TWINING

[ Thomas Twining, classical scholar and translator. ] Autograph Letter Signed ('T. Twining.') to Rev. James Powell of Bitteswell, describing his 'Cannarvonshire tour', and arranging to visit him on his way home.

Author: 
Thomas Twining (c.1734-1804), classical scholar and translator [ Rev. James Powell of Bitteswell, Lutterworth ]
Publication details: 
'Llanvarog [Llanfwrog], (near Ruthin, North Wales.)' 12 August 1797
£100.00

2pp., 4to. In good condition, with the leaf in neatly-trimmed remains of a windowpane mount. His party returned from its 'Cannarvonshire [sic] tour on Thursday, - well pleased, & well tired. I have seen what I had long wished to see, - & my expectations were fully, if not more than fully, answered.

[Dr Samuel Parr, 'the Whig Doctor Johnson'.] Autograph Letter Signed ('S Parr') to the tea merchant Richard Twining, Senior.

Author: 
Dr Samuel Parr (1747-1825), schoolmaster and classical scholar [Richard Twining (1749-1824), Senior, tea and coffee merchant; his son Richard Twining (1772-1857), Junior]
Publication details: 
27 May [1807].
£56.00

1p., 12mo. 24 lines of text. In fair condition, on aged paper, with minor traces of mount adhering to reverse, which is addressed by Parr to 'R Twining, Senior, Esqre | Devereux Court | the Strand', and docketted 'Dr. Parr May 27th. 1807'.

Autograph Note in the third person from [Martin Joseph Routh,] President of Magdalen College, Oxford, to 'Mr Twining' [Richard Twining], praising his uncle Thomas Twining's translation of Aristotle. With pencil note on Routh by Twining.

Author: 
Martin Joseph Routh (1755-1854), President of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1791-1854; and Patristic scholar [Richard Twining (1807-1906); Thomas Twining (1734-1804), classicist]
Publication details: 
Magdalen College, Oxford. 14 November 1851.
£90.00

1p., 12mo. On bifolium. Written in a faint, difficult hand, as one might expect from a ninety-six year-old. 'The President of Magdalen presents his Compliments to Mr Twining, and thanks his kind present of the portrait of his learned Uncle, author of one of the best translations into the English language of a great writer. His own great age and attendent

Twelve Manuscript items relating to the Twining family, including letters from the tea merchant Richard Twining and his sons Richard and Thomas, a receipt from Simon Schram, a pencil portrait, an original poem, a family tree.

Author: 
[Richard Twining (1749-1824), London tea and coffee merchant, and his sons Richard Twining (1772-1857) and Thomas Twining (1776-1861); Thomas Twining (1734-1804), classical scholar and translator]
Publication details: 
Dating from between 1719 and 1831.
£280.00

The twelve items are in good condition, on lightly-aged paper. They probably derive from Richard Twining (1807-1906), editor of 'Selections from the Papers of the Twining Family' (1887). ONE: Autograph Letter Signed, in a very shaky hand, from Rev. Thomas Twining, 'ffor Mr. Thomas Twining at the golden Lyon in Davaraux [sic] Court by Temple Barr | London | [signed] Frank Williamson'. [1717.] Postscript: 'I beg you because I have not Leisure now to write to him, to wait on Mr Hen.

Three printed items relating to the Royal Westminster Volunteers, from the papers of Lieut-Col. Richard Twining, Junior: a 'General Order' (on a review by the Russian Emperor), a Circular by Twining, and an 'Extract from the Star'.

Author: 
[Royal Westminster Regiment of Volunteers; Richard Twining the younger (1772-1857), tea and coffee merchant and banker, eldest son of the firm's founder Richard Twining the elder (1749-1824)]
Publication details: 
The 'General Order' (1814) and the 'Circular' (1819) both printed by 'R. Spragg, Printer, Bow-street, Covent-garden.' The 'Extract' printed by 'Seeley, Printers, Buckingham.' [1805.]
£220.00

The three items all cropped, but in good condition, on lightly aged and creased paper. ITEM ONE: Headed 'Extract from the Star of Thursday, 17th October, 1805. | Royal Westminster Volunteers.' 1p., 8vo. Printer's slug in bottom left-hand corner. Autograph note by Twining at foot: 'This was printed by the voluntary act of my honor'd friend Dr.

Two printed documents relating to the attempt by Richard Twining the younger, tea and coffee merchant in the Strand, London, to become a director of the East India Company: an address 'To the Proprietors of East India Stock', and a 'List Anno 1810.'

