COMPOSER

[Sir Frederick Ouseley, Professor of Music, Oxford University.] Autograph Letter Signed concerning requirements for an Oxford degree in music, appended to printed notice by him: ‘University of Oxford. Directions for Candidates for Degrees in Music.'

Author: 
Sir Frederick Ouseley [Sir Frederick Arthur Gore Ouseley] (1825-1889), Anglican composer, church musician and musicologist, Professor of Music at Oxford University
Publication details: 
Notice dated 'OXFORD, / March, 1878.' Autograph Letter undated, but from around the same time.
£75.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB. The ALS, whose recipient is not identified, is appended on the last page of the printed notice, which is 4pp, foolscap 8vo, on a bifolium. In good condition, lightly aged. The notice is headed 'University of Oxford. / Directions for Candidates for Degrees in Music.' and signed in type at the end 'Frederick Arthur Gore Ouseley, / Professor of Music. / Oxford, / March, 1878.' Divided into sections concerning a bachelor's and doctor's degree. The ALS, on the last page, reads: 'Dear Sir / You will see by this paper that your Dublin B.A.

[Martin Shaw, composer associated with ‘English pastoralism’, conductor and organist at St Martin-in-the-Fields.] Autograph Card Signed, with autograph musical notation of the beginning of his ‘Romance’.

Author: 
Martin Shaw [Martin Edward Fallas Shaw] (1875-1958), composer associated with ‘English pastoralism’, conductor and organist at St Martin-in-the-Fields
Publication details: 
Dated by Shaw to May 1921. No place.
£65.00

An attractive item by a leading exponent of ‘English pastoralism’. See his entry in the Oxford DNB. Bass and treble notation of opening bars, headed ‘Romance / Andante ma non molto’. On one side of 9 x 11 cm card with rounded edges. Firm signature at bottom right: ‘Martin Shaw / May 1921’. In good condition, lightly aged. See Image.

[Giacomo Meyerbeer, German operatic composer.] Secretarial Letter (because of injury to his right arm) in French, Signed 'Meyerbeer', to instrument maker Raoul Allary, recommending the opera singer Louise Gned to a post.

Author: 
Giacomo Meyerbeer [born Jakob Liebmann Meyer Beer] (1791-1864), German opera composer of Jewish extraction based in Paris [Raoul Allary, instrument maker; Louise Gned (b.1810), Austrian opera singer]
Publication details: 
'Paris, 15 Décembre 1853.' On his embossed armorial letterhead, with initals 'G M'.
£250.00

Meyerbeer’s diary records (25 May 1853) a visit ‘from Raoul Allary, who makes wind instruments. He is an opponent of Sax, and came to me because he had heard that I had spoken to the emperor on Sax’s behalf’ (1999 English translation of volume for 1850-1856). A pencil note at the head of the present letter identifies the subject as ‘Louise Gned / 4 Rue [de] Bellefond [Paris]’. Gned (b.1810) was an Austrian soprano from a musical/theatrical family, who faded into obscurity.

[Elliott Carter, American modernist composer.] Publicity photograph with Signed Autograph Inscription.

Author: 
Elliott Carter [Elliott Cook Carter Jr.] (1908-2012), American modernist composer
Carter
Publication details: 
Dated by Carter 28 March 1972. No place.
£150.00
Carter

Black and white print of an 11.5 x 15 cm head and shoulders portrait of a smiling Carter on 12.5 x 21 cm piece of shiny paper. In good condition. Beneath the portrait, in red ink, Carter writes: ‘for Michael Robuck / Elliott Carter, March 28, ’72.’ On the reverse, in another hand, is the note ‘4. 3. 72 / Elliott Carter Composer’. See Image.

[Léo Delibes, composer] Printed Calling Card with Autograph Note Signed L.D. of thanks to his cher collaborateur, perhaps one of the lyricists of Lakmé

Author: 
Léo Delibes [Clément Philibert Léo Delibes (1836 – 1891) French Romantic composer, best known for his ballets and operas].
Delibes
Delibes2
Publication details: 
No place or date, but reference to Lakmé suggests 1883.
£160.00
Delibes
Delibes2

Calling Card, 9.5 x 5.5cm, some staining but text clear. See Images. Printed text (recto) is as follows: Léo Delibes || Membre de l'Institut || 220 rue de Rivoli. He has written the following; Mille remerciements bien affectueux, cher collaborateur. Vous permettez ce titre, sinon a l'auteur du Roi l'a dit [underlined], du moins a celui de 'Lakmé'! | L.D.

