AUTOGRAPH

[William Conolly, joint licensee with his brother John Conolly of Hayes Park Private Lunatic Asylum, Uxbridge.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Will Conolly') to 'George Rogers Esqr MD', reporting the arrival of patient 'Mr George Helyar'.

Author: 
William Brice Conolly, MD, joint licensee of Hayes Park Private Lunatic Asylum, Uxbridge, with his brother John Conolly (1794-1866), later resident physician to the Middlesex County Asylum at Hanwell
Publication details: 
'Hayes Park nr Uxbridge | Decr. 19. 1851'.
£220.00

2pp, 12mo. In fair condition, on lightly aged and browned paper, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse. Folded twice. The letter reads: 'Mr George Helyar arrived here last night accompanied by your attendant from whom I received your letter and a purse containing £11 – 12 – Mr Helyar has slept well and appears comfortable this morning, and I hope will go on well with us - | When his Clothes arrive I will inform you - | I also received the Order, & Certificates from the attendant for which pray accept my thanks -'.

[Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton, Scottish physician.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Lauder Brunton') to 'Dr Peirce', i.e. Bedford Peirce, congratulating him on his appointment [as medical superintendent at the Retreat, York].

Author: 
Lauder Brunton [Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st Baronet] (1844-1916), Scottish physician [Bedford Peirce (1861-1932), physician]
Publication details: 
'Hotel de France | Argeles-Gazonst [sic]'. 29 October 1891.
£250.00

2pp, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged, with ink quite faded, and thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the blank second leaf of the bifolium. Folded twice. He begins by expressing pleasure at Peirce's 'appointment' (as medical superintendent at the Retreat, York), also congratulating 'those with whom your duties will bring you in contact'. He thinks he is 'wise to take 6 months in Bethlem'. He asks him to 'look up my old friend Dr Ramsay' when he goes to York. Ramsay is 'a very fine fellow indeed' and Peirce will 'find it a pleasure to know him'.

[Sir Andrew Halliday, physician to William IV.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Andrew Halliday -') to Prime Minister Lord Melbourne, offering to 'sacrifice' his 'emoluments' and become inspector of 'all the public and Private Asylums in England and Wales

Author: 
Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839), Scottish physician to William IV [Lord Melbourne [William Lamb I1779-1848), 2nd Viscount Melbourne], Prime Minister]
Publication details: 
Hampton Court; 11 January 1831.
£2,000.00

7pp, 4to. Containing 112 lines of text on two bifoliums. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded three times. Headed 'Private', and with the heading, date and place written by Halliday at a different time from the rest of the text. A long and impassioned letter, in which Halliday offers to become inspector of 'all the public and Private Asylums in England and Wales', at a payment of no more than £150 a year in expenses.

[Sir James Crichton-Browne, Scottish physician and psychiatrist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('James Crichton Browne') to 'Bastian', i.e. Charlton Bastian, questioning the 'overwhelming conclusions' of his 'ingenious and laborious experiments'.

Author: 
Sir James Crichton-Browne (1840-1938), Scottish physician, psychiatrist and neurologist [(Henry) Charlton Bastian (1837-1915), physician and neurologist]
Publication details: 
Ivy Bush Hotel, Carmarthen (on cancelled letterhead of 'Crindau | Dumfries, N.B.' [Scotland]); 13 January 1907.
£250.00

The entry on Bastian in the Oxford DNB finds one of 'the great paradoxes of Bastian's work' to be 'that in neurology his views were highly conventional, while in biology, and what became bacteriology, they became unorthodox and eventually eccentric.' Chief among Bastian's heterodox positions was his belief in the spontaneous generation of bacteria, the subject of the present letter. 8pp, 12mo. On two bifoliums, both with mourning borders. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with minor damp staining. He begins by thanking him for his letter and 'the interesting abstract enclosed'.

