AUTOGRAPH

[Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, Viceroy of Hanover.] Autograph Signature ('Adolphus Frederick. | Genl: & Col: in Chief' [of King's German Legion]) to order in secretarial hand for payment from Messrs Greenwood Cox & Co to Lieut. Charles Michaels

Author: 
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge [Adolphus Frederick] (1774-1850), tenth child and seventh son of King George III, Viceroy of Hanover for his brothers George IV and William IV
Publication details: 
[King's German Legion.] Legion Office [London]; 31 August 1813 [1814?].
£200.00

1p, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged. Endorsed: 'Contingent Account | An Order for Messrs Greenwood Co to pay Lieut Chas Michaelmas [sic] ten Pounds 31st Augst 1814 [sic]'. The Duke signs: 'Adolphus Frederick | Genl: & Col: in Chief'. The rest of the document is in a secretarial hand, and reads: '£10. | Legion Office 31st. Augst. 1813. | Messrs. Greenwood Cox & Co. pay to Lieut Charles Michaelis, late of the 1st. Line Batton.

[Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Frederick') to 'Grenville' [William Wyndham Grenville, future prime minister], regarding war and 'opportunity of humbling France', Welch Fusiliers, Allerton, buying a town house.

Author: 
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1763-1827), second son of George III, heir to George IV, reformer of the British Army [William Wyndham Grenville, Lord Grenville (1759-1834), Prime Minister
Publication details: 
Allerton Maleverer [sic]; 14 October 1787.
£500.00

An interesting intimate letter from the Duke of York, credited with having done more to reform the British Army than any other man, to the future Prime Minister Grenville, who at the time was Paymaster General of the Forces. Of particular note is the Duke's desire to go to war, 'for I am sure we never have had for these two Centuries so favourable an opportunity of humbling France'. 4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. Folded three times. Sixty-one lines of text.

[Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh ('Silly Billy').] Autograph Letter Signed ('William Frederick') to a duke, reporting that he has placed Edward Gage in his regiment, as requested.

Author: 
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh ['Silly Billy'] (1776-1834), great-grandson of George II, nephew and son-in-law of George III
Publication details: 
Bagshot Park; 27 October 1830.
£220.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. The letter reads: 'My dear Duke | I have much gratification in acquainting Your Grace that I have placed Mr Edward Gage in my Regiment, and I am sure You will believe that it affords me great satisfaction to have had so early an opportunity of meeting Your Wishes It will be necessary for him to lodge the purchase money at Messrs.

[Sir Everard Home, Serjeant Surgeon to King George III.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Messrs. Laddiges', i.e. firm of George Laddiges, Hackney nurseryman, regarding bananas cultivated to 'perfection', with reference to 'Mr Eyton' and Kew.

Author: 
Sir Everard Home, 1st Baronet (1756-1832), Serjeant Surgeon to King George III, brother-in-law and pupil at St George's Hospital of John Hunter (1728-1793) [George Laddiges, Hackney nurseryman]
Publication details: 
Sackville St [London]; 30 October 1826.
£200.00

An interesting letter regarding the early cultivation of bananas in London. 1p, 4to. In fair condition, lightly aged, with slight nicking to one edge. Neatly written over nine lines. Reads: 'Sir Everard Home is much obliged to Messrs. Laddiges for a present of some very fine Bananas, which were quite ripe, and had a flavour Sir Everard had no idea that they ever could acquire in this Climate. He mentioned yesterday to Mr Eyton with astonishment who said they had fruited at Kew, but not He believed to such perfection'.

[Edmund Burke, Anglo-Irish statesman, orator and author] Autograph Signature and seal on part of document relating to William Burke of Madras, with those of his son Richard Burke; Lord Ravensworth (with seal); Richard Champion and two others.

Author: 
Edmund Burke (1729-1797), Anglo-Irish statesman, orator and author; his son Richard Burke (1758-1794); Henry Liddell, Lord Ravensworth (1708-1784); Richard Champion (1743-1791)
Publication details: 
[Circa August 1782.]
£300.00

On 11.5 x 20 cm piece of paper, cut from a document. The signatures of Ravensworth and Burke are written in firm clear hands one above the other to the right of the page, with their respective seals in red wax to the right of them. In good condition, lightly aged, and laid down on 11.5 x 20 cm piece of cream paper removed from an album. Slight loss at head of Burke's seal caused when paper was folded. The signature and seal of 'Ravensworth' is at top right, and at top left: 'Signed Sealed & Delivered by the said Right Honble.