[Sir Malcolm Sargent, composer and conductor.] Large sprawling stylized Autograph Signature in blue pencil on front of printed programme for a Royal Albert Hall performance of Berlioz’s ‘Grande Messe des Morts’.

Author: 
Sir Malcolm Sargent [Sir Harold Malcolm Watts Sargent] (1895-1967), composer, organist and conductor of choral works, especially at the Henry Wood Promenade Concerts (‘The Proms’)
Sargent
Publication details: 
Programme for performance at the Royal Albert Hall, London, 8 April 1954. ‘Published by The British Broadcasting Corporation, 35 Marylebone High Street, London, W.1.’
£56.00
Sargent

Stapled pamphlet. 20pp, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged and worn. Sargent’s unusual bold stylized signature, in blue pencil, almost occupies a 5 cm square. All but the top centimeter which touches the printed date at points, is written on blank space on the cover. See image.

[John Pyke Hullah, English composer and Professor of Vocal Music at King’s College, London.] Autograph Note Signed (‘John Hullah’), forwarding to ‘Mrs. Tail’ a note from ‘Mr. Otto Goldschmidt, about the Bach Choir’.

Author: 
John Hullah [John Pyke Hullah] (1812-1884), English composer and teacher of music, Professor of Vocal Music at King's College, London, and also at Queen's College and Bedford College
Publication details: 
18 May 1878; on letterhead of Grosvenor Mansions, Victoria Street, S.W. [London]
£45.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB, which quotes Gordon Cox as stating that Hullah was ‘the fountain head of music education in the nineteenth century’. 1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Handwriting and signature in a bold attractive hand. Reads: ‘Dear Mrs. Tail / I have the pleasure to send you a few lines fm Mr. Otto Goldschmidt, about the Bach Choir. / I am, dear Madam / Always Your’s [sic] Truly / John Hullah’.

[Royal Academy of Music, London.] Circular in form of facsimile letter from Principal Sir A. C. Mackenzie, asking alumni to take part in centenary celebrations. Addressed to cellist Ambrose Gauntlett.

Author: 
[Royal Academy of Music, London: centenary celebrations.] Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie (1847-1935), Scottish composer, Principal of RAM, 1888-1924 [Ambrose Gauntlett (1889-1978), cellist]
Publication details: 
8 February 1922; on letterhead of Royal College of Music, London.
£90.00

See Mackenzie’s entry in the Oxford DNB. Gauntlett was later appointed Professor of Cello at the Royal Academy of Music. See Sir Anthony Lewis’s appreciative Times obituary. 2pp, 4to. On bifolium of good paper, with letterhead printed in black with the College’s arms in red. A very good facsimile of Mackenzie’s autograph and signature, with twenty-five lines of text. Addressed in manuscript to ‘A. Gauntlett, Esq. / 12 Fairholme Road / W Kensington / W.’ Begins: ‘You will doubtless have heard of our intention to celebrate the centenary of the R. A. M.

[John Antes, Egypt and Osman Bey.] Printed pamphlet: ‘Anecdotes in the Life of John Antes: Giving an Account of his Residence in Egypt, and his Sufferings from the Inhumanity of Osman Bey.’ With illustration.

Author: 
[John Antes (1740-1811), American composer and instrument-maker, tortured by Osman Bey’s followers while a Moravian Missionary in Egypt]
Antes
Publication details: 
No date. 'No. 1553.' London: / The Religious Tract Society / Instituted 1799. / Sold at the Depository, 56, Paternoster Row, and 65, St. Paul’s Churchyard.
£220.00
Antes

See the articles on Antes by Donald M. McCorkle in the Musical Quarterly, 1956, and Richard D. Claypool, in the Moravian Music Foundation Bulletin, 1978. Seven copies listed on JISC (only three in deposit libraries); now scarce. 8pp, 12mo. Disbound. In fair condition, worn and discoloured. Vignette on cover shows Osman Bey sitting cross-legged while two of his followers whip the unfortunate Antes, while a third looks on. Drophead title, p.2: ‘Anecdotes in the Life of John Antes, A Moravian Missionary.’