Author: 
Richard Twining the younger (1772-1857), tea and coffee merchant and banker, eldest son of Richard Twining the elder (1749-1824), founder of the firm and director of the East India Company
Publication details: 
Both items from London. Twining's address: 'Strand, December 19, 1809.' The 'List Anno 1810': 'Cox and Son, Printers, Gt. Queen Str.'
£80.00

Item One (address): 2pp., 4to. Bifolium, printed on the rectos of the two leaves. In very good condition, on lightly-aged paper, with slight evidence of previous mounting on the reverse of the second leaf. First page headed 'To the Proprietors of East India Stock.' Addressed to 'LADIES AND GENTLEMEN', signed in type 'RICHARD TWINING', and dated 'Strand, December 19, 1809.' Second page carrying a memorandum headed 'AT a very numerous meeting of PROPRIETORS OF EAST INDIA STOCK, at the King's Head Tavern, in the Poultry, on Wednesday, the 20th of December 1809.

Part of Autograph Letter Signed ('Tho Hughes') to Twining.

Author: 
Thomas Hughes [Thomas Smart Hughes] (1786–1847), historian [Richard Twining (1772-1857), tea and coffee merchant]
Thomas Hughes, historian, Letter
Publication details: 
15 September 1823.
£36.00
Thomas Hughes, historian, Letter

Strip of paper cut from letter, roughly 19 x 9 cm. Poor, on lightly-stained paper, with small section lacking from the breaking open of the seal, resulting in loss of one word. Postmark and fragment of address on reverse: '<...>d Twining Esqr | <...> Strand | London'. Reads 'Yrs very truly | [signed] Tho Hughes | 15 Sepr 1823 | I was glad to hear so tolerable an account of your father: while life continues <...> him, I hope it will please God to render it tolerable'. From the Twining archives.

Autograph Note, in the third person, to Twining.

Author: 
Hugh Percy [Hugh Smithson] (1742-1817), 2nd Duke of Northumberland [Richard Twining (1749-1824), tea and coffee merchant]
Publication details: 
2 December 1799; Northumberland House, London.
£28.00

4to, 1 p. Good, aged paper, with traces of previous mount adhering to reverse. Reads 'The Duke of Northumberland presents his Compliments to Mr. Twining, & shall be glad to see him on Wednesday next at three o'clock. | Northd. House | Decr. 2d. 1799.' From the Twining family archive.

Autograph Letter Signed ('Y. Smythies') to Twining, including two translations of 'Bishop Lowth's Maria's Elegy'.

Author: 
Rev. William Yorick Smythies (1816-1910), husband of the Victorian novelist Mrs Gordon Smythies [née Harriette Maria Gordon] (1813-1883) [Richard Twining (1749-1824), tea and coffee merchant]
Publication details: 
17 October 1838; Colchester.
£95.00

4to, 3pp. Bifolium. Text clear and complete. Fair, on aged paper, with slight loss to second leaf caused by opening of red wax seal (part of which still adheres), and minor nicking to edges. Begins: 'The task you set me was a task indeed [...] my first attempt at translation'. He comments on some of the difficulties involved ('The Cara so often repeated in the original is beautiful in repetition while it's angliciz'd Dear is so degraded by vulgar use').

Autograph Letter Signed ('Samuel Hey') to Twining, giving details of an arson attack [on his church?].

Author: 
Samuel Hey (1739-1828), eccentric bibliophile vicar of Steeple Ashton, Wiltshire, known as 'The Hermit' [Richard Twining (1749-1824), tea and coffee merchant]
Publication details: 
17 January 1822; 'Steeple-Ashton near Trowbridge | Wiltshire'.
£85.00

12mo, 3 pp. Bifolium. Forty-nine lines of text, clear and complete. Good, on lightly-aged paper. In a neat, childish hand. Begins by asking for ten pounds to be paid to the bearer, Thomas Fairfax Carlile, on Hey's account. A 'hand bill' has been 'published on the occasion - but without effect', and fifteen of his 'near neighbours' have - 'without consulting me' - subscribed ten pounds each. 'A man was apprehended - but for want of sufficient evidence he was liberated to appear before the magistrate when called for, upon penalty of 40£.

Autograph Letter Signed ('L M. Hawkins') to Richard Twining (tea merchant and East India Company) at Isleworth.

Author: 
Laetitia Matilda Hawkins [Laetitia-Matilda Hawkins] (1759-1835), English novelist from Twickenham; daughter of Sir John Hawkins, biographer of Dr Johnson [Richard Twining (1749-1824), tea merchant]
Publication details: 
11 December 1811; 'Riverside Twickenham | Friday morn'.
£250.00

4to, 3 pp. Bifolium. Good, on aged paper. Thirty-nine lines of text. Good impression of red wax seal depicting Alexander Pope. In breaking open letter a 7 cm closed tear made to second leaf, and a small part of leaf torn away, and now under seal, with loss to three words of valediction. Slight glue staining from mount at head of verso of second leaf, which carries address and Twining's docketing.