[Edward Drummond, Personal Secretary to Sir Robert Peel, fatally shot by Daniel McNaughton.] Autograph Note Signed ('Edwd Drummond') to Sir Thomas Phillipps, acknowledging receipt of letter. With pencil note by Phillipps.

Author: 
Edward Drummond (1792-1843), Personal Secretary to four British Prime Ministers including the Duke of Wellington and Sir Robert Peel, shot by Daniel McNaughton [Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792-1872)]
Publication details: 
Downing Street [London]; 7 February 1842.
£200.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with unobtrusive spike hole to corner through both leaves. Addressed to 'Sir Thomas Phillipps Bart', and reading: 'Sir, | I am desired by Sir Robert Peel to acknowledge the Receipt of your Letter of the 3d Instant containing suggestions for the Improvement of the Public Revenue. | I am Sir | Your obedient Servant | Edwd Drummond'.

[George IV as Prince Regent, and former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary.] Warrant Signed by 'George P R.' and 'Sidmouth', directing that Matthias Maher be removed from the Lunatic Asylum in St George's Fields to Newgate Prison.

Author: 
George IV as Prince Regent; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth] (1757-1844), Prime Minister; William Erasmus Hardy of Newgate Prison; Matthias Maher [Transportation; Australia]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Thirty first day of July 1819, in the Fifty ninth Year of Our Reign.'
£650.00

This document, signed by George IV as Prince Regent, and by the former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary, relates to Matthias Maher (1798-1865), a Royal Navy officer who was twice tried at the Old Bailey on a charge of forgery. On the first occasion, 6 May 1818, he was found not guilty by reason of insanity; and removed to the criminal asylum in St George's Fields. Maher was found sound of mind – as the present document reveals by Sir George Leman Tuthill (1772–1835) and Edward Wright (c.1788-1859), the latter to die of disgrace in Australia.

[Queen Victoria; Sir James Graham, Home Secretary; Hanwell Lunatic Asylum.] The Queen's Autograph Signature ('Victoria R.'), with Graham's signature, to 'Warrant for the discharge of Dennis Crawley from the Lunatic Asylum for the County of Middlesex'

Author: 
Queen Victoria (1819-1901); Sir James Graham (1792-1861), Home Secretary, 1841-1846 [Pauper Lunatic Asylum for the County of Middlesex, Hanwell]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court of St. James's the Seventeenth day of March 1842 in the Fifth Year of Our Reign.'
£400.00

2pp, foolscap 8vo. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. Good firm signature by the queen ('Victoria R') in the customary place at the head of the first page; and tight signature of the Home Secretary at the end of the document ('Jas G Graham.'). Both signatures over guiding pencil crosses. Seal under paper in left-hand margin of first page.

[William IV (as Duke of Clarence) [to his domestic physician Sir Andrew Halliday].] Autograph Letter Signed ('William')

Author: 
William IV (1765-1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1830-1837; his domestic physician (when Duke of Clarence) Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839)
Publication details: 
Bushy House; 28 September 1814.
£200.00

1p, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse, which is endorsed: 'An original letter of King William the Fourth when Duke of Clarence addressed to Dr Halliday'. Reads: 'Dear Sir, | I have received your letter from Ghent and immediately made application to General Torrens whose answer I now enclose: I shall be anxious to see your book and ever remain, | Yours sincerely, | William'. At the time of writing Halliday was an army surgeon. 'General Torrens' is Major-General Sir Henry Torrens (1779-1828), from 1820 Adjutant-General to the Forces.

[George III.] Warrant, on vellum, bearing a very late Signature ('George R') while blind, with those of Home Secretary Richard Ryder, Robert Lukin of the War Office and Blake's patron Thomas Butts, regarding appointment of William Heydinger.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820); Richard Ryder (1766-1832), Home Secretary; Robert Lukin (1772-1835), First Clerk at the War Office [William Heydinger, Deputy Assistant Commissary General to the Forces]
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's the twenty third day of May 1810 In the fiftieth year of Our Reign'.
£950.00

On one side of a 30 x 40 cm piece of vellum, roughly landscape folio size. As is usual with vellum, aged, worn and mottled. Folded four times. Piteous scrawled signature of the king ('George R') at top left, with royal seal under paper beneath this. Tax stamp under blue paper in left-hand margin. At foot of text, towards centre, is the signature of William Blake's most important patron, Thomas Butts, Assistant Commissary of Musters: 'Entered with the Comry General of Musters | Thos Butts'. At foot of text, at left: 'Entered with the Secretary at War | [signed] Robt Lukin'.