[The Father of Grand Opera: Giacomo Meyerbeer.] Autograph Note in French in the third person while in London, accepting a dinner invitation from Lady Molesworth.

Author: 
Giacomo Meyerbeer [né Jakob Liebmann Beer] (1791-1864), German composer of Jewish birth, who established the ‘grand opera’ genre [Andalusia Molesworth, Lady Molesworth]
Meyerbeer
Publication details: 
15 July 1859. London.
£180.00
Meyerbeer

Meyerbeer is said to have been the most frequently performed opera composer during the nineteenth century. He encouraged and supported the young Wagner, who turned on him viciously later in life. Lady Molesworth (née Andalusia Carstairs, d.1888) had herself been a professional singer. She was the widow of Sir William Molesworth (1810-55), founder of the London Review and owner, under the editorship of John Stuart Mill, of the Westminster Review.

[Susana, Lady Walton] Autograph Note Signed Susana to Neil [Neil Tierney, author of a biography of William Walton], about letters to Walton, and photographs.

Author: 
Susana, Lady Walton (1926 – 2010), born Susana Valeria Rosa Maria Gil Passo, Argentinian wife of the British composer Sir William Walton (1902–1983), writer
Publication details: 
Lady Walton | c/o Tony Palmer | 4 Kensington Park Gardens | London W.11., no date.
£75.00

One page, 8vo, fold marks, good condition. Thank you for sending me a copy of Christabel Aberconway's letters. Her son, Lord Aberconway, has told me he has tried but failed to find any letters of William to her. A pity. She was a great friend to him. | Thank you for offering to send me the photographs returned by Robert Hale [publisher], I would love to have them. | I hope you are both well with all best regards [...]. See image.

[Peter Gellhorn, conductor, composer and pianist.] Autograph Note Signed to ‘Mr. Dean’, regarding a photograph of himself.

Author: 
Peter Gellhorn [born born Hans Fritz Gellhorn] (1912-2004), German conductor, composer and pianist who settled in London, connected with Glyndebourne, Covent Garden, BBC, Royal College of Music
Publication details: 
3 February 1975; 33 Leinster Avenue, London SW14.
£35.00

See his entry in the Oxford DNB. 1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once. Reads: ‘Dear Mr. Dean, / According to your request, I enclose a signed photo of myself for your collection. / With best wishes, / Yours sincerely, / Peter Gellhorn.’

[Noel Coward’s father Arthur Sabin Coward.] Two Autograph Letters Signed (both ‘Arthur S. Coward’), respnding to a request from Sewell Stokes that he write ‘a special article about Noëls early days’.

Author: 
Arthur Sabin Coward (1856-1937), father of Noel Coward [Sir Noël Peirce Coward] (1899-1973), playwright and composer [Sewell Stokes (1902-1979), author and broadcaster]
Publication details: 
18 January and 20 February 1929; both from 111 Ebury St S.W.1. [London.]
£120.00

According to Noël Coward’s entry in the Oxford DNB, his family moved through the suburbs of south London, before finally setting in Ebury Street, where his mother Violet ‘acquired a boarding-house on the fringes of Belgravia’. The letters are written on the verge of the huge success of the revue ‘Bitter Sweet’ (1929). The recipient of these letters Sewell Stokes was an author and broadcaster who also worked as a probation officer and prison visitor, writing several works on the British penal system.

[Ethel Smyth, composer and suffragist on holiday] Autograph Postcard Signed [Dame?] Ethel Smyth to Maurington Sayers.

Author: 
Ethel Smyth [Dame Ethel Mary Smyth DBE (1858–1944), composer and a member of the women's suffrage movement]
Publication details: 
Taormina [Sicily], 27 Feb. 1920.
£150.00

Italian Postcard, stamped 26.2.20, addressed to 'Maurington Sayers Esq. | Northgate | Totnes | S Devon | Inghilterra', good condition. Dear Sir | Please accept my best thanks for y[ou]r charming collection of stories & still more generous appreciation of my book [presumably Impressions That Remained: Memoirs in Two Volumes]. As you see I am travelling & leave [this?] tomorrow so pray forgive a very brief expression of these thanks.

[Henry Mancini, one of the greatest composers in the history of cinema.] Large publicity photograph with Signed Autograph Inscription ‘to Ray’.

