon Yates.

Author: 
Elizabeth Arden [Florence Nightingale Graham (1878-1966)]
Publication details: 
Between 1942 and 1956; most items on the letterhead of the Elizabeth Arden Ltd British headquarters at 25 Old Bond Street, London.
£325.00

The collection of fifty-three Typed Letters Signed and six mimeographed circulars, in various formats, is in good condition on lightly-aged paper, with all texts clear and complete, and with a couple of items with closed tears. Providing an interesting sidelight into workings of the English branch of one of the twentieth-century's leading multinational corporations. Arden's letter (8vo, 1 p), dated 8 April 1955, is addressed to the Rogers' daughter 'Miss J. Rogers'.

Printed pamphlet (with 'P.T.O.' in large letters on cover) and handbill notice, with autograph covering letter to an unnamed clergyman [Rev. Charles William Shepherd], in which he describes himself as 'the "Doyen" of Ecclesiastical Agents'.

Author: 
Edward Broughton-Rouse, Sheffield solicitor, 'Ecclesiastical Agent' (agent for the purchase and sale of advowsons)
Publication details: 
None of the items dated. Pamphlet from circa 1897.
£120.00

The three items indicate a brashness approaching hucksterism on the part of a Victorian professional, in addition to marketing techniques advanced for the period. Letter: 12mo, 2 pp. Stamped at head: 'Edw. Broughton Rouse, M.A., LL.D. | 436, GLOSSOP ROAD, | SHEFFIELD.' Twenty-five lines of text. Clear and complete. Fair, on lightly-aged paper. Many hundreds of this letter must have been copied out and sent to clergymen throughout England.

Autograph Letter Signed ('John Trotter') to Hay, with signed 'List of Payments made to Sir William Forbes of Hunter & Co. by the undermentioned partners of the East Lothian & Merse Whalefishing Company Since the 6th of March 1805'.

Author: 
John Trotter [The East Lothian & Merse Whale Fishing Company; James Hay, Writer to the Signet, Edinburgh; Sir William Forbes (1739-1806) of Pitsligo]
Publication details: 
6 April 1805; Dunbar.
£165.00

4to bifolium. Very good on aged paper. The letter covers the whole of the recto of the second leaf, the reverse of which carries the address and docketing: '6th. April 1805 | John Trotter - with List of payments to Sir Wm. Forbes & Co. on acct. of the whale fishing Cy.' Trotter quotes at length from a 'paragraph' in a letter he has received from William Forbes & Co, explaining why a credit 'does not appear in the annexed statement, as the receipt has not been delivered up to us'.

Autograph Letter Signed ('W Knollys | Lt Genl') to J. Maitland, on the presentation of an address to the Prince of Wales by the Church of Scotland.

Author: 
General Rt. Hon. Sir William Thomas Knollys (1797-1883), Treasurer and Comptroller of the Household of the Prince of Wales, 1862-1877 [General Assembly of the Church of Scotland; J. Maitland]
Publication details: 
25 March 1863; Buckingham Palace.
£65.00

4to, 2 pp. Good, on lightly-aged laid paper, with small area torn away from top corner (not affecting text). Docketed at head in an Edwardian hand: 'From Lieutt Genl. Sir William Knollys to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland on the occasion of the Prince of Wales' marriage | Private Secretary to the Prince of Wales [Edward VII]'.

A printed circular by 'Members of the Birmingham Committee of Shareholders', addressed 'To the Shareholders of the Standard Bank of London Limited', with a lithographed facsimile letter from the firm's liquidator Leslie, and a share prospectus.

Author: 
Henry Leslie, F.S.A. [The Standard Bank of London Limited; London Stock Exchange; Victorian economics]
Publication details: 
Circular dated 'Committee Room, 116, Colmore Row, Birmingham, 27th April, 1882.' ['Printed by JOSIAH ALLEN, Birmingham.'] Lithograph dated 8 May 1882. Prospectus: 10 December 1880.
£125.00

According to the prospectus (item three below), the Bank was 'Incorporated under the Companies' Acts, 1862, 1867, 1877 and 1879.' The three items were formerly pinned together. Item One (printed circular): 4to, 4 pp. Bifolium. Good, on lightly-aged paper. Headed 'TO SHAREHOLDERS ONLY. - PRIVATE.' Signed in type by seven 'Members of the Birmingham Committee of Shareholders'. The first paragraph reads 'The action of Mr.

Autograph Note Signed ('J H Gurney') to Messrs Hertslet & Scott, No 31 Norfolk Street, Strand, London.

Author: 
John Henry Gurney (1819-1819), banker and ornithologist
Publication details: 
31 July 1840; Norwich.
£28.00

4to, 1 p. Bifolium. Good, on lightly-aged and worn paper. With 1 cm vertical closed tear at foot of each leaf. Addressed, with postmarks, on the reverse of the second leaf, which is docketed '31. July 1840. | Gurney & Co. that Mrs E. Lofty resides at Hethersett near Norwich -'. Reads 'Respected friends | We believe that the lady for whose address you enquire in yr favor of the 29th Inst resides at Hethersett near this city'. Gurney joined the family business at the age of seventeen.

Part of Autograph Letter, with signature ('James Wilson').