[George IV, King of Great Britain.] Warrant, signed 'George R.', and also signed by the Treasury Commissioners Berkeley Paget, Lord Granville Somerset and E. A. MacNaghten, regarding pensions to servants of younger princes, out of West Indian duties.

Author: 
George IV (1762-1830), King of Great Britain and Ireland; Lord Granville Somerset (1792-1848); Berkeley Paget (1780-1842); Edmond Alexander MacNaghten (1762-1832) [Barbados; Leeward Islands]
Publication details: 
'Given at our Court at Carlton House this 30th. day of July 1825 In the Sixth Year of our Reign'.
£400.00

2pp, folio. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded twice. Excellent bold signature by the king ('George R.') in the customary position at the head of the first page. Signed at the end of the document by three of the six Lords Commissioners of the Treasury: 'B Paget | G C H Somerset | E A McNaghten'. Embossed tax stamp in left-hand margin of first page, together with remains of red wafer.

[George IV, King of Great Britain.] Warrant, signed 'George R.', and also signed by Chancellor of the Exchequer Nicholas Vansittart, Lord Lowther and Lord Granville Somerset, regarding 'Pensions to late Servants of Younger Princes'.

Author: 
George IV (1762-1830), King of Great Britain and Ireland; William Lowther, 2nd Earl of Lonsdale (1787-1872); Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron Bexley (1766-1851); Lord Granville Somerset (1792-1848)
Publication details: 
'Given at our Court at Carlton House the 1st. day of May 1820 In the First year of our Reign'.
£500.00

2pp, folio. On a single leaf. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to inner edge of first page. Folded twice. Good firm signature of the king ('George R.') at top left of first page, which has a thin mourning border. Left hand margin of first page with embossed £1 10s tax stamp. Written out ('By His Majesty's Command') in a secretarial hand, and addressed 'To The Husband for taking up all Goods consigned from Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands on Account of the Duties of Four Pounds and one Half Pounds per Centum'.

[George IV and Home Secretary and future Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel.] Autograph Signatures of the King ('George R.') and Peel ('R Peel') to 'Warrant for the removal of John Raddon to the Criminal Lunatic Asylum in St Georges Fields'.

Author: 
George IV (1762-1830), King of Great Britain; Sir Robert Peel (1788-1850), Prime Minister and creator of the British police force
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Fifth day of February 1824, in the Fifth Year of Our Reign.'
£500.00

2pp, foolscap 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to one edge. Folded twice. Large heavily-smudged signature of the king ('George R.') at head of first page, which has the royal seal under paper in the left-hand margin. Signed at end of document ('By His Majesty's Command') by the Home Secretary and future Prime Minister: 'R Peel'.

[George III, Lord North; Lord Barrington; Earl of Onslow; Jeremiah Dyson; John Lloyd] King's Signature ('George R.'), with those of North, Barrington, Onslow, Dyson and Lloyd, to warrant placing Jacob Carnac of 84 Regiment of Foot on half pay.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820); Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-92); George Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow (1731-1814); Jeremiah Dyson (1722-76); William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington (1717-93)
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at St. James's this 27th day of September 1769 in the Ninth Year of Our Reign.
£750.00

The present document carries the signatures of three central figures on the British side during the American War of Independence: King George III, his Prime Minister Lord North, and Secretary at War Lord Barrington, along with the signatures of the Earl of Onslow, Jeremiah Dyson and John Lloyd, Deputy Auditor of the Imprest. 2pp, foolscap 8vo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn. Thin strip of paper from mount adhering to inner edge on first page.

[George II orders the Treasury to pay the Army Paymaster half a million pounds in the same week as the Battle of Culloden.] Warrant, signed 'George R.'; with order signed by three Lords Commissioners: Lord Holland; Lord Lyttelton, Richard Arundell.

Author: 
George II (1683-1760), King of Great Britain and Ireland; Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland (1705-1774); George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton (1709-1773); Richard Arundell (c.1696-1758)
Publication details: 
'Given at our Court at St. James's this 10th. day of April 1746 In the nineteenth Year of our Reign'.
£650.00

An interesting document, in which George II directs the Commissioners of the Treasury to pay over half a million pounds to the soon-to-be-deceased Paymaster General of the Forces, Thomas Winnington (1696-1746). This astronomical sum was required for the maintenance of the British Army not only in the War of the Austrian Succession, but also in the 1745 Jacobite Rising. The decisive Battle of Culloden would be fought six days after the date of the warrant, on 16 April 1746 (O.S.). The document is 1p, folio.

[Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie and Thomas Steele, Joint Paymasters General of the Forces.] Both men's Autograph Signatures, with seals, to document witnessed by P. George Craufurd and Harry Harmood, appointing their attorneys.

Author: 
Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie [Sylvester Douglas, 1st Baron Glenbervie] and Thomas Steele, Joint Paymasters General of the Forces; Patrick George Craufurd and Harry Harmood of Army Pay Office
Publication details: 
'this 26th. day of March In the Forty first Year of His Majesty's Reign, and in the Year of our Lord One thousand Eight hundred and One.'
£450.00

See the entries for Sylvester Douglas, 1st Baron Glenbervie (1743-1823), and Thomas Steele (1753-1823) in the Oxford DNB. The two men served as Joint Paymasters General of the Forces, 1801-1803. 2pp, foolscap 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip from mount adhering to the reverse of the leaf. Embossed tax stamp at top left of first page. The signatures of 'Thos. Steele' and 'Glenbervie' are at bottom right, with the men's seals in red wax beside them (Steele's in fair condition, and Glenbervie's lacking a segment from chipping). Witnessed at bottom left by P.

[William Wilberforce, politician and abolitionist.] Autograph Signature to Secretarial Letter appointing a proxy to vote for 'the vacant office of Physician' to the Public Dispensary.

Author: 
William Wilberforce (1759-1833), politician, philanthropist, and leading abolitionist [Sir James Alderson (1794-1882), President of the Royal College of Physicians; Carey Street Dispensary, London]
Publication details: 
'Highwood Hill Middx | 21st. Novr 1827'.
£450.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, aged and with slight damp staining at head, and with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse. The text, in a secretarial hand, reads: 'I hereby appoint [blank] (a governor of the Public Dispensary) to give my vote in favour of Dr Alderson a Candidate for the vacant office of Physician to that Institution.' Beneath this is Wilberforce's firm signature, with address and date in his autograph: 'W Wilberforce | Highwood Hill Mddx | 21st Novr 1827'. Wilberforce and Alderson both hailed from Kingston upon Hull.

[Lord Charles Somerset and George Rose, Joint Paymasters General of the Forces.] Both men's Autograph Signatures, with those of witnesses Henry Hallam, William Stewart Rose, Henry Wrottesley and [Mark?] Blyth, to document appointing attorneys.

Author: 
George Rose (1744-1818) and Lord Charles Somerset (1767-1831), Joint Paymasters General of the Forces; Henry Hallam, historian; William Stewart Rose; Henry Wrottesley; [Mark?] Blyth
Publication details: 
'this 8th. day of November one Thousand Eight Hundred and five, in the forty Sixth Year o f His Majesty's Reign'.
£600.00

For information about George Rose (1744-1818) and Lord Charles Somerset (1767-1831) see their entries in the Oxford DNB. The two men served as Joint Paymasters General of the Forces, 1804-1806. Rose, who was a close friend of Lord Nelson, was mocked by Cobbett for enriching his family at the public expense. The present document, witnessed by one of his second sons the poet William Stewart Rose (1775-1843), appoints his eldest son, the future Sir George Henry Rose, (1771-1855), as one of the two attorneys of his office.

[John Hiley Addington and Thomas Steele, Joint Paymasters General of the Forces.] Signatures of the two men, with their seals under paper, and signatures of Augustus Hill Bradshaw, William Wood, Thomas Gibbes, to document regarding payment in Ceylon.

Author: 
John Hiley Addington (1759-1818) and Thomas Steele (1753-1823), Joint Paymasters General of the Forces; William Wood; Thomas Gibbes; Augustus Hill Bradshaw (c.1769-1851) [Ceylon]
Publication details: 
'this third day of January, in the year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and three [1803], and the Forty third year of His Majesty's Reign'.
£500.00

1p, foolscap 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to blank reverse. Folded twice. Embossed tax stamp at head. Twenty-three lines of text in a secretarial hand, signed at foot by 'Thos. Steele' and 'J. Hiley Addington', both signatures accompanied by seals under paper. To the left of the signatures: 'Sealed and Delivered being first duly Stamped in the presence of | Wm. Wood'. (Wood was a cashier in the Army Pay Office.) At foot of page: 'Entered in the Office for Auditing the Public Accounts 10th.