Author: 
Henry Mancini (1924-1994), Hollywood composer regarded as one of the greatest in the history of cinema, whose compositions include ‘Moon River’ and ‘The Pink Panther Theme’
Publication details: 
Without date or place.
£50.00

A true great: Mancini won four Oscars, a Golden Globe and twenty Grammies. No place or date. Black and white 19 x 23.5 cm print on 20 x 25.5 cm glossy photographic paper. In fair condition, with slight creasing at one corner. In sports jacket and tie, Mancini stares over his piano with the merest of smiles. On the left-hand side of his jacket, in Mancini’s autograph, is the inscription, in black felt-tip pen: ‘to / Ray / Henry / Mancini’. See image.

[Burton Lane, Broadway and Hollywood composer and lyricist who discovered Judy Garland.] Autograph Note Signed to ‘Dear Peter’, thanking him for a fan letter.

Author: 
Burton Lane [born Burton Levy] (1912-1997), Broadway and Hollywood composer and lyricist, whose work includes ‘Finian's Rainbow’ and ‘On a Clear Day You Can See Forever’, discoverer of Judy Garland
Publication details: 
18 December 1976; on his letterhead, 146 Central Park West, New York.
£180.00

1p, 4to. In fair condition, lightly creased. Folded once. Reads: ‘Dear Peter, / Many thanks for your letter. It’s always pleasant to read nice things that people say about one’s work. / All my best wishes to you. / Sincerely, / Burton Lane’. Two-line typed biography of Lane at head of reverse.

[Theodore Labarre, harpist and composer] Autograph Letter Signed T. Labarre to Ollivier [prob. Charles Ollivier of New Bond Street,music seller etc.] about the dedication (to Lady Cochrane) to his Op:93. In French.

Author: 
Théodore François Joseph Labarre (1805 – 1870), French harpist and composer.
Publication details: 
16 Reston Street, Brighton, 23 Sept. 1837.
£95.00

One page, cr. 8vo, fold marks, some staining, two small closed tears, text clear and complete. Si le titre de l'op:93 n'est pas encore terminé il faut mettre sur la dédicace | The Right Honble | Lady Katherine Elizabeth | Cochrane. | Je vous enverrai les épreuves avec 3 nouveaux morceaux lundi prochaine au plus tard.

[Jules Massenet, French composer.] Autograph Letter Signed ('M. Massenet') [to husband of Swedish soprano Sigrid Arnoldson-Fischhof?], written on a trip with his wife, regarding a portrait of 'votre “merveille” de femme', and 'notre grand ami Hengel'

Author: 
Jules Massenet [Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet] (1842-1912), French composer [Sigrid Arnoldson-Fischhof (1861-1943), Swedish soprano]
Publication details: 
8 February [no year]. No place.
£200.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. On aged paper, with punch hole through both leaves at head, small closed cut along bottom edge of first leaf, and with paper and part of another letter (from an album) glued onto the reverse of the second leaf. Folded once. The signature 'M. Massenet' is explained in Massenet's obituary in the Musical Times, 1 September 1912, which speaks of 'the composer's known antipathy to the name Jules […] He preferred to be called “M. Massenet” simply'. The recipient of this enthusiastic letter is not named.

[Ivor Novello] Bold Autograph Signature All good wishes | Ivor Novello.

Author: 
Ivor Novello [born David Ivor Davies] (1893-1951), Welsh composer, playwright and actor.
Novello
Publication details: 
No place or date
£28.00
Novello

Page, 20 x 15.5cm, extracted from Autograph Album, one rough edge (extraction process), very good condition. See image.

[Ernst Pauer, pianist] Autograph Note Signed E Pauer to W.[?] Eyre, revealing how busy he is.

Author: 
Ernst Pauer (1826 – 1905), Austrian pianist, composer and educator.
Publication details: 
[Headed] 3 Onslow Houses, South Kensington, S.W., 27 March 1884.
£45.00

Three pages, 12mo, bifolium, good condition. As I like to try to do justice to the confidence which is given to me, I must frankly confess that I do not see any possibility of being able to accept the post of Examiner in as far as the engagements at the Royal College of Music, Guildhall School, Crystal Palace & private engagements take up all my time. | I need not say, that I am very sorry for this state of affairs [...]