Author: 
James Wilson (1805-1860), Scottish economist and politician
Publication details: 
Place and date not stated.
£23.00

On one side of a piece of wove paper, roughly 5 x 18.5 cm, cut from letter by an autograph collector. Aged, and with staining from the glue used in mounting. Reads '<...> upon it. | I hope you are quite recovered. | Yours trly | James Wilson'.

Autograph Letter Signed ('Selkirk') to unnamed male recipient.

Author: 
Dunbar James Douglas (1809-1885), 6th Earl of Selkirk [Lord Selkirk; Alexander Hall & Co, Aberdeen shipbuilders]
Publication details: 
21 February 1857; Athens.
£65.00

12mo bifolium: 4 pp. Text clear and complete. Fair, on aged paper.

Stamped, sealed document appointing Robert William Hopkins of Preston 'to be my Sealer and Deputy Keeper of the Seal [of the Duchy of Lancaster]'.

Author: 
James Graham, 7th Marquis and 4th Duke of Montrose
Publication details: 
26 February 1858[; London].
£45.00

Scottish noble (1799-1874), Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 1 page, 4to, on blue paper. In good condition despite a number of closed tears. Signed 'Montrose' and with his heavily-smudged red wax seal. Witnessed by 'F. Dawes Danvers | Duchy of Lancaster Office | London'. Decorative blind stamp 'ONE POUND FIFTEEN SHILLINGS', and with ink stamp 'LONDON | 27 . 2 . 58 | D'.

Printed handbill, headed 'Welcome Address presented to His Excellency Sardar K. M. Panikkar, Indian Ambassador to China on his first Official Visit to Shanghai by the Indian Merchants' Association - Shanghai'.

Author: 
H. G. Ahmad, Acting President, The Indian Merchants' Association - Shanghai [Sardar K. M. Panikkar, Indian Ambassador to China]
Publication details: 
[Shanghai:] 'On 19th June 1948.'
£35.00

Printed on one side of a piece of cream paper, roughly 33 x 20.5 cm. Good, on lightly aged paper. The address is contained within a decorative border, 27.5 x 16.5 cm, and consists of forty lines of text arranged in seven paragraphs. Ahmad touches on the importance of the 'Mercantile Community', on relations between China and India, and on the 'various causes which have considerably reduced the Import and Export trade in general' ('It is quite apparent that the local economic conditions have deteriorated to an alarming extent, [...]'). He thanks 'our consul general Mr.

Printed handbill, with corrected proof and partial typescript, of 'Welcome Address presented to His Excellency Sardar K. M. Panikkar, Indian Ambassador to China on his first Official Visit to Shanghai by the Indian Merchants' Association - Shanghai'.

Author: 
H. G. Ahmad, Acting President, The Indian Merchants' Association - Shanghai [Sardar K. M. Panikkar, Indian Ambassador to China]
Publication details: 
[Shanghai:] 'On 19th June 1948.'
£95.00

The handbill is printed on one side of a piece of cream paper, roughly 33 x 20.5 cm. Good: lightly aged and creased. The address is contained within a decorative border, 27.5 x 16.5 cm, and consists of forty lines of text arranged in seven paragraphs. Ahmad touches on the importance of the 'Mercantile Community', on relations between China and India, and on the 'various causes which have considerably reduced the Import and Export trade in general' ('It is quite apparent that the local economic conditions have deteriorated to an alarming extent, [...]'). He thanks 'our consul general Mr.

Crown Deep Ltd. Insurance Plan', carbon printed on cloth, giving a detailed layout of the gold mine, keyed to seventy-seven entries. With Manuscript table of results of 'Crown Deep tube milling tests, 1907'.

Author: 
Crown Deep Ltd (gold mine) [South African Gold Mining; Mines]
Publication details: 
Insurance Plan' dated in manuscript 1898. Manuscript table covering the period from 1 August to 9 October 1907.
£225.00

The two items rolled into tubes. The 'Crown Deep Ltd. Insurance Plan' carbon printed on one side of a piece of cloth roughly 44 x 102 cm. In good condition: slightly discoloured and frayed. The keyed entries range from '1 No. 1 Headgear & all appurtenances' to '77 Shed near Feedwater tanks', and include '69 Coolie Compound at Dam' and '57 Stable Boy's House'. The table of results of the 'milling tests', approximately 37 x 74 cm, is clear and complete on discoloured paper with closed tears at head repaired with archival tape.

Manuscript Pay Warrant and Receipt, with Autograph Signature.

Author: 
John Murray, 2nd Earl of Dunmore (1685-1752); [Horatio?] Walpole.
Publication details: 
28 March 1740; Whitehall.
£56.00

Two pages. Dimensions of paper fourteen and a half inches by nine inches. Aged and stained, with fraying to extremities and some loss to one corner (not affecting text). Order to 'deliver and pay of such his Majesty's Treasure as remains in your Charge unto John Earl of Dunmore or his Assigns the Sum of Two hundred and Fifty Pounds', on Dunmore's 'Annuity or yearly Pension of One Thousand Pounds as one of the Gentlemen of his Majesty's Bedchamber'. With signatures of 'Winnington', 'G Earle' and <?>. Docketed 'Mr. Yorke I pray pay this Order out of Addl.

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