[Lord Brougham, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.] Autograph Letter in the third person to 'Lovejoy', regarding a 'proposed Institution' and any assistance he can give by means of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.

Author: 
Lord Brougham [Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868)], Lord Chancellor [Owen Lovejoy (1811-1864), American abolitionist; Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge]
Publication details: 
Calehill, Charing, Kent; 29 October 1840.
£600.00

At the time of writing Brougham was recuperating from a serious illness, and trying to dodge the Chartists, who were reorganising under new leadership. 4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. The letter begins: 'Lord Brougham presents his compliments to Mr Lovejoy and assures him that it would give him very great satisfaction if he could be of any service to the proposed Insttitution – to which he heartily wishes every success.

[Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, son of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Augustus Frederick') to 'My Dear Small, written from Vienna, regarding 'the Songs Which I promised', which 'Isouard' intends to publish.

Author: 
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843), sixth son of George III, bibliophile [Nicolas Isouard (1773-1818), composer]
Publication details: 
'Vienna 7ber the 24th. 1798'.
£400.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium endorsed on reverse of second leaf: 'Prince Augustus | Vienna | October 25 | 1798'. In fair condition, aged and worn. Folded four times. Written in an undisciplined hand with an expansive signature (different from his later signature in being underlined). Reads: 'My Dear Small | Enclosed You Will find the Songs Which I promised You but You must not publish them as else I should do Harm to Isouard Who has that Intention. Probably You Will get them after I leave this Place being on my Road to Berlin.

[George II.] Autograph Signature ('George R.') in the last year of his life, with those of Lord North, the Duke of Newcastle, James Oswald, Lord Barrington and four others, on warrant placing Lieut George Gardner on half pay.

Author: 
George II (1683-1760); Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-92); William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington (1717-93); James Oswald (1715-1769); Thomas Farraine; Bridges Thomas Foote
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court in Kensington this 17th: day of May 1760 in the Thirty Third Year of Our Reign'.
£1,000.00

Signed by George II, and by three of the five Lords Commissioners of the Treasury: Lord North (the future Prime Minister during the American War of Independence), the Duke of Newcastle and James Oswald. Also signed by Lord Barrington, Thomas Farraine, Bridges Thomas Foote and two others. 3pp, foolscap 8vo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with strip of paper from mount adhering to reverse of second leaf. Folded three times. The king's signature ('George R.'), given within months of his death, is firmly written in the customary place at the top left of the document.

[George II, King of Great Britain and Ireland.] Autograph Signature ('George R.') to commission of 'Alexander Cumming First Lieutenant in Colonel Lowther's Regiment of Marines'.

Author: 
George II, King of Great Britain and Ireland (1683-1760) [Marine Regiment of Foot]
Publication details: 
[1739.]
£300.00

On 10.5 x 34.5 cm strip of vellum, cut from the top of the commission. In fair condition, with the usual ageing associated with vellum. The king's seal in red wax has been removed from the margin. Folded twice into 10.5 x 9 cm packet (the document would have to have been carried about the person throughout service). Endorsed: 'Alexander Cumming | First Lieutenant in Colonel Lowther's Regiment of Marines', with the date '1739' in another hand. Reads: 'George the Second, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith &c.

[Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, son of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Augustus Frederick') [to Earl St Vincent], attacking the Prime Minister Lord Liverpool while discussing his election as President of the Royal Society of Arts.

Author: 
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843), sixth son of George III, bibliophile [John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent (1735-1823), naval hero; Ellis Cornelia Knight (1757-1837); Lord Liverpool]
Publication details: 
Kensington Palace; 3 February 1816.
£750.00

An interesting letter, attacking the serving Tory Prime Minister Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (1770-1828), who had stood against the Duke of Sussex (noted for his liberal sympathies) in the election for President of the Royal Society of Arts. 3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Folded three times. The recipient is not named, but is identified in an endorsement on the reverse of the second leaf as 'Earl St Vincent'. Written in a hurried, untidy hand.

[Sir William Knighton, Keeper of the Privy Purse, physician, secretary and confidante to George IV.] Autograph Note Signed ('W Knighton') [as Secretary to the Sovereign] to 'Sir Henry', arranging a meeting with the king.