[Ivor Novello, composer, playwright and actor.] Autograph Signature on front cover of the 'Magazine Programme' of his comedy 'I Lived With You'.

Author: 
Ivor Novello [born David Ivor Davies] (1893-1951), Welsh composer, playwright and actor [W. J. Macqueen-Pope]
Publication details: 
The Magazine Programme [London: Prince of Wales' Theatre], No. 893. 4 April 1932.
£45.00

[24]pp, 12mo. Stapled programme, in shiny covers. Strip torn away from back cover, and with staples slightly rusted, otherwise in fair condition. Large signature 'Ivor Novello' diagonally across title on front cover: 'Richard D. Rose | presents | Ivor Novello | in | I Lived With You | A comedy in three acts | by | Ivor Novello'. An illustrated 'magazine' programme, containing articles and advertisements. No copy on OCLC WorldCat. From the papers of Novello's friend and biographer, the theatre historian W. J.

[Eric Coates, composer of 'The Dam Busters March'.] Autograph Signed Inscription to May Hirst, on reverse of a 'Photograph of Original Full Score of The Three Bears.

Author: 
Eric Coates [Eric Francis Harrison Coates] (1886-1957), English composer of light music, best-known for 'The Dam Busters March'
Publication details: 
No date (but 1926 or after) or place.
£80.00

On reverse of 11.25 x 8.25 cm card carrying a black and white print of the autograph score of Coates's second 'phantasy', 'The Three Bears' (1926). In good condition, lightly aged. Reads: 'To May Hirst | with best wishes | from | Eric Coates | Photograph of | Original Full Score of | The Three Bears'.

[Richard Kayne [William Sydney Kuttner], composer and author.] Signed Autograph Score of 'The Lady Theme' for the 1972 Chichester Festival production of 'The Lady's not for Burning', framed for Christopher Fry.

Author: 
'Richard Kayne', pseudonym of William Sydney Kuttner (b.1928), Scottish composer, novelist and journalist, resident composer at the Chichester Festival Theatre
Publication details: 
Inscribed by Kayne: 'The Lady's Not For Burning. | Chichester, 1972.'
£180.00

Evidently written out as a gift for Christopher Fry, from whose papersit derives. A 10.5 x 24 cm piece of printed manuscript paper, on grey mount in glazed black wooden 17.5 x 31 cm frame. In good condition. Signed at top right 'Richard Kayne.' Towards top left: 'The Lady's Not For Burning. | Chichester, 1972.' Within the uppermost of three lines of staves Kayne has written and underlined 'THE LADY THEME'. The central stave contains the opening bars, for alto flute.

[Maud Stewart-Baxter, English composer and actress.] Autograph Letter Signed [to fellow member of the Women's Institute], offering to 'take charge of a side-show' after her 'blood-poisoning followed by a bad nervous break down'.

Author: 
Maud Stewart-Baxter (fl.1930), English composer and actress
Publication details: 
10 August 1921. On letterhead of 6 Eastern Terrace, Brighton.
£45.00

4pp, 12mo. Bifolium. In fair condition, lightly aged, with pin hole to one corner. Folded once. The recipient is not named, but would appear to be a fellow member of the Women's Institute. She apologises for having been 'unable to attend the former meetings, as I am just convalescent from blood-poisoning followed by a bad nervous break down'. She will 'certainly come on Friday at 3-30.

[Sir Edward German, composer.] Autograph Signature ('Edward German :') to secretarial letter to Mrs Russell, apologising for not writing 'personally'.

Author: 
Sir Edward German (1862-1936), composer of incidental music and comic opera, best remembered for 'Merrie England'
Publication details: 
5 January 1928. On letterhead of 5 Biddulph Road, Elgin Avenue, W.9.
£25.00

1p, 12mo. In good condition, lightly aged. Folded once. Only the salutation ('Dear Mrs. Russell,') and the valediction ('Yours very sincerely | Edward German :' are in German's hand; the rest is by a secretary. He writes that he would 'have liked to write you [sic] personally, but it is a little more than I can manage at present'. Nevertheless he assures her that he is 'most grateful' for her 'very kind message'.