[William Benjamin Carpenter, biologist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('William B. Carpenter') to the physician and geologist John Bostock

Author: 
William Benjamin Carpenter (1813-1885), biologist and administrator at the University of London [John Bostock jnr (1773-1846), physician and geologist]
Publication details: 
22 Park Street, Bristol. 7 February 1840.
£250.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering at gutter edge of reverse of last leaf, and covering the last few letters of Carpenter's signature. After explaining that he is directing Bostock's attentiont to 'the accompanying Remarks', he announces that he has 'lately decided upon relinquishing the practice of my Profession, and upon devoting myself altogether to the pursuit of Physiology and its allied branches of Science.

[Francis Clifton, physician to Frederick, Prince of Wales.] Autograph Note Signed ('Fr. Clifton') to 'Mr Rousse', directing copies of his 'State of Physick' to be sent to 'Dr Shaw & Mr Hawksbee'.

Author: 
Francis Clifton (d.1736), physician to Frederick, Prince of Wales [John Nourse, London publisher]
Publication details: 
No place. 23 April 1733.
£220.00

On one side of 8 x 18 cm piece of paper. In fair condition, lightly aged. Neatly laid down on a leaf of cream paper. Reads: 'Mr Nourse | Pray let Dr Shaw & Mr. Hawksbee have each of 'em a Copy of my State of Physick upon my acct. | Yr humble Sert | Fr. Clifton'. The publisher of 'The Stater of Physic', which had appeared the previous year, was John Nourse. From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[George IV as Prince Regent, and former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth as Home Secretary.] Warrant, signed 'George P R' and 'Sidmouth', appointing 'George Philips Esqr. Captain in the York Chasseurs', with signatures of Robert Lukin and Thomas Butts.

Author: 
George IV as Prince Regent; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth] (1757-1844), Prime Minister; Thomas Butts (1757-1845), patron of William Blake; Robert Lukin; York Chasseurs
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Carlton House the Sixteenth Day of March 1815 In the Fifty fifth Year of Our Reign.'
£400.00

On one side of a 29 x 39 cm piece of vellum. In fair condition, with the usual discoloration found in vellum. A printed document, completed in manuscript, with a good example of George IV's signature as Prince Regent ('George P R') at top left. The royal seal has been removed from the space beneath the Prince Regent's signature. The signature of the Home Secretary ('Sidmouth') is at bottom right, somewhat faded. The document is a warrant appointing 'George Philips Esqr. Captain in the York Chasseurs', 'Commanded by Our Trusty and Welbeloved Major General Hugh Mackay Gordon'.

[Henry Cockton, Victorian novelist, author of 'The Life and Adventures of Valentine Vox, the Ventriloquist'.] Autograph Note Signed ('Henry Cockton') to his publisher Richard Bentley, arranging a meeting.

Author: 
Henry Cockton (1807-1853), Victorian novelist, author of 'The Life and Adventures of Valentine Vox, the Ventriloquist' [Richard Bentley (1794-1871), London publisher]
Publication details: 
Bury St Edmunds; 8 December 1841.
£80.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Addressed to 'R Bentley Esqre.' Reads: 'My Dear Sir | I this day received the note which you directed to be sent to me and will do myself the pleasure of calling upon you on Friday Morning at eleven'. Having previously appeared as a serial, Cockton's first novel 'Valentine Vox' was published in book form by Robert Tyas in 1840. Bentley commissioned Cockton's second novel 'Stanley Thorn' for 'Bentley's Miscellany', and published it in book form in 1841.

[Johann Georg Zimmermann, Swiss philosopher, naturalist and physician to Frederick the Great .] Autograph Letter Signed ('Zimmerman.' [sic]), in French, to 'Monsieur le General Grenville', suggesting treatment for his 'melancolie'.

Author: 
Johann Georg Ritter von Zimmermann [Johann Georg Zimmermann] (1728-1795), Swiss philosopher, naturalist and physician to Frederick the Great
Publication details: 
'Hanover 2. May 1787.'
£1,500.00

3pp, 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged. With thin strip of paper attached to reverse of second leaf, which is addressed, with seal in red wax, to 'Monsieur le General Grenville.' He begins by reassuring him, and condoling with him over his excessive sufferings ('vous en souffrés excessivement'), and continues: 'Votre oppressions paroit etre nerveuse, et elle dévient [sic] plus considerables a mésure que vous vous en saupés dâvantage.