Autograph Letter Signed to his former pupil Richard Twining, with a transcription in Twining's hand.

Author: 
Samuel Parr (1747-1825), schoolmaster and classical scholar [Richard Twining (1772-1857), tea merchant]
Publication details: 
11 February 1824; Hatton.
£95.00

8vo, 2 pp. Leaf dimensions 21 x 16.5 cm. On good wove paper. 29 lines. Text clear and complete. On the first leaf of the bifolium, with the transcription, presumably by Twining, on the recto of the second. Addressed by Parr to Twining at Devereux Court in the Strand, on the reverse of the second leaf, which carries Parr's broken seal in red wax, and a postmark. In good condition, though a little grubby. Parr's handwriting is legendarily bad (he received a flogging at Harrow because of it, and never reformed), and although the transcriber has made a game effort, there are a few lacunae.

Autograph Letter Signed ('G : A Galignani'), in Italian, to Twining. With signed receipt by Galignani, in Italian, for '18 Lezioni'.

Author: 
Giovanni Antonio Galignani (1757-1821), Paris bookseller and publisher of English works [Richard Twining (1772-1857), tea merchant]
Publication details: 
Letter: 'Venerdi mattina' (docketed with date 8 November 1796). Receipt dated 21 January 1797.
£800.00

Letter: 12mo, 1 p. On bifolium. Text clear and complete. On aged and ruckled paper. Slight damage to second leaf caused by breaking open of wafer. Addressed to 'Illustrissimo Signore'. Having 'un affare di qualche importanza alle nove', he would like to give Twining his lesson (presumably in Italian) the following morning at 8 o'clock. He hopes that coming half an hour early does not cause any inconvence. Receipt: on one side of a slip of paper, 7 x 19.5 cm. Headed 'Memorandum del Signor Twining'. For '18 Lezioni la prima delle quali fa data li 15 Novembee', and signed 'Galignani'.

Two manuscript menus, in the hand of Richard Twining the elder, and annotated by him, the first for 'the Dinner at Mr Gogle's at Frankfort in 1781'; and the second for 'Dinner [Desert] at Monsr. Roquette's Augt 1: 88'. With autograph note by his son.

Author: 
Richard Twining (1749-1824), tea and coffee merchant; his son Richard Twining (1772-1857) [eighteenth-century gastronomy; culinary; menus]
Publication details: 
Menus: 1781 and 1788. Note by Richard Twining the younger, 1850s.
£180.00

Unusual items, providing a first-hand glimpse into eighteenth-century European gastronomy, by one whose business was intimately connected with it. Texts of both items clear and complete. Both on aged, creased and worn paper. Item One: On one side of a piece of laid paper, 17 x 21 cm. Central vertical fold to make two sections, each with a square drawn in the centre, surrounded by names of foods.

Autograph Letter Signed ('Eldon') to Twining, based on a misapprehension. With memorandum by Twining, initialled 'R T'.

Author: 
John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon (1751-1838), Lord Chancellor [Richard Twining (1749-1824)]
Publication details: 
Undated. [London, post 1801.]
£38.00

8vo, 1 p. Eleven lines. Text clear and complete. Good, on lightly-aged paper, with a couple of spots from the leaf to which it was attached adhering to the blank reverse. Docketed at head in ink: 'Mem I know not to what application this refers.'; and at foot in pencil: 'Mem I was not the writer of the Letter referr'd to! | R T'. Eldon has received the recipient's letter, 'with a paper inserted from Mrs <?> Campbell or Clark. This paper is addressed to me under a very common Misapprehension of the Chancellors powers & duties'.

Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Mr Twining'.

Author: 
Richard Westmacott (1799-1872), English sculptor
Publication details: 
31 January 1862; 1 Kensington Gate.
£56.00

12mo, 2 pp, 18 lines. Good, on lightly aged and creased paper. 'Mr. Westmacott presents his Compts and has to acknowledge Mr Twinings polite letter'. Its delivery has been delayed 'owing to its incorrect address', 'Mr W. having left Wilton <& Co.?>. (and quitted the practice of his profession) for some years'. As for 'Engravings and Photographs' of Westmacott's works, 'very few were made'. Most of these were 'ill done', although he does name one with which he was satisfied. Consequently Westmacott cannot 'assist Mr. Twining in his object'.

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