Author: 
Sir William Knighton (1776-1836), Keeper of the Privy Purse and private secretary to George IV; previously Physician in Ordinary to him when Prince of Wales
Publication details: 
Carlton Palace [London]. 'Thursday Night' [no date, on paper watermarked 1821].
£200.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged. Reads: 'Dear Sir Henry | The King desires to see You at Carlton House to morrow Morning at eleven oclock - punctually. | Yours affect | W Knighton'. Knighton was instrumental in clearing the king's enormous debts in three years from 1822. Such was his influence that letters from the King to Knighton were addressed to 'M[y] D[ear] F[riend]'. From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[Lord Grenville, Prime Minister.] Autograph Signature ('W: W: Grenville') and seal, with those of Samuel Estwick, Richard Molesworth, Philip Deare, John Wigglesworth, to document appointing Isaac Phipps paymaster of British forces in West Indies.

Author: 
Lord Grenville, Prime Minister [William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville (1759-1834)]; Samuel Estwick (c.1736-1795), Member of Parliament; Richard Molesworth; Philip Deare [West Indies]
Publication details: 
No place. 8 January 1784.
£450.00

1p, foolscap 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to an edge. Folded once. At bottom right are Grenville's signature ('W: W: Grenville') and a good impression of his seal in red wax. Twenty-line document, written in a secretarial hand, with two embossed tax stamps at head.

[Lord Mansfield, Scottish jurist whose judgments reformed English law on slavery.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Mansfield') [to the Earl of Liverpool] regarding his recovery from ill health and recuperation at Mount Ephraim.

Author: 
Lord Mansfield [William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield (1705-1793)], distinguished Scottish jurist whose judgments reformed English law on slavery [Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool (1729-1808)]
Publication details: 
'Mount Ephraim [near Tunbridge Wells, Kent] 2d Septr. 1784'.
£300.00

1p, 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to blank reverse. Folded once.. A neatly-written letter of fourteen lines. The recipient is not named, but is Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool (1729-1808), whose country seat was Addiscombe Park in Surrey. Mansfield served in the First Pitt Ministry with Liverpool (then Lord Hawkesbury), the former as Lord President of the Council, and the latter as President of the Board of Trade.

[Lord Sidmouth, British Prime Minister.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Sidmouth') to Richard Clark, sending thanks at his appointment as 'a Governor of the Royal Hospitals of Bridewell, and Bethlem'.

Author: 
Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth] (1757-1844), British Prime Minister
Publication details: 
'Richmond Park | Octr. ye. 20th: 1814'.
£220.00

1p, 8vo. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to edge on reverse. Ten-line letter, addressed to 'Richd: Clark, Esqr.' Reads: 'Sir, | I have received a Letter from Mr.

[Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, Whig politician and writer of the 'Athenian Letters'.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Hardwicke'), asking Thomas Astle to request the aid of John Topham on a projected third volume of his 'Miscellaneous State Papers'.

Author: 
Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke (1720-1790), Whig politician and author [Thomas Astle (1735-1803), antiquary; Thomas Cadell the elder (1742-1802), publisher; John Topham (1746-1803), antiquary]
Publication details: 
Bath. 22 November 1783.
£500.00

The Athenian Letters, primarily written by Hardwicke and his brother Charles, enjoyed considerable vogue on the publication in 1781 of the second edition (a first edition of ten copies had appeared in 1741). The present item relates to a projected third volume of the 'Miscellaneous State Papers', the first two volumes of which had been published by Strahan and Cadell in 1778. John Topham (later Librarian to the Archbishop of Canterbury) and Thomas Astle worked together on the public records at Westminster. The present item is 1p, 4to. Bifolium.

[Sir Henry Halford and Sir Matthew John Tierney, royal physicians.] Autograph Note Signed by the two men, announcing that George IV 'is not able to receive company at the Drawing Room' due to 'an attack of the Gout'.

Author: 
Sir Henry Halford (1766-1844), physician to George III, George IV, William IV and the young Victoria; Sir Matthew John Tierney (1776-1845), Irish surgeon, physician to George IV and William IV
Publication details: 
Carlton Palace [London]. 23 April 1823.
£500.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with strip of paper from mount on reverse, which also has another strip of paper strengthening a crease. The document is written out by Halford, with Tierney signing beneath his signature. A general announcement, with no recipient named. Reads: 'The King is not able to receive company at the Drawing Room to day – His Majesty having experienced an attack of the Gout in the night. | Carlton Palace | April 23. 1823 - | Henry Halford | Matthew John Tierney'.

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