[William Benjamin Carpenter, biologist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('William B. Carpenter') to Professor William Alison of Edinburgh University, addressing an accusation of plagiarism laid against him by fellow-student John Hughes Bennett.

Author: 
William Benjamin Carpenter (1813-1885), biologist and administrator at the University of London [William Pulteney Alison, Professor of Medicine, University of Edinburgh; John Hughes Bennett]
Publication details: 
22 Park Street, Bristol; 8 November 1837.
£400.00

According to his entry in the Oxford DNB, 'Carpenter studied initially at the Bristol medical school and then in London, and in 1835–7 and again in 1839 in Edinburgh, where he took the MD degree.' The present letter dates from the hiatus in Carpenter's Scottish studies, to Professor William Pulteney Alison (1790-1859) of Edinburgh University, addressing an allegation that he has plagiarised from fellow-student John Hughes Bennett. 4pp, 4to. Bifolium.

[William Clark, Professor of Anatomy in the University of Cambridge.] Autograph Letter Signed ['Wm. Clark. M.D.'], a glowing reference praising C. J. Johnstone of Caius College, with whom he has collaborated on dissections.

Author: 
William Clark (1788-1869), Professor of Anatomy in the University of Cambridge [C. J. Johnstone (d.1838) of Caius Collegte]
Publication details: 
[Cambridge postmark.] 22 June 1836.
£450.00

1p, 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Addressed on reverse of second leaf, with two postmarks and seal in black wax, to 'C. J. Johnstone Esqre | M. B – | 53 Tavistock Square | London'. Twenty-two lines of neatly-written text. He is pleased that Johnstone has declared himself 'a candidate for the vacant office of Lecturer in Chemistry at St. Bartholomew's hospital', and assures him that he has his 'warmest wishes' for his success.

[William IV and his asthma.] Autograph Manuscript Signed by 'W. J. Griffinhoofe', royal apothecary, titled 'An Outline of the general treatment of His Royal Highness The Duke of Clarence during his periodical annual attack of Asthma'.

Author: 
William IV (1765-1837), King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1830-1837; W. J. Griffinhoofe, royal apothecary [Sir Andrew Halliday (1782-1839)]
Publication details: 
Without place or date [c.1810?].
£1,200.00

William IV ceased to be styled the Duke of Clarence on his accession to the throne in 1830. For 'the family of Griffinhoofe, Saffron Walden', see Charles K. Probert's piece in Notes and Queries, 14 November 1874, which states that 'The first of the family who came to this country was a Mr. Griffinhoofe, who, as Court Apothecary, accompanied George I. from Hanover.' The family clearly continued their connection with royalty, as the author of this document W. J.

[Sir Edwin Chadwick, Utilitarian social reformer.] Autograph Letter Signed ('E Chadwick') to the palaeontologist Sir Richard Owen,

Author: 
Sir Edwin Chadwick (1800-1890), Utilitarian social reformer, pioneer in the fields of urban sanitation and public health [Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892), palaeontologist]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Park Cottage, East Sheen, Mortlake. 14 November 1888.
£150.00

1p, 12mo. In fair condition, lightly aged and worn, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the reverse of the leaf. Folded once. Written in a shaky hand, and reading: 'Dear Sir Richard | My cold is not better & Dr Marshall says I must keep in. | Will you give the enclosed, [?] of a policy against this [?] your best considerations as to its sufficiency.' From the distinguished autograph collection of the psychiatrist Richard Alfred Hunter (1923-1981), whose collection of 7000 works relating to psychiatry is now in Cambridge University Library.

[Sir James Clark, Physician-in-Ordinary to Queen Victoria.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Ja Clark') [to Robert Dunn], praising his 'views on Physiological Psychology, the only sound Psychology'.