[Jules Massenet, French composer.] Autograph Letter Signed ('M. Massenet') [to husband of Swedish soprano Sigrid Arnoldson-Fischhof?], written on a trip with his wife, regarding a portrait of 'votre “merveille” de femme', and 'notre grand ami Hengel'

Author: 
Jules Massenet [Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet] (1842-1912), French composer [Sigrid Arnoldson-Fischhof (1861-1943), Swedish soprano]
Publication details: 
8 February [no year]. No place.
£200.00

3pp, 12mo. Bifolium. On aged paper, with punch hole through both leaves at head, small closed cut along bottom edge of first leaf, and with paper and part of another letter (from an album) glued onto the reverse of the second leaf. Folded once. The signature 'M. Massenet' is explained in Massenet's obituary in the Musical Times, 1 September 1912, which speaks of 'the composer's known antipathy to the name Jules […] He preferred to be called “M. Massenet” simply'. The recipient of this enthusiastic letter is not named.

[Filippo Marchetti, composer, and Pasquale Villari, historian.] Marchetti's Autograph Signature ('F Marchetti') with a few bars in autograph from the prelude of 'Ruy Blas'. On same leaf as an Autograph quotation, signed 'Pasquale Villari'.

Author: 
Filippo Marchetti (1831-1902), Italian composer of the opera 'Ruy Blas'; Pasquale Villari (1827-1917), Italian historian, politician and Dante scholar
Publication details: 
Marchetti's autograph on letterhead of the R. Accademia di S. Cecilia ('Liceo Musicale'). Rome, 14 September 1892. Villari's autograph on reverse of leaf, dated from Florence, 2 November 1892.
£350.00

1p, 12mo. Leaf of lightly-browned and creased aged paper, with closed tears to one edge. The two men are clearly writing in response to requests for autographs. Marchetti has written out four bars – slightly affected at end by closed tear – from what he states is 'Ruy Blas Preludio'. Beneath this he signs, in a firm attractive hand, 'F Marchetti'. At the head he dates: 'Roma 14 9bre 92'.

[ Martin Shaw, composer ] Typed Letter Signed "Martin Shaw | for Shaw | Rothenstein | Konody | Strang" to Professor Gilbert Murray, about his joining an "Advisory Committee" of distinguished artists, novelists, poets, etc

Author: 
Martin Shaw, composer (1875–1958)
Publication details: 
50 Clevedon Mansions, Highgate Road, N.W. 10 Nov. 1911
£220.00

One page, cr. 8vo, small closed tear, fold mark, good condition. Shaw asks Murray to reconsider joining the "Advisory Committee" [not found out which yet] giving an impressive list of the names of people already on the Committee - "without exception, every Member has given his consent in the most cordial manner possible." He lists 20 names including Walter Crane, P.G. Konody, Albert Rothenstein, William Rothenstein, Martin Shaw himself, H.G. Wells, R.Vaughan Williams, W.B. Yeats.

[Antal Dorati, Hungarian conductor.] Typed Letter Signed ('Antal Dorati') to Israeli author Aubrey Hodes, on presenting Beethoven's Missa Solemnis for the first time in Israel.

Author: 
Antal Dorati [Antal Doráti] (1906-1988), Hungarian conductor and composer who settled in the United States [Aubrey Hodes, Israeli author]
Publication details: 
On his Roman letterhead: Via dei Foraggi 74, Roma. 1 March 1965.
£150.00

1p, 4to. In good condition, lightly aged. In reply to a letter by Hodes he writes that he is 'happy to hear that Beethoven's Missa Solemnis has made such a deep impact on you which it should make on every listener'. He feels 'very much privileged indeed for having been granted the possibility to present this work for the first time in Israel', and hopes 'to have occasion to perform that great piece there again as well as others which will be important and good to hear'.

[ Brinley Richards, Welsh Composer ] Autograph Letter Signed "Brinley Richards" to the "Editor of The Principality" [not traced]

Author: 
Brinley Richards [Henry Brinley Richards (1817–1 May 1885), Welsh composer and poet]
Publication details: 
[Headed] 25 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, Kensington, W., 8 Oct. 1877
£200.00

Two pages, 12mo, bifolium, good condition. "I am much obliged by your kindness in sending a copy of The Prinipality Oct. 6th. I have read it with great pleasure & hope your efforts will be crowned with success - I am glad to see that [elision] - while endeavouring to raise the standard of literature in Wales- you intend to maintain our Nationality [underlined] in the best sense of the word

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