Author: 
Sir James Clark (1788-1870), Physician-in-Ordinary to Queen Victoria [Robert Dunn (1799-1877), surgeon]
Publication details: 
On letterhead of 22B Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, W. [London] 7 May 1858.
£750.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded twice. Dunn is not named as the recipient, but his 'Essay on Physiological Psychology' was published in 1858. He is 'glad to find' that Dunn has 'brought out your views on Physiological Psychology, the only sound Psychology', and he thanks him for 'the Copy you have kindly sent me'. He continues: 'I wish we had more such Psychology in our Ethnological Society.' and concludes: 'I hope you will not desert us'.

[Sir Robert Peel, Prime Minister, as Home Secretary.] Autograph List of appointments by him of Lunacy Commissioners (following on from the 1828 Madhouse Act), with Autograph Note by him on the matter.

Author: 
Sir Robert Peel (1788-1850), Tory Prime Minister and creator of the Metropolitan Police ('Peelers') [Metropolitan Lunacy Commission; 1828 Madhouse Act]
Publication details: 
[Home Office, Whitehall; 1828.]
£2,000.00

In August 1828, following the passing of the 1828 Madhouse Act, the Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel established a commission to oversee London's madhouses, consisting of five physicians, six Middlesex JPs, and ten other honorary (i.e. unpaid) commissioners. The present document by Peel casts interesting light on the process of appointment. It is on both sides of 18 x 23 cm piece of paper, evidently used as envelope for 'the Instrument' mentioned in Peel's note. Aged, and with tear and hole caused by breaking open of seal. Folded twice.

[Sir Thomas Clouston, Scottish asylum physician and psychiatrist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('T. S Clouston') regarding a donation to an unfortunate woman, and his family holiday on Orkney

Author: 
Sir Thomas Clouston [Sir Thomas Smith Clouston] (1840-1915), Scottish asylum physician and psychiatrist
Publication details: 
On letterhead of Holodyke, Dounby, Orkney. 29 September 1910.
£150.00

2pp, 12mo. On first leaf of bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to blank second leaf. Folded once. Written in a markedly disordered hand, difficult of decipherment. The recipient is not named.

[William Battie, physician, pioneer in the treatment of the insane.] Autograph Letter Signed ('W Battie') to 'Mr Nicholson at Croydon', regarding payment of money due to 'Miss Mariett'.

Author: 
William Battie (c.1703-1776), physician, pioneer in the treatment of the insane, and author of the influential 'A Treatise on Madness' (1758)
Publication details: 
No place; 3 March 1763.
£100.00

For information on Battie, see his entry in the Oxford DNB. 1p, 8vo. Originally a bifolium, but with the two leaves now separated, and each neatly placed in a windowpane mount of cream paper. Addressed, with postmark, on the reverse of what was the second leaf, 'To | Mr Nicholson | At Croydon | Surry'. The exact subject of the letter is unclear. (In 1747 the Gentleman's Magazine referred to 'Samuel Nicholson of Croydon, Esq.', and in 1780 the same journal announced the bankruptcy of 'Wm.

[Sir Anthony Carlisle, President of the Royal College of Surgeons, Surgeon Extraordinary to George IV.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Anthy Carlisle') to Roger Wilbraham, on presenting him with a copy of his 1820 Hunterian Oration.

Author: 
Sir Anthony Carlisle (1768-1840), President of the Royal College of Surgeons, Professor of Anatomy of the Royal Society, Surgeon Extraordinary to George IV [Roger Wilbraham; John Hunter]
Publication details: 
3 Langham Place [London]; 18 January 1822.
£350.00

The recipient Roger Wilbraham (1743-1829) was a Member of Parliament, Fellow of the Royal Society, antiquary, dilettante and member of the bibliophile Roxburghe Club. 1p, 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with thin strip of paper from mount adhering to the blank second leaf. Folded three times. The letter begins: 'Very dear Sir, | If I do not err in recollection I have to reproach myself with not having sent you my little encomium on the Character of Your old Friend Mr.

[Sir Astley Cooper, eminent surgeon and anatomist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Astley Cooper') to [William Binley] Dickenson, surgeon, enquiring if Macclesfield Infirmary has 'seen any remarkable cases of Depression of ye Skull'.

Author: 
Sir Astley Cooper [Sir Astley Paston Cooper] (1768-1841), eminent surgeon and anatomist, Sarjeant Surgeon to George IV [William Binley Dickinson (1789-1870) of Macclesfield, surgeon]
Publication details: 
39 Conduit Street, London. 15 August 1833.
£400.00

Regarding the recipient of this letter see Dorothy Bentley Smith, 'No Ordinary Surgeon: The Life and Times of William Binley Dickinson' (2017). 1p, 4to. On bifolium. In good condition, with minor loss to edge of second leaf through breaking of seal. Addressed on reverse of second leaf, with postmark, to '- Dickenson Esq | Surgeon | Macclesfield'. Cooper begins by thanking Dickenson for his 'very kind present of a Brace of Grouse received this morning – I beg yourself & Mrs Dickenson to believe that I feel grateful for your recollection of me'.

[Sir Astley Cooper, Sarjeant Surgeon to George IV.] Autograph Note Signed ('Astley Cooper') to the Prime Minister Earl of Liverpool, reporting [on King George IV's health] that there has been a 'smart attack of ye Gout'.

Author: 
Sir Astley Cooper [Sir Astley Paston Cooper] (1768-1841), eminent surgeon and anatomist, Sarjeant Surgeon to George IV [Lord Liverpool [Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool] (1770-1828)]
Publication details: 
No place. 'Sunday - | May 21st 1821 -'.
£400.00

1p, 4to. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged, with small printed biographical slip laid down at top left of page. Addressed on reverse of second leaf, with broken seal in black wax, to 'The Rt Honble Earl of Liverpool'. Reads: 'My Lord - | A smart attack of ye Gout occurred yesterday as I had anticipated, but every thing appears to be going on well this morning | I have ye honour | to be | Your obliged & obedt | Servt | Astley Cooper'.

George III and Lord Liverpool, Prime Minister (as Secretary of State for War).] 'Blind Signature' of George III, with seal, and signatures of 'Liverpool', Robert Lukin and Thomas Butts, to commission of William Adams as Surgeon to the Forces.

Author: 
George III (1738-1820), King of Great Britain; Lord Liverpool [Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool] (1770-1828), Prime Minister; Thomas Butts (1757-1845), patron of William Blake; Robert Lukin
Publication details: 
'Given at Our Court at Saint James's the Fifteenth day of June 1809 in the forty ninth Year of Our Reign'.
£500.00

On one side of 23.5 x 34 cm piece of vellum. In fair condition, with the usual discoloration of ageing in the vellum. Folded twice vertically. The king's 'blind signature' ('George R') is in the customary place at top left, with the seal in red wax under paper below it, and slightly obscuring it. The document is a printed form, filled out in manuscript, beginning: 'George the Third by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King Defender of the Faith &ca.

[George III and Richard Ryder, Home Secretary.] 'Blind signature' and seal of George III, to vellum commission appointing Sir Thomas Brisbane a 'Colonel in Our Army', with signatures of Home Secretary Richard Ryder, Thomas Butts and Robert Lukin.

Author: 
George III, King of Great Britain; Richard Ryder, Home Secretary; Robert Lukin; Thomas Butts (patron of William Blake); Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane
Publication details: 
Given at Our Court at Saint James's the Twenty fifth Day of July 1810 In the Fiftieth Year of our Reign.
£800.00

The document relates to Major General Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane (1773-1860), Governor of New South Wales 1821-1825, after whom the city of Brisbane is named. On one side of 40 x 29 cm piece of vellum, with thin strip cut away from top right-hand corner. In good condition, with light discoloration of ageing in the vellum. Folded three times. The king's 'blind signature' ('George R') is in the customary place at top left, with the royal seal in red wax under paper below it, and a tax stamp embossed on blue paper beneath that, with corresponding printed label on reverse.

[Karl Pearson, mathematician, biostatistician and eugenicist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Karl Pearson.') to 'Dr. Peirce', regarding 'Mrs Baker's death', ancestry and Professor Benjamin Osgood Peirce of Harvard.

Author: 
Karl Pearson (1857-1936), mathematician, biostatistician and eugenicist, pioneer in the field of mathematical statistics [Benjamin Osgood Peirce, Harvard Professor of Mathematics]
Publication details: 
7 Well Road, Hampstead; 11 November 1902.
£350.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. The letter begins with a reference to 'Mrs Baker's death'. Pearson and his wife 'had not realised the gravity of her illness', as they had recently seen her 'so well and fresh in spirit'. He wishes he had been able to accept Peirce's suggestion of 'putting me up for tonight' in order to be 'present tomorrow', but he is 'overdone and had work till 6 o'clock arranged for today, so that to come down by the night train tonight & track back tomorrow night have been more than I could safely attempt'.

[Princess Elizabeth, daughter of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Elizabeth') to Anna Maria Dashwood, regarding an offer from Lord Cathcart to place her father Sir Henry Dashwood's eldest son in the Life Guards.

Author: 
Princess Elizabeth (1770-1840), daughter of George III, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg, artist [Anna Maria Tottenham-Loftus, Marchionesss of Ely; Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood; Lord Cathcart]
Publication details: 
Weymouth; 15 September 1799.
£500.00

The recipient Anna Maria Dashwood (1785-1857) was the daughter of Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood (1745-1828), and was fourteen years old at the time the letter was written. In 1810 she would marry John Loftus (1770-1845), 2nd Marquess of Ely. An Anne Dashwood – presumably a relation – had been a maid of honour of Princess Elizabeth's mother Queen Charlotte. The letter is written in the most affectionate terms, and concerns an offer by William Cathcart (1755-1843), 1st Earl Cathcart, to place Sir Henry Dashwood's eldest son Henry George Mayne Dashwood (1782-1803) in the Life Guards. 5pp, 4to.

[Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, son George III, father of Queen Victoria.] Two Secretarial Letters, both with Autograph Signature 'Edward', to Sir Thomas Strange, Chief Justice of Madras, recommending Richard Dodson Jebb and Sir Theophilus Pritzler.

Author: 
Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767-1820), son of George III, father of Queen Victoria [Sir Thomas Strange (1756-1841); Richard Jebb; Sir Theophilus Pritzler; Sir Frederick Wetherall]
Publication details: 
Both from Kensington Palace. 3 February 1812 and 31 January 1815.
£500.00

Both items in good condition, lightly aged, attached together at one corner with thread. The two written by different secretaries. Both addressed to 'Dear Sir Thomas'. The second letter addressed to Strange at Madras. ONE: Kensington Palace; 3 February 1812. 4to, 4pp. Although many years have passed since their last meeting, he trusts that Strange 'will not forget that friend of our lives, when we became known to each other at Halifax, and when I flatter myself I had the good fortune of being numbered amongst your friends'.

[George Combe, phrenologist.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Geo. Combe') to educationist W. E. Hickson, praising his book 'History of Sunday' and discussing his 'broken down' health.

Author: 
George Combe (1788-1858), Scottish phrenologist and lawyer, founder of the Edinburgh Phrenological Society [William Edward Hickson (1803-1870), author and educationist]
Publication details: 
Edinburgh; 7 May 1857.
£200.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Second leaf, blank except for endorsement, with traces of glue from mount. Addressed to 'W E. Hickson Esq'. He thanks him for his 'kind remembrance', and for 'sending me your “History of Sunday”; It is a most valuable, & from its small compass & cheapness, a most serviceable, contribution to the great cause of human emancipation from superstition'. He states that he has himself 'lately published a work with the same end in view'.

[Anthony McKenrot [Mackenroth; MacKenrot], lunatic who tried to serve subpoena on Napoleon Bonaparte.] Two Autograph Petitions Signed (both 'Anthony Mc:Kenrot') from Newgate to the Prince Regent and home secretary Lord Sidmouth, with covering letter.

Author: 
[Anthony McKenrot [Mackenroth; MacKenrot], lunatic; Prince Regent [George IV]; Lord Sidmouth [Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth]; John Beckett [Newgate Prison; Bethlem Hospital; Napoleon Bonaparte]
Publication details: 
The two petitions and the covering letter to John Beckett of the Home Office, Whitehall, all three dated from State Side Newgate [Prison], 24 May 1816.
£1,750.00

Anthony Mckenrot's attempt to serve a writ on the captive Napoleon Bonaparte is well-described by Colin Fox ('Napoleon Bonaparte: POW'), in The Journal of the Friends of St Helena, 2016. Mckenrot (also MacKenrot or Mackenroth) who was of German extraction, was a lawyer, merchant and prize agent on the Caribbean island of Tortola, who criticised Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane (1758-1832) for failing to act against a French squadron off the island in 1806. His obsession grew with the years, and his claims of Cochrane's cowardice and financial impropriety became increasingly extravagant.

[William Babington, Physician to Guy's Hospital.] Autograph Letter Signed ('Wm. Babington') to the surgeon Nicholas Birch, rearranging a meeting due to 'attendance this morning at Westminster Hall'.

Author: 
William Babington (1756-1833), Anglo-Irish Physician to Guy's Hospital and mineralogist [Nicholas Birch (c.1747-1833), London surgeon]
Publication details: 
17 Aldermanbury [London]. 17 July 1813.
£120.00

2pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged. The breaking open of the letter has left a corner of the second leaf under the wafer. Addressed, with two postmarks, on reverse of second leaf to 'Mr. Birch | Surgeon | Mansell Street | Goodmans Fields'. The letter reads: 'Dear Sir, | An attendance this morning at Westminster Hall will put it out of my power to be with you before the afternoon.

[Sophia Beckedorff, Keeper of the Robes to Queen Charlotte, wife of George III.] Autograph Letter Signed, describing the queen's reaction to the death of her granddaughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales.

Author: 
Sophia Beckedorff, Keeper of the Robes to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen Consort of King George III, 1807-1818
Publication details: 
Windsor Castle; 14 November [1817].
£320.00

An interesting letter, providing an insight into Queen Charlotte's reaction to the death of her granddaughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales, who died in childbirth on 6 November 1817. (According to the Oxford DNB, the queen 'collaborated enthusiastically with Princess Charlotte in arranging her wedding in May 1816. Sadly the queen was ill, taking the waters at Bath, when Princess Charlotte died in childbirth in November 1817, depriving the nation of its much loved heiress presumptive.') 1p, 4to. On bifolium of paper with mourning border, watermarked 'DOBBS | 1816'. Folded four times.

[John Conolly, psychiatrist who pioneered the humane treatment of the insane.] Autograph Letter Signed ('John Conolly.') regarding meeting in Brighton of Provincial Medical and Surgical Association, with reference to doctors Tuke and Stilwell.

Author: 
John Conolly (1794-1866), psychiatrist and author, resident physician to the Middlesex County Asylum at Hanwell, where he introduced the principle of non-restraint into the treatment of the insane
Publication details: 
Hanwell [i.e. Middlesex County Asylum]. 29 July 1851.
£450.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged, with traces of glue from mount to gutter. Folded twice. The recipient is not named, but is likely to be the secretary of the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association (now the British Medical Association), as the letter concerns the nineteenth annual meeting of that body, held at Brighton, 13 and 14 August 1851. It begins: 'My dear Sir, | Many thanks for your very kind invitation. I have engaged beds for myself, my brother Dr. W. C. [William Brice Conolly (c.1793-1861), M.D., of Castleton House Kings, Gloucestershire], Dr.

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